NCEF Resource List: School Restroom Maintenance
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Information on restrooms or washrooms in school buildings and how certain maintenance equipment, products, and methods can prevent vandalism, ensure sanitary standards, and promote good hygiene.

References to Journal Articles

Cleaning Costs Are Overlooked In Restrooms
Piper, James
Building Operating Management; Jul 2012
Cleaning costs are the most overlooked cost associated with restrooms. Minor changes in how the facilities are designed can make a big difference. For example, installing wall-mounted rather than floor-mounted fixtures and partitions will reduce the time required to clean the restroom.

Five Ways To Reduce Restroom Operating Costs
Piper, James
Building Operating Management; Jul 2012
The best time to implement features to save restroom operating costs is during the design process. Take into consideration that over the life of a typical restroom, energy, maintenance, and operating costs will greatly exceed first costs.

Overdesigned Restroom Lighting Systems Can Increase Costs
Piper, James
Building Operating Management; Jul 2012
One of the biggest energy costs in a restroom is lighting. Systems that produce too little light give the restroom the appearance of being dingy and dirty. For that reason, most restroom lighting systems are overdesigned. But those systems not only waste energy but also can be uncomfortable for users.

Clean and Safe Washroom School Maintenance
Kennedy, Mike
American School and University; , p24-26 ; Mar 2012
Schools and universities must be vigilant about upkeep of their washrooms to avoid potential health and behavior problems. Discusses health issues, problems with bullies and vandalism, and water conservation.

School Bathrooms: Would You Go There?
Dave Schechter
CNN Newsroom; Oct 03, 2011
Describes the condition of bathrooms in America's schools today. An estimated one-third of more than 900,000 public school bathrooms in this country are dirty, unhealthy or unsafe.

Back to School Starts with Bathrooms: Tom Keating, Founder of Project CLEAN
DiGiurlio, Laura M.
Executive Housekeeping Today; , 4p. ; Aug 2011
Describes Project CLEAN (Citizens, Learners, and Educators Against Neglect) created by Tom Keating in 1996 to advocate for wellness and the improvement of safety, cleanliness and hygiene of public restrooms in schools. Includes advise to parents, health teachers, and maintenance staff.

Restroom Hygiene: A Clean Record.
Dixon, Maurice
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n7 , p16,18 ; Jul 2011
Recognizes the importance of clean and sanitary restrooms. Crews must have effective tools and resources, gloves and goggles, germicidal detergents, cleaning supplies for mirrors and other fixtures, microfiber cloths, instruction on properly mixing cleaners and disinfectants, and appropriate method fo refilling soap dispensers.

Drain Cleaning: Critical Operations.
Hounsell, Dan
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n7 , p21 ; Jul 2011
Provides information for assembling drain-cleaning equipment that is flexible, reliable, and powerful enough to help tradespeople meet the demans of an expanding institution.

Naturally Green.
Kramer, Sue
American School and University; v83 n7 , p42-44 ; Mar 2011
Notes that needs of maintaining clean and sanitary restrooms can go unnoticed, and that some administrators are unconvinced that green products are affordable and efficacious. The article documents that green restroom cleaning products can improve indoor air quality (IAQ), which has a very positive impact on student performance; and use of green products reduces the chemical inventory and storage locations in the school. Best practices for use are described, as is a plan for making the products cost-effective.



Due to lack of funding, the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities is currently available only as an archived site. As of September 1, 2012 no new content will be added or updates made. We regret the need to take such steps, but should funding become available, we look forward to reinvigorating NCEF and providing this valuable resource to the educational facilities community.

If you have questions or are an organization or company wishing to support the continued operation of this industry recognized resource please contact Institute President Henry Green (, 202-289-7800).