SPACE REQUIREMENTS FOR SCHOOL FACILITIES
Information on the space requirements of school and university buildings and grounds, including square footage requirements, and selected state standards and guidelines.
References to Books and Other Media
School Utilization [Portland Public Schools]
(Long Range Plan, Portland Public Schools. Issue Paper 5.3, Mar 20, 2012)
This paper focuses on student assignment and building capacity components of school utilization. School utilization planning requires an understanding of space needs for the range of academic programs offered in a school, as well as classroom and common spaces available for student use and the number of students anticipated in the future. Paper examines: student assignment policies and practices that influence school enrollment; current school size target enrollment ranges to meet program goals; a new model for assessing building capacity based on instructional use, and; trends in school utilization expected in the next decade. 14p
Efficient Use of School Space [Portland Public Schools]
(Long Range Facilities Planning, Portland Public Schools, Issue Paper 5.1, Mar 20, 2012)
Discusses a variety of ways in which the Portland District makes efficient use of its school sites including use of modular classrooms, building multi-story schools, sharing use of school sites for both District and other public/community agencies, locating schools on smaller sites, alternative parking arrangements and use of swing sites. 6p
Kings of Infinite Space: How to Make Space Planning for Colleges and Universities Useful Given Constrained Resources
(Society for College and University Planning, Jan 2012)
Instead of focusing on the application of formulae to strictly categorized space types, this describes an evolved comprehensive space planning practice for colleges and universities that emphasizes utilization, economic value, quality, and accountability both to the institutional mission and to stakeholders.
Utlization of PS 15.
(21st Century School Fund, Washington, DC , Apr 13, 2010)
Summarizes an analysis of space utilization of Brooklyn's PS-15 elementary school, a facility that houses a traditional and a charter school, as well as community services. The report reveals that the traditional classrooms are typically undersized and crowded, while the charter school classrooms are somewhat better. The report also addresses space for special education, impending issues for shared spaces (cafeteria, gymn, auditorium), and the inadequacy of the school library. 6p.
Enrollment, Capacity and Utilization Report, 2008-2009 School Year.
(New York City Dept. of Education, Sep 2009)
Presents an annual report published by the New York City Department of Education. The report includes the physical capacity of all Department of Education buildings to serve students, compared to the actual enrollment of the building, which together allow for a standard framework with which to assess the utilization of the buildings. The report provides information on buildings operating with insufficient capacity, allowing planning for major capital projects (including new school buildings, school annexes and additions, and other upgrades that expand a buildings capacity); understanding the conditions under which multiple schools share a single building; and making informed decisions about enrollment growth or placement of new schools or programs in under-utilized buildings.
Space Planning Guidelines, Edition 3.
(Tertiary Education Facilities Management Association, Inc., Hobart, Tasmania, Australia , Jan 2009)
Presents higher education space planning advice from The Australasian Tertiary Education Facilities Management Association. Sections of the document address management, types, allocations, standards, benchmarks, utilization, and modeling of space. The Guidelines offer formulas for calculating square meterage for academic, support, library, parking, and cafeteria use, along with a detailed chart suggesting space guidelines by department and discipline. 60p.
References to Journal Articles
Budgeting Academic Space.
Planning for Higher Education; , p29-41 ; Nov-Dec 2011
Discusses effective space budgeting and allocation practices and processes needed by higher education administrators. Includes a case study of Middle Tennessee State University.
Academic Science Planning: Linking Curriculum to Space
Spitz, Barbara and Miller, David
Laboratory Design; , p3,8,10-11 ; Sep 2011
Discusses at length the challenges of designing complex STEM buildings. Strategic thinking is required.
Fulfilling the Needs.
School Planning and Management; v50 n6 , p62 ; Jun 2011
Observes that, while fewer new schools are being built, there may be less need for new schools because of less movement of population. In renovations, an architect's plans for expansion might not be releveant, since schools typically need not just additional space, but different use of space. In some instances, removal of classrooms can open up spaces for larger corridors and can provide gathering space.
Aces of Space.
Campus Technology; v24 n10 , p32-34,36,38,39 ; Jun 2011
Profiles four schools that use technology, new design concepts, and flexible furnishings to reinvent their teaching spaces. Curved rooms, interconnected and networked electronic wall displays, modular furnishings on wheels, and classrooms with no front are described.
A Truly Bookless Library.
Education Digest; v76 n5 , p35-36 ; Jan 2011
This article discusses the fact that more and more libraries are devoting less space to printed books, and are thus reimagining the physical space of the library. Profiles the University of Texas at San Antonio’s Applied Engineering and Technology Library.
Space and School Design.
School Planning and Management; v49 n7 , p18-21 ; Jul 2010
Discusses historical trends in space per student provisions, noting an increased demand for smaller class size and space to accommodate technology, even while the amount of land available for schools has diminished.
The Space Race.
College Planning and Management; v13 n7 ; Jul 2010
Advises on calculation and utilization of classroom space use and utilization, space inventory, maximizing available space through density, updating and reuse of older space, and student activity space needs.
Making Space: School Planning Expert Provides Tips for Facility Utilization.
School Construction News; v15 n6 , p21,22 ; Sep-Oct 2009
Presents an interview with Amy Yurko, an efficiency programmer and planner for schools. She discusses capacity, scheduling, removing clutter, sharing spaces, adaptability of buildings from different eras, and current trends in school facility management.
Campus Officials Seek Building Efficiencies, One Square Foot at a Time.
The Chronicle of Higher Education; v55 n32 , pA1,A18-A21 ; Apr 17, 2009
Discusses higher education space management, focusing on college space planning professionals who concentrate their efforts in ensuring that all space is properly outfitted and used as much as possible. Growing space needs, departmental hoarding of space, the cost of building and maintaining space, and new types of spaces that are in demand are addressed.