SCHOOL CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE PRACTICES
Information on custodial standards and procedures, equipment, safety, and product directories for the cleaning and maintenance of schools and colleges.
References to Books and Other Media
Green Clean Schools
(National Association of State Boards of Education, Feb 2012)
Ten states now have laws or policies regarding green cleaning in schools. The National Association of State Boards of Education highlights these state actions and many other facets of green cleaning and healthy school buildings in the February 2012 edition of its journal, the State Education Standard. Includes the following articles: Existing and Emerging Third-Party Certifications Programs; Making Green Cleaning Easy for Local School Boards; Roadmap to Implementing Green Cleaning in Districts and Schools; State Governments: Promoting Green Cleaning in Schools;Three Case Studies in Green Cleaning; Why Green Clean Our Schools?
Five Simple Steps to Green Cleaning
(Healthy Schools Campaign, 2012)
Describes five steps to take to implement a green cleaning program in a school: develop your program; use green cleaning products; introduce green equipment and supplies; adopt green cleaning procedures; and share the responsibility. 1p
Operational Guidelines for Educational Facilities: Custodial, third edition
Bigger, Alan S. editor
Addresses topics including: the cost of cleaning, sustainability, determining APPA Levels of Cleanliness in buildings, and scientific measurement of cleanliness. Special sections address the cleaning of residence halls and healthcare facilities. In addition to the cleaning operations of four-year institutions, solutions for public and private K-12 facilities as well as vocational, trade, and community colleges are covered. 356pTO ORDER: http://www.appa.org/bookstore
Green Cleaning in Schools: Developments in State and Local Policy.
(Environmental Law Institute. Indoor Environments and Green Buildings Policy Resource Center, Jul 2011)
This regularly updated website summarizes selected state laws, proposed state legislation, and school district policies that promote environmentally conscious cleaning methods and materials in schools.
College of Central Florida Facilities Deferred Maintenance Guide.
(College of Central Florida, Ocala , Mar 2011)
Details in a building-by-building format the current status of deferred maintenance at this College's campuses, including recent and planned upgrades, as well as deficient systems. 11p.
Cleaning for Healthy Schools Toolkit.
(National Collaborative Work Group on Green Cleaning and Chemical Policy Reform in Schools , 2011)
Offers learning modules designed to introduce all audiences to the concept of green cleaning and cleaning for healthy schools. The Toolkit is an open-source, industry-free, customizable, comprehensive program to safeguard human health, reduce exposures to chemicals, and cost-effectively improve the performance of cleaning programs.
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2011)
Resources include an introduction to molds, basic mold cleanup guidelines, ten things you should know about mold, asthma and mold, floods/flooding, health and mold, homes and mold, indoor air regulations and mold, large buildings and mold, schools and mold and indoor air quality, and other mold-related resources and links.
New York's Green Cleaning Program.
(New York State Office of General Services Environmental Services Unit, 2011)
Provides public facility managers, school administrators, educators, parents, and citizens free information and tools to promote adoption of effective green cleaning practices, leading to healthier indoor environments.
Digging Deep Through School Trash: A Waste Composition Analysis of Trash, Recycling and Organic Material Discarded at Public Schools in Minnesota.
(Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, St. Paul , Sep 2010)
Presents an analysis of all garbage, recycling, and organic material discarded by six Minneapolis area schools over a two-day period. Two days'worth of refuse from six schools (two elementary, two middle, and two high schools) were sorted in 19 different categories. The study revealed that over 78% of school waste could be diverted from the trash to organics composting and container/paper recycling collection programs, 50% of school waste could be managed via organics composting programs that accept food waste, liquids, and nonrecyclable paper, 23.9% was food waste, and 23.5% was recyclable paper. The schools had an average per person total waste generation of just over half a pound per day. Reflections on how to reduce waste and increase recycling are included. 72p.
How To Clean and Disinfect Schools To Help Slow the Spread of Flu.
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Sep 2010)
Tips on how to slow the spread of flu specifically through cleaning and disinfecting, including how to do it correctly and how to handle waste properly. 2p.
Guidelines and Specifications for the Procurement and Use of Environmentally Sensitive Cleaning and Maintenance Products for All Public and Nonpublic Elementary and Secondary Schools in New York State.
(New York State Office of General Services, Albany , Apr 02, 2010)
Advises on "green" cleaning practices and products for New York State schools. Sections of the document cover the state green cleaning legislation, a definition of green cleaning products, recommendations for utilizing the guidelines and product list, and certification standards for green products. 14p.
Northeast-CHPS Operations and Maintenance Guide.
(Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships, Lexington, MA , Apr 2010)
Advises on a wide range of topics from energy and water efficiency in a school, to incorporating renewable energy systems, as well as technologies for improved school indoor environmental quality. Additionally, there are detailed guidelines for implementing environmentally friendly policies and practices for existing buildings, such as anti-idling policies, recycling programs, using green cleaning agents, and developing training for building operators. 90p.
Collaborative for High Performance Schools Operations Report Card.
(Collaborative for High Performance Schools, San Francisco, CA, 2010)
Provides a tool to benchmark the current performance of existing schools, provide a report card of results and make suggestions for improvement. Assessments take place in five categories: energy efficiency, thermal comfort, visual comfort, indoor air quality, and acoustics. The ORC is an interactive online tool. While designed for district-wide deployment over multiple school sites, it is also usable by single public schools, charter schools, and private schools.TO ORDER: http://www.chps.net/dev/Drupal/node/44
Green Cleaning in Schools: A Guide for Advocates.
(Regional Asthma Management and Prevention, Oakland, CA , 2010)
Discusses the importance of "green" cleaning in schools, four steps to initiate change, illustrated with fact sheets on improved environmental health and possible saving with green cleaning, additional green cleaning resources, and links to sample letters, presentations, and policies. Includes 33 references. 16p.
The 2010-2011 ChildSafe Guidelines: "Green" Cleaning Products for Schools.
(Grassroots for Environmental Education, Port Washington, NY , 2010)
Discusses why children are uniquely vulnerable, how exposure impacts health, and state legislation. The guidelines describe general purpose cleaners, sanitizers and disinfectants, and floor care, The ChildSafe Guidelines are based on recommendations originally developed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in its “Final Guidance on Environmentally Preferable Purchasing” and the U.S. Department of the Interior’s “Environmentally Preferable Green Cleaning Chemical Model. 5p.
Guide to Operating and Maintaining Energy Smart Schools.
(U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC , Sep 2009)
Guides a district or school-wide operations and maintenance (O&M) program that focuses on energy efficiency. The Guide provides organizational and technical information for integrating energy and high-performance facility management into existing operation and maintenance practices. The Guide helps school district management, facility managers, business officials, and administrators identify energy savings, develop an energy management plan, and address technical considerations. Accompanying the Guide are Action Plan Templates that provide a snapshot of customizable checklists used for planning and implementing energy-focused operations and maintenance. The Action Plans, which are organized by building system component, are tools for senior facilities managers and custodial staff to schedule preventative maintenance and training. 64p.
Public School Facilities, Maintenance, Repair and Renovation Manual.
(Arkansas Division of Public School Academic Facilities and Transportation, Little Rock , Sep 2009)
Mandates a uniform standard for custodial, maintenance, repair and renovations of Arkansas' public school facilities. The document requires districts to develop and implement a custodial care plan and specifies what the minimum content of that plan will be regarding custodial job descriptions, cleaning types and frequencies, work schedules, training, staffing, and supervision. Standards for maintenance, repair, and renovation are likewise specified, including a work order procedures system, training, inspection, and licensing. Sample custodial handbooks are included. 56p.
CDC Guidance for State and Local Public Health Officials and School Administrators for School (K-12) Responses to Influenza during the 2009-2010 School Year.
(Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA , Aug 31, 2009)
Provides guidance to help decrease the spread of flu among students and school staff during the 2009-2010 school year. It provides a menu of tools that school and health officials can choose from based on conditions in their area and provides a checklist for making decisions at the local level. Also included is advice on separating ill students and staff, hand hygiene, routine cleaning, school dismissal, and increasing social distances between students and staff at school. 5p.
Technical Report for State and Local Public Health Officials and School Administrators on CDC Guidance for School (K-12) Responses to Influenza during the 2009-2010 School Year.
(Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA , Aug 07, 2009)
Provides information on the reasons for the strategies presented in the CDC Guidance for School (K-12) Responses to Influenza During the 2009-2010 School Year and suggestions on how to use them. The Technical Report includes advice on separating ill students and staff, hand hygiene, routine cleaning, school dismissal, and increasing social distances between students and staff at school. 13p.
Cleaning, Indoor Environmental Quality and Health: A Review of the Scientific Literature.
(Minnesota Dept. of Health, St. Paul , Aug 2009)
Advises on the relationship between cleaning, indoor environmental quality, and health. The report discusses allergens in school dust, the effect of poor indoor environmental quality (IEQ) on learning, reservoirs of allergens in chronically under-cleaned areas and what these areas typically are, the role of cleaning in improved IEQ, actions that can be taken by school staff, and calculating the number of custodians needed for cleaning. 15p.
ABC's of Healthy Schoolhouses: Asthma, Bugs, and Chemicals.
(U.S. Department of Education, Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools, Washington, DC , Aug 2009)
Discusses reasons why children's bodies are more vulnerable to environmental hazards; why unhealthy school environments present a special hazard to children due to occupant density, multiple uses, compulsory attendance, and special needs population; practical solutions for school environmental problems; and federal laws promoting healthy schools. 24p.
Capitol News Briefing on Proposed Legislation Concerning Cleaning Products That Are Used in School Buildings.
May 05, 2009
This press conference video reviews Connecticut's Green Cleaning Products in Schools Law (CT Public Act 09-81). Advocates, legislators, and health professionals address the impact of the law, historical incidents that precipitated the law, the particular impact of environmental toxins on children, and its fiscal neutrality.
Antimicrobial Products Registered or Use Against Influenza A Virus on Hard Surfaces.
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC , Apr 28, 2009)
Lists antimicrobial products that are registered by EPA to disinfect hard, non-porous surfaces that may be contaminated with the 2009-H1N1 flu. As part of the registration process, EPA evaluates the product efficacy to make sure the public health label claims are accurate. Currently, over 500 disinfectant products are registered for use on hard, non-porous surfaces against influenza A viruses. EPA believes, based on available scientific information, that the currently registered influenza A virus products will be effective against the 2009-H1N1 flu strain and other influenza A virus strains on hard, non-porous surfaces. This is not a complete list since some products may have different distributor or product names and may not be referenced. The list will be updated as more information becomes available. 20p.
Building and Grounds Maintenance Checklist and Background Information
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC , 2009)
Guides the building and grounds maintenance staff in assessing products, practices, equipment, and building conditions that affect indoor air quality, either positively or negatively. The checklist is used in conjunction with a background information document, found at http://epa.gov/iaq/schools/pdfs/kit/checklists/bldgmaintchklstbkgd.pdf 5p.
(Brevard Public Schools, Rockledge, FL , 2009)
Presents the custodial standards for Florida's Brevard Public Schools. The guidelines first address the general procedures and maintenance for the school, including universal precautions for the protection of the custodial staff. It then details maintenance and cleaning requirements for each area of the school, including classrooms, restrooms, cafeterias, gymnasiums, locker rooms, and corridors. Samples of facility custodial assessment forms; emergency lighting, fire extinguisher inspection, and air conditioner maintenance/service log sheets; and monthly custodial preventative maintenance forms are included. 50p.
Green Existing Schools Implementation Workbook.
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2009)
Assists with the evaluation and improvement of current school operations and maintenance practices and policies. The workbook is organized by LEED for Existing Buildings: O&M prerequisites and credits, though not all prerequisites and credits in the rating system are addressed by the workbook. The guidance and tools contained in the workbook correspond to prerequisites and credits that lend themselves to a campus- or district-wide application. The workbook includes sample policies, programs, plans, and surveys, along with data collection forms, worksheets, and tables. 108p.
Green Existing Schools: Project Management Guide.
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2009)
Helps schools and school districts "green" their existing facilities and achieve LEED® (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification. The guide outlines the process for navigating LEED certification for existing schools and provides details on how to conduct organizational assessments,educate and train staff, initiate the certification process, and manage a campus- or district-wide plan. It is designed to be used in concert with additional resources contained in the Green Existing Schools Toolkit (www.usgbc.org/k12toolkit). 85p.
New Research Links School Air Quality to School Cleaning Supplies.
(Environmental Working Group, Washington, DC , 2009)
Reports on tests of 21 cleaners used in 13 California school districts indicating that when used as directed, the products released six chemicals known to cause asthma, 11 contaminants that are known, probable, or possible cancer-causing substances in humans, and hundreds of other compounds for which there is little or no hazard information. In all, air testing revealed 457 chemicals emitted by these products. While some of these airborne compounds are known to be hazardous, nothing is known about the health risks of most of them. Manufacturers' documents disclosed the presence of another 38 chemical ingredients that air testing could not pick up. The results also showed that green cleaning supplies can reduce chemical exposure by releasing a lower overall number of measurable air contaminants and especially by producing lower levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). 48p.
Primary Green Product Standards and Certification Programs: A Comparison.
(Air Quality Sciences, Inc., Marietta, GA , 2009)
Compares eight programs identified in as primary market movers for standardization and certification of "green" building and building maintenance products. These are Energy Star, WaterSense, Cradle to Cradle Certification, Greenguard, Green Seal, GreenSpec, and the Forest Stewardship Council. 30 references are included. 23p.
Indoor Environmental Quality within an Elementary School: Measurements of Felis Domesticus I, Dermatophagoides Pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides Farinae I, And Blatella Germanica in Carpeting.
(University of South Florida, Tampa , 2009)
Quantifies the concentrations of cat (Felis domesticus I), dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus I, Dermatophagoides farinae I), and cockroach (Blatella germanica) allergens in carpeting in an elementary school kindergarten class and documents student group activities that are floorbased. One Florida elementary school classroom was identified as the study site. A total of eight reservoir dust samples were collected during the school year to be analyzed. The sampling reservoir was the carpeting used for group floor-based activities by the school children. Dust samples from the carpet were analyzed by The Johns Hopkins University Reference Laboratory for Dermatology, Allergy, and Clinical Immunology (DACI). Following discussions with the kindergarten teacher regarding curriculum and scheduled classroom activities, group floor activities were identified. The kindergarten class was observed periodically throughout a school year to document and quantify classroom activities that were floor-based. The information documented includes: occupancy of classroom, occupied floor area, occupant density, and time spent on carpeting. Based upon the DACI criteria, dust mite concentrations were moderate to high and cat concentrations were low to moderate. Kindergarten children spent approximately 38% of classroom time in floor-based activities. [author's abstract] 57p.
References to Journal Articles
The Asthma-Friendly Facility: Cleaning Methods and IAQ
Facility Management; Jul 12, 2012
With rising rates of asthma and other recurring lung-health-related problems, schools and other large facilities should scrutinize their cleaning practices, before poor indoor air quality (IAQ) causes losses in productivity and funding.
Bed Bug Education for School Maintenance
American School and University; Jun 2012
Tips for preventing and treating bed bugs in school and university settings.
Stick With a School Maintenance Plan
American School and University; Jun 2012
Schools and universities must follow through on their maintenance management plans to ensure that facilities are kept in good shape. Includes a formula for determining how many workers are needed to get the job done properly. The factors weighed: number of teachers, number of students, type of school, size of facility and the number of washroom fixtures:
JOC Be Nimble, JOC by Quick
Schreyer, Paul R.
Educational Facility Planner; v46 n1 , p43-45 ; Jun 2012
Explores the Job Order Contracting (JOC) procurement method that allows school administrators to complete a large number of high quality maintenance projects quickly with a single, competitive bid contract.
Green Cleaning: Unplugging It
American School and University; , p38 ; May 2012
Discusses the training of custodians to reduce energy consumption without compromising their cleaning duties.
Q&A: Maintenance and Operations, 21st-Century Style
School Construction News; , 1p ; Apr 2012
Interview with Ken Wertz, director of maintenance and operations of the Sharon Public Schools District in Massachusetts and president of the Massachusetts Facilities Administrators Associations, who discusses maintenance and operations challenges with older school buildings, energy efficiency, and preventive maintenance strategies.
The Cleaning Component
School Planning and Management; , p38-44 ; Apr 2012
This outlines what custodians need to know for effective cleaning to maintain a healthy indoor environment: training plus product and technology choices.
College Planning and Management; , p46-50 ; Apr 2012
Liquid ozone offers a sustainable, economical cleaning solution for the University of Michigan.
A Night-And-Day Difference To Cleaning On Campus
Housekeeping Solutions; , p133-142 ; Apr 2012
Illinois Central College facility executives are reaping the rewards of team cleaning during the day.
A Wrench in the Works
School Planning and Management; , p26-28 ; Mar 2012
Discusses mechanical system maintenance, including conducting assessments that identify various maintenance needs such as recommissioning, carrying out inspections as well as preventive and corrective maintenance, and retraining maintenance technicians.
Clean and Safe Washroom School Maintenance
American School and University; , p24-26 ; Mar 2012
Schools and universities must be vigilant about upkeep of their washrooms to avoid potential health and behavior problems. Discusses health issues, problems with bullies and vandalism, and water conservation.
BIM: A Better View of Maintenance
Maintenance Solutions; Feb 2012
Discusses the benefits of BIM to maintenance and engineering managers. BIM software includes architectural data, and it holds comprehensive information on a facility's HVAC components, plumbing fixtures, doors, and windows, including product manufacturers and model information.
Then and Now: Innovations, Ideas Advance Cleaning Process for Healthier Schools
School Planning and Management; , p23-27 ; Feb 2012
Describes Process Cleaning for Healthy Schools (PCHS), a standardized system for cleaning schools.
The School Maintenance Rental Option
American School and University; Jan 2012
For some education facilities, renting cleaning equipment as it is needed may be preferable to purchasing it. Describes the reasons for renting and what to look for when selecting equipment.
Bed Bugs. Real Risks for Educational Facilities
Pest Control Technology Magazine; Dec 28, 2011
Schools need a lesson plan on how to deal with bed bug infestations. This describes appropriate monitoring and treatment options to really make a difference.
Cutting Costs and Improving Outcomes for Janitorial Services.
Campbell, Jeffrey L.
Facilities Manager; Sep-Oct 2011
Janitorial services account for nearly 30 percent of facility budgets. Innovative approaches are being introduced that efficiently manages university janitorial services by utilizing measurable standards and up-to-date business practices.
Seeing Results in Flooring for Schools
American School and University; Sep 2011
Schools can implement a cost-effective, sustainable floor cleaning program to meet green initiatives. Discusses equipment selection, cleaning chemicals, and green cleaning procedures.
Lifts: Elevated Safety Considerations.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n8 , p16,18 ; Aug 2011
Introduces OSHA regulations, as well as proper testing and inspection of aerial work platforms.
A Pending Disaster.
School Planning and Management; v50 n8 , p6 ; Aug 2011
Quotes statistics on excess deferred maintenance of schools and warns against disastrous results if maintenance is not properly funded.
School Planning and Management; v50 n8 , p24,26,28,29 ; Aug 2011
Discusses the work of the non-profit organization Process Cleaning for Healthy Schools (PCHS). The organizations provides consulting and support to help schools improve cleanliness and environmental quality.
College Planning and Management; v14 n8 , p39,40,42 ; Aug 2011
Discusses the benefits of microfiber mops and dual-compartment buckets, citing savings of time, water, and chemicals that this equipment affords, even while cleaning more thoroughly. Microfiber cleaning rags are also recommended, as they do not shred or leave lint.
Setting Standards for Custodial Operations.
Facilities Manager; v27 n4 , p18-21 ; Jul 01, 2011
Details contents of categories for evaluation of custodial operations: time standards, performance standards, quality standards, and management standards.
American School and University; v83 n8 , p24,26,-28 ; May 2011
Demonstrates that life-cycle cost value practices lead to reduced maintenance because of use of superior materials and the ability to anticipate a schedule and costs of major repairs and maintenance.
MRO Storerooms: Bottom-Line Issues.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n4 , p22,24 ; Apr 2011
Advises on maintaining well-organized, well-stocked, and inventoried facilities parts storerooms. Reduction of staff time spent looking for parts, consolidated inventory, and quick response to facilities situations are emphasized.
Infrared Imaging: Tracking the Evolution.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n3 , p13,14 ; Mar 2011
Discusses the evolution of infrared detection of facilities issues, with a rapid progress to less expensive, smaller, lighter, and more technologically advanced machines. It is now possible, even advisable, to train in-house staff on the use of this technology, rather than to hire outside contractors.
Drain Cleaning: Keeping the Lines Open.
Maintenance Solutions; v19 n2 , p18,20 ; Feb 2011
Describes the often-neglected issue of drains, including their use and mis-use. Discarded items and grease can create significant problems. New equipment is available but risks inattention by those who are supposed to maintain it.
Keys to Success.
American School and University; v83 n4 , p12-14,16 ; Dec 2010
Describes 10 ways that schools can overcome and move beyond impediments to providing safe, healthful, and high-quality education. The 10 areas include finances, sustainable design, operating efficiency, educational technology, distance learning, security, indoor air quality, maintenance / cleaning, managing space, and community connection.
School Planning and Management; v49 n11 , p26,28,30 ; Nov 2010
Describes how a Michigan school system reorganized their custodial program for equitable job assignments and standardized cleaning frequencies. These, along with new ergonomic and efficient equipment resulted in several of the schools receiving "Green" designation by the Michigan Green Schools Program.
Green Doesn't Mean Non-Toxic.
School Planning and Management; v49 n10 , p32,34,36-39 ; Oct 2010
Discusses the discrepancy in volatile organic compound (VOCs) content in cleaning supplies, and the extent to which these compounds are emitted when the product is used. Also addressed is the potential for reactions between these compounds and the atmosphere, and the cumulative effect of these compounds on occupant health.
American School and University; v83 n1 , p22,24,25 ; Sep 2010
Discusses "green" cleaning in schools, citing cleaning product certification, improved mixing and dispensing equipment, and coordination of products and cleaning implements.
Buildings; v104 n8 , p30-32 ; Aug 2010
Discusses green cleaning as an element of LEED compliance, describing its inclusion of cleaning agents, techniques, equipment, matting, and documentation.
Aerial Lifts: Reaching for Safety.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n8 , p18,20 ; Aug 2010
Describes importance of rigorous training for workers using aerial work platforms.
Get Your Money's Worth.
Facility Management Journal; v20 n4 , p56-59 ; Jul-Aug 2010
Advises on finding the most cost-effective measures to prioritize and clean building areas. Preventing dirt from entering a building is emphasized, and entrance and shoe-cleaning strategies are emphasized. Green cleaning of dirt that ultimately does make it into the building is addressed.
A Checklist for Meeting Green Goals.
Facility Management Journal; v20 n4 , p67-69 ; Jul-Aug 2010
Offers an annotated checklist for working with suppliers to meet requirements for "green" facilities operations and maintenance. Areas covered are green supply chain protocols and product selection, maintenance to extend useful life, and end of life options.
Healthy Drains Lead to a Healthy Environment.
American School and Hospital Facility; v33 n4 , p10,12,13 ; Jul-Aug 2010
Discusses sources of drain odors and clogs, with recommendations on how to remove them without the use of chemicals that are a threat to the environment or sewer system.
On Board with Green Cleaning.
Lo Bosco, Maryellen
Building Operating Management; v57 n4 , p39,40,42 ; Apr 2010
Discusses gaining the cooperation of janitorial staff and building occupants when instituting a green cleaning and green bathroom supplies program. Sources of resistance, the need for training with new equipment, occupant acceptance of different products, and costs are addressed.
Water-Tech: Making Green Greener.
School Planning and Management; v49 n4 , p76-82 ; Apr 2010
Lists new opportunities for chemical-free cleaning. Without introduction of petroleum products, water can be electrolyzed, vaporized, heated, pressurized, oxygenated, softened, and filtered for cleaning purposes. New opportunities for water-only cleaning include electrolyzed water, dry steam-vapor cleaning, spray-and-vacuum sanitizing systems, and chemical-free scrubbing and stripping.
Mowing: Sustainable Strategies.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n4 , p25 ; Apr 2010
Discusses mower emissions, mulching mowers, and alternatively fueled mowers, with particular attention to propane-powered mowers.
Lifts: Seven Key Questions.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n4 , p15,16 ; Apr 2010
Proposes seven questions to ask when choosing a lift for building maintenance. These address the type of job the lift will be doing, the capacity, ease of use, power source, site condition, and operator training.
Solutions to Help Facilities Improve "Green" Performance: LEED Credits and Cost Savings.
American School and Hospital Facility; v33 n2 , p10,12,13 ; Mar-Apr 2010
Discusses the "green" cleaning benefits and LEED points available through the use of microfibers for cleaning. Microfiber implements last longer than convention cleaning cloths, require less water and chemicals, and are easier to maintain.
Worker Safety: Costly Pitfalls.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n2 , p18 ; Feb 2010
Describes typical violations of worker safety, necessary personal protective equipment, and education on electrical hazards.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n2 , p9,10 ; Feb 2010
Presents an interview with three facilities managers who describe what resources they use for training their staff, how training methods have evolved, what key skills are lacking in new staff, what building systems require the most training, and how they budget for it.
Solving the Parts Puzzle.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n2 , p13 ; Feb 2010
Discusses inventory control in maintenance and operations parts storerooms. Bar coding, radio frequency identification, and parts vending machines are described.
Motor Management: Powerful Benefits.
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n2 , p7,8 ; Feb 2010
Discusses building motor management programs that reduce repairs and service interruptions. Elements of the program include regular testing while the motor is online, and software programs for this function are advised. Suggestions for convincing building owners to invest in such a program are provided.
Saws That Make the Right Cut. [Power Tools: Finding the Right Saw.]
Maintenance Solutions; v18 n2 , p17 ; Feb 2010
Describes the properties of a variety of saws for various tasks. Recent technological advances for jigsaws, reciprocating saws, circular saws, miter saws, concrete saws, and abrasive cutoff saws are also addressed.
Take Good Care of Building Facades.
Buildings; v104 n2 , p340,42 ; Feb 2010
Advises on attention to mortar erosion, cracking, spalling, and efflorescence, as well as deteriorating lintels and parapets, all of which contribute to the degradation of the building envelope.
PCBs in Schools: What about School Maintenance Workers?
New Solutions: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy ; v20 n2 , 189-191 ; 2010
Addresses the insufficient consideration of the school maintenance workers and contractors who maintain and replace PCB caulk, even though they may constitute the school population with the highest exposures and risks. The commentary briefly assesses recent PCB-related developments at the U. S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the New York State Education Department from an occupational health perspective. [author's abstract]TO ORDER: http://baywood.metapress.com/
New Dimensions in Maintenance Zone Design.
Facilities Manager; v25 n6 , p38,39 ; Nov-Dec 2009
Discusses the division of campuses into maintenance zones of manageable and/or relatively comparable workloads.
Daylight Cleaning: Are You Willing to Make the Move?
Hewett, Dave; Kohlhagen, Rob
Facility Management Journal; v19 n6 , p20-22 ; Nov-Dec 2009
Discusses the value of daytime cleaning to custodial job satisfaction, interaction with building occupants, reduced energy consumption, nighttime light pollution and hazards to birds. Advice on initiating day cleaning is included.
Reaching for Productivity.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n11 , p16,17 ; Nov 2009
Advises on selecting the right type of lift equipment for overhead facilities jobs. Types of lifts are described, as well as application strategies and a variety of work platform options that will expand the usefulness of the lift.
Hazmat: Safety Solutions.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n10 , p18,19 ; Oct 2009
Advises on how to manage hazardous materials using inspection, inventory, and regular cleanout. Also addressed are special considerations for flammables, proper storage, and recordkeeping strategies.
Cleaning Up Green.
Building Operating Management; v56 n10 , p29,30,32,34 ; Oct 2009
Discusses standards for certifying "green" cleaning and details six areas of cleaning materials purchasing, cleaning practices, and pest management that can contribute points towards LEED certification for existing buildings (LEED-EB).
American School and University; v82 n2 , p29,30 ; Oct 2009
Discusses techniques for assessing cleanliness in school facilities. ATP meters and black light revealing devices are described, as well as techniques for promoting collegiality and respect between students and custodial staff.
The Rigors of Renting.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n10 , p20,21 ; Oct 2009
Discusses rental of construction and maintenance equipment, emphasizing seeking the advice of the rental company in order to get the right equipment, determining the total cost of rental and delivery costs, and training the operators.
Seeing is Solving.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n10 , p14,16 ; Oct 2009
Discusses camera technology for drain inspection, along with transmitters that indicate the location of the camera, viewing monitors, and safety training for the users.
Filter Facts: IAQ and Efficiency.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n10 , p17 ; Oct 2009
Discusses types of HVAC air filters, their respective filtering efficiencies, and resistance to air flow. Advantages and disadvantages of newer electrostatic filtering are also addressed.
Maintenance and Operations: Brilliant Ideas Needed.
School Planning and Management; v48 n8 , p18-23 ; Aug 2009
Describes innovative school maintenance and operations practices that improve facility condition and save money. These include hiring retired staff to conduct inspections, working a four-day week when school is not in session, banning personal appliances from classrooms, remotely controllable HVAC, lighting, and irrigation systems, and staggering the shifts of maintenance workers.
Pumps: Strategies for Savings.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n8 , p9 ; Aug 2009
Discusses improvement of pump efficiency in institutional buildings. Pump operation and performance data that should be collected, revising control systems, and right-sizing the pump's operation are addressed.
Cleaning for Healthy Schools: How Green Cleaning Can Save Money, Boost Student Achievement, and Safeguard Health.
CASH Register; v30 n8 , p7-9 ; Aug 2009
Describes the benefits of green cleaning to occupant health, current labeling of products, and cases where schools have saved money by switching to "green" cleaning products that were more concentrated than the conventional products previously in use.
Meeting the Challenge: M & O Budgets.
College Planning and Management; v12 n8 , p20,22,24 ; Aug 2009
Describes how some higher education institutions are accommodating cutbacks in maintenance and operations budgets by asking non-custodial staff to do some cleaning up after themselves, bringing outsourced services back in house, reducing cleaning and maintenance frequencies, and adjusting thermostats.
Building Envelope: Focus on Energy.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n8 , p12 ; Aug 2009
Discusses use of infrared technology and visual inspection to identify air leaks, wet insulation, and thermal bridging, along with suggested elements of a maintenance checklist and current products to remedy unsatisfactory conditions.
Maintaining High-Performance Schools after Construction or Renovation.
Luepke, Gary; Ronsivalli, Louis
School Business Affairs; v75 n7 , p32,33 ; Jul 2009
Discusses maintaining high performance schools to achieve the benefit that they were designed for. Deferred, preventive, predictive maintenance, and reliability-centered maintenance are addressed.
The True Benefits of Cleaning "Green."
American School and Hospital Facility; v32 n4 , p10,12,13 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Cites the health risks from volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in carpet cleaning compounds, advises on how to identify environmentally compounds and methods such as encapsulation. Advantages of dry cleaning methods, certification of cleaners by the Carpet and Rug Institute, and improved school attendance where green cleaning has been implemented are also discussed.
A "White Glove" Inspection for the Invisible.
College Planning and Management; v12 n6 , p37,38,40,42 ; Jun 2009
Describes Integrated Cleaning and Measurement (ICM) that uses scientific analysis to determine the effectiveness of cleaning beyond that which can be detected visually. The technique can accommodate zone, team, daytime, and green cleaning. Benefits of hygienic surfaces to reduced absenteeism are detailed.
Taking Safety to a New Level.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n6 , p17,18 ; Jun 2009
Advises on safe use of mobile aerial work platforms, or lifts, in facilities maintenance. Adherence to manufacturer guidelines, knowledge of the equipment, thorough training, an environment of attention to safety, and securing of work areas are addressed.
LEED 2009: Impact on Operations and Maintenance.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n6 , p6,7 ; Jun 2009
Discusses how the LEED v3 rating system will affect building operations and maintenance. The three enhancements detailed are harmonizing prerequisites and credits for increased consistency, adjusting credit weightings based on their impact on human and environmental health concerns, and prioritizing select credit weightings to address regional environmental issues. Advice on assembling a LEED certification team is included.
American School and University; v81 n11 , p36-39 ; Jun 2009
Describes some of the typical germs that are found in schools, along with the ailments they cause. Studies that measured bacteria on a variety of school surfaces and the positive effects of disinfecting cleaning on absenteeism are cited.
Drain Cleaning: Tools for Success.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n4 , p26,27 ; Apr 2009
Reviews drain cleaning considerations, including specification of equipment that matches the diameter and length of pipes, as well as the type of clog. Safety procedures and inspection cameras are also described.
Green Restrooms: Sustainability Meets Savings.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n4 , p14 ; Apr 2009
Advises on savings that can be realized from upgraded plumbing fixtures, air dryers, and dispensers in restrooms. Opportunities for maximizing custodial productivity through better scheduling are also discussed.
American School and University; v81 n9 , p28-31 ; Apr 2009
Discusses raising the standard of school cleanliness to improve occupant health and reduce absenteeism. A measuring program to discern the amount of microbes left on school surfaces is recommended, and the results of study that correlated cleanliness with attendance are described.
The Predictability of Unplanned Failures.
Facilities Manager; v25 n2 , p62,63 ; Mar-Apr 2009
Organizes planned and unplanned maintenance into three categories each, along with the increasing severity and cost for each category. Techniques for using these categories and cost coefficientsto budget for unplanned maintenance are offered.
Infrared Imaging: Critical Tools for Critical Times.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n3 , p12,13 ; Mar 2009
Discusses the use of infrared cameras to detect energy loss through the building envelope and moisture in unwanted places throughout the building. Types and features of infrared scanners and their implementation are discussed.
Cleaning Up: Battling Germs in School Facilities.
School Business Affairs; v75 n2 , p15-17 ; Feb 2009
Describes the threat of norovirus and MRSA (methicillin-resistant Saphylococcus aureus) in schools, typical places where germs reside in schools, and proper cleaning to combat germs. Includes three references.
Decisions, Decisions, Decisons.
College Planning and Management; v12 n2 , p27,28,30 ; Feb 2009
Discusses selection of janitorial products, emphasizing "green" products, reduction of vendors to reduce deliveries, cost-effectiveness, and involvement of the janitorial staff.
Efficient Operations and Maintenance LEED to Savings.
American School and Hospital Facility; v32 n1 , p6,8,9 ; Jan-Feb 2009
Reviews elements of the 2008 LEED operations and maintenance component, part of the United States Green Building Council's LEED for Existing Buildings (LEED-EB) rating system. Areas covered by the criteria, certification requirements, emphasis on energy and water savings, and the State of California's LEED imperative are addressed.
Making Green the Way to Go.
American School and Hospital Facility; v32 n1 , p18-20 ; Jan-Feb 2009
Briefly reviews state green-cleaning legislation and recommendations, and discusses the advantages of touchless cleaning in achieving them. Spray-and-squeegee technology is reviewed.
Maintenance at a Higher Level.
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n1 , p16 ; Jan 2009
Advises on selection of the most appropriate lift equipment. Issues such as capacity, elevation, reach, maneuverability, footprint, handling, safety, ergonomics, stability, and warranty are addressed.