CASE STUDIES--HIGH SCHOOL BUILDINGS
Descriptions, photographs, and floor plans of specific high school facilities projects, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.
References to Books and Other Media
The Third Teacher
(North Shore Country Day School, Dec 16, 2011)
Architect Trung Le talks about Winnetka, Illinois North Shore Country Day's Upper School project, featuring adaptable classroom spaces, common gathering areas, and flexible furnishings.
Marysville Getchell High School Campus
(Education Design Showcase, Dec 2011)
Describes the Marysville Getchell High School Campus near Seattle, winner of the 2011 Education Design Showcase, and designed by the DLR Group.
L.B. Landry High School
(HunterDouglasContract Project Gallery, Apr 2011)
New Orlean's Landry High School was nearly destroyed after Hurricane Katrina swept through the area. After many believed the school would not reopen, Landry High School was chosen by The Federal Emergency Management Agency, Louisiana Recovery Authority and Recovery School District to receive funding and grants to rebuild the school. The architectural team was challenged with designing a sustainable new high school that retained the old school's basic layout, with modern upgrades. The ceiling and exterior wall applications, along with other sustainable features of the school, have put the facility on track to receive LEED Silver Certification. Includes 10 photographs.
Diamond Ranch High School. Engages Architecture in the Act of Education.
(Morphopedia, Jun 2010)
Diamond Ranch speaks to students experientially through a physically kinetic architectural language that encourages student inquiry and provokes curiosity. Includes description, photographs, and other details.
T.C. Williams High School
(T.C. Williams , 2010)
Offers a virtual tour of Alexandria, Virginia's, T.C. Williams high school, emphasizing its many "green" features, and providing floor plans and photographs of educational and social spaces.
Evidence-Based Design of Elementary and Secondary Schools, 2nd Ed.
(John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ , 2010)
Advises design professionals on how to create schools that are an extension of their communities. With assistance from research-intensive principles, theories, concepts, research methodologies, and the behavioral sciences, the book provides strategies for establishing a design approach that is responsive to the changing needs of educators and their students. The book presents an overview of the current research and learning theories in education and how they apply to contemporary school design, explores the history of school design in the United States; examines the role of information technology in education, includes case studies of more than twenty school designs, and connsiders what learning environments may be in the near future. It also analyzes the current shift toward a modern architectural paradigm that balances physical beauty, social awareness, and building technologies with functionality to create buildings that optimize the educational experience for all learners. 348p.
Building Type Basics for Elementary and Secondary Schools, 2nd Ed.
Perkins, Bradford; Bordwell, Raymond
(John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ , 2010)
Advises architects, planners, engineers, and their clients through all aspects of school facilities design. Chapters address predesign, circulation, design concerns and process, site planning, codes, sustainability, systems, technology, materials, acoustics, lighting, interiors, wayfinding, renovation, international design issues, operation and maintenance, and financing. Appendices provide sample space programs for elementary, middle, and secondary schools. The book examines technology's influence in the classroom, along with current research that shows how school buildings can impact teaching and learning. Design guidance is illustrated with school case studies, photographs, diagrams, floor plans, sections, and details. 350p.
References to Journal Articles
Teaching for the Future. High Tech High: Chula Vista, CA
Gerber, Christopher and Naslund, ERic
HIgh Performance Buildings; , p6-16 ; Summer 2012
High Tech High Chula Vista is organized into neighborhoods to promote team teaching as well as provide a sense of ownership and place. Novel approaches such as this help the charter school get results. One-hundred percent of the culturally diverse school’s graduates have been admitted to college. Students and faculty contribute to the school’s ongoing sustainability and sense of community by participating in carpooling, on-site recycling, composting and vermiculture. Extensive daylighting and a hybrid ventilation system contribute to an annual energy use index of 23.8 kBtu/ft2 and an ENERGY STAR rating of 94. Factory-made modular components reduced construction time, costs and waste.
New Australian High School Represents the Future of School Design
Educational Facility Planner; v46 n1 , p28-29 ; Jun 2012
Case study of the Kingston High School in Tasmania, Australia.
Less Standardization, More Flexibility
School Planning and Management; , p57-62 ; Apr 2012
Five new state-funded facilities, including a green construction and transportation academy and a Hollywood-class arts and design academy, are transforming South Tahoe High School into a career tech haven.
Joplin High School
Architectural Record; Mar 2012
After a tornado dessimated Joplin, Missouri, national architecture and engineering firm DLR Group and Joplin-based architect Corner Greer & Associates directed the transformation of a 96,000-square-foot space from big-box retail to interim campus. Many of the strategies tested in the interim campus, including flexible classrooms, will be repeated in a permanent high school that DLR and Corner Greer are now designing.
Designing the School Around the Student
THEJournal; Feb 22, 2012
Case study of a Minnesota high school's planning team that started from scratch and created a 21st century facility that turns the traditional classroom model inside out. Instead of waiting for students to come to class, teachers move about the school equipped with their laptops and other teaching tools.
Creating an Ultra-Flexible Learning Space
THEJournal; Feb 08, 2012
Designers of the Minnesota School of Environmental Studies (SES) were years ahead of the curve when it came to creating collaborative classrooms that would one day accommodate learning technologies that in 1995 had yet to be conceived--let alone developed and marketed to the educational sector. Cumulatively the various features that went into SES' design have withstood both the test of time and the onslaught of technology in the high school classroom.
The Classroom Evolved: Creating an Active Learning Environment
THE Journal; Jan 25, 2012
Describes Bishop Moore Catholic High School in Orlando, Florida that's borrowed ideas from two major universities to create classrooms that support interactive, hands-on learning. The design for all five of Bishop Moore's active learning classrooms is based on TEAL (Technology-Enhanced Active Learning), a mix of pedagogy, technology, and classroom design
Building Types Study: K-12 Schools
Architectural Record; Jan 2012
In-depth analyses of fifteen K-12 school buildings, with photos, drawings, specifications, descriptions and design solutions. Includes Evelyn Grace Academy, Zaha Hadid Architects London, United Kingdom; Gloria Marshall Elementary School, SHW Group, Spring, Texas; Leutschenbach School, Christian Kerez, Zurich, German; Machias Elementary School NAC Architecture, Snohomish, Washington; Marysville Getchell High School Campus, DLR Group,Marysville, Washington; Nathan Hale High School, Mahlum, Seattle, Washington; Pritzker Science Center, William Rawn Associates, Architects, Milton, Massachusetts; Samuel Brighouse Elementary School, Perkins+Will, British Columbia, Richmond, Canada; South Shore International College Prep High School, John Ronan Architects, Chicago, Illinois; Stoddert Elementary School & Community Center, EE&K a Perkins Eastman company, Washington D.C.; Summit Elementary School, Lee H. Skolnick Architecture + Design Partnership, Casper, Wyoming; W. F. Kaynor Technical High School, The S/L/A/M Collaborative, Waterbury, Connecticut; Cedar Ridge High School, Perkins+Will, Round Rock, Texas; Charles W. Morey Elementary School, Flansburgh Architects, Lowell, Massachusetts; Gary Comer College Prep, John Ronan Architects, Chicago, Illinois.
Mining Modernism for Students and the Community South Shore International College Prep High School
Architectural Record; Jan 2012
Case study of South Shore International College Prep High School in Chicago, a LEED project designed by John Ronan Architects. High school has an early-Modernist vocabulary of taut planes and clean lines which exploit space, light, and transparency.
Career-Tech Time Machine
Monberg, Greg and Bannourah, Riyad
Educational Facility Planner; v45 n4 , p27-29 ; Dec 2011
In the 1940s, 50s, and 60s, the skills needed to have a successful career were very different than they are today. This case study of the Hammond Multimedia Broadcast Academy shows how one Rust Belt community has revamped its approach to career and technical education and is preparing students for jobs in the new economy.
A Brave New Campus--Marysville Getchell High School Campus 2011 MacConnell Award Winner.
Yurko, Amy and Mason, Craig
Educational Facility Planner; v45 n4 , p5-8 ; Dec 2011
Extensive case study of award winning high school outside Seattle, Washington that redefines high school education. Discusses communities of learners, taking chances, starting with the learner, being brave, scenario planning, environments for teaching and learning, and a shell-and-core approach.
Building Blueprints: Historic Preservation.
School Planning and Management; v50 n8 , p44,45 ; Aug 2011
Profiles the replacement of Robins Hall at California's Newport Mesa Unified School District. The beloved 1930's landmark was deemed seismically unredeemable, so a new building that emulated the old was built. Architectural detailing from the original building we either preserved and reused, or replicated. Five strategies for approaching this type of project are discussed.
Athletic Business; v35 n7 , p28-30,32-34 ; Jul 2011
Profiles the field house of Vermont's Putney School, a net-zero facility that features careful siting, double insulation, daylighting, photovoltaic energy, and the capture of cool night air during the Summer.
Metropolis; , p60-73,100 ; Jul 2011
Offers a post-occupancy evaluation of Central Los Angeles High School No. 9. The history behind the creation of this signature architectural work within a collection of prominent recent Los Angeles cultural institutions is reviewed, as are public reactions to the high cost of construction and student reactions to the sometimes impractical and stark design.
Total-Precast System Creates LEED-Certified School
Shutt, Craig A.
Ascent Magazine; , p44-48 ; Jul 2011
Precast concrete insulated sandwich wall panels and double tees create new facility adjacent to existing one, boosting energy efficiency, lowering maintenance costs, and improving air quality. Case study of Riverdale High School in Greer, South Carolina.
Fast-Track to Major Sustainability: Central Region High School No. 13
CASH Register; v32 n6 , p10,11 ; Jun 2011
Gives history of challenges faced by Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) moving quickly to create a school in a proposed mixed-use center along a historic railway line.
Hawaii Preparatory Energy Lab.
Design Cost Data; v55 n3 , p30,31 ; May 2011
Profiles this net-zero energy use high school science lab. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
Pittsburg High School Reconstruction.
CASH Register; v32 n5 , p12,13 ; May 2011
Profiles this California school that consolidated three facilities into one while the school remained open.
"Hot Potato" Project: Mission Vista High School.
CASH Register; v32 n3 , p10,11,13 ; Mar 2011
Profiles this California school that was built after ten years of challenges, including finding and acquiring a site, neighborhood litigation, school district boundary concerns, traffic concerns, and funding shortfalls,
Cedar Ridge High School.
Architectural Record; Jan 2011
Profiles this Texas high school divided into academies for visual and performing arts; science, technology, engineering, and math; international business; and the freshman program.
El Cerrito High School.
CASH Register; v32 n1 , p10,11 ; Jan 2011
Profiles this California school that accessed community input for programming and design, preserves significant views for itself and residential neighbors, supports team teaching, and hosts a photovoltaic system.
John A. Dubiski Career High School.
Architectural Record; v199 n1 ; Jan 2011
Profiles this Texas technology and career training high school, with individual programs housed in wings that surround an atrium. Each individual wing is designed to resemble a business, and the walls designed to adapt to future developments in the curriculum.
New York Harbor School.
Architectural Record; v199 n1 ; Jan 2011
Profiles this former Governor's Island barracks conversion into a high school emphasizing agriculture and marine science.
Robert H. Williams Classroom and Anadarko Industrial Technology Building.
Design Cost Data; v44 n1 , p15,16 ; Jan-Feb 2011
Profiles this technical education building at Utah State University, Vernal. The building combines academic and applied education, and physically connect the campus to the adjacent high school. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
High School Renovation Project Takes Green Approach.
School Construction News; v17 n1 , p21 ; Jan-Feb 2011
Describes a variety of sustainability features of additions to San Diego's Chula Vista High School. The LEED Gold facility uses 30 percent less energy and 40 percent less water than a traditional facility, and is an example of the type of improvements anticipated in schools across the district.
Gary Comer College Prep.
Architectural Record; v199 n1 , p134-137 ; Jan 2011
Profiles this charter school on Chicago's south side, with classrooms featuring two glazed walls each, one facing the outdoors and one facing the interior corridor.
L.B. Landry High School.
Architectural Record; v199 n1 , p140-143 ; Jan 2011
Profiles this new school that replaces one destroyed in Hurricane Katrina. The LEED-silver facility features extensive daylighting, views toward downtown New Orleans, and accommodations for a variety of community services.
School without Walls.
Architectural Record; v199 n1 , p138,139 ; Jan 2011
Profiles this 1882 building and its modern addition that shares its facilities with the George Washington University campus on which it sits, as well as utilizing GWU's library, food service, and athletic facilities.
Greater Gentilly High School.
Design Cost Data; v54 n6 , p29-31 ; Nov-Dec 2010
Profiles this New Orleans school, designed and built in two years, and featuring a flexible plan that can accommodate changes in the curriculum. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
American School and University; v83 n3 , p72-95 ; Nov 2010
Profiles 22 high school facilities honored for functionality, frugality, design features and balance, ability to inspire learning, and flexibility. Photographs, building statistics, and a list of project participants accompany the text.
American School and University; v83 n3 , p20,22,24,26 ; Nov 2010
Profiles three special citation winners in this competition: Saint Louis University's Edward A. Doisy Research Center, Hawaii Preparatory Academy's Energy Lab, and New Jersey's Union City High School. These were chosen for functionality, frugality, design features and balance, ability to inspire learning, and flexibility. Photographs, building statistics, and a list of project participants accompany the text.
Sports Stadiums/Athletic Facilities.
American School and University; v83 n3 , p143-157 ; Nov 2010
Profiles fourteen athletic facilities honored for functionality, frugality, design features and balance, ability to inspire learning, and flexibility. Photographs, building statistics, and a list of project participants accompany the text.
Learning By Design; n19 , p33-48 ; Fall 2010
Profiles 14 high school facilities cited in the Fall 2010 Learning by Design competition. For each project, a description, list of project participants, costs, and photographs are included.
The $578 Million School.
American School and University; v83 n2 , p16,17,19-21 ; Oct 2010
Narrates the tumultuous story of the creation of Los Angeles' Robert F. Kennedy Community Schools, built on the site of the former Ambassador Hotel. High land costs, legal challenges from preservationists, high construction bids, and methane mitigation costs are featured, as are varying opinions on its ultimate value.
Richardson Visual Arts Center.
Texas Architect; v60 n5 , p64-68 ; Sep-Oct 2010
Profiles this visual arts center at Fort Worth Country Day School. Photographs and plans accompany descriptions of the dedicated painting, ceramic, and photography studios.
Windsor High School.
CASH Register; v31 n8 , p10,14 ; Aug 2010
Profiles this California school that meets stringent sustainability guidelines and features raised floors in classrooms to accommodate extensive audiovisual and computer installations.
Booker T. Washington High School for the Performing and Visual Arts.
Architype Review; v4 n3 ; Jul 2010
Profiles this Dallas, Texas, arts magnet school expansion, adding a modern facility to an historic 1922 high school. A list of project participants, photographs, and plans are included.
Camino Nuevo High School Los Angeles, California.
Architype Review; v4 n3 ; Jul 2010
Profiles this school on a long and narrow urban site, bounded by four busy streets. The solution was to create the common area on the interior of the building, as an open courtyard between two two-story wings. A list of project participants, photographs, and plans are included.
Del Norte High School.
CASH Register; v31 n7 , p12,13 ; Jul 2010
Profiles this San Diego school, featuring exemplary athletic and performing arts accommodations, as well as abundant daylighting, collaborative spaces, flexible teaching areas, and superior energy performance.
Gainesville High School, Media Center Addition and Renovations.
Design Cost Data; v54 n4 , p28,31 ; Jul-Aug 2010
Profiles this Florida high school addition, which retained over 75% of the existing walls and columns, and features abundant daylighting. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
Green Dot Animo Leadership Charter High School.
Architype Review; v4 n3 ; Jul 2010
Profiles this Lennox, California, facility. The small site near a freeway was addressed with an inner courtyard design, featuring 650 solar panels. A list of project participants, photographs, and plans are included.
St. Albans School, Marriott Hall.
Architype Review; v4 n3 ; Jul 2010
Profiles this Washington, DC, private school addition, which organizes its previously unplanned campus and ties the school to its historic landscape . A list of project participants, photographs, and plans are included.
11th Annual Showcase of Outstanding Design and Architecture in Education.
School Planning and Management; v49 n6 , pE1-E36 ; Jun 2010
Recognizes 32 outstanding new and renovated K-12 and higher education facilities. Each entry contains photographs, a text description, and summarized project data. Architect and manufacturer indices complete the supplement.
Energizing Campus Life with a Revitalized Student Hub: Lincoln High School Modernization.
CASH Register; v31 n6 , p12,13 ; Jun 2010
Profiles this school's new athletic facility, which along with a renovated existing facility and cafeteria, create a popular centerpiece and gathering space for the campus.
Strawberry Crest High School.
Design Cost Data; v54 n3 , p10-13 ; May-Jun 2010
Profiles this Florida High School. Sections of the building are arranged in two rows, emulating the agricultural surroundings. The rows of buildings are separated by a space that serves as the main concourse of the facility. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
School and More.
ASHRAE Journal; v52 n5 , p34-36,38 ; May 2010
Describes construction of Kahnaware Survival School near Montreal. In addition to its function as a school, the building itself serves as a teaching tool, a community gathering place, and a shelter in case of disaster. Since the building is used primarily during cold-weather months, particular attention is given to efficient HVAC.
Brea Olinda High School Grows Up: A Vertical Expansion Turns CHPS.
CASH Register; v31 n4 , p8,9 ; Apr 2010
Profiles this California high school addition that provided the latest technology and preserved ocean views.
Going for Gold.
School Planning and Management; v49 n4 , p52,54,56 ; Apr 2010
Profiles the Pacific Ridge School in Carlsbad, California, as an example of a school aiming for LEED Gold certification. The building and classroom design, mechanical and electrical systems, landscaping, athletic fields, and site drainage are described. Daylighting and natural ventilation are emphasized, along with outdoor instruction areas.
Learning By Design; n19 , p67-98 ; Spring 2010
Profiles 26 high school facilities cited in the 2010 Learning by Design competition. For each project, a description, list of project participants, costs, and photographs are included.
Out of the Urban Landscape, Inspired Design.
Learning By Design; n19 , p4,5 ; Spring 2010
Profiles the Washington, DC, School Without Walls. The historic building was thoughtfully restored and connected to a new addition. Gymnasium, auditorium, and food court space is shared with George Washington University, which surrounds the site.
Green School Design.
School Planning and Management; v49 n4 , p64,66,68 ; Apr 2010
Uses the Michael J. Homer Science and Live Center at Sacred Heart Schools in Atherton, Califonia, as an example of early and high attainment in the LEED certification scheme. The LEED Platinum-rated facility consumes 69 percent less energy and 50 percent less water than a typical school building of similar size. Intensive "green" strategies are described, including energy recovery from appliances, photovoltaics, and evaporative cooling.
Marriott Hall, St. Alban's School.
Architect; v99 n4 , p63-69 ; Apr 2010
Profiles this modern building set in an historic private school campus, which sought to restore as much as possible the feeling of the original landscape intent. Photographs, plans, and a list of project participants accompany the text.
Cape Henlopen High School.
Design Cost Data; v54 n2 , p16-18 ; Mar-Apr 2010
Profiles this Delaware high school featuring outdoor access from the art, vocational, and agricultural instruction areas. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
The Village High School.
Design Cost Data; v54 n2 , p34,35 ; Mar-Apr 2010
Profiles this Houston private school, featuring abundant daylighting and a rooftop plaza. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.
Charles H. Shaw Technology and Learning Center.
Architect; v99 n2 ; Feb 2010
Profiles the conversion of an abandoned 1905 power house in Chicago into a charter high school. Extensive photographs and plans illustrate the transformation that left a significant amount of the original industrial fabric in place.
A Modern Facility for Modern Learning.
Buildings; v104 n2 , p30-32 ; Feb 2010
Profiles the renovation of Riverside, Illinois' 1917 Riverside Brookfield high School. The phasing, cost breakdown, partial demolition, and more energy efficient outcome are addressed.
Jeremiah E. Burke High School
Architectural Record; v198 n1 , p90-93 ; Jan 2010
Describes an addition to a Boston high school that includes a public library and community center. Project information, plans, and photographs are included.
Murrieta Mesa High School.
CASH Register; v31 n1 , p10,11 ; Jan 2010
Profiles this new California high school that exceeds the state energy requirements by 29.4%.
Phelps High School: Building a School of the Future.
Fanning Howey; 2010
Describes the renovation of the historic Phelps Architecture, Construction and Engineering High School in Washington, D.C., a design-build project that is LEED certified. Every inch of Phelps is designed to serve as a teaching tool, including exposed building systems that provide examples of best practices in construction, a variety of masonry techniques in the courtyard, and different floor patterns in the two-story commons.
Rutt Academic Center.
Design Cost Data; v54 n1 , p34,35 ; Jan-Feb 2010
Profiles this building that integrates classrooms and central offices for the Lancaster Mennonite School System, as well as providing a gateway and security barrier for the campus. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, plans, and photographs are included.
The Tatnall School Performing Arts Center.
Design Cost Data; v54 n1 , p21,22 ; Jan-Feb 2010
Profiles this theatre for a private school with a strong performing arts constituency. Aggressive value engineering reduced the cost from $15 million as originally designed, to the $10 million that was ultimately approved for the project. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, and photographs are included.
Architectural Record; v198 n1 , p56-63 ; Jan 2010
Profiles Los Angeles High School #9, an architecturally distinctive new facility, divided into four acadamies for music, theatre, dance, and visual arts. Project information, plans, and photographs are included, as well as a slide show.
Phoenix Union Bioscience High School.
Architectural Record; v198 n1 , p106-109 ; Jan 2010
Profiles this downtown Phoenix bioscience magnet school, which takes advantage of nearby hospitals and biotechnical institutions. Project information, plans, and photographs are included.
Booker T. Washington High School.
Architectural Record; v198 n1 , p100-103 ; Jan 2010
Profiles this addition to a Dallas performing arts high school that connects to the restored 1922 original structure with generous studios and rehearsal spaces. Project information, plans, and photographs are included.
One Educational Built Environment: An Example for School Administrators and Planners.
Journal of Educational Administration; v 48 n 4 , 468 - 489 ; 2010
Offers an example, for school administrators and planners, of the cohesiveness of community policies and school design and planning endeavors during the 1980s in Arizona. The paper reports the results of a qualitative, discourse analysis involving images of the exterior and interior of a high school. The built environment included three separate discourses which supported a community ideology that was common in the late 1980s. The three discourses involved natural surveillance, fostering neighborly interactions, and planned diversity of spaces. The paper provides insight into school design and planning, the integration of the surrounding community and how schooling practices can be influenced because of this context.[author's abstract]TO ORDER: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=1871128&show=abstract
Outside the Box.
Texas Architect; v60 n1 , p44-47 ; Jan-Feb 2010
Profiles a new science wing at a Dallas private school, describing the design, LEED features, and funding. Photographs, plans, and a list of project participants are included.
Washington Technology Magnet Middle School.
Architectural Record; v198 n1 , p110-112 ; Jan 2010
Profiles this St. Paul school fitted into an historic 1924 neighborhood school. The delicate renovation are described, and project information, plans, and photographs are included.