SCHOOL FACILITIES MANAGEMENT
Information on the operations and management of school buildings and campus facilities, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.
References to Books and Other Media
Forum Guide to Facilities Information Management: A Resource for State and Local Education Agencies
National Forum on Education Statistics
(National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, D.C. , Mar 2012)
This guide provides a framework for collecting, evaluating, and maintaining education facilities data. It is written to help officials design a school facility information system that supports policy and decision making; management and operation; capital budgeting and project management; public participation in school facilities planning; and the integration of facilities data into other education and municipal data sets. Best practices are given for the design, development, implementation, and use of facilities management information systems, along with a list of standard data elements. These elements can be used to develop indicators for measuring and comparing the quality of education facilities; and, in turn, answering policy questions and informing new education policies. The facility data elements presented in this guide are described in greater detail in the NCES Handbooks Online at http://nces.ed.gov/programs/handbook. 80p
Operational Guidelines for Educational Facilities: Custodial, third edition
Bigger, Alan S. editor
Addresses topics including: the cost of cleaning, sustainability, determining APPA Levels of Cleanliness in buildings, and scientific measurement of cleanliness. Special sections address the cleaning of residence halls and healthcare facilities. In addition to the cleaning operations of four-year institutions, solutions for public and private K-12 facilities as well as vocational, trade, and community colleges are covered. 356pTO ORDER: http://www.appa.org/bookstore
Operational Guidelines for Educational Facilities: Maintenance, second edition
Bigger, Alan S. editor
A guide for maintenance in facilities. Subjects include zero-based staffing build-up, levels of maintenance and benchmarking; compliance, safety, and sustainability; job descriptions and career ladders; and much more. 297pTO ORDER: www.appa.org/bookstore
Facility Maintenance and Repair Cost Reference 2011-12
(Whitestone Research, Nov 2011)
Provides detailed maintenance and repair costs for 75 building and utility types in all major U.S., Canadian, and international areas. Data is included for over 1,600 building components, over 30 trades, and more than 4,500 maintenance tasks. 688pTO ORDER: http://www.whitestoneresearch.com/
Digging Deep Through School Trash: A Waste Composition Analysis of Trash, Recycling and Organic Material Discarded at Public Schools in Minnesota.
(Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, St. Paul , Sep 2010)
Presents an analysis of all garbage, recycling, and organic material discarded by six Minneapolis area schools over a two-day period. Two days'worth of refuse from six schools (two elementary, two middle, and two high schools) were sorted in 19 different categories. The study revealed that over 78% of school waste could be diverted from the trash to organics composting and container/paper recycling collection programs, 50% of school waste could be managed via organics composting programs that accept food waste, liquids, and nonrecyclable paper, 23.9% was food waste, and 23.5% was recyclable paper. The schools had an average per person total waste generation of just over half a pound per day. Reflections on how to reduce waste and increase recycling are included. 72p.
School Facilities Joint Use Cost Calculator.
(21st Century School Fund, Washington, DC and The University of California, Center for Cities & Schools, Berkeley, Sep 2010)
One obstacle to sharing public school facilities is recovering the cost of joint use. This joint use cost calculator helps school districts determine what to charge users to recover costs for joint use, particularly in situations where the district is unsure know what it costs to own and operate the school buildings. The calculator helps: 1) identify the elements of school district facility related costs, 2)calculate full cost of ownership on a per square foot and per hour basis, 3) determine policy decisions school districts need to make about which users to subsidize, and 4) create fee structure options for various non-school users, based on the real cost of ownership
Closing a School Building: A Systematic Approach.
(National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, Washington, DC , Sep 2010)
Cites a decline in some regions' school enrollment due to demographics, economics, and school choice. The author then presents a step-by-step analysis for deciding to close a school, and then for closing the building once the decision to close has been made. De-commissioning steps for each month of the last year of the school are suggested, and advice for maintaining the vacant building included. Re-purposing the building while maintaining ownership is strongly recommended, and successful examples of this are cited. 23p.
Whitestone Facility Operations Cost Reference 2009-2010.
Romani, Luca; Towers, Michael; Abate, Douglas; Dotz, Richard
(Whitestone Research, Santa Barbara, CA , Oct 2009)
Provides information to assess the cost of operating a facility over its lifetime, the effect of inflation rates on operating costs, regional differences in operating costs, and the effect of varying levels of service on costs. 320p.TO ORDER: http://www.whitestoneresearch.com
Guide to Operating and Maintaining Energy Smart Schools.
(U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC , Sep 2009)
Guides a district or school-wide operations and maintenance (O&M) program that focuses on energy efficiency. The Guide provides organizational and technical information for integrating energy and high-performance facility management into existing operation and maintenance practices. The Guide helps school district management, facility managers, business officials, and administrators identify energy savings, develop an energy management plan, and address technical considerations. Accompanying the Guide are Action Plan Templates that provide a snapshot of customizable checklists used for planning and implementing energy-focused operations and maintenance. The Action Plans, which are organized by building system component, are tools for senior facilities managers and custodial staff to schedule preventative maintenance and training. 64p.
The Whitestone Facility Operations Cost Reference, 2009-2010.
(Whitestone Research, Santa Barbara, CA, 2009)
Profiles operations costs for 72 building and utility types in all major U.S. and Canadian areas. Alternative levels of service and costs are estimated for custodial, energy, grounds, management, pest control, refuse, road clearance, security, telecommunications, and water & sewer. 320p.TO ORDER: http://www.whitestoneresearch.com/
References to Journal Articles
Stick With a School Maintenance Plan
American School and University; Jun 2012
Schools and universities must follow through on their maintenance management plans to ensure that facilities are kept in good shape. Includes a formula for determining how many workers are needed to get the job done properly. The factors weighed: number of teachers, number of students, type of school, size of facility and the number of washroom fixtures:
JOC Be Nimble, JOC by Quick
Schreyer, Paul R.
Educational Facility Planner; v46 n1 , p43-45 ; Jun 2012
Explores the Job Order Contracting (JOC) procurement method that allows school administrators to complete a large number of high quality maintenance projects quickly with a single, competitive bid contract.
Make Your School Control Itself
School Planning and Management; Apr 2012
Describes how to control energy use by integrating the mechanical, lighting, and other building systems so that each system can be scheduled and the systems can work together and monitor performance.
From LEED For Schools: Tips On Green Design And Construction For Facility Managers
Building Operating Management; Apr 2012
LEED for Schools includes a range of suggested strategies that can be considered for projects that can help to ensure that a school building is designed right in the first place, as well as applying equally to the many existing school facilities.
Building Operating Management; Apr 2012
4-part series on the latest developments in greening paints. Manufacturers have developed the whole package: low-VOC paints that are readily tintable at the point of sale with low-VOC colorant and low-odor properties. Part 1: Paint Innovations Offer Facility Managers Green Benefits, Performance; Part 2: Check Paint's Certifications To Avoid Greenwash; Part 3: New Standards, Research, Promise Continuing Improvement In Paints; and Part 4: Showcase Products: Paints.
Building Operating Management; Apr 2012
4-part series on lighting controls. Part 1: Careful Planning for Lighting Controls Can Prevent Problems; Part 2: With Lighting Controls, Facility Managers Should Understand Products, Building's Wiring; Part 3: Testing Is Key To Avoiding Lighting Control Projects Problems; and Part 4: Lighting Controls: Facility Managers Should Understand, Educate Occupants.
Building Operating Management; Apr 2012
Part 1: ADA Excuses Won't Keep Facility Managers Out of Court; and Part 2: ADA Complaints: How Facility Managers Can Evaluate Their Risks.
American School and University; Jan 2012
Education institutions must keep a tight rein on spending in 2012 as they search for signs that the national economy is back on its feet. A slow, uncertain economic recovery has improved finances in some parts of the country, but for others, the absence of recovery may require further cuts. Describes the outlook in the following specific areas: funding; charter schools; construction; equity; closings; growth; maintenance & operations; No Child Left Behind; nutrition; security; technology; and sustainability.
Lifts: Elevated Safety Considerations.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n8 , p16,18 ; Aug 2011
Introduces OSHA regulations, as well as proper testing and inspection of aerial work platforms.
Paper, Paper, Go Away.
School Planning and Management; v50 n8 , p38,40 ; Aug 2011
Describes how Indiana's Metropolitan School District cut $125,000 in printing expenses by equipping schools with multi-function printers (MFPs) and enabling teachers to scan and convert documents to PDF format before distributing them electronically to students.
Drain Cleaning: Critical Operations.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n7 , p21 ; Jul 2011
Provides information for assembling drain-cleaning equipment that is flexible, reliable, and powerful enough to help tradespeople meet the demans of an expanding institution.
Snow and Ice Management: Cold Treatment.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n7 , p19,20 ; Jul 2011
Describes changes in snow and ice management from exclusive use of granular materials to luquid anti-icing materials.
Motors and Drives: Repair or Replace?
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n7 , p8,9 ; Jul 2011
Makes case for pro-active and cost-effective equipment decisions. To streamline the management of motors and drives, maintenance and engineering managers need to develop strategies for efficiently cataloguing and analyzing these products within their facilities, identifying problem equipment, especially as it relates to energy efficiency, and fully understanding replacement options.
Maintaining Perspective in the Maintenance Department
American School and University; v83 n10 , p32-35 ; Jun 2011
Opines that in the slow economic recovery, schools facilities managers will be forced in the short term to do less. Unappealing choices include deferred maintenance, less heating and cooling, less service, outsourcing, reduced operations, and closing schools. Greater efficiency can be achieved with a work-order system, facilities condition index, inspections, and commissioning.
Total Cost of Ownership.
College Planning and Management; v14 n6 , p53,54,56,58,59 ; Jun 2011
Discusses total cost of ownership (TCO) when making purchasing decisions, i.e., considering all costs expnded over the life of an item, both hard and soft. Faculty desks, staff chairs, and microscopes are used as examples in considering TCO. The article highlights a new awareness of hidden costs, and "green" considerations in decisions to replace existing supplies.
Cloud Computing's Limitless Options.
School Planning and Management; v50 n5 , p42,43 ; May 2011
Describes how three school systems have converted to cloud computing, and discusses administrative, management, bond proposal, and transportation applications.
8 Tips for a Smooth Handoff of New Green Buildings.
Greener Buildings; Apr 28, 2011
Details eight steps for an effective transition of a green building from its builders to its operators. These concentrate on including the facilities management staff in the construction process and training them on systems as they are completed.
MRO Storerooms: Bottom-Line Issues.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n4 , p22,24 ; Apr 2011
Advises on maintaining well-organized, well-stocked, and inventoried facilities parts storerooms. Reduction of staff time spent looking for parts, consolidated inventory, and quick response to facilities situations are emphasized.
Infrared Imaging: Tracking the Evolution.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n3 , p13,14 ; Mar 2011
Discusses the evolution of infrared detection of facilities issues, with a rapid progress to less expensive, smaller, lighter, and more technologically advanced machines. It is now possible, even advisable, to train in-house staff on the use of this technology, rather than to hire outside contractors.
PPE: Making Protection a Priority.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n2 , p10,11 ; Feb 2011
Discusses personal protective equipment (PPE) guidelines. These include: performing a workplace assessment to identify and control physical and health hazards; identifying and providing appropriate PPE for employees; training employees in the use and care of the PPE; maintaining PPE, including replacing worn or damaged products; and periodically reviewing, updating, and evaluating the effectiveness of the PPE program.
Drain Cleaning: Keeping the Lines Open.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n2 , p18,20 ; Feb 2011
Describes the often-neglected issue of drains, including their use and mis-use. Discarded items and grease can create significant problems. New equipment is available but risks inattention by those who are supposed to maintain it.
Tech Gets Physical.
Campus Technology; v24 n6 , p22-24,26 ; Feb 2011
Discusses technological innovations that enhance campus energy management, facilities maintenance, and otherwise enable physical plant and energy management on college campuses.
No Easy Decisions.
American School and University; v83 n4 , p18,20,22 ; Dec 2010
Lists 10 strategies used by many school districts for cutting costs. The author considers the merits and disadvantages within each category. They include consolidation, class size, layoffs, closings, fees, advertising, outsourcing, performance contracting, computerized maintenance management, and online purchasing.
Inventory: Low-Hanging Savings.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n11 , p12 ; Nov 2010
Advises on computerize inventory management for facility supplies, noting the features that it can provide and the benefits to flow, economical purchasing, and a reliable supply of correct parts. Supply vending machines and radio frequency identification (RFID) of parts and personnel are also discussed.
BIM in the Facility Manager's Toolkit.
Facilities Manager; v26 n6 , p34-39 ; Nov-Dec 2010
Advocates the use of building information modeling (BIM) in school facilities maintenance as well as design and construction. The features and abilities of BIM software are described, and advice on conversion to BIM from other applications is offered. Potential interface possibilities with facilities management software is also addressed.
Snow and Ice: An Outside Job.
Kobach, Ellen; Birch, Brian
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n10 , p25,27 ; Oct 2010
Advises on pricing structures, contract, and insurance coverage for snow removal contractors. Accurate and detailed records of the contractor's work, various fee structures, typical challenges to snow removal, and prepared removal routes are discussed.
Building Operating Management; v57 n10 , p34-36,38,40,42,44 ; Oct 2010
Profiles New York City's Division of School Facilities executive officer John Shea. Beginning with compliance with the city's recycling rules, Shea has gone on to implement energy-saving strategies, train operations and management staff, retrocommissioning, and using school buildings as instructional tools within the curriculum.
Your New Role as Chief Sustainability Officer.
Facility Management Journal; v20 n5 , p58-60,62,63 ; Sep-Oct 2010
Discusses the opportunities for facilities managers to become the sustainability officers in their organizations. With their skills in the built environment, operations and maintenance, energy use, and waste the author proposes that the facilities manager is uniquely qualified for this position that is being created in many organizations. The advice is to learn how to communicate well and be financially astute.
Power Players. [UPS: Power-Management Strategies.]
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n9 , p7,8 ; Sep 2010
Advises on testing and maintenance of an uninterruptible power supply (UPS). Frequent testing of batteries is emphasized, as their performance may degrade over time. Advice on specifying a UPS system is included.
Aerial Lifts: Reaching for Safety.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n8 , p18,20 ; Aug 2010
Describes importance of rigorous training for workers using aerial work platforms.
Equipment Rental: Eight Essential Questions.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n7 , p16,18 ; Jul 2010
Presents eight questions to consider when renting facilities maintenance equipment. These cover prioritizing which equipment to rent, costs, contracts, insurance, and training.
A Checklist for Meeting Green Goals.
Facility Management Journal; v20 n4 , p67-69 ; Jul-Aug 2010
Offers an annotated checklist for working with suppliers to meet requirements for "green" facilities operations and maintenance. Areas covered are green supply chain protocols and product selection, maintenance to extend useful life, and end of life options.
Facility Management Journal; v20 n4 , p36,38-40 ; Jul-Aug 2010
Advises on the maintenance of pressure washers, which can last many more years than they typically do if properly cleaned and maintained. Instrutions on rinsing out cleaning compounds, oiling, checking hoses, inspecting tires, and cleaning air filters are described, as well as winterizing during long periods of disuse.
Tough Economy Prompts Innovation-Savvy Leaders Find Ways to Succeed.
Shop Talk; Summer 2010
Reports on facility managers' strategies to do more with less as staff numbers are reduced through budget reduction or baby boomer retirement.
Power: Ready When Needed. [Power Reliability.]
Building Operating Management; v57 n7 , p37-39 ; Jul 2010
Describes types of back-up power generators, the maintenance they require, uninterruptible power supply (UPS), switchgear, and common pitfalls to avoid when installing a back-up power system.
Got Risk? Using Risk Transfers to Control Costs.
School Business Affairs; v76 n5 , p14-16 ; Jun 2010
Discusses hold harmless and indemnification agreements to lower liability risks for school systems. Traditional insured endorsements and coverage limits are also addressed.
Self Control Is Secret to Energy Savings.
Building Operating Management; v57 n6 , p65,66,68,70,71 ; Jun 2010
Provides technical advice to make case that rigorous maintenance of existing facilities can be as effective as upgrading to new systems.
American School and University; v82 n10 , p22-25 ; May 2010
Augments information on energy-saving construction and operations with information on measuring the cost-effectiveness.
Navigating the Mail Services Treasure Map.
School Planning and Management; v49 n5 , p38,40,41 ; May 2010
Provides examples for very significant postage costs for schools or school districts. These include the use of non-profit postage rates, or engaging the services of a third-party presort firm to reduce labor costs. In some instances, using the Postal Service for delivery of supplies within the school system will dramatically reduce the costs of transportation.
Lifts: Seven Key Questions.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n4 , p15,16 ; Apr 2010
Proposes seven questions to ask when choosing a lift for building maintenance. These address the type of job the lift will be doing, the capacity, ease of use, power source, site condition, and operator training.
Hang On to Those Buildings.
School Planning and Management; v49 n1 , p94 ; Jan 2010
Advises on how to operate small schools when enrollment declines, in order to avoid selling school buildings that might be needed when enrollment rebounds. Multi-grade classrooms, careful scheduling of school specialists, doing without a principal, and inviting community programs to use surplus space are discussed.
School Planning and Management; v49 n1 , p77-79 ; Jan 2010
Describes winter school facility issues in Yakima, Washington; Charlotte, North Carolina; and Ohio. Fowl weather responses, aging facilities, staff and budget shortages, and a state-wide building upgrade and replacement plan are described.
Preparing a Facility for Winter.
Facility Management Journal; v20 n1 , p78,79 ; Jan-Feb 2010
Offers a checklist for conversion of HVAC systems from cooling to heating that includes the steps for shut down of cooling equipment, start-up of heating, cleaning, and replacement of belts and filters.
A Worthwhile Investment.
American School Board Journal; v196 n12 , p26,27 ; Dec 2009
Advises on managing risks in schools to prevent accidents and costly litigation. Inspection tips for teachers and administrators are included, including the building, furnishings, and equipment.
Check the Green Credentials.
Building Operating Management; v56 n12 , p37,38 ; Dec 2009
Advises on how to confirm the credentials of a vendor claiming to provide "green" products or services. Green Seal certification and experience with sustainable practices in real setting rather than just laboratories is emphasized. In-house knowledge of what constitutes green practices is also essential.
Ten Steps for Success in 2010.
American School and University; v82 n4 , p10,12,-15 ; Dec 2009
Offers suggestions for success in school facilities management, even when budgets are reduced. Budget management, sustainability, health and safety, energy saving, maintenance, security, strategic planning, furnishings, and building community are discussed.
CMMS: Beyond the Basics.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n12 , p13 ; Dec 2009
Advises on how to maximize the benefit of a computerized maintenance management system (CMMS) by accessing typically underutilized features such as web-based purchasing, preventive maintenance scheduling, warehouse and inventory control, and human resources functions.
Now More Than Ever!
American School and Hospital Facility; v32 n6 , p18,20,21 ; Nov-Dec 2009
Reviews historical problems with paper-based building maintenance management, and then describes the benefits of computerized maintenance management systems (CMMS). The abilities of handheld devices, the software applications that use the information they gather, wireless communication, and advice on selecting a system are addressed.
Five Details That Make a Significant Difference.
American School and Hospital Facility; v32 n6 , p14,16,17 ; Nov-Dec 2009
Discusses emergency notification systems, recommending opt-out, rather than opt-in systems, testing of the system, and multi-modal delivery.
Reaching for Productivity.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n11 , p16,17 ; Nov 2009
Advises on selecting the right type of lift equipment for overhead facilities jobs. Types of lifts are described, as well as application strategies and a variety of work platform options that will expand the usefulness of the lift.
Protecting the Power. [Creating Reliable Backup Power.]
Schlattman, Paul; Weber, Robert
Building Operating Management; v56 n10 , p51,52,54,55 ; Oct 2009
Discusses uninterruptible power supply (UPS) configurations. Efficiencies, scalable design, compatibility, standby generators, sound attenuation, and exhaust are discussed.
Tough Economic Times May Call for Downsizing Facility Resources.
School Construction News; v15 n6 , p23,30 ; Sep 01, 2009
Advises on the process of downsizing school facilities, discussing the inclusion of community members, data collection and analysis, establishing school closure criteria, developing options, making the recommendations, and presenting the final project.
Making Space: School Planning Expert Provides Tips for Facility Utilization.
School Construction News; v15 n6 , p21,22 ; Sep-Oct 2009
Presents an interview with Amy Yurko, an efficiency programmer and planner for schools. She discusses capacity, scheduling, removing clutter, sharing spaces, adaptability of buildings from different eras, and current trends in school facility management.
Cut the Wires, Cut the Cost. [Wireless BAS Systems Grow Up.]
Building Operating Management; v56 n8 , p31,32,34 ; Aug 2009
Discusses the advantages of wireless building automation systems, which avoid the disruption and expense of cabling, conduit, or other infrastructures. Both proprietary and more open standards- based systems are discussed, as is battery life, the reluctance of IT staff to open their networks to additional wireless access, and system security.
CMMS: Going Mobile.
Bagadia, Kris; Kossik, Ronald
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n7 , p16,17 ; Jul 2009
Reviews the use of wireless devices in facilities management that can hold more data, create electronic forms, produce reports, access the Internet, and synchronize with other hardware. Advice on selection of wireless devices covers screen size, memory, durability, keyboard, wi-fi ability, real time versus synchronized transmission, capacity, CAD and code table support, operating systems, and costs.
Trimming the Budget: How to Make the Cuts.
School Business Affairs; v75 n7 , p27-29 ; Jul 2009
Advises on how to reduce school budgets, emphasizing formation of a budget team, prioritizing positions for retention, and receiving community input.
Warm Weather, Cool Strategies. [Snow and Ice Removal: Summer Strategies.]
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n7 , p19 ; Jul 2009
Suggests preparations for Winter weather that can be done during warm weather. These include training staff, maintaining equipment, ordering supplies, and securing replacements for equipment that has reached the end of its usefulness.
Construction Tips to Reduce Operating and Maintenance Costs.
Facility Management Journal; v19 n4 , p79,80,82 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Discusses changes that facility managers can suggest during the construction phase that may reduce operating costs. These include design of curbs and sidewalks, plumbing and fire protection systems zoning, freight elevator size, and standardization and reduction of numbers of light fixtures. Advice on gaining acceptance by the design and construction personnel and effective timing of requests is included.
Unexpected Side Effects.
School Planning and Management; v48 n7 , p6 ; Jul 2009
Discusses how the current economic downturn might encourage a fresh look at how we do things.
Taking Safety to a New Level.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n6 , p17,18 ; Jun 2009
Advises on safe use of mobile aerial work platforms, or lifts, in facilities maintenance. Adherence to manufacturer guidelines, knowledge of the equipment, thorough training, an environment of attention to safety, and securing of work areas are addressed.
Today's School Risk Manager.
Johnson, Cheryl; Levering, Steve
School Business Affairs; v75 n6 , p12,13 ; Jun 2009
Discusses the work of a school districts risk manager and team the assisting risk management team. Regular meetings to identify risks, and prioritizing and funding them for remediation are discussed.
Getting Started and Working with Building Information Modeling.
Facilities Manager; v25 n3 , p20-24 ; May 2009
Advises on achieving thorough communication from planner to designer to contractor and then to facility operator through building information modeling (BIM). Tools for getting started are recommended and the particular advantages to large portfolio operators, such as school systems and universities are addressed.
BIM: How it Has Changed FM.
Valentine, Ellen; Zyskowski, Pete
Facilities Management Journal; v19 n3 , p28,30-32 ; May 2009
Advises facility managers on how to obtain and then use building information modeling (BIM) in their work.
BIM for Educational Facilities: Change is on the Horizon.
Facilities Manager; v25 n3 , p62,63 ; May 2009
Describes the advantages of building information modeling (BIM) to facility management, including minimizing the effort and cost of collecting data, convenience and accessibility of documentation, efficiencies with projecting moving of people and equipment, accurate analysis and minimizing of energy use, enhanced information for first responders, and improved space and asset management.
Building Operating Management; v56 n2 , p31,32,34 ; Feb 2009
Advises on elevator care and maintenance, noting that monitoring of the elevator's performance is critical, with special attention to waiting time and down time. Contents of typical service agreements and methods of evaluating them are discussed, as is advice to avoid bargain contracts that offer very little preventive maintenance.
Facilities Maintenance Management Practices in Large Public Schools, Texas.
Lavey, Sarel; Bilbo, David L.
Facilities; v27 n1/2 ; Jan 2009
The purpose of this paper is to present previous studies and reports which have shown that most school buildings in the USA suffer from inadequate physical conditions. As American school buildings become “older”, it is essential for every school district to have an effective facilities maintenance management plan of its facilities. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to identify and analyze how facilities maintenance is planned, managed and carried out by large public schools in the State of Texas. The overall findings of this research indicate a poor quality of facilities maintenance management practices exists in large public schools in Texas. [Authors' abstract]TO ORDER: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=1768943&show=abstract
Let it Snow.
School Planning and Management; v48 n1 , p25-27 ; Jan 2009
Discusses snow removal at schools, highlighting the practices of Kentucky's Jefferson County Public Schools. Types of equipment, salt and brining practices, staffing, plowing and piling advice, and protection of interior floors are addressed.
Maintenance at a Higher Level.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n1 , p16 ; Jan 2009
Advises on selection of the most appropriate lift equipment. Issues such as capacity, elevation, reach, maneuverability, footprint, handling, safety, ergonomics, stability, and warranty are addressed.