SCHOOL MODERNIZATION AND RENOVATION
Information on school modernization, including school-wide renovation planning, financing, and project management, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.
References to Books and Other Media
Lead-Safe Practices for Older and Historic Buildings.
(National Trust for Historic Preservation, 2011)
Offers guidance on renovations of buildings with pre-1978 paint, which may contain lead. Through inexpensive materials and lead-safe renovation techniques, historic buildings can be made lead safe while preserving their architectural features. New federal requirements for contractor requirements concerning lead-based paint abatement are also addressed.
Can Existing Schools Get to High Performance? An Update on School Modernization Strategies.
(McGraw-Hill, New York, NY , Jun 2010)
Discusses signs that funding and community interests may be shifting toward modernizing existing schools instead of building new ones. Guidelines for deciding whether to renovate a school or build new are addressed, as are typical features of high performance schools. Seven brief case studies are included. 19p.
A Study of Teacher Experiences During a Renovation Project.
(Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg , Mar 17, 2010)
Reports teacher perceptions during the renovation of two high schools in Virginia. The two high schools had the same renovation timeline, floor plan, architectural design team, and construction company. The first major finding found overall teacher satisfaction was minimally affected by the renovation project. Differences between satisfied and dissatisfied teachers involving cleanliness, considering relocating during the project, seeking a transfer to avoid another project, and room temperature were found to have significance and moderate effect sizes. While teachers at both schools felt safe during the renovation project and odor had an effect on satisfaction, satisfaction levels were different at each school. The study also concludes the need for doctoral and principal preparation programs to include information regarding the leadership role during a renovation project and how decisions may affect teacher satisfaction. [author's abstract] 133p.
Renovate Ohio's Historic Schools
(Renovate Ohio Schools, Feb 2010)
Advocates for the preservation of historic Ohio schools, which are being lost quickly. The website offers several publications to assist the preservationist, a description of the benefits of saving schools, myths surrounding older schools, and a photographic inventory of saved and lost schools in Ohio.
DC Public Schools Master Facilities Plan 2010.
(District of Columbia Office of Public Education Facilities Modernization, Washington , 2010)
Summarizes facilities improvements made in the District of Columbia public schools since 2007, followed by a discussion of priorities, objectives, and defining modernization for the future. The document covers anticipated renovations, demolitions, new construction, swing spaces, maintenance, and programs for early childhood education, special education, charter schools, and adult education. 16p.
Green Existing Schools Toolkit.
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC, 2010)
Helps schools and school districts "green" their existing facilities and achieve LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance certification. Included in the toolkit are the Green Existing Schools Project Management Guide and the Green Existing Schools Implementation Workbook. These publications provide guidance, best practices, policy, and planning templates,and are designed to be used in concert with additional resources contained in the Green Existing Schools Toolkit.
How to Test for PCBs and Characterize Suspect Materials
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC , 2010)
Advises on how to test for the presence of PCBs in the building. The document recommends that the air is tested first to determine if PCBs may be causing a potential public health problem. This initial step may help prioritize the steps and/or approaches for the renovation or repair work. If a PCB problem is identified, it will need to be characterized to determine the extent of PCB contamination. It is important to note that even if PCBs are not present in the air, they still may be present in the caulk and/or other building materials.
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs): Steps to Safe Renovation and Repair Activities.
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC , 2010)
Highlights precautionary measures and best work practices to follow when conducting a repair or renovation in older buildings where PCB-containing caulk could be encountered or where it is assumed that PCBs are present, but do not have an abatement planned. Compliance with protective regulations and techniques to prevent the spread of dust are emphasized. 7p.
Rethinking Schools Capital Investment: The New 3Rs? Refresh, Refurbish, Reuse.
(British Council for School Environments, London , 2010)
Examines the opportunities that refurbishing existing school buildings can offer, breaking the term refurbishment into what the authors call "the new 3Rs." They are: Refresh, which looks at the valuable contribution that good interior design and high quality furniture can make; Refurbishment, which includes more major upgrading of the building fabric and services as well as remodelling of internal spaces; and Reuse, which considers new functions for redundant buildings, whether it is breathing new life into old school buildings or converting existing offices or retail units into new schools. 24p.
Steps to Safe PCB Abatement Activities.
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC , 2010)
Details four steps in a PCB abatement: 1) Prepare an abatement strategy. 2) Conduct removal and abatement activities. 3) Handle, store, and dispose of wastes. 4) Prepare and maintain documentation. 18p.
Summary of Tools and Methods for Caulk Removal.
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC , 2010)
Describes 12 tools and methods for removing building caulk, including safety precautions. 5p.
Realistic Contributions for Improving the Physical School Environment.
(California State University, Chico , 2010)
Identifies improvements to schools' culture, through various projects enhancing the physical aesthetics of the school. The premise of the project is based on findings from a survey, which was directed at the aspects of the schools' physical environment that caused increases in students' learning. This project provides a handbook of realistic resources for improving a school's physical environment. The handbook outlines four project ideas to be completed by the school community for minimal costs. The four project ideas are 1) School Murals, 2) School Garden, 3) Paint with School Colors Benches, Doors, etc., and 4) Plant Trees with Identification Tags. The projects are organized with step-by-step instructions for ease of completion. Additionally, the handbook provides resource ideas for funding. Creating an enriching physical school environment has been shown to improve students' attitudes toward learning, thus positively influencing test scores. This handbook is intended to improve the grounds and facilities of a school with the end result being a more motivated school community. [author's abstract] 144p.
Building Type Basics for Elementary and Secondary Schools, 2nd Ed.
Perkins, Bradford; Bordwell, Raymond
(John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ , 2010)
Advises architects, planners, engineers, and their clients through all aspects of school facilities design. Chapters address predesign, circulation, design concerns and process, site planning, codes, sustainability, systems, technology, materials, acoustics, lighting, interiors, wayfinding, renovation, international design issues, operation and maintenance, and financing. Appendices provide sample space programs for elementary, middle, and secondary schools. The book examines technology's influence in the classroom, along with current research that shows how school buildings can impact teaching and learning. Design guidance is illustrated with school case studies, photographs, diagrams, floor plans, sections, and details. 350p.
Contractors Handling PCBs in Caulk During Renovation.
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC , Sep 2009)
Provides contractors, parents, teachers, and school administrators a general overview of the practices a contractor should consider when conducting the renovation of a building that has polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-containing caulk. Advice for removal in interiors and exteriors, tools and protective gear, and disposal is included. PCBs were used in caulk between 1950 and 1978, so only buildings built or renovated during those years are at risk. 4p.Report NO: EPA-747-F-09-004
Educational Facility Stimulus Funding: A Focus on Excellence in Lovell, Wyoming!!!
(Schoolfacilities.com, Orange, CA , Mar 2009)
Briefly profiles the remodeling of Lovell High School, an approach that was chosen over building a new school. This plan enabled the school to begin construction immediately, employing local workers, and creating an exemplary facility in less time and at less cost. 6p.
EnergySmart Schools Tips: Retrofitting, Operating, and Maintaining Existing Buildings.
(U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC , 2009)
Describes quick and inexpensive strategies for energy savings in schools, including updating light bulbs and HVAC systems, installing room occupancy sensors, turning down hot water heaters or replacing them with tankless models, investing in high-efficiency equipment, and installing automatic shut-down devices. A number of longer-term capital investments including alternative energy sources are also outlined. 4p.
Green Existing Schools Implementation Workbook.
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2009)
Assists with the evaluation and improvement of current school operations and maintenance practices and policies. The workbook is organized by LEED for Existing Buildings: O&M prerequisites and credits, though not all prerequisites and credits in the rating system are addressed by the workbook. The guidance and tools contained in the workbook correspond to prerequisites and credits that lend themselves to a campus- or district-wide application. The workbook includes sample policies, programs, plans, and surveys, along with data collection forms, worksheets, and tables. 108p.
Green Existing Schools: Project Management Guide.
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2009)
Helps schools and school districts "green" their existing facilities and achieve LEED® (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification. The guide outlines the process for navigating LEED certification for existing schools and provides details on how to conduct organizational assessments,educate and train staff, initiate the certification process, and manage a campus- or district-wide plan. It is designed to be used in concert with additional resources contained in the Green Existing Schools Toolkit (www.usgbc.org/k12toolkit). 85p.
Renovations and Repairs Checklist and Backgrounder.
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC , 2009)
Advises on maintaining good indoor air quality when renovating or repairing schools. Planning and preparation for asbestos, mold, off-gassing, painting, flooring, and roofing is discusses, as is project cleaning and commissioning. The checklist is used in conjunction with a background information document, found at http://epa.gov/iaq/schools/pdfs/kit/checklists/renrepairchklstbkgd.pdf 7p.
Reducing the Negative Effects of Large Schools.
Duke, Daniel L.; Trautvetter, Sara
(National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, Washington, DC , 2009)
This report presents an overview of recent efforts to promote small schools by first reviewing the rationale for small schools based on recent studies linking school size and various educational outcomes, followed by arguments supporting larger schools. Succeeding sections explore the following four ways to reduce the negative effects of school size: build smaller schools; utilize satellite facilities; reallocate space in existing schools; and redesign and renovate existing schools. Focusing on the third and fourth options, the report identifies a variety of ways in which large schools are being downsized. A brief description of one such project is provided, followed by a discussion of design issues related to the subdivision of large schools into smaller units. 16p.
References to Journal Articles
Avoiding Preconceptions in School Construction
American School and University; , p14-16 ; Jul 2012
Tips for transforming schools by upgrading or retrofitting existing facilities into something unique.
Inward Looking: At MIT, a Design Team Strives to Build a Better Historic Masonry Envelope
Green Source; Jun 2012
Describes modernization of a three-and-a-half-story laboratory building completed in 1917, and transferred to MIT shortly after its designation as a National Historic Landmark in 1976. the project focused on improving the performance of the historic building envelope.
Renovating Outdoor Athletic Facilities
Stephan Howick andRodney Wiford
School Planning and Management; Jun 2012
Successfully renovating outdoor athletic facilities requires a high level of preparation. Before you start a project, it is important to take the time and answer a few basic questions.
Adapting New Business in an Old Building
School Construction News; May 09, 2012
Describes the relocation of the University of Colorado Denver’s Business School to an existing building in downtown Denver. While the adaptive design is modern and innovative, the old structure is still easily visible.
Odyssey of an Organ Factory
School Planning and Management; , p28-37 ; May 2012
An innovative adaptive reuse project transforms an ancient industrial building into a 21st-century charter school.
ASHRAE Technology Award: Old School Learns Cool New Tricks
ASHRAE Journal; , p48-57 ; May 2012
Northwestern High School in Maple, Wis., which was built in 1937, got a new lease on life when the oldest portions of the building were removed and other sections were repurposed. This major renovation included demolishing the steam heating system, relocating the boiler room and replacing the old equipment. One chiller was installed to serve four air-handling units. This project resulted in a reduction in EUI of 40 kBtu/ft2/yr.
Renovating the Old Instead of Building the New
Facility Management; , p22-24 ; May-Jun 2012
For public charter schools, expanding their school facilities or constructing a new school building can be a challenging experience. More than half of all U.S. charter schools are located in dense urban areas, where few buildable sites are available and developable land carries a hefty price tag. One option is to consider the revitalization and repurposing of older building stock. At first blush, planning a school in a building that was never meant for educational uses may seem counter-intuitive. However, the benefits of bringing back older buildings in core urban areas can serve the community in many ways. While their original purpose may be obsolete, comprehensive renovations to an existing structure can both offer a cost-effective alternative to building new and incorporate modern sustainable improvements to prepare older buildings for the future.
Visible Music College / archimania
Arch Daily; Apr 25, 2012
Photos and description of the adaptive design of a music college in a mid-century bank building in downtown Memphis Tennessee.
Schools as Communities.
Learning By Design; , p16-20 ; Spring 2012
Shows how architecture can transform learning while bringing students and faculty together in communal buildings. Examples include the School of Architecture at City College in New York; Hawthorne Elementary School in Mt. Pleasant, NY; and Peekskill Middle School and Community Center in Peekskill, NY.
17th Annual School Construction Report: It's Still Billions of Dollars
School Planning and Management; Feb 2012
Reports that school construction completed in 2011 was $12.2 billion, continuing a downward trend since 2009. $6.9 billion was spent on new schools, while $2.6 billion went to additions and $2.6 billion went to retrofit and modernize existing structures. Accompanying information for 12 geographic regions include 2011 data and projected 2012 school completions. Additional tables present data on spending according to grade level, building type, school size, amenities that are being included in today's schools, regional breakouts, and trends in costs since 1995.
At Drexel University, a Green Rebirth Planned for a Former Frat House
Green Source; Jan 18, 2012
Plans call for restoring a stone-clad fraternity house and constructing a 4,600-square-foot addition, transforming the building into a hub for testing sustainable design and construction methods. The Drexel Smart House will double as an educational space and dorm. The dwelling, built in 1872, has sat vacant since the late 1990s.
Innovations for Educational Facility Design
Architectural Record; , 7p ; Jan 2012
Describes the main issues affecting high-performance school design. Discusses strategies for enhancing learning environments using retrofit or renovation strategies to improve daylighting, flexibility of use, or energy efficiency. Provides examples of building techniques and technologies specifically designed to improve student health or the life cycle and durability of educational buildings.
Back to the Future
Campus Technology; , p37-40 ; Jan 2012
Embracing the new media demands of an increasingly high-tech profession, the City University of New York Graduate School of Journalism converted a 1921 landmark of New York's glorious newspaper past into a 21st century facility.
Useful, Green, and Community-Minded
College Planning and Management; , p83-85 ; Jan 2012
Miscordia University's, Dallas, PA, creative adaptation of three existing facilities has saved money and resources and contributed to a strong town-gown relationship. Describes renovation of a funeral home to a residence hall for 26 students, and a former car dealership to arts studios.
Making the Renovation Decision.
College Planning and Management; , p18-24 ; Nov 2011
Presents three factors that determine if an existing campus facility can see new life and adaption to future use: structural configuration; campus location; and renovation cost.
Supply and Demand in School Construction
Goldstein, Roger; Feely, Michael
American School and University; Nov 2011
Education institutions can embrace expansion opportunities by transforming abandoned industrial buildings, such as warehouses, big-box stores, and manufacturing facilities, into academic spaces. As a cost-effective, sustainable and efficient alternative to new construction—which typically is more expensive and more time-consuming—renovations of existing buildings can produce needed facilities with shorter time-to-occupancy schedules and often lower construction costs.
Renovate, Rebuild, Restore
Peter Gisolfi; Bill Harris; Kevin Havens; Amy Jones; Andy Joseph; and Adele Willson
School Planning and Management; Nov 2011
Five examples of how school districts have tapped the creativity of board members, architects and/or planners to restore, renovate or rebuild some of their local structures to serve as educational, green spaces.
The Slipcovering of a School.
New York Times; Oct 16, 2011
Discussion of the modernization of the High School of Printing, built in 1960 in New York City. The building, now the High School of Graphic Communication Arts, was designed by Hugh Kelly and B. Sumner Gruzen in two parts, a fluid, guitar-box auditorium set off by a stern, rectangular sweep of glass blocks and steel swing-out windows. The School Construction Authority replaced the windows and the Kalwall with current versions, and the rebuilt facade looks pretty similar to the previous one, although hardly like the original.
The Architectural Jumble.
Gisolfi, Peter A.
American School Board Journal; , p30-31 ; Oct 2011
Public school buildings change constantly. Because schools change frequently, administrators and school boards have opportunities to reconfigure the building’s layout to the advantage of all who use it. In doing so, they can preserve the best from the past and improve on those aspects that are not working well.
Facility Focus: Historical Preservation.
College Planning and Management; v14 n8 , p51,52 ; Aug 2011
Profiles historic preservations of landmark buildings at Virginia's Emory and Henry University and Pennsylvania's Lafayette College. In both cases, fine historic details were retained while creating spaces that will serve contemporary educational and artistic demands.
College Planning and Management; v14 n8 , p27,28,30,31 ; Aug 2011
Profiles Emerson College's Paramount Center, a renovated 1932 movie house that the college converted into a three theatres, a shop, performing arts teaching and office spaces, and dormitory housing for 262 students. Careful attention to the preservation and restoration of historical details is highlighted, as is acoustical attenuation between spaces of different functions.
School Design: Making Adaptive Reuse Work
American School and University; v83 n11 , p36-41 ; Jul 2011
Advises on expanding higher education campuses by repurposing under-utilized space that is neglected because of obsolescence, poor layout, or scheduling issues. Reorganizing the circulation of students or incorporating a new cafe or learning space in an area that previously was empty can bring vibrancy to a building, and increase the density of activity. Activating and changing relationships between different components can bring a fresh, modern feel to an entire building, creating a new place without having to build one from the ground up.
Rolling with the Flow: Planning for Painting.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n6 , p14-16 ; Jun 2011
Addresses coordination of painting projects in a public school district, when priorities may lean towards more vital building renovations, and in facilities that are occupied year-round. Volatile organic compound (VOC) content of paint, occupant health, and outsourcing are also addressed.
Preparing for Fall during the Summer.
School Planning and Management; v50 n6 , p20,22-26 ; Jun 2011
Prioritizes capital projects that should be addressed in the summer when they have the least impact on education process.
When Is a Good Time?
College Planning and Management; v14 n6 , p34-38 ; Jun 2011
Notes that higher education facilities are no longer vacant during summer months and thus available for maintenance and repair. Advice from various facilities managers addresses challenges and proposes solutions for completing large projects when buildings are in use.
Implementing Building Envelope Improvements.
Winstead, Rob; Corona, Rich
School Planning and Management; v50 n6 , p28,30,32-34 ; Jun 2011
Details plans for school building envelope improvements with maximum impact on energy performance and a healthy environment.
Renovation Transforms Nondescript Facility.
Laboratory Design; v15 n3 , p1,8-10 ; May-Jun 2011
Describes the University of Connecticut Health Center, Cell and Genome Sciences Building (CGSB), a project awarded the Renovated Laboratory of the Year for its successful transformation of an uninspiring, outdated science facility. In addition to much-improved use of space, a dramatic use of natural daylight highlights the success of the project.
21st Century Learning.
American School and University; v83 n8 , p16-18,20,22 ; May 2011
Compares a 1990's concept of 21st century school improvements with the current reality of upgrades in an ailing economy. The biggest impact is on school libraries, since students no longer need to spend great amounts of time in the library because of technological advances. The savings on library capital expenses can be directed towards other uses like gymnasiums and theaters.
Match Game: Making the Right Paint Choice.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n5 , p29 ; May 2011
Advises on paint selection, noting recent developments in paint composition, and recommended procedures for painting exteriors versus interiors, and surface preparation
A Platinum Restoration.
College Planning and Management; v14 n4 , p52,54, 56,58 ; Apr 2011
Profiles the Wofford College restoration of a 1902 mill building to provide two laboratories, lecture and conference rooms, offices, and storage that supports an inter-disciplinary environmental studies program. Extensive repairs are described that brought the building back to its original splendor, and helped earn it a LEED Platinum rating.
Major Campus Changes.[How to Ace Campus Renovation Projects.]
Building Operating Management; v58 n3 , p34-36 ; Mar 2011
Discusses logistics of higher education renovations, particularly where occupant input is high and buildings remain open to users. Building flexibility into the schedule can help accommodate unforeseen circumstances
Hinman Research Building Rehabilitation and Adaptive Use.
Architect; v100 n2 , p98-101 ; Feb 2011
Documents restoration and adaptive re-use of Georgia Tech's historic Hinman Research Building.
High School Renovation Project Takes Green Approach.
School Construction News; v17 n1 , p21 ; Jan-Feb 2011
Describes a variety of sustainability features of additions to San Diego's Chula Vista High School. The LEED Gold facility uses 30 percent less energy and 40 percent less water than a traditional facility, and is an example of the type of improvements anticipated in schools across the district.
Lesson in the Triple Bottom Line. [Des Moines Public Schools.]
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n1 , p8,9 ; Jan 2011
Uses Des Moines Public Schools as example for Triple Bottom Line impact students, energy efficiency, and utility cost savings to be considered before, during, and after every school building renovation. Many of the components affecting energy efficiency are hidden from view and are, therefore, less popular with administrators. The author addresses options for use in non-visible green technology, and quantitative benchmarks to engage attention for them.
Retrofitting Labs to Reduce Energy Consumption.
Reindorf, Lisa; Goldman, Mitchell
Laboratory Design; v15 n1 , p1,2,4-6 ; Jan-Feb 2011
Notes that laboratories and other science facilities are among the most energy-consuming of building types because they are large consumers of heating and cooling energy, due to the need for once-through air supply. Specific topics are balancing safety and energy use, reducing the airflow rate, implementing heat recovery systems, commissioning, providing a high standard of safe indoor air, low noise, energy savings, and cost and payback.
Moving Sustainability Forward.
Educational Facility Planner; v45 n3 , p47-49 ; 2011
Advises on when to time school renovations, according to the enrollment and condition of the school and its systems. Also reviewed are strategies for achieving sustainability in schools that range from no cost to low cost to smart investment.
Preparing Concise Repair Documents.
Buildings; v104 n12 , p30-32,33 ; Dec 2010
Advises on preparing accurate building condition assessments in advance of building repairs, so that contractors can deliver accurate bids. Topics addressed include bid types, elimination of potential of variables, inclusion of limitations, timing, project uniqueness, and constraints that will affect access and timing of work.
Beefing up Your School Kitchen.
Buildings; v104 n12 , p35-38 ; Dec 2010
Advises on school kitchen renovations, noting changes in menu and nutrition requirements, the use of a kitchen consultant, budgeting, designing a kitchen that will endure, and careful attention to the logistics of receiving deliveries and distributing meals.
American School and University; v83 n3 , p158-180 ; Nov 2010
Profiles 19 school renovation and modernization projects honored for functionality, frugality, design features and balance, ability to inspire learning, and flexibility. Photographs, building statistics, and a list of project participants accompany the text.
Truly Green: A Look at the Advantages of Maintaining Historic Campus Buildings.
Brown, Julie; Hillman, Luce
Facilities Manager; v26 n6 , p26-30,32 ; Nov-Dec 2010
Examines the environmental benefits of maintaining historic higher education buildings. Definitions of what constitutes an “historic” building are followed by examples of signature historic buildings that help define their respective campuses. The virtues of older buildings built to withstand the elements and be comfortable without the aid of mechanical HVAC are emphasized, as well as their embodied energy, the availability of LEED certification for existing buildings, and the practicalities and exceptions of maintaining historic buildings.
Considerations When Upgrading Renovating Window Systems.
Facilities Manager; v26 n6 , p40-42,44,46 ; Nov-Dec 2010
Advises on window selection for campus buildings, emphasizing energy efficiency, building orientation, appropriate window style, and glass selection. Acoustics, daylighting, thermal comfort, and aesthetics are also addressed.
Finding New Space in Old Places: Repurposing Auxiliary Gyms.
School Business Affairs; v76 n9 , p34-35 ; Nov 2010
To save money 20 years ago, school districts often used one space as a combination gym/lunch room/auditorium. Virtually every combination gym/lunch room or underutilized auxiliary gym is a viable candidate for re-purposing. The key in planning for the adaptive reuse of gyms is to think outside the box and outside the classroom.
Ten Ways to Retrofit Green.
Building Operating Management; v57 n11 , p37,38,40,42 ; Nov 2010
Advises on sustainable renovation of buildings, encouraging retention of as much structure as possible, using energy-efficient replacements, energy modeling, careful attention to the space between exterior and interior systems, daylighting, water efficiency, indoor air quality, green cleaning, and streamlining recycling programs.
At Just 14, Iconic Building Raises Preservation Issues.
The Chronicle of Higher Education; v57 n8 , pA1,A18-A20 ; Oct 15, 2010
Describes the University of Cincinnati's 14 year-old Aranoff Center, which despite being a signature work of architecture, is now in need of significant repair due to disintegration of its exterior. The history of the building's design is detailed, as is the debate over whether to restore the exterior or replace it with something more reliable.
Historic Building Works Out.
Buildings; v104 n10 , p42-44 ; Oct 2010
Profiles this historic building that was converted into a recreation center for Virginia Commonwealth University. The building, originally a market, and then an auditorium, was wrapped with a modern addition that touches lightly on the historic structure, and could be removed with no damage to it.
Transforming Older Schools for Sustainability.
Learning By Design; n19 , p16,18,19 ; Fall 2010
Discusses areas of attention for improving the environment and energy efficiency of existing schools. These include site improvements, the exterior envelope, indoor air quality, daylighting, interior materials, mechanical systems, and onsite energy sources.
Recycling Buildings: Aging, Multipurpose Gyms have Future as Repurposed Classrooms.
School Construction News; v16 n6 , p22,23 ; Sep-Oct 2010
Discusses the conversion of outdated and undersized school gymnasiums into other uses. Typical re-uses are described, as are issues concerning the extent of renovation required and examples from three public schools whose gymnasiums were converted to a theatre, a health and wellness center, and a computer lab.
Improve Rehab, Repair Projects with Job Order Contracting.
Laboratory Design; v15 n9 , p1,5,6 ; Sep 2010
Details the virtues of job order contracting in laboratory construction, especially in small and repetitive projects. The unique communication-enabling procedures of job order contracting, savings that can be realized, and ease of work for all parties are emphasized.
American School and University; v82 n13 , p81,82 ; Aug 2010
Profiles two higher education historic preservation projects. The Virginia Commonwealth University Brandcenter is an historic carriage house converted into a graduate facility for advertising. Juniata College's Founders Hall features an 1879 academic building thoughtfully renovated, preserving original hemlock framing that was harvested nearby by the original German builders. Both were winning projects in the 2010 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors Showcase. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.
American School and University; v82 n13 , p83-93 ; Aug 2010
Profiles eleven winning interior renovation projects in the 2010 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors Showcase. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.
American School and University; v82 n13 , p14,16-19 ; Aug 2010
Profiles the two main winners in the 2010 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors competition. The Omaha Public Schools Saddlebrook Joint-Use Library and the New York University Stern School of Business Concourse were chosen for high performance, value, safety and security, innovation, atmosphere, functionality, quality, and contextual relationship. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.
Lab Renovation Costs Dip with Economic Doldrums.
Laboratory Design; v15 n8 , p9,10 ; Aug 2010
Discusses the decline in laboratory renovation costs, due to the weak economy. A chart accompanied by text details costs per square foot for laboratory renovations from 2007-2010.
Find Out If Your School Is Fit for a Retrofit.
Merth, Gail; Durston, Lee
Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce; Jul 22, 2010
Addresses the advantages of pursuing school renovation, rather than new construction, during a weak economy. Savings realized through closing air leaks and water intrusion are also discussed.
College Residence Dorm.
Design Cost Data; v54 n4 , p34,35 ; Jul-Aug 2010
Profiles this renovation of a 1929 apartment building into a dormitory for Bloomfield College. Bringing the building up to current codes, removal of lead paint and asbestos, and renovation of amenities to modern standards are described. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
Gainesville High School, Media Center Addition and Renovations.
Design Cost Data; v54 n4 , p28,31 ; Jul-Aug 2010
Profiles this Florida high school addition, which retained over 75% of the existing walls and columns, and features abundant daylighting. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
Jolicoeur, Mark; Kahl, Melanie
American School and University; v8 n12 , p16,18,19 ; Jul 2010
Promotes the value of retrofitting and renovating older, neighborhood schools. Improved public health from walking to school, lower property taxes for having not built a new school, saved transportation costs, and a strengthened community are cited. The example of Illinois' Lake Forest High School is cited.
A Drop of Prevention. [Fire Sprinkler System Retrofits]
Building Operating Management; v57 n7 , p31,32,34 ; Jul 2010
Describes advances in fire sprinkler technology that makes retrofitting a building easier, typical costs and benefits of retrofitting, code and plumbing requirements, and integration of sprinklers with existing safety systems.
Restore, Renovate or Rebuild?
Helgesen, Christian; Berry, Craig
School Planning and Management; v49 n5 , p25,26,28,30-32 ; May 2010
Documents artistic, financial, and green advantages to restore, renovate, or rebuild existing school facilities. These options also offer maximum effectiveness for adapting space for instructional purposes. Profiles three intensely renovated schools, citing the value of recycling a neighborhood school, and relatively low expenditures that created modern, vibrant facilities.
Flip this Classrom.
School Planning and Management; v49 n5 , p20-22,24 ; May 2010
Describes how three classroom at a New York elementary school were "flipped" with a week-long replacement of furniture, carpet, lighting, and learning technology. No new construction was involved, and the results were unanimously deemed positive.
Midcentury Modern High Schools: Rebooting the Architecture.
School Business Affairs; v76 n4 , p12-14,16 ; Apr 2010
Discusses the obsolescence of mid-20th century high school facilities, but then demonstrates how these buildings can be effectively renovated to accommodate contemporary educational programs. Advice on rehabilitating wiring, plumbing, and HVAC systems is included, and asbestos abatement is addressed. Examples of three Illinois high schools from this era that were successfully remodeled are included.
Schoolhouse of the Future.
Learning By Design; n19 , p14-17 ; Spring 2010
Discusses renovation of existing and historic schools to accommodate contemporary educational programming. Typical advantages and disadvantages of existing schools are discussed, as are remedies. A new addition to create necessary spaces that don?t exist is recommended, as is partnering with nearby parks for athletic space. Several successful examples are cited.
Texas Architect; v60 n2 , p52-55 ; Mar-Apr 2010
Profiles the renovation of the University of Texas' Bass Concert Hall for fire safety, patron accommodation, and increased theatrical possibilities.
Adaptive Reuse on Campus.
Cordes, Jennifer; Short, Melanie
College Planning and Management; v13 n3 , p39,40,42-45 ; Mar 2010
Discusses the evaluation of a higher education facility for adaptive reuse, which will typically include a significant renovation to accommodate the new program. The issues of new construction are more straightforward than with a reused building.
A Modern Facility for Modern Learning.
Buildings; v104 n2 , p30-32 ; Feb 2010
Profiles the renovation of Riverside, Illinois' 1917 Riverside Brookfield high School. The phasing, cost breakdown, partial demolition, and more energy efficient outcome are addressed.
Renovating the 1960's School to the 2010 School Model.
Educational Facility Planner; v44 n4 , p9-12 ; Jan 2010
Describes the philosophy of school design in the 1960's. The author compares this to current philosophies as well as design mandates in new facilities, and describes possibilities for energy saving in renovation.
Architecture Minnesota; v36 n1 , p28,29,52 ; Jan-Feb 2010
Profiles the restoration of the University of Minnesota's Folwell Hall, a landmark 1907 structure. Careful attention to replacing lost detailing and ornamentation is described. Photographs and a list of project participants are included.
Concrete Knowledge: Transforming the Ohio State University Library.
Construction Specifier; v63 n1 , p20-24,26-29 ; Jan 2010
Describes the demise of the 1913 Ohio State University Library's aesthetics and functionality through successive additions and renovations, and then details the 2009 renovation that removed unsightly additions, created a dramatic atrium, added high-efficiency systems, and increased daylighting.
When Funding is Scarce: Making the Best Use of Existing Facilities.
Educational Facility Planner; v44 n2/3 , p21-24 ; 2010
Offers an array of guidelines for determining renovation and adaptation needs in a school facility's operational considerations, time and schedules, facility modifications, and found spaces, and makes specific suggestions for most cost-effective solutions.
Avoiding Past Mistakes.
School Planning and Management; v48 n12 , p42 ; Dec 2009
Advises on how to utilize school buildings in an environment of declining enrollment, without repeating the past mistake of abandoning, selling, or converting school property to other uses.
Reading, Writing, and Retrofits. [School Retrofits Go Green.]
Edutopia; v5 n6 , p44-46 ; Dec 2009
Profiles existing schools that are seeking to be more environmentally friendly through retrofitting. Illinois' Bloom High School is featured. The prudence of incremental improvements to existing buildings, funding options, and the education benefits of student participation in the upgrade process are cited.
Making the Case for Facility Modernization, Renovation, and Repairs.
School Business Affairs; v75 n11 , p29,30 ; Dec 2009
Advises on maintaining a master plan for school facilities, accurate assessments of their condition, cost estimates for addressing deficiencies, and how to avoid the "build-neglect-build" cycle the often overwhelms school districts.
Carriage House Children's Center.
Design Cost Data; v53 n6 , p40,43 ; Nov-Dec 2009
Profiles this early childhood learning facility that occupies a renovated school that was once dilapidated and slated for demolition, but is now LEED Gold certified. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
American School and University; v82 n3 , p172-203 ; Nov 2009
Profiles 26 renovated educational facilities, awarded for their adherence to the stated goal of the facility, their ability to enhance learning, functionality, and sustainability. Project information and photographs are included. (The URL for this citation links to the searchable database of American School and University Magazine s school design awards.)
Covering All Bases.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n9 , p17 ; Sep 2009
Discusses the environmental certification of paint, noting the features of Green Seal, Greenguards, and the Master Painters Institute programs.
American School and University; v81 n13 , p86-95 ; Aug 2009
Profiles eight interior renovation projects selected for the 2009 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors Showcase. The projects were chosen for their ability to integrate current and future technology, innovative use of materials, life-cycle cost versus first cost, timelessness, safety and security, clarity of design concept, and accommodation of an enhanced educational mission. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.
Interior Work in Progress.
American School and University; v81 n13 , p96-98 ; Aug 2009
Profiles three interior renovation projects selected for the 2009 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors Showcase. The projects were chosen for their ability to integrate current and future technology, innovative use of materials, life-cycle cost versus first cost, timelessness, safety and security, clarity of design concept, and accommodation of an enhanced educational mission. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.
Four Questions Can Lead to Better Ceiling Selection. [Four Ways to Evaluate Ceiling Quality.]
Building Operating Management; v56 n8 , p10,12 ; Aug 2009
Discusses considerations of aesthetics, acoustics, durability, and sustainability in ceiling selection.
Brunswick Upper School.
Architectural Record; Jul 2009
Profiles this Connecticut private school addition and remodeling. The architects unified the campus by linking the disjunctive buildings with a two-story glass walkway, creating a continuous means of circulation between the campus buildings. Project information, plans, and photographs are included.
Enadia Way Elementary School Reopening.
Design Cost Data; v53 n4 , p30,31 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Profiles this 1950’s California school that had deteriorated during four years of vacancy, but was reopened after thoughtful renovation and new landscaping. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
The Perils of Glossing over Paint Sheen.
The Construction Specifier; v62 n7 , p40-46 ; Jul 2009
Discusses the components of paint that determine its sheen, or gloss. The standard gloss levels and their appropriate applications are addressed.
The Long Haul.
American School and University; v81 n12 , p12-15 ; Jul 2009
Advises on determining whether to renovate and remodel a school, or to build a new one. Master planning and a facility assessment should be conducted to determine a buildings condition and adequacy for the educational program. Evaluation of options should consider a variety of issues including cost, disruption to the school year, achieving sustainability, ultimate building life, and energy efficiency.
Renovate or Replace: Planning for the Future in a Recession.
American School and Hospital Facility; v32 n4 , p6,8,9 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Presents questions to be considered when deciding whether to renovate or replace a university facility. Typical reasons for renovating are discussed, as are how to save money when replacement is in order.
Looking through the Past.
May, Lisa; Fronek, Steve
The Construction Specifier; v62 n7 , p18-20,22-27 ; Jul 2009
Discusses the virtues of aluminum in historic window replacements. The article cites the energy-saving properties, flexible design potential, and installation options available.
Every Facility Needs a Fresh Coat.
Facility Management Journal; v19 n4 , p24,26,27 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Discusses durability, environmental considerations, and exterior resilience of paint.
Paints and Coatings: Effective, Efficient Applications. [Paints and Coatings: Application Best Practices.]
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n6 , p13,14 ; Jun 2009
Advises on planning and executing an effective repainting project by explaining the specification of the correct paints and coatings, describing the proper tools, and suggesting how to schedule the project for minimum disruption.
Can these Windows Be Saved?
Building Operating Management; v53 n3 , p13,14,16 ; Mar 2009
Advises on care, repair, and replacement of windows. Avoiding water penetration; the effects of moisture, condensation, and mold; and determining whether to repair or replace windows are addressed.
Restore, Renovate, or Rebuild?
Schmidt, Edwin; Heckendorn, Matthew; Eddy, Timothy; Havens, Kevin;
School Planning and Management; v48 n3 , p28-30,32-35 ; Mar 2009
Profiles three historic schools that were renovated into effective modern learning environments, as well as one classroom annex that was created in an early 20th-century industrial building.
The Mill's Tale
21 Century Schools; v4 n1 , p30-32 ; 2009
Profiles the conversion of a Victorian-era mill into a science and engineering academy, which has transformed its rural village into a hub of academia. The significant design challenges, cleaning, retrofitting, repair, and respectful modern additions are described.
Educational Facility Stimulus Funding: A Focus on Excellence in Lovell, Wyoming.
Educational Facility Planner; v44 n1 , p25-28 ; 2009
Uses the case of the renovation of Wyoming's Lovell High School to illustrate a cost-effective re-use of a building that already had generous, though not up-to-date, spaces. The planning process and construction management scheme are highlighted.
Build It Well and the Children Will Come.
Educational Facility Planner; v43 n4 , p5-9 ; 2009
Profiles the creation of the DC Prep charter school in an 1970's abandoned and run-down former District of Columbia school. In only 40 days, the window- and wall-less open classroom plan was converted into individual classrooms with abundant and inviting common areas featuring vibrant colors and partial illumination from clerestory windows.
Making What's Old New Again.
Learning By Design; n18 , p169 ; 2009
Briefly describes the conversion of Wilmington, Delaware's landmark Pierre S. DuPont school from a high school into an elementary school. The reconfiguring of the interiors for smaller learners, retention of the structure's historic fabric, and reuse of materials are described.
Contrast and Context.
Architectural Record; Supplement , p16-19 ; Jan 2009
Profiles a variety of additions to existing schools, focusing on urban facilities that experiencing enrollment increases due to families moving back into the city.
A Lick of Paint.
21 Century Schools; v4 n1 , p16-21 ; 2009
Advises on how to get a quality refurbishment of a school when the building of a new facility is not affordable. The process begins with assembling a cooperative team to assess the facility and prioritize projects. Attention to flexibility, sustainability, and the advantages of conserving the facility's embodied energy are addressed.
Collaborating with Users to Design Learning Spaces: Playing Nicely in the Sandbox.
Educause Quarterly; v32 n1 ; Jan 2009
Profiles the conversion of an old YMCA building (Holtzendorff Hall) at Clemson University into an academic building for the engineering department. The old movie theater was converted into a classroom, the old basketball gym into an engineering project lab, and the old ballroom into a SCALE- UP classroom (Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment Undergraduate Programs), and former swimming pool into This article tells the story of how the old swimming pool became the Holtzendorff Teaching with Technology Experimental Classroom, or "the sandbox classroom."
A Resonant Ensemble.
Texas Architect; v59 n1 , p40-45 ; Jan-Feb 2009
Profiles the renovation of and addition to Dallas's Booker T. Washington High School for the Visual and Performing Arts. The restored 1922 high school was enlarged with modern suites that accommodate the arts curriculum, as well as providing science and computer laboratories, a library, and student commons. Photographs, plans, and a list of project participants are included.