NCEF - Recovery Act Funding for School Construction 2009-2010
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Summary Chart of ARRA Funding and Tax Credit Bonds for School Modernization

Information on sources of Recovery Act funding for school facilities from the U. S. Departments of Education, Treasury, Energy, Interior, Agriculture, Commerce, and more. Includes links to guidance documents and application forms.

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Recovery Act News 2009–2011

Schools eye construction finance options
Beloit Daily News, May 11, 2012

Zero-interest school bonds preserved for Richmond County; Qualified School Construction Bond loans still available in Virginia
Northern Neck News, April 04, 2012

Federal bond would help fund improvements to all 10 Bangor schools
Bangor Daily News, March 09, 2012

Newark Project Aims to Link Living and Learning
New York Times, March 06, 2012

JISD sets sights on $7.2 million dollar bond issue
Beaumont Enterprise, February 28, 2012

Scottsdale district installs solar-paneled shade structures
The Arizona Republic, February 25, 2012

Elementary School becomes the first school in Maryland to be powered predominantly by solar panels.
Ellicott City Patch, December 13, 2011

QZAB funding for Virginia county's school projects approved
VaNcNews, November 29, 2011

Economic stimulus funds for green energy in Rhode Island schools
Progressive Charlestown, November 28, 2011

North Carolina district's energy coordinator makes schools more energy efficient
Salisbury Post, November 23, 2011

MassDevelopment Helps Two Cape Schools Fund New Facilitieswith $13.7 million Qualified School Construction Bonds
Banker & Tradesman, November 16, 2011

High Schools Get New Lives as Middle Schools. Conversions extend usefullness of facilities
The Gazette, November 02, 2011

Brockman Hall for Physics, Rice University/ KieranTimberlake: funded by $11.1 million in federal stimulus funding from NIST
Arch Daily, October 31, 2011

Louisiana Parish Funding School Upgrades with $20.7 Million Federal Qualified School Construction Bonds
Shreveport Times, October 18, 2011

Energy Program Saves Louisiana School System $860K; Funded by QSCBs
The Advocate, October 05, 2011

Ohio School District Going Green to Save Green; Using Energy Conservation Program Plus ARRA Funds
Ironton Tribune, September 25, 2011

Solar Saves, And Teaches, In Nevada Schools. Funded by Stimulus
Earth Techling, September 23, 2011

Allentown, PA School Board to Borrow More Money. Roof Repairs Would Come from Federal Stimulus Program.
Morning Call, September 18, 2011

Cash-strapped California Schools Seek Savings Through Solar
CNN, September 17, 2011

$11.6 Million Qualified School Construction Bond Loan for New School Rejected in Bland County, VA
Bluefield Daily Telegraph, September 01, 2011

Massachusetts School District Gets $5.54M for Energy Conservation With Recovery Act Funding
Newbury Port News , August 29, 2011

Renovations Boost Efficiency, School Pride at Indiana High School; Funded by Fed.Stimulus
South Bend Tribune, August 22, 2011

Brockton, MA Receives $28.4 Million for Repair Work at City Schools: Funded by Federal Stimulus QSCBs
Enterprise, August 12, 2011

Navajo Nation School Buildings Opening After Renovations Funded by Federal Stimulus
Indian Country, August 12, 2011

Belgrade, MT Schools Use Federal Stimulus Bonds to Get Favorable Rate for New School
Belgrade NEws, August 09, 2011

Redondo Beach School District Saves Taxpayers $15.5M with Federal Stimulus Bonds
Redondo Beach Patch, August 01, 2011

Some Maine Schools Converting to Wood-pellet Boilers Instead of Heating Oil for Significant Savings
Morning Sentinel, July 30, 2011

$25M Solar Energy Project for Porterville, CA Schools---Funded by Fed Stimulus
Recorder, July 14, 2011

Federal Stimulus Funds Finance Extensive School Repairs in North Carolina
News & Record, July 11, 2011

Arizona Schools Getting Solar-power Systems Installed for Free, Thanks to Stimulus
Tucson Citizen, July 09, 2011

Milford, NY School District Goes Green with Solar Energy Project Funded by Federal Stimulus
NYSERDA Press Release, July 06, 2011

Great Falls, Montana Public Schools Get $8.4 Million Energy Makeover With Federal Stimulus Funding
Great Falls Tribune, July 05, 2011

N.Y.C. to Bid $300M Of Bonds Including QSCBs
Bond Buyer, June 20, 2011

Bristol, Virginia Leveraging QSCBs with Historic Tax Credits to Build School Administration Building, June 15, 2011

Boardman, Ohio Schools Seek Federal Money for Energy Improvements
WYTV, May 30, 2011

Interactive White Boards to be Placed in 430 Ouachita, Louisiana Classrooms
News Star, May 17, 2011

Feds Fund Fix for High School Lighting
South County Spotlight, April 20, 2011

Virginia Allocates $229 Million in Federal Qualified School Construction Bonds To Jump Start 41 Projects
Virginia Department of Education, March 02, 2011

Idaho Schools Wins Solar Grants Funded by Stimulus Funding
Bonner County Daily Bee, January 16, 2011

Bay Area Schools Get Federal Stimulus Money for Buildings
San Francisco Chronicle, January 15, 2011

Energy Efficiency Emphasized In California School Projects Funded With QSCBs
KHTS, January 15, 2011

Honeywell Helps Michigan School District Improve Learning Environment While Cutting Utility Costs
PR Newswire, January 13, 2011

Montana School District Seeks $8.5 Million QSCB for Energy Conservation Project
Great Falls Tribune, January 11, 2011

Louisiana Charter to Build School With Stimulus Bonds
News Star, December 23, 2010

Senate Passes Tax Bill With No BABs, But With Extensions of QZAB and QSCB
Bond Buyer, December 15, 2010

Cheyenne, Wyoming Schools Getting Turbines, Solar Panels With Stimulus Funding
WyomingTribuneEagle, December 13, 2010

Brownsville, Texas School District: $23.4M in Stimulus Projects
The Brownsville Herald, December 08, 2010

ARRA Funds Empower Schools to Power Down
District Administration, December 01, 2010

Manassas, Virginia Schools Seek Construction Aid With Stimulus QSCBs
Washington Post, November 28, 2010

Minnestoa School District Receives Energy Rebates; Upgrades Funded by Stimulus
Park Rapids Enterprise, November 27, 2010

Fargo, North Dakota School Board Approves $7.6 Million in District-wide Construction Projects Using QSCBs
West Fargo Pioneer, November 24, 2010

Stimulus Supercharges Energy Efficiency Efforts
Education Week , November 22, 2010

Whitehall, Michigan Schools to Save $6 Million on Bond Repayment by Using QSCBs
White Lake Beacon, November 22, 2010

Federal Stimulus Program Saves Michigan Schools $14.5M on Recently Approved Bonds
The Muskegon Chronicle , November 21, 2010

Three Genesee Count, Michigan School Districts Qualify for Federal Stimulus Bonds
Flint News, November 21, 2010

Dallas Has Record $950 Million School Bond Sale, Using Build America Bonds
Dallas Morning News, November 16, 2010

North Dakota District to Seek Bids for $5 Million in Qualified School Construction Bonds
West Fargo Pioneer, November 10, 2010

73 Utah Schools to Get Solar Panels Thanks to Federal Stimulus Grant
Salt Lake Tribune, November 08, 2010

Aquilla, Texas Voters Approve Qualified School Construction Bonds
The Reporter, November 03, 2010

Administrator Outlines Possible School Funding Using QSCBs
Northern Neck News, November 02, 2010

Georgia County School System to Save $10 Million by Replacing Older Bonds With Stimulus Bonds
Newton Citizen, October 27, 2010

Federal Stimulus Money Helps School Renovation in North Carolina
Rocky Mount Telegraph, October 22, 2010

Chicago Schools Pay Price for Illinois Fiscal Problems: Issues $257 Million QSCBs and $125 Million BABs
Bloomberg, October 15, 2010

N.J. Makes $30 Million in Federal Low-interest Bonds Available for Charter School Building Improvements
New Jersey Newsroom, October 13, 2010

Four Edwardsville, Illinois Schools to Get Solar Panels, Funded by Stimulus Grant
The Telegraph, October 13, 2010

Madison, Alabama Schools Get Good News on Qualified School Construction Bond Interest Rates
Huntsville Times, October 12, 2010

Belgrade, Montana Schools Qualify for Zero-Interest Bond
Belgrade News, October 12, 2010

Hill Creek, California School Goes Solar; Funded With Stimulus Bonds
Santee Patch, October 11, 2010

Detroit Schools Sell $210 Million in Federal Stimulus Bonds
Bloomberg, October 06, 2010

Timing of Bonds Means Early Payoff for Elgin, Ohio, With Help From Stimulus
Marion Star, October 03, 2010

Qualified School Construction Bond Legislation Is Signed By California Governor
CASH Register, September 30, 2010

$13.7 Million in ARRA Bonds Will Fund Wisconsin School District's Projects
Rhinelander Daily News, September 22, 2010

New York Selling $133 Million Qualified School Construction Bonds
Bloomberg , September 15, 2010

Missouri Governor Tours High School Projects Funded by Stimulus, September 14, 2010

$12M for School Maintenance in Billings, Montana, Funded by Stimulus Bonds
Billings Gazette, September 07, 2010

Flint, Michigan Schools to Apply for Federal Stimulus Bond to Jump Start Sinking Fund Facilities Improvements
Khalil AlHajal , September 01, 2010

Missouri Governor Visits School to Tout Stimulus Bond Funded Construction Projects
News-Leader, August 26, 2010

New Mexico Middle School Gets Photovoltaic Solar System With Stimulus Grant
Ruidoso News, August 25, 2010

Charter Oak, California Puts Final Touches on Stimulus-Funded School Renovation Projects
San Gabriel Valley Tribune, August 21, 2010

Cleveland Saves $11M on High-School Renovation With Stimulus Incentives
Cleveland Jewish News, August 20, 2010

Holland, Michigan School District Will Save Millions With Stimulus Bonds
Holland Sentinel, August 18, 2010

Billings, Montana School District Hopeful Voters Will Approve Federal Bonds for Fixing Deferred Maintenance
Billings Gazette, August 17, 2010

Rogers, Arkansas Schools Save With Innovative Lighting, Funded by Stimulus, August 17, 2010

Federal Stimulus Aids Lebanon, Pennsylvania School District With Renovations
Lebonon Daily News, August 16, 2010

Louisville, KY School Construction Projects Benefit From Bad Economy, Stimulus
Courier-Journal , August 13, 2010

Tennessee County Schools To Build For One-Third The Cost With Stimulus Bonds
Dyersburg State Gazette, August 11, 2010

Idaho Asking Schools to Harness the Sun With $2.75 Million Stimulus Funding, August 09, 2010

School Upgrade Project Moving Fast With Help From A QSCB
Willits News, August 06, 2010

$1.2 Billion Investment in Broadband Connections to Rural Schools, Students' Homes
Press Release, August 04, 2010

Oregon District Turns To Grants, Donations To Fund Construction Projects, Leveraging Stimulus Bonds
Statesman Journal, July 28, 2010

Wisconsin School District Will Benefit from Low Interest Rates and Stimulus Bonds
Watertown Daily Times, July 27, 2010

Carrollton, Georgia To Use Stimulus Bonds To Fund $8 Million School Renovations
Times-Georgian, July 23, 2010

$1 Million Stimulus Projects on Track at Jamestown, North Dakota Schools
Jamestown Sun, July 20, 2010

Changes Funded by Stimulus Bond Should Help Wisconsin School Save Energy
LaCross Tribune, July 15, 2010

Stimulus Bond Option Could Save Catawba County, North Carolina Money
Hickory Record, July 14, 2010

Kentucky School Districts Use Stimulus Dollars to Hire Energy Managers
Herald Leader, July 07, 2010

Missouri School District's Repairs Financed with Interest-free Bonds
Fulton Sun, July 02, 2010

School Construction Bonds Could Save a Wisconsin District Taxpayers $6 Million, June 30, 2010

School Districts Get Interest-Free Stimulus Loans
Gazette, June 28, 2010

Green Bay, Wisconsin Schools to Save $3.3 Million in Bond Interest With Federal Programs
FOX11, June 22, 2010

Wisconsin School Districts Can Access $144 Million in No-interest Bonding Authority
State of Wisconsin , June 17, 2010

Massachusetts’s $150 Million Qualified School Construction Bonds Beat Build Americas
Business Week, June 16, 2010

Ohio Colleges Get Stimulus Funding for Energy Efficiency Projects
Business First, June 11, 2010

Governor Announces $4.5 Million to Fund 15 Solar Projects at New Mexico Schools
State of New Mexico, June 09, 2010

Federal Stimulus Grant Helps North Carolina Schools Install Energy Efficient Lighting
The Daily Herald , June 09, 2010

Recovery Act Funds Jewell School Lighting Project
Daily Astorian, June 07, 2010

Missouri School Districts Get Help with Construction Projects from Stimulus Bonds
Southeast Missourian, June 07, 2010

Carrollton, Georgia Schools to Use $8 Million Stimulus Bond for Construction Projects
Times-Georgian, June 06, 2010

Pennsylvania to Get $602 Million in Federal Stimulus for 101 School Construction and Energy Efficiency Projects
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 04, 2010

California Schools to Cut 80% Electricity Costs with Solar Systems Funded by Stimulus, June 01, 2010

Economic Stimulus Money to Help Rural Virginia School Systems
WSLS, May 28, 2010

Qualified School Construction Bonds to Provide Tennessee $126 Million for Construction and Renovation Projects
WDEF News, May 24, 2010

North Dakota School Referendum Passes, With Help From Stimulus Bonds
Inform, May 21, 2010

Michigan District's Taxpayers Get $12.9M Bond Break with QSCBs and BABs
Daily Press & Argus, May 17, 2010

Secretary Sebelius Announces $1 Billion in NIH Recovery Act Awards to Construct or Improve Biomedical Research Facilities
NIH News, May 14, 2010

Oklahoma Receives $12 Million Impact Aid School Construction Grants, Funded by Stimulus
Tulsa World, May 13, 2010

School on Yakama Reservation in Washington State Given Impact Aid Grant for Renovations
Yakima Herald-Republic, May 12, 2010

Construction Employment Edges Up as Stimulus Funds Begin to Reach Nonresidential Construction
US Glass News Network, May 10, 2010

$500 Million Build America Bonds for New Jersey School Construction
Bloomberg, May 10, 2010

Charlotte County, Florida to Rebuild Schools with Fed Funds
Herald-Tribune, May 06, 2010

Ohio school District Looks for Livable Levy Strategy To Take Advantage of QSCBs and BABs
Sandusky Register, May 03, 2010

Recovery Act to Help 4 Indian School Projects in Ariz., N.M., and S.D.
U.S. Department of the Interior, April 28, 2010

Treasury Offers Interim Tax-Credit Bond Guidance (QSCBs and QZABs)
Bond Buyer, April 27, 2010

L.A. Yields Beat Build America Amid School Bond Sales
Bloomberg Business Week, April 23, 2010

Stimulus-Funded Mobile Computer Lab in Texas
Dallas Morning News , April 21, 2010

A Lesson in Financing Finesse - Stimulus-Funded Bonding Boosts School Project
Fianance and Commerce, April 19, 2010

Los Angeles to Sell $290.2 Million in Qualified School Construction Bonds
Business Week, April 19, 2010

St. Johns,Michigan Public Schools Get Big Help from ARRA Funds
Lansing State Journal, April 16, 2010

Minnesota District Allocated Over $10 Million in Stimulus QZABs for Facilities Projects
Granite Falls News, April 15, 2010

New Jersey to Finance School Construction With $500 Million Build America Bonds
New Jersey Newsroom, April 15, 2010

Vermont Senator Announces Stimulus Funded Energy Efficiency Grant for Elementary School
Digger Digest, April 13, 2010

With Stimulus Bonds, Cincinnati, Ohio Schools Will Borrow Millions to Boost Energy Efficiency
Cincinnati Enquirer, April 12, 2010

Ohio School Bonds Get Help From Federal Stimulus Program
Columbus Dispatch, April 12, 2010

Charter School System Says $22.1 Million Stimulus Bond Plan Is a First in Texas
Business Week, April 07, 2010

May Election May Save Millions in Proposed Pine Tree, Texas Bond by Using Stimulus Bonds
KLTV, April 06, 2010

$81.57 Million in QSCB Bonding Authority Approved for Minnesota School Districts
ECM Publishers, April 03, 2010

Stimulus Funded School Energy Project First of its Kind in New Hampshire
The Citizen, April 03, 2010

QSCB Bond-Pooling Program Provides Low-Cost Financing for School Construction
District Administration, April 01, 2010

Guam Schools To Get $44.6 Million Stimulus Funds to Fix, Upgrade Campuses
Pacific Daily News, March 30, 2010

Jackson, Mississippi Metro Schools Eligible for Stimulus Bonds
Clarion Ledger, March 29, 2010

Vermont Towns, Schools Share Energy Grant Funding from Stimulus
Bennington Banner, March 29, 2010

Security Ugrades at Manitowoc, Wisconsin Public Schools; Funded by Stimulus
Herald Times, March 26, 2010

Boston Borrows for School Construction After Obama Approves Direct Subsidy for QSCBs
Business Week, March 25, 2010

Landmark School Construction & Jobs Bill Passes California Legislature; Authorizes use of QSCBs
California Chronicle, March 25, 2010

Zero-interest Construction Bonds Entice Pennsylvania Schools
Intelligencer Journal, March 20, 2010

West Virginia School Building Authority Takes Full Advantage Of Available Stimulus Funds
MetroNews, March 19, 2010

Treasury, Education Departments Release Qualified School Construction Bonds Allocations for 2010
The Bond Buyer, March 17, 2010

Recovery Act Program Provides $11 Billion to Build Schools, Create Jobs Across the Country
U.S. Department of the Treasury, March 17, 2010

Government Sets School Bonds, Congress Approves Rebates
Reuters, March 17, 2010

N.J. To Get $216M in Federal Stimulus Funds for School Construction
Star-Ledger, March 17, 2010

To Get Stimulus Tax Credits, Bank Cuts Interest for New Montana School Building
Missoulian, March 14, 2010

More Solar Panels for San Jose Schools With Federal Stimulus Bonds
Triplepundit, March 12, 2010

Grassley Decrying Bond Subsidies
Bond Buyer, March 08, 2010

House Bill Offers School Construction Bonds Boost
Bond Buyer, March 05, 2010

New York Announces $40 Million Recovery Act Funding to Improve Energy Efficiency in 118 Schools, Universities, and Colleges
Energy News, March 05, 2010

Guilford, North Carolina Schools Want in on Federal Stimulus Spending Fun
Carolina Journal, March 03, 2010

$1.5 Million Stimulus Bond Money Paying For North Carolina School HVAC Projects
The Record, March 02, 2010

Stimulus Grant to Pay for Schools’ Green Special Needs Playgrounds
Brewton Standard, March 01, 2010

Jobs Bill May Boost School Bond Sales, Bank of America Says
Business Week, February 26, 2010

QSCBs and QZABs in Senate Jobs Bill
Bond Buyer, February 25, 2010

Energy-Efficiency Loans With Stimulus Money Available to South Dakota Schools
Argus Leader, February 23, 2010

What the Senate Jobs Bill Means for Education (School Construction)
Ed Money Watch Blog, February 23, 2010

Blissfield, Michigan Schools Seeking $12 Million Upgrade in Bond Vote; Using Stimulus Bonds
Daily Telegram, February 21, 2010

Treasury Assistant Secretary, Tennessee Secretary of State Tout Benefits of Recovery Act School Construction Bonds
U.S. Department of the Treasury, February 19, 2010

L.A. Schools to Sell $1.75 Billion of Bonds for School Construction
Business Week, February 18, 2010

Edgar, Wisconsin Voters Say Yes to $7.6 Million School Construction Project; First Time Since 1994
Wasau Daily Herald, February 17, 2010

$10 Million Stimulus Grant to Install Solar Energy Panels on 90 Florida Schools That Serve as Emergency Shelters
Florida Today, February 17, 2010

Metro Detroit Schools Ask Voters to OK Funds for Upgrades to Take Advantage of Stimulus Bonds
Detroit News, February 15, 2010

A Move to 'BABify’ Programs
Bond Buyer, February 12, 2010

Draft Jobs Bill Would Treat Some Tax-Credit Bonds Like BABs
Bond Buyer, February 09, 2010

Small Oregon Schools Benefit From Stimulus Energy Grants
CBOnline, February 08, 2010

L.A. to Sell $1.75 Billion of Bonds to Fund School Construction
Business Week, February 08, 2010

Opinion: Project Funds Aplenty; None for Springfield, Illinois School Construction
State Journal-Register, February 07, 2010

Mississippi Schools Eye More Stimulus Bond Money
Hattiesburg American, February 06, 2010

Multiple Stimulus Aid Streams Flow to Ed Tech
Education Week , February 05, 2010

Mississippi Schools Eye More Federal Stimulus Bond Money
Hattiesburg American, February 05, 2010

Oregon School District Announces Sale of Qualified School Construction Bonds
Statesman Journal, February 04, 2010

Lexington, North Carolina Schools Working on Stimulus-Funded Projects
The-Dispatch, February 03, 2010

University of Minnesota, an Early BAB User, Goes Back for Seconds
Bond Buyer, February 02, 2010

SC Getting Millions in Federal Money to Replace Crumbling School Mentioned in '09 Obama Speech
Los Angeles Times/Associated Press, January 27, 2010

Charlotte County, Florida Schools to Borrow $60 Million with Qualified School Construction Bonds
Herald Tribune, January 27, 2010

Tax-Credit Debt Fades To BABs?
Bond Buyer, January 26, 2010

Qualified School Construction Bonds Get Build America Tax Treatment Under New Plan
Business Week, January 25, 2010

Major California School Construction and Jobs Bill Passes; Authorizes $773 Million QSCBs
California Chronicle, January 23, 2010

St. Charles Parish School Board OKs $10 Million in Qualified School Construction Bonds
Times-Picayune, January 21, 2010

Virginia Governor Kaine Announces Bonds for School Energy and Construction Projects, January 15, 2010

Port Clinton Schools Eligible to Get $15M in Stimulus Bonds; More Than Anticipated, After Ohio Voters Defeated Local Issues in November
News Herald, January 13, 2010

Acton-Boxborough, Massachusetts Schools Harness Solar Energy; Funded by Stimulus
The Beacon, January 11, 2010

Philadelphia Area Districts Ponder Using $460 Million School Construction Bonds
Inquirer, January 09, 2010

NIST Awards $123 Million in Recovery Act Grants To Construct New Research Facilities
National Institute of Standards and Technology, January 08, 2010

North Carolina School Plan Stalled By Lack of Bank Interest in Buy QSCBs
Wilkes Journal-Patriot, January 08, 2010

New Bills May Block Tax-Credit Stripping; QZABs, QSCBs, and CREBs Targeted
Bond Buyer, January 07, 2010

Rural Arizona Schools to Get $5M for Solar Systems; Using Stimulus Funds
Phoenix Business Journal, January 07, 2010

Seize Moment, Advisor Tells School District; Take Advantage of ARRA Low Interest Bonds
Northwoods Weekend, January 05, 2010

Stimulus-Funded Renovations, Energy and Safety Upgrades Begin at Wisconsin School District
Herald Times, January 02, 2010

Legislative Language


The President signed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) into law on February 17.

For an overview of stimulus funded education programs, see U.S. Department of Education's ARRA web page. For state allocations, see Recovery Act State Fact Sheets. To see states' applications for funding under the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund Program, see State Grants.

Information specific to school modernization and school construction tax credits is posted here as it becomes available.


State Fiscal Stabilization Fund. Title XIV of the bill [pages 165-172] provides $53.6 billion for education by means of a "State Fiscal Stabilization Fund." Money is allocated to the states on the basis of their population and number of school age children [page 165, Sec. 14001(d)].

SCHOOL DISTRICTS' SHARE. The states receive a total of about $39.5 billion "for the support of elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education, and, as applicable, early childhood education programs and services" [pages 165 and 166, Sec. 14002(b)]. Funds are apportioned to local school districts according to their state's "primary elementary and secondary funding formulae" and to public institutions of higher learning in the amounts "needed to restore State support for such institutions."

School districts may use the funds they receive for "any activity authorized by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the Adult and Family Literacy Act, and the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act, or for modernization, renovation, and repairs of public school facilities (including charter schools), which may include modernization, renovation, and repairs consistent with a recognized green building rating system."

STATES' SHARE. The states receive a total of about $8.8 billion "for public safety and other government services, which may include assistance for elementary and secondary education, and for modernization, renovation, or repair of public school facilities and institutions of higher education facilities, including modernization, renovation, and repairs that are consistent with a recognized green building rating system [page 166, Sec. 14002(b)]." The states appear to have wide discretion in distributing this money, making it difficult to predict how and on what it actually will be spent.

MODERNIZATION IS ONLY AN OPTION. Note that the bill allocates no money specifically for school modernization, and, while eligible for funding, modernization projects in some states may prove to be a low priority compared to other critical educational needs.

PROHIBITED USES. Modernization, renovation, and repair funds may not be used by school districts [page 167, Sec. 14003(b)] for (1) payment of maintenance costs; (2) stadiums or other facilities primarily used for athletic contests or exhibitions or other events for which admission is charged to the general public; (3) purchase or upgrade of vehicles; and (4) improvement of stand-alone facilities whose purpose is not the education of children, including central office administration or operations or logistical support facilities. (Note that this last provision precludes funding the conversion of an older school into an administration building, a common reuse.)

For the U.S. Department of Education's interpretation of the above provisions, see Section V [pages 34-38] of its April 2009 Guidance on the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund Program and its May 11, 2009 Modifications to Questions in the April Guidance on the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund Program (Note that the use of stabilization funds for new construction of primary and secondary schools [Subsection V-1,page 34] has been interpreted by the Department as allowable, but discouraged under ARRA. New construction of higher education facilities is not allowed.)

DEADLINES. Funds the states do not "award as subgrants or otherwise commit within two years of receiving such funds" will be reallocated by the Secretary of Education [page 165, Sec. 14001(f)]. According to Subsection III-D-16 [page 26] of Guidance on the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund Program, school districts must obligate modernization funds (that is, have them under contract) by September 30, 2011.

Energy Efficiency Programs. $3.2 billion is provided to the U.S. Department of Energy for its Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant program, and $3.1 billion for its State Energy Program [page 24]. School energy efficiency projects are eligible for funding through both programs. See the DOE Recovery and Reinvestment webpage.

Bureau of Indian Affairs. $450 million is provided for BIA construction, maintenance, and repair activities [page 54], which include school construction, improvements, and repairs. See the BIA Recovery Act webpage.

Academic Research Facilities. $200 million is provided to the National Science Foundation for funding academic research facilities modernization [page 17]. $1 billion is provided to the National Institutes of Health for funding the construction, renovation, and repair of biomedical and behavioral research facilities at non-federal research institutions, including colleges and universities [page 61]. $180 million is provided to the National Institute of Standards and Technology for a competitive construction grant program for research science buildings [page 15].

Impact Aid. $100 million is provided for construction grants to Impact Aid school districts (generally, those serving students from government installations or Indian tribes). Forty percent of the funds go to formula grants, 60 percent to competitive grants for emergency repairs and school modernization [pages 67 and 75]. See Guidance: Impact Aid Section 8007 School Construction Funds.

Rural Communities. $130 million is provided to the Department of Agriculture for loans and grants for rural community facilities programs [page 4], a category that includes schools. The Department says over $1.1 billion is available "to develop essential community facilities in rural areas and towns of up to 20,000 in population;" see pages 2 and 3 of the USDA Recovery Act webpage.

DIVISION B - TAX, UNEMPLOYMENT, HEALTH, STATE FISCAL RELIEF, AND OTHER PROVISIONS (also cited as the American Recovery and Reinvestment Tax Act of 2009)

School Construction Bonds. State and local governments may issue up to $22 billion in "Qualified School Construction Bonds" ($11 billion in 2009 and $11 billion in 2010), a new type of tax credit bond for "the construction, rehabilitation, or repair of a public school facility, or for the acquisition of land on which such a facility is to be constructed" [pages 241-243, Sec. 1521]. Tribal schools receive an additional $400 million of the bonds ($200 million in 2009 and $200 million in 2010). See the U.S. Treasury's Qualified School Construction Bond Allocations for 2009.

Funding for the existing Qualified Zone Academy Bonds (QZAB) program for schools is increased to $2.8 billion ($1.4 billion in 2009 and 1.4 billion in 2010)[page 244, Sec. 1522]. QZABs must be used for rehabilitating or repairing public school facilities, investing in new equipment and technology, developing challenging course materials, and training teachers. QZABs may not be used for new construction. See QZAB Q&A and the U.S. Treasury's Qualified Zone Academy Bond Allocations for 2008 and 2009.

These tax credit programs sharply reduce school borrowing costs by providing tax credits to bond holders in lieu of interest. School districts get interest-free loans and only pay back the principal. On a large project, savings typically can be 50 percent. See the the NCEF resource list Tax Credit Bonds for Schools.

Build America Bonds. These "taxable tax credit bonds" are designed for subsidizing state and local government obligations, a category that includes school construction [p. 245]. See the U.S. Treasury guidance notice Build America Bonds and Direct Payment Subsidy Implementation.

The language of the ARRA and the Conference Report upon which it is based is identical in the sections cited above.

Journal Articles 2009-2010

Information Needed on ARRA School Construction Funds.
EdMoney Watch, September 2011

Charter Schools Benefit From New Markets Tax Credit Financing.
Community Developments Investments: Charter School Financing Opportunities, April 2011

American School Board Journal, October 2010

Qualified School Construction Bonds: One School District's Experience.
School Business Affairs, June 2010

New Ways for School Districts to Issue Bonds under the Recovery Act.
School Business Affairs, March 2010

HIRE Act Allows Issuers of Certain Tax Credit Bonds to Receive Direct Payment from the Federal Government.
Lexology, March 2010

Stimulus Response.
American School and University, March 2010

Qualified School Construction Bonds (QSCBs.
Cash Register, March 2010

Proposed Direct Subsidy Payments for QSCB and QZAB Programs.
Lexology, January 2010

Charter School Business: Stimulus Funds Available for Charter School Facility Financing in Small Communities.
Charter School Monthly, November 2009

The Hot Iron. [Saving Money on School Construction.]
American School Board Journal, October 2009

Opportunity and Danger: The Two Sides of the American Recovery and Investment Act.
School Business Affairs, September 2009

New Money for Labs: Tips for Responding to the Federal Initiative.
Laboratory Design, June 2009

Aid for Facilities.
American School and University, June 2009

Getting a Piece of the Pie: Schools Need to Be Proactive, Flexible When Pursuing Stimulus Funding.
Educational Facility Planner, June 2009

School Facilities and Tax Credit Bonds.
Educational Facility Planner, June 2009

Related NCEF Resource Lists

Build New or Renovate School Facilities?

Community Participation in School Planning

Condition of Schools in America

Healthy School Environments

High Performance Green Schools

Preserving Historic Neighborhood Schools

School Energy Savings

School Facilities Assessment

School Facilities Funding - Federal

School Modernization and Renovation

Selecting School Design Professionals

Tax Credit Bonds for Schools

Technology Integration 2006-2009



Due to lack of funding, the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities is currently available only as an archived site. As of September 1, 2012 no new content will be added or updates made. We regret the need to take such steps, but should funding become available, we look forward to reinvigorating NCEF and providing this valuable resource to the educational facilities community.

If you have questions or are an organization or company wishing to support the continued operation of this industry recognized resource please contact Institute President Henry Green (, 202-289-7800).