DAYLIGHTING SCHOOL FACILITIES
Information on the use of natural light to illuminate the interior of school and university buildings, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.
References to Books and Other Media
The Economics of Biophilia: Why Designing with Nature in Mind Makes Financial Sense
(Terrapin Bright Green, May 2012)
Recent research in neuroscience and endocrinology clearly demonstrates that experiencing nature has significant benefits, both psychological and physiological. Bringing nature and references to nature into the built environment is the purpose of biophilic design. This white paper compiles an economic argument for biophilic design in the built environment. Includes a chapter on school environments, discussing daylighting and outdoor learning opportunities as a means to improve test scores and positively impact the stress levels of society’s youngest members. 39p
Investigating the Behaviors of the Elementary School Students in Reference to Factors Associated with Daylight.
Majid, Seied et al
(Asian Social Science, Mar 2011)
There is no simple guide to human behavior which architects can use but recommendations rather an understanding of the principles of behavior and of man's interactions with buildings. To investigate the Behaviors of the Elementary School Students, the attitudes and behaviors towards the visual environment of three hundred and fifty primary school students were studied in eleven schools of varying design, with particular reference to factors associated with daylight and fenestration. The survey included social issues, personality characteristics of the primary school students and the varying visual characteristics of the buildings including photometric studies. Considerable proportions of students choose to work or sit near windows, the chief factor being the amount of daylight. View content, view out and nature are important. The most popular children occupy favored window places. Space and comfort both thermal and visual are important. Gender separation is natural. [Authors' abstract] 12p.
Advanced Lighting Guidelines
(New Buildings Institute, 2011)
Authoritative all-in-one information resource covering energy-efficient lighting design, technologies, and applications for lighting designers, engineers, federal energy managers, contractors and other lighting professionals. Includes authoritative data on energy-efficient lighting practices and integration with daylighting and other green building strategies. The online edition of Advanced Lighting Guidelines is regularly updated by editors and contributors, and enhanced by commentary from visitors.
Low - Energy School Design for Sustainability
(Douglas County School District, Colorado, Jul 29, 2010)
This video, produced by Douglas County School District along with top Colorado architecture firms that specialize in designs specific to Daylight and Learning, shows a unique prototype of school design that saves energy as well as provides an optimal learning environment for students.
By the Light of Day.
(Douglas County Government, Castle Rock, CO, 2010)
Profiles the successful daylighting of this Colorado school, creating an atmosphere that encourages learning and saves energy.
Patterns to Daylight Schools for People and Sustainability.
Leslie, Russel; Smith, Aaron; Radetsky, Leora; Figuiero, Mariana; Yue, Lisa
(Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N.Y. , 2010)
Daylighting design guide that balances the photobiological benefits of daylighting with well-known daylight design techniques that can be applied in schools. The book is the culmination of a research project that began in 2008, sponsored by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) to scientifically quantify the impact of daylight design on students’ well-being and performance in K-12 schools and investigate the underlying biological mechanisms associated with this possible link. Gives model designs that can be adapted to a particular school project. The book includes a “daylighting dashboard” to quickly compare the patterns graphically with indicators of cost, comfort, the visual environment, and energy use. The publication offers conceptual daylight approaches for the three most common spaces in schools: classrooms, corridors, and gymnasiums. 74p.
Awareness of Daylighting on Student Learning in an Educational Facility.
(University of Nebraska, Lincoln , 2010)
Examines how awareness of the interior architecture of a building, specifically daylighting, affects students academic performance. Extensive research has proven that the use of daylighting in a classroom can significantly enhance students?academic success. The problem statement and purpose of this study is to determine if student awareness of daylighting in their learning environment affects academic performance compared to students with no knowledge of daylighting. Research and surveys in existing and newly constructed high schools were conducted to verify the results of this study. These design ideas and concepts could influence the architecture and design industry to advocate construction and building requirements that incorporate more sustainable design teaching techniques. 60p.
By The Light of Day - New School Design.
(Douglas County Television, Castle Rock, CO, Jul 2009)
Shows involvement at both local and state level in green, energy-saving school design, resulting in significant cost-savings for Douglas County School District, Colorado. Complementing the use of natural sunlight are automatic on/off light controls to ensure adequate lighting in every part of a classroom. Windows are also equipped with exterior translucent sunshades that admit light but block the direct effects of the sun.
Energy Guidelines For K-12 Public Schools.
(North Carolina Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh , Mar 2009)
Advises on a variety of building features that impact energy consumption. The publication opens with a discussion of life cycle costing, building modeling, and performance verification. Subsequent sections cover building orientation, architectural design, building materials, plumbing, HVAC systems, building controls, and lighting and power systems.. The publication describes varieties of systems available under each category, advises on their costs, and illustrates the energy impact of each. 27p.
Daylight, View, and School and Office Work Performance.
(Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA , 2009)
Summarizes results of studies revealing that students in daylit classrooms had statistically significant improvement in math and reading performance. 1p.
BIM and Sustainable Design: Understanding your Design Decisions. A Case Study of American Canyon High School.
(Quattrocchi Kwok Architects, Santa Rosa, CA , 2009)
Discusses how the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) helped the design firm achieve sustainable features such as placement and daylighting when creating this school. 5p.
A Case Study of Daylighting: How Four Different Strategies Were Evaluated at Andrew H. Wilson Elementary School.
Koh, Bae-Won; Athalye, Rahul
(American Solar Energy Society, Boulder, CO , 2009)
Illustrates how four different daylighting strategies were evaluated and implemented in the restoration of Andrew H. Wilson Elementary School, which was significantly damaged in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina. The original school building was built in 1909. Due to the existing building's historic nature, constraint from the urban setting and limited size of the site,a 3-story-addition classroom wing and a 2-story-addition cafeteria and gymnasium were designed with three different daylighting strategies. In addition, a major portion of the existing building faces east and west which drove another unique daylighting strategy. 6p.
Daylighting Analysis of A Classroom Space Using BIM Geometry And Next Generation Metrics.
Koti, Ramana; Munshi, Madhav
(American Solar Energy Society, Boulder, CO , 2009)
Documents and outlines a part of the process used in the daylighting performance analysis of a typical classroom design for a proposed K-12 school in Greensburg, KS. A computer simulation program was used for the optimization process because of its ability to compute climate based annual daylight availability and report the results in the form of dynamic daylight metrics such as Daylight Autonomy (DA%), Useful Daylight Illuminances (UDI) and Daylight Saturation Percentage (DSP%). Since there was no established process for utilizing building information modeling geometry with the program, some experimentation was involved. But the overall efficiency and accuracy of the modeling process was greatly improved, compared to recreating 3D geometry from scratch. The focus was on achieving a good glare-free daylighting design and also meeting the LEED rating system's EQ credit 8.1 for daylighting. 7p.
References to Journal Articles
Acoustics and Daylighting
School Planning and Management; , p50-53 ; May 2012
Clean, quiet, safe, comfortable and healthy environments are an important component of successful teaching and learning.
Buildings; , p26-30 ; Feb 2012
Discusses school lighting strategies that can cut energy use and save money, including daylighting, weighing your options, prioritizing efficiency, comparing modern lighting calculations, going by the book, and modernizing controls
No Blinding Light
Martin, David H.
School Planning and Management; , p37 ; Dec 2011
Integrated internal blinds help control classroom daylighting while reducing maintenance.
High-Performance Glass for High-Performance Schools.
Design Cost Data; , p11,50 ; Sep-Oct 2011
Through energy modeling, shows that daylighting strategies can have a significant impact on energy consumption in educational facilities, particularly those that incorporate advanced solar control, low-e glasses such as double-silver-coated Solarban 60 glass and triple-silver-coated Solarban 70XL glass by PPG.
Enhancing Light Quality, Reducing Energy Costs.
College Planning and Management; v14 n6 , p60-62 ; Jun 2011
Discusses integration of direct, indirect, and natural lighting that emphasizes cost savings with use of natural light.
Danis, Jim; Thurnquist, Annmarie
American School and University; v83 n9 , p36,38,39 ; May 2011
Notes the increased environmental awareness of current students, and advises on sustainable lighting systems to accommodate their awareness. Daylighting, solar power, and energy-efficient bulbs are discussed, as are the aesthetic and psychological benefits of thoughtful lighting schemes.
Totally Tubular Lighting.
School Planning and Management; v50 n1 , p17,18 ; Jan 2011
Reviews tubular daylighting devices that can bring daylight deep into schools, even into rooms with no windows. Examples of installations, energy saving opportunities, and retrofitting strategies are addressed.
College Planning and Management; v14 n1 , p21-23 ; Jan 2011
Advises on the benefits of daylighting classrooms, strategies to avoid daylighting glare, and how to integrate it with artificial lighting.
Thirteen Daylighting Guidelines.
Building Design and Construction; v52 n1 , p36-39 ; Jan 2011
Briefly reviews 13 points for designing daylighting, covering widows, artificial lighting, floor plans, calculating daylight penetration, light shelves, climate, geography, and interior finishes.
Let the Sun Shine in: New Thinking about the Oldest Lighting Strategy.
Building Operating Management; v57 n12 , p10,12,13 ; Dec 2010
Promotes the use of controlled daylighting, cautioning against direct sunlight, which produces glare. Basic concepts for bringing daylight into the center of a building are presented, and the superiority of skylights to windows for daylighting is discussed. Advice on assembling an essential team for daylighting design, tuning and maintaining a daylighting system, and treating windows is included.
Considerations When Upgrading Renovating Window Systems.
Facilities Manager; v26 n6 , p40-42,44,46 ; Nov-Dec 2010
Advises on window selection for campus buildings, emphasizing energy efficiency, building orientation, appropriate window style, and glass selection. Acoustics, daylighting, thermal comfort, and aesthetics are also addressed.
Seeing the Light.
College Planning and Management; v13 n11 , p29,31-33 ; Nov 2010
Profiles the unique lighting of the University of California San Diego Sustainable Research Center. Photovoltaic panels on the roof supply the DC-DC lighting system, augmented by daylight and electricity from the campus grid after dark. Photoluminescent exit signs use no electricity at all.
Core Strength: At a New Stanford Building, Atria Double-Major in Sustainability and Community.
Green Source; Aug 2010
Profiles the atria in Stanford University?s Y2E2 building, which allow daylight to reach all the way to the basement.
Light and Cool.
American School and University; v82 n11 , p32-64 ; Jun 2010
Advises on window selection and placement to keep classrooms properly illuminated without unnecessary heat gain. Design of roof monitors and light shelves are highlighted.
School Construction News; v16 n2 , p18,19 ; Mar-Apr 2010
Discusses maximizing daylighting and artificial lighting strategies for schools, addressing floor plans, glare, skylights, fenestration, and glass selection.
Brossy de Dios, Eric; Rogic, Tinka; Vaughn, Wendell
American School and University; v82 n6 , p23,24 ; Feb 2010
Advises on how to use building orientation, materials, and design to appropriately daylight schools.
Lighting Retrofits: Putting Technology to Work.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n2 , p11,12 ; Feb 2010
Discusses the use of photosensors to control artificial lighting in daylit rooms. Light-level response, signal types, photopic correction, and application trends are addressed.
Acoustics, Daylighting and IAQ.
School Planning and Management; v49 n2 , p20,22,24-26 ; Feb 2010
Advises on insulating school buildings against intrusive external and internal noise, daylighting, and HVAC system selection for maximum indoor air quality. A new Teaneck, New Jersey, school is offered as an example.
Daylighting and Visual Performance: Evaluation of Classroom Design Issues in the UAE.
International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies; 2010
Focuses on analysis of visual performance and quality issues in classrooms located in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The methodology depended on data collection and analysis of design information obtained from architectural drawings of standard schools, design compliance documents set by the relevant governmental bodies, and site visits and photography. It analyzed several important design issues that have significant impact on visual quality, including space size and depth to height ratio, windows orientation, lighting direction and desk position. Several problems concerning contrasting luminance levels in the field of view were identified and described. Mitigation of the problems using recommended daylighting systems was discussed based on the UAE climate. [author's abstract]TO ORDER: http://ijlct.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2010/08/02/ijlct.ctq025.abstract
Lack of Short-Wavelength Light During the School Day Delays Dim Light Melatonin Onset (DLMO) in Middle School Students.
Figueiro, Mariana; Rea, Mark
Neuroendocrinology Letters; v31 n1 , p92-96 ; 2010
Reports the results of a study investigating whether removal of short-wavelength light during the morning hours delayed the onset of melatonin in young adults. Dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) was measured in eleven 8th-grade students before and after wearing orange glasses, which removed short-wavelength light, for a five-day school week. DLMO was significantly delayed (30 minutes) after the five-day intervention, demonstrating that short-wavelength light exposure during the day can be important for advancing circadian rhythms in students. The results show that removal of short-wavelength light in the morning hours can delay DLMO in 8th-grade students. These field data, consistent with results from controlled laboratory studies, are directly relevant to lighting practice in schools.TO ORDER: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20150866
Daylighting Strategies Promote Healthy High Performance Buildings.
Educational Facility Planner; v44 n4 , p26-29 ; 2010
Makes the case that daylighting benefits include increased productivity for students and staff, improved health, a better connection to the outdoors, energy savings, and better quality of light. The article further describes daylighting contribution to LEED certification, the role of windows, methods for maintenance and repair, and cost.
Natural Light, Energy Efficiency.
School Planning and Management; v48 n12 , p23-25 ; Dec 2009
Discusses the balancing of daylighting and building exterior performance. Siting of the building, quality of windows and doors, and maintenance are emphasized.
Teaching Green: Two Texas Projects Shape Future of Sustainable School Building.
Texas Construction; Nov 2009
Discusses the advantages of daylighting to student achievement and lower energy costs, citing two "green" Texas schools that cost no more to build but are benefitting from reduced energy consumption.
The Science of Light.
American School and University; v82 n2 , p32-34 ; Oct 2009
Discusses proper planning and modeling of daylighting. This is done in the design phase and can be difficult or impossible to remedy if done too late. Conditions that the daylighting model will consider include building orientation, climate, seasonality of the sun's path, topography, nearby trees or mountains, surrounding buildings, and reflections from outside the building.
Jones, Colin; McMicheal, Mark; Riedel, Philip
School Planning and Management; v48 n10 , p36,38,40,42 ; Oct 2009
Discusses strategies for achieving balanced and effective daylighting in schools. Computerized modeling, neighboring structures, the ability of occupants to control lighting, and reflectivity of surfaces are addressed.
Principles and Impacts of Daylighting.
Buildings; v103 n9 , p58-61 ; Sep 2009
Outlines the duties of the team members who create a building's daylighting plan, the core principles to be achieved, linkage of daylighting to other sustainable strategies, and concepts for daylighting existing spaces.
BIM School, Green School.
Building Design and Construction; v50 n6 , p40-44,46,48,50,51 ; Jun 2009
Profiles the design and construction of California's American Canyon High School. The 260,000 square foot campus houses four smaller learning communities of 500-550 students, is CHPS verified, and includes sophisticated photovoltaic and geothermal systems. Building information modeling (BIM) impacted the design in a variety of ways, especially in enabling near 100% daylighting of classrooms.
Transparency Builds community.
Learning By Design; n18 , p168 ; 2009
Explores the advantages of transparency in educational facilities. Admitting daylight, supervision, and visual communication between groups is discussed.