SWIMMING FACILITIES IN SCHOOLS
Information on the design, operations, and maintenance of swimming pools and natatoriums in schools and universities.
References to Books and Other Media
Swimming Pool Heating.
(U.S. Department of Energy, 2011)
Information provided by the U.S. Department of Energy on heating and energy saving technologies that can reduce swimming pool operation costs by as much as 50%, including installing a high efficiency or solar pool heater; using a pool cover; managing the water temperature; and installing a smaller, energy-efficient pump and/or operating it less.
Campus Recreational Sports Facilities: Planning, Design and Construction Guidelines.
National Intramural-Recreational Sports Association (NIRSA)
(Human Kinetics , 2009)
Covers the planning process from the perspective of the campus master planner and the recreational sport director; the feasibility study process, how to determine whether to build new or renovate existing facilities, and how to raise capital to fund design and construction costs; the design and general planning standards for indoor and outdoor recreational facilities, aquatic centers, and climbing walls; the integration of furniture, fixtures, and equipment in the architectural design and construction processes; an overview of the architectural design and construction processes; and moving in and opening a new or newly renovated facility. 296p.
References to Journal Articles
Ithaca College Athletics and Events Center
Athletic Business; Jun 2012
Incorporates a field house, natatorium and outdoor turf field to meet the practice, competition, intramural, club and recreational needs of as many students as possible
Special Needs Sensory Learning from Philly to Kuwait
Hill, Franklin; Shiavi, Damaris
Educational Facility Planner; v46 n1 , p13-16 ; Jun 2012
Describes the Overbrook School for the Blind Kappen Aquatic Center in Philadelphia. The activity pool provides fountains, bubbles, currents, color identification, pool side and bottom textures that bring a unique educational experience to students with visual impairments.
Ithaca College Athletics & Events Center
Recreation Management; May 2012
Photos and description of new 178,000-square-foot Athletics and Events Center at Ithaca College that includes an indoor fieldhouse, natatorium and outdoor turf field.
Complying With New Mandatory ADA Standards
School Construction News; Apr 25, 2012
All state and government construction projects will soon have to bring their projects up to compliance to meet the 2010 Standards of the Americans with Disabilities Act — a requirement that includes school exteriors like playgrounds, pools and outdoor signage. For projects that start on or after March 25, 2012 the 2010 ADA standards will apply automatically.
Designing for IAQ in Natatoriums
Baxter, Randy C.
ASHRAE Journal; , p254-32 ; Apr 2012
The purpose of this article is to review the literature concerning the effects of disinfectant by-products on indoor swimming pool air quality and to propose practical methods for mitigating their impact in conventional (recreational and competition) indoor pools.
Athletic Business; , p43-50 ; Feb 2012
Describes how to build competitive natatoriums with expansive decks and elevated seating that provides ample space for swimmers and spectators.
2011 Facility of Merit Winner: Smith Aquatic & Fitness Center, Buford Middle School
Athletic Business; Oct 11, 2011
Situated on the Charlottesville, Va., campus of Buford Middle School as part of a recreation complex that includes an adjacent Boys & Girls Club, the LEED Platinum Smith Aquatic Center won praise for a simple rectangular plan enhanced by judicious selection of materials — to cite one notable example, blue-colored glass tile and raised aluminum signage on the two-story east wall of the natatorium. The center “does all the right things,” said one judge. “It’s simple, monolithic in form but softened with the right materials and detail.” [Includes a full photo gallery]
"What's in the Water? Prevent Problems with Proper Pool Maintenance
Recreation Management; , p42-45 ; Oct 2011
The most common pool water issues are also the most manageable and preventable, tracing back to two basics of pool maintenance: water chemistry and filtration.
First LEED Platinum Pool Features HVAC Natatorium Design.
Environmental Design + Construction; Mar 24, 2011
Case study of Philadelphia’s Kappen Aquatic Center at the Overbrook School for the Blind. The energy efficient design saves an estimated 43 percent of the 25,000-square-foot facility’s energy costs compared to a conventional natatorium. The majority of the savings comes from off-peak energy loading, architectural building envelope features such as insulated concrete forms, and a HVAC dehumidification system.
Specialized Educational Facility.
Learning By Design; n19 , p61-63 ; Fall 2010
Profiles 3 specialized educational facilities cited in the Fall 2010 Learning by Design competition. These include a library, an alternative energy plant, and a natatorium. For each project, a description, list of project participants, costs, and photographs are included.
Athletic Business; v34 n10 , p45,46,48-50 ; Oct 2010
Profiles this Portland, Oregon, natatorium that uses heat captured from indoor air exhaust to preheat the pool water, as well as a photovoltaic array that provides 17 percent of the building's energy need.
Brosnan, Patrick; Haug, Ted
American School and University; v82 n13 , p134-137 ; Aug 2010
Describes desirable features of aquatic centers, including pool design, water temperature, accessibility by the community, acoustics, and indoor air quality.
Zeeland West High School Natatorium
Athletic Business; , 1p. ; Jun 04, 2010
Project description of award winning Zeeland, Michigan high school natatorium.
Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act.
Tonchesky, Terri; Key, nancy
Facilities Manager; v26 n1 ; Jan-Feb 2010
Discusses requirements for swimming pool drains mandated by this act. Drain covers, a safety vacuum releast system, suction limiting vent systems, automatic pump shutoffs, gravity pools, and drain disablement are addressed.
Discovering the Cure for Sick Pool Syndrome.
Facility Management Journal; v19 n6 , p30-32,34 ; Nov 2009
Discusses respiratory hazards from indoor pools and the chloramines they generate. Most HVAC systems are not designed to remove chloramines. However, recent systems specifically designed for indoor pools are available, and described in the article.
A Drain on Resources?
Athletic Business; v33 n8 , p27,28,30-32,34 ; Aug 2009
Discusses the high cost of maintaining pools and how some schools are closing theirs, even though interest in competitive swimming is increasing. Cost-saving measures and alternative funding strategies for building and maintaining pools are addressed.
Water Hazard Managing Aquatic Risk.
Recreation Management; v10 n7 , p26-33 ; Jul 2009
Discusses mitigation of risk at swimming facilities, including abundant slip-free surfacing, anti-entrapment drains, and water sanitation.