CPTED FOR SCHOOLS: CRIME PREVENTION THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN
Information on the principles of Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) as it applies to school facilities, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.
References to Books and Other Media
CPTED 101: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design - The Fundamentals for Schools.
(National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, Washington, DC , 2010)
Discusses the concepts of natural surveillance, natural access control, and territoriality as a means to improve school security. Each concept is defined and presented along with basic principles of how to achieve it within an uncomplicated framework of design, furnishing, and staffing. Includes five references. 2p.
Security Design for Sustainable Buildings and Campuses.
O'Neil, Dan; Rueda, Roger; Savage, Jenna
(Applied Risk Management, Stoneham, MA , 2009)
Begins by discussing the importance of sustainability, and how security is often mistakenly omitted from green initiatives, followed by a discussion of the importance of making security a high priority in the design process and how costly inadequate security can be for a company. The third section discusses the risk assessment process and the importance of carrying out such an assessment early on in the design process. Subsequent sections discuss the challenges of balancing security and sustainability, and introduce various solutions that can be achieved through new technologies and systems integration, with respect to specific building elements such as outdoor and indoor lighting, HVAC systems, the exterior envelope, and landscaping. The document concludes with a discussion of additional benefits that can be reaped from systems integration, details about how systems integration can be implemented, and how pre- fabrication of security components can generate LEED credits. 31p.
Safe, Healthy and Positive Environmental Design (SHAPED) Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED).
(Linn Benton Lincoln Education Service District, Albany, Or , 2009)
Begins by quoting statistics on violence in schools, and then explains Crime Prevention through Environmental Design, citing its history, basic concepts, and benefits. Typical risks on campuses and adjacent properties are cited, along with suggested solutions for these and specific school spaces. Other concepts discussed natural surveillance, natural access control, territoriality, the challenge of large schools, school safety audits, and school climate. 19 additional resources and 25 references are cited. 21p.
References to Journal Articles
School Security Technologies
School Planning and Management; , p86-89 ; Apr 2012
Discusses how to take a sensible, balanced approach to creating a safe learning environment, drawing on behavioral and structural strategies as well as technological ones.
Designing Safe Facilities
District Administration; v47 n9 ; Sep 2011
Presents the observations of Judy Marks, Kenneth Trump, Larry Borland, and Tod Schneider regarding school security, with particular regard to heightened concerns since the 1999 Columbine and 2007 Virginia Tech shootings. The article addresses entry control, video intercoms, smart card access, elimination of dead space, natural surveillance, and cameras. Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) is frequently cited, as are examples of security enhancements from recently built schools.
Does It Look Safe to You?
College Planning and Management; v14 n7 , p36,38,40,42 ; Jul 2011
Addresses key concepts of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) for higher education campuses. Natural access control, surveillance, fencing, territorial reinforcement, landscaping, and linking CPTED with security and facility management are discussed.
Designing Out Crime in Schools.
School Planning and Management; v50 n7 , p56-58 ; Jul 2011
Addresses key concepts of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) for schools. Natural access control and surveillance, territorial reinforcement, implementation of CPTED in schools, and linking CPTED and management are discussed.
School Security: Design Strategies for Common Problems.
School Planning and Management; v50 n7 , p26,28,30,32,33 ; Jul 2011
Discusses design strategies for improved school security, with particular attention to remedies for existing buildings. Access control, lighting, electronic and human surveillance, landscaping, and elimination of hiding places are emphasized.
American School and University; v83 n1 , p34-36 ; Sep 2010
Discusses school security planning beyond video surveillance and access control. Security assessment, project planning, design and engineering, and construction administration are detailed as the four significant phases for security enhancement in new construction.
Building Operating Management; v57 n7 , p40, 41 ; Jul 2010
Discusses perimeter lighting of a building, addressing code requirements, color quality, glare, light trespass and pollution, and energy efficiency.
Designing for Security.
American School and University; v82 n6 , pSS26,SS28,SS29 ; Feb 2010
Discusses crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) for schools. Creating clear but controllable entrances, interior space and furnishing design, interior and exterior visibility, and active technological surveillance are discussed, as is the importance of main maintaining a welcoming appearance.
Design Considerations Balance Sustainability, Safety Needs.
School Construction News; v12 n4 , p12,13 ; May 2009
Briefly addresses several issues where building security and sustainability meet in the areas of outdoor and indoor lighting, the exterior building envelope, and landscaping.