NCEF Resource List: Case Studies--Elementary School Buildings
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CASE STUDIES--ELEMENTARY SCHOOL BUILDINGS

Descriptions, photographs, and floor plans of specific elementary school facilities projects, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.


References to Books and Other Media

Bertschi School Living Science Building
(Whole Building Design Guide, Aug 2012)
Case study of the Bertschi School Living Science building, located in Seattle, the first project in the world built to the Living Building Challenge (LBC) v2.0 criteria and in an urban setting. This elementary school wing, collaboratively designed with the students and completed in February 2011, follows LBC requirements that include 20 Imperatives. These Imperatives, which include net zero water, net zero energy and adherence to a materials Red List, must be proven over a one year period of occupancy.

New Kindergarten Architecture
Kotnik, Jure
(Links International, Dec 2011)
A comprehensive design section sets out the parameters and technical considerations in kindergarten design as well as introducing components and functional considerations. Case studies of 26 kindergartens, each a successful rendering of the qualities that create ideal spaces for children, combined with innovative architectural practices; spaces which are safe and calming while at the same time capable of stimulating a child’s interest, with materials that absorb noise as well as cushioning the inevitable fall. 300p

Best Practices in Educational Facilities Investments: Fuji Kindergarten, Tachikawa, Tokyo, Japan.
(Centre for Effective Learning Environments , 2011)
Description of a kindergarten building with open teaching spaces and large playground areas designed to allow children to mix and move around at will.

Manassas Park Elementary School and Pre-K Adobe PDF
(VMDO Architects, 2011)
Case study of Manassas Park, Virginia elementary school campus. A new 10,500 gsf Pre-Kindergarten serves 70 students, including special-needs individuals. The 121,200 gsf Upper School houses up to 875 3rd, 4th and 5th grade students. Instructional spaces are tailored for programs in academics, fitness, and visual & musical arts. Each room name is themed after a local animal or plant. The three academic ‘houses’ are articulated as Summer, Fall or Spring via room signage, wayfinding techniques and color schemes. The hallways of each academic house are lined with a random pattern of clear finished Poplar, Cherry, Ash, Maple, Red Oak and White Oak vertical planks mixed with full length mirrors – giving the student the effect of walking in the woods. Innovative teaching techniques combine with a sustainable building to provide opportunities not found in traditional school construction. 9p

Manassas Park Elementary School Landscape
(American Society of Landscape Architects, 2011)
Describes Manassas Park Elementary in Manassas Park, Virginia, an ASLA Honor Award winning project. Includes a site plan, project statement, project narrative, site description and design, and the project resources.

Manassas Park Elementary School + Pre-K
(American Institute of Architects, Apr 19, 2010)
Description of the environmental aspects of Manassas Park Elementary School + Pre-K in Manassas Park, Virginia, winner in the American Institute of Architects Committee on the Environment Top Ten Green Projects in 2010. Inside and out, sustainable design is integrated with the elementary curriculum. Design decisions were made to showcase as many teachable moments as possible. A comprehensive signage program highlights green building facts, demystifies sustainable building systems, and describes flora and fauna found in the adjacent forest. 1p.

Stoddert Elementary School Campus Modernization. Adobe PDF
(Stoddert Elementary School, Washington, DC , Jan 27, 2010)
Provides plans, renderings, and photographs for this District of Columbia school renovation and addition. Sustainable design features are enumerated with a LEED scoresheet. 22p.

Manassas Park Elementary School.
(The Chesapeake Bay Program, Annapolis, 2010)
This video tour of the new Manassas Park Elementary School details the facility's abundant sustainable features. The lead architect on the project details the rainwater harvesting system, outdoor classroom, geothermal wells, daylighting, low-maintenance flooring, and environmental themes found throughout the building.

Stoddert Elementary School.
(EE&K Architects, 2010)
Description of the modernized and expanded sustainable school in Washington, D.C. that enhances learning and inspires environmental stewardship. An interactive kiosk in the heart of the school enables students to monitor and analyze the building’s use of energy and other resources. This performance data is also available to the interactive whiteboards on classrooms throughout the school.

Evidence-Based Design of Elementary and Secondary Schools, 2nd Ed.
Lippman, Peter
(John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ , 2010)
Advises design professionals on how to create schools that are an extension of their communities. With assistance from research-intensive principles, theories, concepts, research methodologies, and the behavioral sciences, the book provides strategies for establishing a design approach that is responsive to the changing needs of educators and their students. The book presents an overview of the current research and learning theories in education and how they apply to contemporary school design, explores the history of school design in the United States; examines the role of information technology in education, includes case studies of more than twenty school designs, and connsiders what learning environments may be in the near future. It also analyzes the current shift toward a modern architectural paradigm that balances physical beauty, social awareness, and building technologies with functionality to create buildings that optimize the educational experience for all learners. 348p.

Building Type Basics for Elementary and Secondary Schools, 2nd Ed.
Perkins, Bradford; Bordwell, Raymond
(John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ , 2010)
Advises architects, planners, engineers, and their clients through all aspects of school facilities design. Chapters address predesign, circulation, design concerns and process, site planning, codes, sustainability, systems, technology, materials, acoustics, lighting, interiors, wayfinding, renovation, international design issues, operation and maintenance, and financing. Appendices provide sample space programs for elementary, middle, and secondary schools. The book examines technology's influence in the classroom, along with current research that shows how school buildings can impact teaching and learning. Design guidance is illustrated with school case studies, photographs, diagrams, floor plans, sections, and details. 350p.

Jackson LEED School Tour.
(Channel 22 Local, Jackson Hole, WY, Apr 2009)
Illustrates the challenge of LEED-certified construction in the face of extreme cold. Davy Jackson Elementary School, Jackson, Wyoming, is a K-2 school that aims to conserve heat loss. While upgraded insulation costs more at first, it achieves buy-back value in 13 years. The school makes use of time and motion sensors for classroom lighting in addition to sensors that detect zoned need for light when classroom is occupied. School makes use of local suppliers.

Partnerships for a Sustainable Future: Schools and Community, The Rosa Parks School. [Video]
(American Architectural Foundation, Washington, DC, Mar 2009)
This video profiles the Rosa Parks School, which opened in 2007 to students in one of the most impoverished areas of Portland, Oregon. Facing a burgeoning population and a tightened budget, Portland Public Schools (PPS) and the Housing Authority of Portland (HAP) joined forces with The Boys & Girls Club of Portland and the City of Portland’s University Park Community Center to create a two-acre educational campus. PPS developed a gold-standard Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certified sustainable building. The school is a model for how multiple partners and creative design can result in a sustainable school and a sustainable community.

Great Schools by Design: Rosa Parks School. (Portland, Oregon)
(American Architectural Foundation, Washington, DC, Nov 12, 2008)
Profiles the Rosa Parks Elementary School in Portland, Oregon. The school serves a disadvantaged population in a high performance facility that also hosts community services.

Healthy High Performance Schools.
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC; Council of Educational Facility Planners International; Scottsdale, AZ, Jul 2008)
Examines the success of EPA’s Healthy High Performance Schools standards and guidelines at Westwood Elementary School, Elk River (Minnesota) School District. This LEED-certified school’s classrooms offer 95% line-of-sight to the outdoors, and light sensors to turn overhead lighting on and off contribute to the green environment with cost-savings. School officials recommends use of EPA’s “Tools for Schools” program.

Green Features of Chartwell School.
Feb 2008
Documents construction design and plans for first LEED-certified “platinum” rating at Chartwell School, Seaside, California. The emphasis on maximum use of daylight results in a 50% decrease in electricity costs, and funding for other products achieving a net zero use of electricity. Other components teach students the importance of attention to the area’s water scarcity. A device condenses fog and collects the water for irrigation. An 80,000-gallon container collects rain water from the school’s roof, and when it reaches capacity, water spills off to drains that run through plantings.

Learning Spaces.
(DesignShare, Minneapolis, MN, Feb 2008)
Addresses cultural sensitivities of green design in Riverside School (Gujurat, Ahmedabab, India), where school must accommodate extreme heat and local customs such as closer physical contact.

Texas' First LEED Certified elementary school - St. Catherines.
(Momentum Bay Associates, Houston, TX, Feb 2008)
Tours St. Catherine’s Montessori School in Houston, Texas, a LEED-certified (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Catholic elementary and middle school designed to maximize use of natural light. The traditional Montessori values of experiential education includes garden plots prepared by students, composting and recycling, and bicycle accommodation.

Project Profile: Rosa Parks Elementary School, Portland, Oregon
(U.S. Green Building Council , 2008)
Case study of LEED Gold certified elementary school. Green framework not only reduced operational expenses and provided a healthier school environment but complemented and supported the educational mission of the school. 2p.

METI School of Rudrapur, Bangladesh.
Kriscenski, Ali
(Inhabitat.com, Sep 06, 2007)
Profiles this award-winning hand-built school that showcases sustainable design practices and locally sensitive architecture. The school fuses local knowledge, readily available renewable materials, and new construction techniques to maintain a traditional identity while embracing modernity in both its form and purpose.

Project Profile: Clearview Elementary, Hanover, Pennsylvania. Adobe PDF
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2007)
Profiles this "green" school that cost 2.5% more to build, but returns $18,000 per year in energy cost savings. This amount will pay back the additional construction cost in nine years. Daylighting, a sophisticated air diffusion system with carbon dioxide monitoring, low- and no-VOC materials, recycled and locally sourced building materials, water-saving fixtures, and indigenous landscaping are described. 2p.

Kindergartens, Schools and Playgrounds.
Canizares, Ana; Fajardo, Julio, eds.
(Loft Publications, Barcelona, Spain , 2007)
Presents an international collection of recently built school facilities selected for their successful learning environments, promotion of togetherness and the exchange of ideas, and community use. The buildings all attempt to maximize energy savings, natural light, and ventilation. Each example is richly illustrated with plans and photographs. 255p.
TO ORDER: http://www.loftpublications.com

Schools and Kindergartens: A Design Manual.
Dudek, Mark
(Birkhaeuser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland , 2007)
Illustrates the specialized field of school design with over 70 case studies from Europe, North America and the Pacific Region. The design of schools according to varying educational theories is explained in the context of varying national and regional approaches. Among the key themes analyzed are aspects such as the impact of modern communication technology, urban integration or internal circulation. Various authors contribute chapters on spatial configurations, acoustics, lighting, sustainability, outdoor spaces, nursery design, and facilities under reconstruction. 255p.
TO ORDER: P.O. Box 133, CH-4010 Basel, Switzerland
http://www.birkhauser.ch

Designing the Sustainable School.
Ford, Alan
(Images Publishing Group, Melbourne, Australia , 2007)
Profiles 45 K-12 Schools from around the world that combine good aesthetics, sustainability, and high performance design. The projects represent a wide range of design solutions, location, and scale, ranging from a three-room schoolhouse in Burkina Faso to a 2500-student high school in California. Plans and photographs accompany each example. 256p.
TO ORDER: http://www.imagespublishing.com

Alfred Kiger Savoy Elementary School Modernization and Co-Location Project. Adobe PDF
(The 21st Century School Fund, Washington, DC , Dec 01, 2006)
Presents the plans for an upgraded Washington, D.C., elementary school campus which will subsequently host a renovated 40-year old school and a new public charter school. A project summary, plans aerial views, perspectives, project schedule, LEED approach, and budget are included. 22p.

Providence, Rhode Island Schools. Adobe PDF
Siegel, Lenny
(Center for Public Environmental Oversight, Mountain View, CA , Oct 2006)
Describes two Providence schools built or under construction on brownfield sites, and the remediation measures undertaken that the author feels have been inadequate. 7p.

Interview with Beth Herbert.
(Designshare, Minneapolis, MN , Jul 2006)
Presents an interview with the principal of Winetka, Illinois Crow Island School. She discusses how its flexible spaces are used and re-used for different purposes, its timeless design, natural lighting, thoughtful detailing, and careful attention to the needs of children. 6p.

Building Community: A Post-Occupancy Look at the Maryvale Mall Adaptive Reuse Project. Adobe PDF
Reagan, Lisa; Smith, Molly; Warner, Elisa
(Council of Educational Facility Planners International, Scottsdale, AZ , Feb 2006)
Describes the conversion of Phoenix's vacant 1950's-era Maryvale Mall into an elementary and middle school. The project yielded a construction cost of $65 per square foot, and the new schools, along with the community services they housed, helped spur an urban renewal of the depressed Maryvale neighborhood 6p.

Primary Ideas: Projects to Enhance Primary School Environments.
(Dept. for Education and Skills, London, United Kingdom , 2006)
Presents a toolkit of design principles, creative ideas, and projects for primary school environments, aimed at inspiring staff, pupils and parents. Its aim is to help schools take an inclusive approach towards rebuilding, refurbishing and upgrading premises. The publication contains examples from the United Kingdom and overseas and includes case studies by the authors from work carried out in building two new classrooms at Ballifield Primary School in Sheffield. 86p.
TO ORDER: http://www.tsoshop.co.uk/education/bookstore.asp?FO=1205046&DI=568921

Science Center School [Los Angeles, CA].
2006
Describes this special school featuring an integrated curriculum emphasizing science, mathematics and the use of technology, but remaining a neighborhood school for underserved groups of children and their parents. The school is sited part of the California Science Center complex and includes a new classroom building attached to a renovated armory that houses eight classrooms, administrative offices, a multi-purpose room, and the school library. Also housed in the former armory is the Science Center’s education division, the Amgen Center for Science Learning. This places the Science Center School adjacent to facilities that will house many of the Science Center’s community programs, summer science camp, camp-ins, and a teacher professional development program.

Magnet and Specialized Schools of the Future: A Focus on Change.
Merritt, Edwin; Beaudin, James; Cassidy, Charles; Myler, Patricia
(Fletcher-Thompson, Inc., Lanham, MD , 2005)
Offers guidance on construction of a new building, addition, or renovation of a magnet or charter school. Twelve exemplary projects are described, followed by guidance on funding, finding a home for the charter school, designing for autistic students, specialized school design, technology, site design and landscape architecture for urban schools, acoustics, indoor air quality, sustainable design, and design-build project delivery. A draft charter school operations plan and 36 references are included. 228p.

Joined Up Design for Schools
Sorrell, John; Sorrell, Frances
(Merrell Publishers, New York, NY , Jan 2005)
Profiles over sixty projects in which school children thoughout Britain have commissioned pioneering concepts from an array of notable international designers and architects. The client teams of children engaged designers to respond to their everyday needs and concerns, and this volume describes and illustrates an range of projects that deal with the built environment, communications, storage, color, clothing and identity in schools. 192p.
TO ORDER: 49 West 24th St., 8th floor, New York, NY 10010
http://www.merrellpublishers.com

Creating a School for the Future: John A. Johnson Achievement Plus Elementary School: A Case Study. Adobe PDF
Feister, Leila
(Achievement Plus, St. Paul,MN , 2004)
Describes the inception and realization of this revered community school created within a restored 1911 St. Paul, Minnesota, high school building, and combined with an adjoining new YMCA facility. The community collaboration required for the condemnation of four homes and relocation of several businesses is described, along with the results of these moves. Restoration and renovation of the deteriorated high school, the design of the YMCA, and the naming process for the new facility are discussed. 42p.

The Elementary School of the Future: A Focus on Community.
Merritt, Edwin; Beaudin, James; Sells, Jeffrey; Oja, Richard
(Scarecrow Education, Lanham, MD , 2004)
Offers guidance to ensure that elementary schools built today serve tomorrow's educational needs, use technological advances to control burgeoning square footages, and accommodate community groups and other after-hours users. It is written for boards of education, school building committees, district superintendents, and other decision-makers. A detailed educational specification and case studies of recent exemplary school construction projects are included. Issues of site design, acoustics, security, indoor air quality, sustainability, and accessibility are each accorded their own chapter. (Includes 14 references) 163p.

Healthy School Environment and Enhanced Educational Performance: The Case of Charles Young Elementary School, Washington, DC.
Berry, Michael A.
(Carpet and Rug Institute, Dalton, GA , Jan 12, 2002)
This report presents a case study of the renovation of Charles Young Elementary School in Washington, DC, focusing on how an improved school environment contributed to higher levels of educational performance. The school was chosen as a school revitalization demonstration project for the Urban Schools Initiative. The objective of the project was to: turn a school building with acute indoor environmental problems into a model school environment, assess the resources required for such work, train district personnel in the prevention of future indoor environmental quality problems, and provide guidance to other schools in environmental remediation. 30p.

Educational Facilities.
(Images Publishing Group, Mulgrave, Australia; American Institute of Architects, Washington, DC , 2002)
This book is a compilation of nearly 100 projects and trends in school design. The projects were submitted for a 1999-2000 competition and focus on a variety of school facilities. These facilities range from early childhood to community colleges, including public, private, and alternative facilities. A jury of architects and educational administrators reviewed each of the submissions to select a diverse range of projects to illustrate the future of design in educational facilities. Each entry contains photographs, floor plans, an architect's statement, and building details. 232p.
TO ORDER: Images Publishing Group, ACN 059 734 431, 6 Bastow Pl., Mulgrave, Victoria 3170, Australia. Tel: 61-3-9561-5544
http://www.imagespublishinggroup.com

Learning Environments Designed for the Occupants: Three Case Studies of Innovative Elementary School Design.
Shrader-Harvey, Erika; Droge, Martha
(University of Virginia, Thomas Jefferson Center for Educational Design, Charlottesville , Jan 2002)
This research project examined how educational facilities are perceived and used by the occupants. It sought to inform the design of effective learning environments in elementary schools through a heightened awareness of the needs of the occupants and an understanding of how they use their school facilities. Project objectives included the following: (1) to increase awareness of the needs of facility users by encouraging a dialogue between designers, educators, and facility occupants; (2) to develop a knowledge base that will lead to the design of effective learning environments; and (3) to assemble a set of visual examples of effective learning environments that can be used as a resource to facilitate communication between architects and educators. The project involved the case study of three elementary schools: Irwin Avenue Open Elementary School in Charlotte, North Carolina; Grasonville Elementary School in Grasonville, Maryland; and Cougar Elementary School in Manassas Park, Virginia. In addition to detailed building descriptions with photographs, significant findings were: (1) a sense of community at multiple scales provides students with a sense of belonging and a sense of place; (2) functional spaces that allow for multiple uses and a variety of tasks encourage students to make choices for themselves, fostering the development of individual responsibility; and (3) experiential learning takes place when a student is engaged in an activity; active participation allows students to apply what they learn and helps them define their interests, thereby contributing to a sense of self. 44p.

Our Lady of Lourdes School. Adobe PDF
Le, Bang
(American Institute of Architects, Washington, DC , Apr 25, 2001)
Presents a case study of this Raleigh, North Carolina, private K-18 school, describing in detail the planning, budgeting, design, and detailing of the structure. Numerous plans and photographs are included. 30p.

High Performance Sustainable School Design: Roy Lee Walker Elementary, McKinney, Texas. Adobe PDF
(SHW Group Inc., Dallas, TX , 2001)
This document describes the sustainable features of the Roy Lee Walker Elementary School (Texas), a prototype "Eco Education" school that blends the physical environment with the student learning process while protecting the site. The document also presents the process of integrating sustainability criteria in all phases of the school's life cycle. The sustainable design features highlighted include the use of wind and solar energy to reduce climate control costs, a rainwater harvesting design to reduce water costs, a natural daylighting design that reduces the need for flourescent light during the day, and classroom corridor technology that utilizes thousands of square feet of hallway space for learning activities. A floor plan and project timeline are included along with a paper that documents the school's sustainable features, which was presented on May 16, 2000, at the Twelfth Symposium on Improving Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates. 27p.

McWillie School - Jackson, Mississippi.
Lackney, Jeffery
(University of Wisconsin, Madison , Apr 2000)
Presents the planning team report for this school, including a project description, workshop and interview methodology and findings, and the recommended facility program. Numerous plans and tables illustrate the results. 95p.

Educational Facilities: 1995-96 Review.
(American Institute of Architects, Washington DC; Rockport Publishers, Inc. , 1996)
A jury of educators and architects examined building projects to determine the best state-of-the-practice designs for educational facilities. This book presents the forty top designs covering facilities from childhood development to universities. Also included are four special facility projects involving school libraries, a center for developmentally disabled adults, and a fire and rescue training facility. Projects are selected based on their architectural response to the owner's program and budget, site and climatic conditions, functional relationships and circulation, safety and security, quality of environment, accessibility, integration of technology, and learning environment. Seven of the listed projects are citation winners for the way they responded to the site, accommodated new educational approaches, or welcomed use by the surrounding community. Numerous photographs, plans, and drawings are provided as are architect's statements that briefly explain the main features of each design. A jury statement accompanies each citation project highlighting the noteworthy features of these award-winning designs. 184p.
TO ORDER: AIA Press, 1735 New York Ave., Washington, DC 20006

Profiles of Significant Schools: Schools Without Walls. Adobe PDF
(Educational Facilities Laboratories, New York, NY , Jun 1966)
Discusses California’s approach to building open space schools for the elementary grades. Open space schools provide an environment which encourages innovation and interaction. However, acoustics, space, and scheduling are problems that have to be dealt with in construction and use. Floor plans are included. 60p.

References to Journal Articles

Schools as Communities.
Gisolfi, Peter
Learning By Design; , p16-20 ; Spring 2012
Shows how architecture can transform learning while bringing students and faculty together in communal buildings. Examples include the School of Architecture at City College in New York; Hawthorne Elementary School in Mt. Pleasant, NY; and Peekskill Middle School and Community Center in Peekskill, NY.

Building Types Study: K-12 Schools
Architectural Record; Jan 2012
In-depth analyses of fifteen K-12 school buildings, with photos, drawings, specifications, descriptions and design solutions. Includes Evelyn Grace Academy, Zaha Hadid Architects London, United Kingdom; Gloria Marshall Elementary School, SHW Group, Spring, Texas; Leutschenbach School, Christian Kerez, Zurich, German; Machias Elementary School NAC Architecture, Snohomish, Washington; Marysville Getchell High School Campus, DLR Group,Marysville, Washington; Nathan Hale High School, Mahlum, Seattle, Washington; Pritzker Science Center, William Rawn Associates, Architects, Milton, Massachusetts; Samuel Brighouse Elementary School, Perkins+Will, British Columbia, Richmond, Canada; South Shore International College Prep High School, John Ronan Architects, Chicago, Illinois; Stoddert Elementary School & Community Center, EE&K a Perkins Eastman company, Washington D.C.; Summit Elementary School, Lee H. Skolnick Architecture + Design Partnership, Casper, Wyoming; W. F. Kaynor Technical High School, The S/L/A/M Collaborative, Waterbury, Connecticut; Cedar Ridge High School, Perkins+Will, Round Rock, Texas; Charles W. Morey Elementary School, Flansburgh Architects, Lowell, Massachusetts; Gary Comer College Prep, John Ronan Architects, Chicago, Illinois.

Atascocita Springs Elementary School Adobe PDF
Nigaglioni,Irene; Yocham, Deborah
Educational Facility Planner; v45 n4 , p41-45 ; Dec 2011
Case study of Atascocita Springs Elementary School in Humble, Texas that achieves CHPS verified and LEED certified criteria. The building is a learning tool, inside and out, and addresses the strengthened educational requirements for the math and sciences curriculum.

Barcelona Elementary School / Baker Architecture + Design.
Lopez, Oscar
International Business Times; Aug 22, 2011
Describes the new classroom building for the Albuquerque public school system, designed as an exciting and functional facility, which promotes creativity and is conducive to teaching and learning. This project is the first in New Mexico to obtain USGBC LEED For Schools, Gold Certification. LEED Gold was achieved through the following: a dedicated recycling room, high recycled content of construction materials, superior thermal insulation, wall insulation made of recycled blue jeans; energy efficient heating and lighting fixtures; fresh air supply and air exchanges; low water use plumbing fixtures; passive solar lighting in all rooms plus multiple lighting levels to work in harmony with natural day-lighting.

High Marks.
Kopochinski, Lisa
School Construction News; v17 n4 , p19,20 ; May-Jun 2011
Profiles the a new classroom and library facility at Marin Country Day School. Construction of the LEED Platinum building emphasized building within the existing campus footprint, restoration of a creek, and efforts a creating a net zero energy use environment.

Village Green.
Roberts, Lindsey
Architect; v100 n5 , p64,66 ; May 2011
Pays tribute to architect Rosalyn Koo, and documents her donated services to design a seimmically safe and environmentally sustainable school to serve Shaanxi Province, China, after the devastation of the 2008 earthquake.

Learning Curve. How Museum Design Taught a New Elementary School. Adobe PDF
Skolnick, Lee H. and Secor, Jo Ann
Museum; , p35-36 ; May-Jun 2011
Describes the design of Summit Elementary School in Casper, Wyoming that was influenced by approaches that are central to the best museum design practices: immersive environments, an array of multisensory experiences, entry point activities, and an interpretive look-and-feel approach.

What the Classroom Can Learn on a Field Trip.
Sullivan, Chris; Sullivan, Adam
School Planning and Management; v50 n5 , p28,30,32,33 ; May 2011
Describes the Summit Elementary in Casper, Wyoming. The open plan facility emulates museum-style presentation of information and integrates disciplines within the same space.

Building Blueprints: Early Childhood Spaces.
Tarczynicki, Daniel
School Planning and Management; v50 n5 , p48,49 ; May 2011
Profiles the United Cerebral Palsy Bailes Campus in Orlando. Principles of universal design enable students of every ability to share the same spaces. Calming colors, indoor and outdoor wheelchair accessibility, daylighting, and acoustical enhancement are described.

Green Design and Construction.
School Planning and Management; v50 n4 , p42-44,46 ; Apr 2011
Profiles River Crest Elementary School in Wisconsin's Hudson School District. The LEED-Gold certified school was built at a square foot cost about 25 percent less than similar schools in the region, but with extensive "green" features that will yield improved lighting and indoor air quality, energy and water savings, and a facility that elicits environmental consciousness from its users.

Building Blueprints: Playgrounds and Outdoor Spaces.
Lewis, Pip
School Planning and Management; v50 n4 , p82,83 ; Apr 2011
Highlights how an urban Boston charter school created play and exercise areas on their small site, formerly six-acre industrial property.

New Fulton Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v55 n2 , p24,25 ; Mar-Apr 2011
Profiles this LEED Silver community school. Sustainability features are described, as is community use of the gymnasium and multi-purpose room. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Charles W. Morey Elementary School.
Architectural Record; v199 n1 ; Jan 2011
Profiles this Massachusetts elementary school that fits a large facility onto a tight site, and mimics the colors and textures of the surrounding residential neighborhood.

Rogers IB Environmental Magnet School.
Architectural Record; v199 n1 ; Jan 2011
Profiles this Connecticut environmental magnet school that transformed a former brownfield into a LEED Silver facility.

Wooster Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v44 n1 , p10,13,14 ; Jan-Feb 2011
Profiles this Arkansas school, built with a variety of sustainable features and serving as the recycling center for the community. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Wyoming School Draws from Museum Design and Local Landscape.
Gosling, Nicholas
School Construction News; v17 n1 , p11,12 ; Jan-Feb 2011
Profiles this Casper elementary school that features a rooftop solar installation, a geothermal system, flexible classrooms organized around "houses" for each grade, and a central area that serves as cafeteria, theatre, gymnasium, and community gathering space.

Thurston Elementary School.
Novitski, B.
Architectural Record; v199 n1 , p144-147 ; Jan 2011
Profiles this Oregon elementary school featuring ample daylighting, rainwater retention, and corridor hand-washing stations surrounded by tiles decorated by the students.

Elementary Schools.
American School and University; v83 n3 , p36-60 ; Nov 2010
Profiles 21 elementary school facilities honored for functionality, frugality, design features and balance, ability to inspire learning, and flexibility. Photographs, building statistics, and a list of project participants accompany the text.

Early Childhood & Elementary School.
Learning By Design; n19 , p20-30 ; Fall 2010
Profiles nine early childhood and elementary schools cited in the Fall 2010 Learning by Design competition. For each project, a description, list of project participants, costs, and photographs are included.

The $578 Million School.
Kennedy, Mike
American School and University; v83 n2 , p16,17,19-21 ; Oct 2010
Narrates the tumultuous story of the creation of Los Angeles' Robert F. Kennedy Community Schools, built on the site of the former Ambassador Hotel. High land costs, legal challenges from preservationists, high construction bids, and methane mitigation costs are featured, as are varying opinions on its ultimate value.

Manassas Park Elementary School and Prekindergarten. Adobe PDF
Knox, Wyck; Davis, Steve
High Performing Buildings; , p36-45 ; Fall 2010
Profiles this exemplary LEED Gold school, providing detail on the construction cost, bioclimatic design, daylighting, energy-efficient envelope, ground-source HVAC system, rainwater collection, and indoor environmental quality, and use of the building as a teaching tool. Extensive photographs, plans, and charts accompany the text.

StoneBridge Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v54 n5 , p46,47 ; Sep-Oct 2010
Profiles this school built on land donated by the developer of the surrounding neighborhood. Sidewalk connection to the residential area and separation of bus and automobile traffic enhances safety. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Stowers Elementary and Barrington Middle Combination School.
Design Cost Data; v54 n5 , p35-27 ; Sep-Oct 2010
Profiles this combined elementary and middle school that benefits from shared building systems and administrative functions, as well as athletic fields shared with the community. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Impact on Learning Awards.
School Planning and Management; v49 n8 , p32-40 ; Aug 2010
Profiles seven schools selected for recognition in this competition. The entries were honored for their solution to of design challenges, emphasis on functionality, flexibility, innovation, and enhancement of student learning.

Elementary School in Schmitten.
Architype Review; v4 n3 ; Jul 2010
Profiles this school whose building layout shuns the traditional level floors in favor of a spiral ramp which seamlessly unifies the interior space and creates a space that is conducive to social contact. A list of project participants, photographs, and plans accompany the text.

Nueva School Hillside Learning Complex.
Architype Review; v4 n3 ; Jul 2010
Profiles this Hillsborough, California, K-8 school. The independent learning facility features strong connection to the site and environment, with buildings carefully arranged on the site and abundant outdoor learning areas. A list of project participants, photographs, and plans are included.

Oslo International School.
Architype Review; v4 n3 ; Jul 2010
Profiles this private school, a group of modular structures organized on one level that give easy orientation, good natural lighting, and a close contact to the outdoors. The modular structure is flexible to programmatic changes. A list of project participants, photographs, and plans accompany the text.

Ouca Crèche and Elementary School.
Architype Review; v4 n3 ; Jul 2010
Profiles this Portuguese early learning through elementary facility, designed as a series of pavilions in the shape of a house, surrounded by courtyards, balconies, and establishing a relation of continuity with the surrounding territory neighborhood. A list of project participants, photographs, and plans accompany the text.

Case Study: Manassas Park Elementary + Pre-K. Manassas Park, Virginia
Malone, Alanna
GreenSource; Jul 2010
VMDO Architects uses sustainable buildings systems and natural cycles to demonstrate eco-conscious living to the next generation. With outdoor learning spaces, views of the forests, and building systems as “learning tools,” the school teaches environmental stewardship at every opportunity. Each wing of the building has a seasonal theme, and the classrooms are designated with a native species or plant rather than a number. A touch-screen dashboard in the lobby is at child-height so passing students can pause for a moment to click around.

Campbell Montessori School.
Design Cost Data; v54 n3 , p26,27 ; May-Jun 2010
Profiles this Missouri private elementary school that features exposed natural materials and daylighting. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Chabot Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v31 n5 , p10,11 ; May 2010
Profiles this Oakland, California, elementary school addition that echoes the beloved Tudor architecture of the existing buildings and achieved CHPS verification. The school's abundant sustainable features are also described.

Build a School, Inspire a Community.
Bowen-Eggebraaten, Mary; Hoffman, Paul
School Business Affairs; v76 n4 , p24-26 ; May 2010
Profiles River Crest Elementary School in Hudson, Wisconsin. This "green" school was built at 29% below the average cost for schools in that region, and has formed partnerships with the YMCA camp across the street. The facility serves as a catalyst for sustainable change and has been an educational tool for ecofriendly behavior in the community.

Early Childhood and Elementary Schools.
Learning By Design; n19 , p24-50 ; Spring 2010
Profiles 26 lower grade level facilities cited in the 2010 Learning by Design competition. For each project, a description, list of project participants, costs, and photographs are included.

Thoughtful Design, Excellence in Every Detail.
Learning By Design; n19 , p6,7 ; Spring 2010
Profiles Virginia's Poquoson Elementary School, a grade 3-5 facility that features grade houses named for nearby wetlands, abundant daylighting, and use of the building as a teaching tool. (Scroll down for Poquoson article.)

Marriott Hall, St. Alban's School.
Gerfen, Katie
Architect; v99 n4 , p63-69 ; Apr 2010
Profiles this modern building set in an historic private school campus, which sought to restore as much as possible the feeling of the original landscape intent. Photographs, plans, and a list of project participants accompany the text.

Sustainable Design and Construction.
Hoffman, Paul
School Planning and Management; v49 n4 , p44,46,48,50 ; Apr 2010
Uses River Crest Elementary School in Hudson, Wisconsin, as an example of a "green" school that was created with considerable public input, teamwork with vendors, and a strategic partnership with the YMCA camp across the street.

Alaska's Shining Star.
Environmental Design and Construction; v13 n3 , p16-20 ; Mar 2010
Profiles the Leed silver-certified Fred and Sarah Machetanz elementary school in Wasilla, Alaska. Southern exposures, high performance glazing, and extensive insulation respond the extreme climate.

Let the Sun Shine in.
NEA Today; v28 n4 , p34,35 ; Mar 2010
Profiles Virginia's Manassas Park Elementary School, citing daylighting, rainwater collection, natural ventilation, and décor featuring natural motifs.

PS 59 - The Beekman Hill International School.
Minutillo, Josephine
Architectural Record; v198 n1 , p104,105 ; Jan 2010
Profiles this renovation of a former nurse's dormitory into a temporary home for this New York City school. Project information, plans, and photographs are included.

Bethke Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v53 n6 , p24-26 ; Nov-Dec 2009
Profiles this LEED Gold prototype school feature daylighting, upgraded exterior insulation, and displacement ventilation. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Elementary Schools.
American School and University; v82 n3 , p24-26,28-48,50-57 ; Nov 2009
Profiles 26 outstanding elementary schools awarded in this competition, chosen for their adherence to the stated goal of the facility, their ability to enhance learning, functionality, and sustainability. Project information and photographs are included. (The URL for this citation links to the searchable database of American School and University Magazine s school design awards.)

Main Winners.
American School and University; v82 n3 , p14-22 ; Nov 2009
Profiles the five main winners in this competition, chosen for their adherence to the stated goal of the facility, their ability to enhance learning, functionality, and sustainability. Project information and photographs are included. (The URL for this citation links to the searchable database of American School and University Magazine s school design awards.)

Teaching Green: Two Texas Projects Shape Future of Sustainable School Building.
McCampbell, Candy
Texas Construction; Nov 2009
Discusses the advantages of daylighting to student achievement and lower energy costs, citing two "green" Texas schools that cost no more to build but are benefitting from reduced energy consumption.

Friends School.
Gerfen, Katie
Architect; v98 n10 , p91-97 ; Oct 2009
Profiles the conversion of a former factory into San Francisco's Friends School, addressing the organization of the building, seismic retrofitting, preservation of certain detailing, and installation of natural ventilation towers.

Plano Elementary School: Small Steps, Big Savings.
Seibert, Kenneth
High Performing Buildings; , p28-30,32-34,36,37 ; Fall 2009
Profiles this Kentucky school that is the latest success of the Warren County Public Schools. The district's energy saving steps began with encouraging conservation within existing buildings, and had grown to include five Energy Star facilities, and this school which features innovative geothermal HVAC and hot water systems, which are described.

Nintendo Generation Gives it a Green Thumbs Up. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v30 n9 , p8,9 ; Sep 2009
Profiles Vacaville, California's Fairmont Elementary School. The highly energy-efficient school exceeds government standards by 30 percent, featuring natural lighting, displacement ventilation, photovoltaic panels, and a wind turbine.

Riverbend Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v53 n5 , p20,22 ; Sep 2009
Profiles this large K-8 school that is organized into small grade-level clusters around a central courtyard. The buildings reflect the local agricultural vernacular style and the roofs support a photovoltaic system that reduces the utility cost by over 30 percent. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Riverbend Elementary School-a Model for Energy Self-Reliance.
Design Cost Data; v53 n5 , p23,24,26 ; Sep 2009
Details the design and installation this school's rooftop photovoltaic system that generates more than 45 percent of the campus' annual energy needs, along with daylighting and water conservation features.

Medina School Celebrates Cycles of Nature, Learning.
McConachie, Lorne
Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce; Aug 2009
Profiles the St. Thomas School in Medina, Washington. The LEED Gold private K-6 school features areas where boundaries between learning and play do not exist at the early grades. The school is daylit, naturally ventilated, has stormwater collection features, porous pavement, and visual aids that express the cycles of nature through the seasonal stages of the oak tree.

2009 Impact on Learning Awards.
School Planning and Management; v48 n8 ; Aug 2009
Profiles eight schools cited in this annual awards program. The schools were selected according to their reflection of the challenge presented, functionality, flexibility and convertability, innovation, and enhancement of learning.

Gold, Silver, and Bronze Citations.
American School and University; v81 n13 , p20-34,36-44 ; Aug 2009
Profiles 17 gold, silver, and bronze citation winners in the 2009 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors Showcase. The projects were chosen for their ability to integrate current and future technology, innovative use of materials, life-cycle cost versus first cost, timelessness, safety and security, clarity of design concept, and accommodation of an enhanced educational mission. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.

Douglas County Elementary School No. 42.
Design Cost Data; v53 n4 , p32,35 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Profiles this Colorado school, designed as an energy-efficient and flexible prototype that could be adapted to other sites in the county. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Enadia Way Elementary School Reopening.
Design Cost Data; v53 n4 , p30,31 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Profiles this 1950’s California school that had deteriorated during four years of vacancy, but was reopened after thoughtful renovation and new landscaping. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Manoa Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v53 n4 , p28,29 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Profiles this Pennsylvania school that was built up to three stories due to the small site available. The compact construction maximized the amount of athletic space available to the school and community. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

The Park School.
Architectural Record; Jul 2009
Profiles this addition to a Massachusetts private school. To create harmony between the older building and the addition, the architects incorporated red brick into the new facade to match the existing structure. Additional exterior elements and textures complement the exposed concrete surfaces of the original building. Project information, plans, and photographs are included.

St. Matthew's Parish School.
Amelar, Sarah
Architectural Record; v197 n7 , p88-91 ; Jul 2009
Profiles this California K-8 private school that takes advantage of its canyon site with the creation of intriguing outdoor spaces. Project information, plans, and photographs are included.

School as a Teaching Tool: Hawkins Elementary School in Toledo, Ohio.
American School and University; Jun 2009
Describes learning opportunities from new school's environmentally friendly practices and alternative energy systems.

Tenth Annual Showcase of Outstanding Design and Architecture in Education.
School Planning and Management; v48 n6 , pE1-E56 ; Jun 2009
Recognizes 44 outstanding new and renovated K-12 and higher education facilities. Each entry contains photographs, a text description, and summarized project data. Architect and manufacturer indices complete the supplement.

Mendenhall Elementary School Does a Great Deal with Very Little.
Boniface, Russell
AIArchitect; May 29, 2009
Profiles this Mississippi school that won a regional architectural award for its quality design produced on a very small budget.

Research Based Design of an Elementary School.
Sanoff, Henry
Open House International; v34 n1 , p9-16 ; Mar 2009
Examines current learning styles and teaching methods in order to suggest a new form of learning environment for young students. Features such as different activity settings and small group activities aimed at enhancing learning resulted from the participation of students, teachers and parents in the design of the Gibsonville (North Carolina) Elementary School. Teachers, working in small groups, compared different classroom arrangements along with criteria to compare and evaluate each alternative and unanimously selected an "L" shape classroom, which became the basis for the design of the school. Another critical design feature that emerged from the teacher workshop was direct access from each classroom to the outdoors, allowing teachers to create outdoor classrooms that could enhance student's ecological awareness. The final design featured four academic houses of six L shaped classrooms each around an open courtyard. A post-occupancy evaluation was conducted several months after completion of construction and revealed a high level of satisfaction; however, the findings pointed to the need for a subsequent workshop to focus on the effective arrangement of furniture in L shaped classrooms. The participatory process was identified by the students and teachers as the key factor contributing to the design.
TO ORDER: http://www.openhouse-int.com/volissudisplay.php?xvolno=34_1

The Lean, Green Schoolhouse. [Students Learn Environmental Lessons from a Green School Renovation.]
Schibsted, Evantheia
Edutopia; v5 n2 , p50,52,54 ; Mar 2009
Profiles Massachusetts' Atrium School, a K-6 private institution housed in a reclaimed warehouse and office facility. The high performance building offers daylighting, rainwater reclamation, and high recycled content.

Restore, Renovate, or Rebuild?
Schmidt, Edwin; Heckendorn, Matthew; Eddy, Timothy; Havens, Kevin;
School Planning and Management; v48 n3 , p28-30,32-35 ; Mar 2009
Profiles three historic schools that were renovated into effective modern learning environments, as well as one classroom annex that was created in an early 20th-century industrial building.

School Addition to Benefit Deaf-Blind and Autistic Students.
Ostroff, Tracy
AIArchitect; Jan 23, 2009
Profiles a Keneyville, Illinois, elementary school and its accommodations for special students. The school features a variety of patterns and textures to assist wayfinding, sound- dampening vestibules to classrooms, soft daylighting, and an ultra-quiet HVAC system.

Citations of Excellence Awards 2009: Creative Buildings Contribute to the Learning Experience.
Learning By Design; n18 , p6-10 ; 2009
Briefly profiles 14 school facilities and their respective design firms, cited in the 2009 Learning by Design competition as being thoughtful, compact, and regionally inspired.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email: lbd@strattonpublishing.com
http://www.learningbydesign.biz

Early Childhoold and Elementary Schools.
Learning By Design; n18 , p53-82 ; 2009
Profiles 26 lower grade level facilities cited in the 2009 Learning by Design competition. For each project, a description, list of project participants, costs, and photographs are included.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email: lbd@strattonpublishing.com
http://www.learningbydesign.biz

Honorable Mention Awards 2009: Excellence through Adaptation.
Learning By Design; n18 , p11-13 ; 2009
Briefly profiles six school facilities and their respective design firms, cited in the 2009 Learning by Design competition as being flexible and student oriented, as well as containing significant sustainability features.
TO ORDER: http://www.learningbydesign.biz

Portfolio: 2008 TASA/TASB Awards.
Texas Architect; v59 n1 , p69,71,72 ; Jan 2009
Presents the three winners of the Texas Association of School Administrators/Texas Association of School Boards (TASA/TASB) school architecture competition. Photographs, plans, and a list of project participants are included.

At Home, Abroad.
Dumiak, Michael
Architectural Record; Supplement , p64-67 ; Jan 2009
Profiles an American school in Germany that required the cooperation of a German and American architect. Interior details include photo-sensor controlled blinds, radiant floors, natural ventilation, and daylighting. Plans, photographs, building statistics, and a list of project participants are included.

Elementary Schools.
American School and University; v81 n3 , p32,34,36,38,40-68,70,71 ; Nov 2008
Profiles 32 outstanding new or renovated elementary schools, selected for their contribution to the educational program, adaptability, design, technology accommodation, sustainability, and maintainability. Project information and photographs are included. (The URL for this citation links to the searchable database of American School and University Magazine's school design awards.)

Main Winners.
American School and University; v81 n3 , p14-20 ; Nov 2008
Profiles the three main winners in this competition, selected for their contribution to the educational program, adaptability, design, technology accommodation, sustainability, and maintainability. Project information and photographs are included. (The URL for this citation links to the searchable database of American School and University Magazine s school design awards.)

Renovation/Modernization
American School and University; v81 n3 , p268-29 ; Nov 2008
Profiles 26 outstanding educational facility renovations, selected for their contribution to the educational program, adaptability, design, technology accommodation, sustainability, and maintainability. Project information and photographs are included. (The URL for this citation links to the searchable database of American School and University Magazine's school design awards.)

Elementary School Design Meets Time, Sustainability Targets.
Ostroff, Tracy
AIArchitect; v15 , p2 ; Oct 10, 2008
Reviews how the architectural team met a number of architectural and design challenges when they adapted a nurses' residence and a hospital annex at Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospital (MEETH) into a pre-K through Grade 5 public school. They completed the project in just 19 months, from concept to completion, including designing an innovative, new rooftop gymnasium.

Nature's Obstacles Force Fresh Thinking in Everett.
Twietmeyer, Tim
Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce; Aug 28, 2008
Profiles the Forest View Elementary School in Everett, Washington, which required the rejection of the district's prototype in favor of a more compact, two-story design that would fit on the available site.

Main Winners.
American School and University; v80 n13 , p14,16-19 ; Aug 2008
Profiles the two main winners in American School and University Magazine's Educational Interiors Showcase. The Bronx Early Learning Center and Belmont University's Troutt Theatre were selected for their sustainability, character, long-term appropriateness of materials and colors, innovation, adaptability, collaborative spaces, and safety. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.

Multipurpose Rooms.
American School and University; v80 n13 , p124 ; Aug 2008
Profiles the flexible space at J. Lyndal Hughes Elementary School in Justin, Texas. The reconfigurable cafeteria/auditorium/athletic space can also be opened to adjacent classrooms. The project was recognized in the American School and University Magazine's Educational Interiors Showcase for its sustainability, character, long-term appropriateness of materials and colors, innovation, adaptability, collaborative spaces, and safety. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of the project.

One of the "One Thousand Points of Light" Guides Development of Laura Rodriguez Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v29 n8 , p10, 11 ; Aug 2008
Profiles this San Diego K-5 school that recovered a blighted urban site. Coordinating the building of seven structures on a 6.5-acre site is emphasized.

Hawthorne Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v29 n7 , p10,11 ; Jul 2008
Profiles this 600-student school on an historic site in Riverside, California. Deference to the neighborhood and historic setting is emphasized in the use of the site and building design.

Passing the Green Test. Adobe PDF
Caldwell, Anja
High Performing Buildings; , p66-70,72,74,75 ; Summer 2008
Profiles the Great Seneca Creek Elementary School in Montgomery County, Maryland. The high-performance facility includes a geoexchange HVAC system, low- and no-water use restroom fixtures, use of locally sourced and environmentally friendly building materials, native plantings with wetlands and an educational garden; green cleaning practices, and extensive recycling.

Primary School Architecture in Portugal: A Case Study. Adobe PDF
Freire da Silva, Jose
PEB Exchange; 2008/9 ; Jul 2008
Profiles three Portuguese elementary schools, dating from 1898, 1969, and 1973, respectively, and illustrating the evolution of Portugal's standardized, yet flexible, school designs.

The Little Green Schoolhouse.
Leroux, John
Canadian Architect; v53 n6 , p27-29 ; Jun 2008
Profiles this New Brunswick elementary school that was reclad in blue and green siding to emmulate the surrounding trees and rivers.

Our Lady of Victory K-8 School.
Design Cost Data; v52 n3 , p36,37 ; May-Jun 2008
Profiles this school built with a low, residential profile that accommodated neighborhood concerns. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, floor plans, and photographs are included.

Transforming a Neighborhood and Building a Treasure.
Swenson, Craig
School Business Affairs; v74 n5 , p32,34 ; May 2008
Profiles San Diego's new Laura G. Rodriguez Elementary school, built on a former dumpsite in a distressed neighborood. The creation of the complex seven-building campus on an aggressive construction schedule and a small site was coordinated by a construction management firm.

The Whole is Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v29 n3 , p8 ; Mar 2008
Profiles Annaheim's Horace C. Mann Elementary School, which integrates medically fragile special education, pre-school, and K-6 students.

Early Childhood and Elementary Schools.
Learning By Design; n17 , p59-83 ; 2008
Profiles 24 lower grade level facilities cited in this competition. For each project, a description, list of project participants, costs, and photographs are included.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email: lbd@strattonpublishing.com
http://www.learningbydesign.biz

Grand Prize Award Pre-K to 12.
Learning By Design; n17 , p4,5 ; 2008
Profiles Portland's Rosa Parks School, a K-6 school selected for its division into small "learning neighborhoods" and outstanding attention to the environment.
TO ORDER: http://www.learningbydesign.biz

Monroe Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v52 n1 , p26,27 ; Jan-Feb 2008
Profiles this third school built from a prototype, designed for expandability and accommodation of portables. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, floor plans, and photographs are included.

St. Paul's Episcopal School.
Architectural Record; , p44-47 ; Jan 2008
Reviews a design charrette for this New Orleans school that is gradually reopening after being flooded by Hurricane Katrina. The rebuilding offers a chance to correct deficiencies in the former campus, with particular attention to site design and a performing arts center to be shared by the community.

A Welcoming Environment.
Bozikovic, Alex
Architectural Record; , p88,89 ; Jan 2008
Profiles the North Campus of Pittsburgh's Winchester Thurston School. The vernacular buildings reflect the site's former use as a horse farm. A list of project participants, photographs, and plans are included.

In Slovenia, Sostanj Primary School Collaborates with its Community. Adobe PDF
Cercek, Emmanuel
PEB Exchange; 2008/14 ; 2008
Profiles this Slovenian school for years 1-9, hosting 731 students who are also involved in a variety of community projects which focus on the environment.

Open Plan School in Portugal: Failure or Innovation? Adobe PDF
Martinho, Miguel; da Silva, Jose
PEB Exchange; 2008/12 ; 2008
Offers a brief history of the rise and fall of the open plan school design, along with its advantages and its adoption in Portugal. The case of Portugal’s Escola da Ponte, a successful open plan school requested and embraced by its teachers is then detailed. Includes 15 references.

A Successful Partnership.
Novitski, B.
Architectural Record; , p76-79 ; Jan 2008
Profiles Portland, Oregon's Rosa Parks School, including an overview of the school's design, educational and community program, and numerous "green" features.

Standout Student.
Sokol, David
Architectural Record; , p80-85 ; Jan 2008
Profiles Chicago's Tarkington School of Excellence, a LEED-certified K-8 facility built on a site acquired from the Chicago Park District. "Green" design features are detailed, and a list of project participants, photographs, and plans are included

Dalry Primary-An Innovative Scottish Case Study. Adobe PDF
Summers, Malcolm
PEB Exchange; 2008/15 ; 2008
Profiles an innovative school building in Scotland, describing its design as a collection of “houses,” and community use of the sports and arts facilities. The article also reports the viewpoints of the users, client and design team, and reveals the lessons learned.

2007 Architectural Portfolio: Elementary Schools.
American School and University; v80 n3 , 32-74 passim ; Nov 2007
Profiles 31 outstanding new elementary school facilities selected for their innovation, sustainability, security, aesthetics, and life-cycle costs. Project information and photographs are included. (The URL for this citation links to the searchable database of American School and University Magazine's school design awards.)

Great Seneca Creek Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v51 n6 , p40,42 ; Nov-Dec 2007
Profiles this LEED Gold-rated school in Maryland, which serves as a "green" prototype for its system. Notable building features and ways in which the school engages occupants in environmental awareness are discussed. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, floor plans, and photographs are included.

Rosa Parks Elementary School (Corona, California) Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v28 n11 , p12,14 ; Nov-Dec 2007
Profiles this Corona, California school built in advance of the housing developments that are planned for the area. Thoughtfully designed vehicular areas create ease of access and supervision, and upper and lower grades have separate play areas.

Twin Lakes Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v51 n6 , p46,47 ; Nov-Dec 2007
Profiles this LEED Silver rated school in Minnesota, distinguished by easy observation of the entrances and playgrounds from the principal's office, design for expandability, 100 percent daylighting, and a variety of other "green" features. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, floor plans, and photographs are included.

Thriving Environment.
Miller, Katrina
School Planning and Management; v46 n10 , p38,40,42-46 ; Oct 2007
Discusses the public/private partnership that built Portland, Oregon's award-winning Rosa Parks Elementary School, the features of the building, notable sustainable site and building features, and the positive community response to the school.

Dena New Primary Center, Los Angeles, California.
Architectural Record; Jul 2007
Profiles this new elementary school in an urban setting, where small learning communities are housed in a building that is organized inward, around a central elliptical courtyard that provides a safe and sheltered common area. Building statistics, a list of project participants, and photographs are included.

Four Corners School, Portland, Oregon
Architectural Record; Jul 2007
Profiles this elementary school for special needs students, created within a former racquetball club. Former courts were converted into classrooms by inserting a floor at mid-level. Building statistics, a list of project participants, and photographs are included.

Green Design Powers New Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v28 n7 , p10 ; Jul 2007
Profiles California's Monterey Ridge Elementary School, which receives 50-60% of its electricity from a photovoltaic array on an adjacent hillside. The facility also features automated lighting, a cool roof, an automated energy management system and HVAC system, and a neighborhood location that minimizes commuting.

Irving Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v51 n4 , p42,43 ; Jul-Aug 2007
Profiles this Iowa school that features natural light, vibrant interiors, easy wayfinding, and limited travel distance. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, floor plans, and photographs are included.

John C. Daniels School, New Haven, Connecticut.
Architectural Record; Jul 2007
Profiles this new elementary school in a mixed residential and commercial urban setting. For safety, the building is organized around an interior courtyard that features an amphitheater, reading areas, and play spaces. Building statistics, a list of project participants, and photographs are included.

PS 253Q, Far Rockaway, New York.
Architectural Record; Jul 2007
Profiles this 750-student elementary school constructed on a tight urban site The three- story classroom blocks surrounds a protected play area. Building statistics, a list of project participants, and photographs are included.

Rosa Parks School, Portland, Oregon.
Architectural Record; Jul 2007
Profiles this elementary school that shares a campus with a Boys & Girls Club and a Community Center. The sustainably designed walk-in school anticipates a LEED Gold certification. Building statistics, a list of project participants, and photographs are included.

Rosa Parks Elementary School, Redmond, Washington.
Gonchar, Joann
Architectural Record; v195 n7 , p136-139 ; Jul 2007
Profiles this new elementary designed with community participation. The lodge-like building that emulates the local environment, accommodates community use, and hosts small learning environments. Building statistics, a list of project participants, photographs, and plans are included.

Turning Vision into Reality: Dysart's "Concept School of the Future."
Pletnick, Gail; Jeffers, George; Lawton, Stephen
School Business Affairs; v73 n7 , p28,30,32 ; Jul 2007
Narrates the creation of this new K-8 school as a "school of choice" in this Arizona district, accommodating an integrated curriculum and the district's gifted and talented program. Significant community involvement, a highly flexible design, and reconciling of the attendance area are described.

The Reece School, New York City.
Sokol, David
Architectural Record; v195 n7 , p140-144 ; Jul 2007
Profiles the new building for this school that teaches children with emotional disorders, learning disabilities, and speech or occupational impairments. The small classrooms emulate the scale of the brownstones that the school previously inhabited, and accommodate only six to eight students, plus two teachers each. Building statistics, a list of project participants, photographs, and plans are included.

Dianne Feinstein Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v28 n6 , p12,13 ; Jun 2007
Profiles this new school that features a modernist, art-inspired design, a generous green play area, and a large multipurpose room with separate access that functions as a cafeteria, physical education area, assembly room, performance space, and community facility.

Wood Makes a Statement.
Chazin, Michael
School Planning and Management; v46 n6 , p50,52-55 ; Jun 2007
Profiles the all-wood Gunter Primary School in Aubrey, Texas. Wood construction was less expensive and more timely. Fire codes were met with engineered woods, parts of the school were pre-assembled, and wood decking within the building was exposed for aesthetic appeal.

A New Urbanist Model of Learning.
VanderVoort, Mark
School Planning and Management; v46 n6 , p74-77 ; Jun 2007
Profiles the Walker Creek Elementary School in North Richland Hills, Texas. The new school in a new residential development is conceived as a community center, and features outdoor learning areas, team teaching studios, informal gathering spaces, and commons areas instead of corridors.

Ireland's Cherry Orchard National School. Adobe PDF
PEB Exchange; 2007/5 ; May 2007
Describes this recently completed primary school, illustrating how architecture can contribute to creating a safe and warm environment in a distressed area, and can meet the particular needs of the student community. The article presents the architectural description and comments from the school's Board of Management.

Lois E. Borchardt Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v28 n5 , p12 ; May 2007
Profiles this California school built on a hardship budget. Tilt-up construction yielded an economical solution that included generous windows to help daylight the interior.

Manuel Esqueda Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v51 n3 , p54,55 ; May-Jun 2007
Profiles this California elementary school designed to accommodate an anticipated addition that will provide rooftop parking. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, floor plans, and photographs are included.

Community Values.
Perry, Amy
School Construction News; v10 n4 , p16-18 ; May-Jun 2007
Profiles the Rosa Parks Elementary School of Redmond Ridge, Washington. The community participated in the design of this lodge-like building that emulates the local environment, accommodates community use, and hosts small learning environments. A list of project statistics and participants is included.

New Primary Center Features Bold Design and Smart Materials for New Community-Based School Concept in Los Angeles. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v28 n3 , p9,11 ; Mar 2007
Profiles this new Los Angeles community school designed as a collection of geometric shapes around a courtyard, using bold design and materials. The courtyard serves as a school and community gathering area.

Raven Stream Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v51 n2 , p52,53 ; Mar-Apr 2007
Profiles this Minnesota elementary school designed as a prototype whose wings can be flipped to adapt to subsequent sites. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, floor plans, and photographs are included.

"Intelligent" Primary School Project in Italy. Adobe PDF
Ponti, Giorgio
PEB Exchange; n59 , p1-3 ; Feb 2007
Profiles the new “intelligent” primary school for 300 students (later to be expanded for 600) in the Municipality of Solaro in the province of Milan. This is the first primary school building in Italy designed according to the principles of the “intelligent school” as defined by the Centre for Educational Innovation and Experimentation of Milan (CISEM).

Elementary Aurora.
LeClaire, Jennifer
Architecture Week; , p. D3 1 ; Jan 10, 2007
Case study of award-winning K-5 Greenman Elementary School in Aurora, Illinois. The 62,000-square-foot, 700-student school, which sits on 4.1 acres of urban land, was designed by Architecture for Education. Greenman Elementary demonstrates how community participation and beyond-the-textbook thinking can lead to a facility that serves multiple purposes, stimulates learning, and makes room for healthy social interaction — all while meeting a tight budget.

Community Campus Plan, Pass Christian School District, Pass Christian, Mississippi.
Architectural Record; Supplement , p80,81 ; Jan 2007
Relates how a hurricane-destroyed school was replaced by a community campus that includes the also-destroyed Boys & Girls Club and public library. Gathering all these participants on one site enabled the funding, combined services into shared facilities, and created a site that serves the entire community.

Early Childhood and Elementary Schools.
Learning By Design; n16 , p30-75 ; 2007
Describes the award-winning designs of 40 early childhood and elementary schools, including the educational context and design goals. Lists of project participants, costs, specifications, and photographs are included.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email: lbd@strattonpublishing.com
http://www.learningbydesign.biz

Shared Resources.
Malone, Michael
Texas Architect; v57 n1 , p26-29 ; Jan 2007
Profiles Dallas's new Arcadia Park Elementary, which hosts a branch of the city library. In order to build a separate cafeteria and auditorium, the budget for interior finishes was reduced. Photographs, plans, and a list of project participants are included.

The Bronx Cheers.
Schibsted, Evantheia
Edutopia; v79 n5 , p30-33 ; Jan 2007
Profiles this Bronx charter elementary school, built into a former meatpacking factory and daylit via abundant skylights.

Field of Vision.
Sokol, David
Architectural Record; Supplement , p122-125 ; Jan 2007
Profiles Kirkland, Washington's Benjamin Franklin Elementary School. The daylit building operates without mechanical ventilation and is visually and spiritually connected to an adjacent stand of Douglas fir trees. Plans, photographs, and a list of project participants are included.

2006 Architectural Portfolio: Elementary Schools.
American School and University; v79 n3 , 26-85 passim ; Nov 2006
Profiles 47 outstanding new elementary school facilities selected for their innovation, image, function, flexibility, maintainability, sustainability, security, community use, balance of aesthetics and function, and "spirit." Project information and photographs are included.

ACORN Woodland Elementary and EnCompass Academy. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v27 n10 , p10,11 ; Nov-Dec 2006
Profiles these two Oakland schools on a single site, design with a residential aesthetic to mitigate the surrounding industrial zone. Daylit classrooms feature high ceilings, exposed trusses, and ample storage for projects.

S is for Sustainability.
Boehland, Jessica
GreenSource; v1 n2 , p66-71 ; Nov 2006
Profiles Toronto's Thomas L. Wells Public School, including budget increases for "green" alternatives that would eventually pay for themselves, daylighting techniques, and a unique ventilation system that combines the virtues of three types of systems. LEED scores, building statistics, and a list of project participants are included.

LA Color School.
Milionis, Allison
Architecture Week ; , p. D1.1 ; Oct 18, 2006
Case study of the Dena Primary Center, a pre-Kindergarten through 2 school in a densely populated neighborhood of East Los Angeles. Within 25,000 square feet, the architects have arranged two kindergartens, eight primary classrooms, the administrative complex, a library, a multipurpose building that features a soaring 25-foot ceiling with floor-to-ceiling glazing, a kitchen, and the courtyard. The three buildings are distinct in shape, color, and design, and the teachers use the geometric forms of the buildings as educational tools. Brightly colored stucco walls in shades of purple, red, and canary yellow reflect the cultural heritage of the community while large glass walls, custom-designed galvanized steel panels, and mesh give the complex a contemporary aesthetic.

Paint by Numbers.
Kimm, Alice
Architecture; v95 n9 , p52-55 ; Sep 2006
Profiles Los Angeles' Aragon Avenue Elementary School expansion, which borrowed its exterior palette from the surrounding neighborhood of colorful bungalows, mountains, palm trees, and sky.

A Kid's-Eye View.
Schibsted, Evantheia
Edutopia; v2 n6 , p32-35 ; Sep 2006
Describes the child-scaled design of the K-3 Kennebunk Elementary School, whose architects took special care in designing to child height, reach, and aesthetics. The school is divided into villages as well, adding to the intimiate atmosphere.

Main Winners.
American School and University; v78 n13 , p14,16-19 ; Aug 2006
Presents the two main winners of the American School & University 2006 Educational Interiors Showcase. The K-8 Eagle Creek Academy and University of Alabama Student Recreation Center excelled in their use of natural lighting and materials, respect to site, and support of the learning program. Building statistics, a list of project participants, and photographs are included.

Look, Mom! No Chairs!
Chaparro, Tiffany
Scholastic Administrator; , p62 ; Aug 2006
Case study of Elton Hill Elementary School in Rochester, Minnesota, where students are encouraged to stretch, stand, kneel in a "chairless classroom" outfitted with laptops, video iPods, personalized whiteboards, adjustable podiums, and exercise balls in the place of chairs.

Independence School.
Design Cost Data; v50 n4 , p40,41 ; Jul-Aug 2006
Profiles this Delaware private school addition that joins two pre-existing buildings, creating a single facility with ample classroom, specialized, and administrative space, as well as a 900-seat auditorium. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, floor plans, and photographs are included.

Veterans Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v27 n7 , p8 ; Jul 2006
Profiles this Chula Vista, California facility that is designed as a village of six buildings around a central courtyard. It features daylighting, recycled water irrigation, operable windows, and a copy center and child care facility that are available for community use.

Playing It Up.
Glitsch, Val
Texas Architect; v56 n4 , p32-35 ; Jul-Aug 2006
Profiles the Brenham, Texas, Christ Lutheran Church Day School. The brightly colored and articulated building helps the students easily identify their classrooms, each of which has a different shape. Photographs, plans, and a list of project participants are included.

Construction Completed on Valle del Sol Elementary School for Coachella Valley Unified School District. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v27 n6 , p11 ; Jun 2006
Describes this K-6 community school that consists of a cluster of buildings each serving a separate grade. Students can reach the school by walking or biking, and the plan has been adapted for another site in the district.

Solar School-Escondido Elementary. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v27 n5 , p12 ; May 2006
Profiles this Palo Alto school that hosts a photovoltaic system providing 16 percent of the school s electricity needs. The funding partnership that paid for the system is also described.

Sycamore Ridge Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v27 n5 , p11 ; May 2006
Profiles this new California elementary school that features a cloister-style setting, hand-painted tiles by a renowned artist, adjoining after-school child care facilities, and an exposed section of wall that demonstrates some of the building systems.

Science Center School, Los Angeles.
Stephens, Suznne
Architectural Record; v194 n4 , p132-141 ; May 2006
Profiles this unusual science and math magnet school in Los Angeles, designed by Thom Mayne of Morphosis. The charter elementary school has joined up with the California Science Center’s professional educational training and community outreach program (the Amgen Center for Science Learning) in operating the facility. The history of its planning and funding, as well as its innovative design are detailed. Photographs, plans, and a listing of project participants are included.

Elementary School Is Prototype for Sustainable Design.
AIArchitect; Apr 2006
Describes Hassan Elementary school in Rogers, Minnesota. The school achieved LEED certification through site orientation for optimal daylight, shallow rooms, two-story design, dimming T5 lights, dessicant energy recovery, high-efficiency boilers, and variable-air-volume systems. The high-performance prototype design for this elementary school is the latest addition to the Elk River School District’s growing portfolio of sustainable facilities.

South Gate New Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v27 n4 , p10 ; Apr 2006
Profiles this new Los Angeles Unified School District facility on an urban site, with underground staff parking and recreational areas that accommodate community use.

Post-Occupancy 2006: The Waverly School, formerly P.S. 156, I.S. 293, Brooklyn, New York.
Merkel, Jayne
Architectural Record Review; , p22,23 ; Apr 2006
Presents a post-occupancy evaluation of this 2001 facility that houses an elementary school and arts magnet middle school. Abundant daylighting, bathrooms in lower-grade classrooms, and a large lobby waiting area for parents are particularly appreciated.

Oso Grande Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v27 n3 , p9,13 ; Mar 2006
Profiles this Ladera Ranch, California, elementary school that is the eighth construction of a prototype. The plan was modified to reflect the style of the surrounding community and to accommodate the unusual site.

Profiles of Successful Schools.
School Planning and Management; v45 n3 , p20,22-25 ; Mar 2006
Details three national award-winning schools. The two high schools and one K-6 school were selected for their comprehensive educational specifications, flexible designs, healthy interiors, and connection to the community.

Union Furnace Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v50 n2 , p32,35 ; Mar 2006
Describes this new Ohio elementary school that includes a creek and nature preserve with trails. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan and photographs are included.

Taking the LEED in South Carolina Schools.
Wasserman, Sue
School Construction News; v9 n2 , p22-24 ; Mar-Apr 2006
Profiles South Carolina's new North Charleston Elementary School, which is the first LEED-certified school in the state. Opposition to demolishing the existing 1922 school was overcome in part by reusing its brick and unique heart pine timbers in the new school. Notable LEED point-earning features include the recycling of 80 percent of construction waste, a thermal ice storage unit for cooling (which is exposed within the school for use as a teaching aid), and ample daylighting.

2006 Notable Projects: Schools.
Architype Review; v1 n1 ; 2006
Case studies, including project description, project team, and photographs, of the following schools: Perspectives Charter School, Chicago, IL, Perkins+Will; Perth Amboy High School, Perth Amboy, NJ, John Ronan Architect; Community School of Music and Arts, Mountain View, CA, Mark Cavagnero Associates; Benjamin Franklin Elementary School, Kirkland, WA, Mahlum Architects; Lick Wilmerding High School, San Francisco, CA,Pfau Architecture, Ltd; Clifton Middle School, Monrovia, CA Osborn; Building 9, Wildwood Elementary School, Los Angeles, CA, Cigolle X Coleman; Architects; and Bronx Charter School for the Arts, Bronx, N.Y.,Weisz + Yoes Architecture;

Corona New Primary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v27 n1 , p11 ; Jan 2006
Profiles this new K-2 school on an urban site, with underground staff parking.

Early Childhood and Elementary Schools.
Learning By Design; n15 , p28-66 ; 2006
Describes the award-winning designs of 33 elementary schools, including the educational context and design goals. Lists of project participants, costs, specifications, and photographs are included.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email: lbd@strattonpublishing.com
http://www.learningbydesign.biz

Smart Growth.
Glitsch, Val
Texas Architect; v56 n1 , p38-43 ; Jan-Feb 2006
Profiles significant improvements at Dallas's Hockaday School, including a new academic research center, additions to the lower school, renovations to existing structures, and a new master plan. The new structures and additions feature enhanced transparency and more curved exteriors to "soften" the campus. Photographs, plans, and a list of project participants are included.

Durham Academy Lower School.
Architectural Record; Dec 2005
Describes this private North Carolina K-4 facility that features exposed building systems not typically seen in buildings for this age group, and presenting a stark contrast to its tidy exurban setting. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, plans, and photographs are included.

King/Robinson Magnet School.
Architectural Record; Dec 2005
Describes this new Connecticut school featuring connection to the natural landscape, a variety of flexible spaces and courtyards, and ample daylighting. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, plans, and photographs are included.

Burr Elementary.
Weathersby, William
Architectural Record; v193 n12 , p142-147 ; Dec 2005
Describes this suburban Connecticut school that wraps around a series of outdoor classrooms, thus preserving existing trees. Also featured is sustainable design and exterior detailing that blends in unobtrusively with the wooded setting. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, plans, and photographs are included.

2005 Architectural Portfolio: Elementary Schools.
American School and University; v78 n3 , 20-72 passim ; Nov 2005
Presents 37 elementary school cited in this competition. Selection was based on security, innovation, cost-effectiveness, timelessness, community use, functionality, and sense of place. Project information and photographs are included.

Nicasio School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; , p8,10 ; Nov-Dec 2005
Profiles this small California K-8 school that features classrooms that host two grades each, community-use facilities, and preservation of the 1871 schoolhouse on the site.

Herbert Ibarra Elementary School. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v26 n10 , p11 ; Oct 2005
Describes this San Diego school that was built on a site previously occupied by homes. The relocation funds allowed many of the displaced families to become first-time homeowners elsewhere.

Benjamin Franklin Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v49 n4 , p48,49 ; Jul-Aug 2005
Describes this Indiana school featuring gypsum walls overlaid with cork and vinyl for easy tackability. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Hocking Hills Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v49 n4 , p40,43 ; Jul-Aug 2005
Describes this Ohio elementary school that placed the noisy gymnasium and cafeteria away from classrooms at the back of the building, where they are also available for community use while the rest of the school is easily secured.

Phillis Wheatley Middle School.
Design Cost Data; v49 n4 , p28,29 ; Jul-Aug 2005
Describes this school and how it made use of a poorly drained, long, and narrow site. Three storm water retention ponds were created that created a functional system that looked like a natural design intent. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Rodeo Hills Elementary School, John Swett Unified School District. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v26 n7 , p8 ; Jul 2005
Profiles this California elementary school that provides abundant daylight into classrooms that are not square.

Morgan Creek Elementary School-Dry Creek Joint Unified School District. Adobe PDF
CASH Register; v26 n6 , p7 ; Jun 2005
Profiles this California school that includes the creation of a creek that will collect runoff and serve as an outdoor laboratory.

Kids on the Block.
Woodbridge, Sally
Architecture; v93 n4 , p68-71 ; Apr 2005
Describes the light-filled Montessori Children's Center preschool in San Francisco, which met a tight construction schedule by using a prefabricated steel frame and roof deck commonly used in commercial buildings.

Chieftan Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v49 n2 , p34,35 ; Mar-Apr 2005
Describes this Ohio elementary school whose gymnasium can be incorporated into the auditorium by means of an operable wall. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Manuel Pena, Jr. Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v49 n2 , p26,27 ; Mar-Apr 2005
Describes this four-building K-6 campus in Phoenix, Arizona, where color-coded buildings house particular grade groupings, and are joined by canopied walks, all creating an interplay of light, color, form, shade, and shadow. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Youth Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v49 n2 , p42,43 ; Mar-Apr 2005
Describes this Georgia school, which is the second built from a prototype, but distinguished from the first by modifications made to accommodate the site, additional data and security systems, and a new color scheme. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Big Dots, Little Dumpsters.
Freeman, Allen
Landscape Architecture; v95 n2 , p22,24-29 ; Feb 2005
Reviews the design of the "learning garden" at New York City's largest elementary school, PS 19 in Queens. The existing corrugated metal classrooms were painted with colorful random dots, corresponding circles were cut out of the asphalt schoolyard and planted, and many small dumpsters were installed as planters that are tended by individual classrooms.

Uncommon Sense.
Jen, Leslie
Canadian Architect; v50 n2 , p32-35 ; Feb 2005
Describes the design of an addition to Ontario's Ross McDonald School for blind, deaf/blind, and visually challenged children. The design features a high degree of customization to accommodate the students' special needs, and includes a new elementary school and a residence where high school-aged children can learn independent living. Photographs, elevations, plans, and project information are included.

Economy of Means.
Inform; v16 n3 , p30,31 ; 2005
Describes Appomatox Elementary School, an economical multi-use building that was built for $84 per square foot, which was $10 less than the state average for the time. Plans and photographs are included.

Elementary School Projects.
Learning By Design; n14 , p21-49 ; 2005
Describes the award-winning designs of 28 elementary schools, including the educational context and design goals. Lists of project participants, costs, specifications, plans, and photographs are included.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email: lbd@strattonpublishing.com
http://www.learningbydesign.biz

K-8 School Projects.
Learning By Design; n14 , p53-57 ; 2005
Describes the award-winning designs of five K-8 schools, including the educational context, design goals, project participants, costs, specifications, plans, and photographs.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email: lbd@strattonpublishing.com
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Turning Point.
Butler, Michael
Texas Architect; v55 n1 , p26-29 ; Jan-Feb 2005
Describes Hackberry Elementary School, whose angular, futuristic image contrasts with the surrounding rural and agricultural buildings, reflecting the contemporary aspirations of the community. The site features separate drop-off/pick areas for older and younger children. A listing of project particpants, a site plan, and sectional views are included.

Sense & Sustainability.
McClure, Rab
Inform; v16 n3 , p16-21 ; 2005
Describes Richmond, Virginia's Greenwood Elementary School, which boasts a lengthy list of sustainable features. Extra funding needed for sustainable specialty items was obtained by using standardized, low-maintenance materials for items such as exterior canopies, flooring, and exterior cladding. A listing of the design and construction participants, plans, and photographs are included.

Schools Good for Children?
Nair, Prakash
DesignShare; , 6p. ; Jan 2005
Challenges the notion that conventional school buildings naturally create a quality learning atmosphere and reviews India's nurturing Gurukul School.

Like a Good Neighbor.
O'Connell, Kim
Inform; v16 n3 , p26,27 ; 2005
Describes Liberty Middle School of Fairfax County, Virginia, which overcame neighborhood opposition by retaining generous tree buffers and emulating the one- to two-storey scale of the surrounding suburban neighborhood. Photographs and plans are included.

Downtown Schools. The New Urban Frontier.
Zimmerman, Martin
On Common Ground; , p52-57 ; Winter 2005
Describes successful urban schools created in San Francisco, Minneapolis, and Raleigh, citing how they were sited and funded, the community services they provide, and the constituencies they serve.

2004 Architectural Portfolio: Elementary Schools.
American School and University; v77 n3 , p26-86 ; Nov 2004
Presents 54 elementary school projects recognized in this competition. Project information and photographs are included.

Green Scene: Students Appreciate Sustainable, Eco-Friendly Building Design.
Furger, Roberta
Edutopia; v1 n1 , p28,29 ; Sep-Oct 2004
Reviews the innovative Roy Lee Walker Elementary School and how the sustainable building "surrounds" the students with environmental education.

The Three-Dimensional Egg.
Leisner, Hava
School Construction News; v7 n6 , p16-19 ; Sep 2004
Describes the Lake Zurich Elementary/Middle School in Hawthorne Woods, Illinois. The innovative design accommodates each school in respective legs of an "H" shape and is easily expandable. The school earns high marks for sustainability, energy efficiency, and acoustical creativity.

Energetic Dialogue.
Jones, Morgan
School Construction News; v7 n4 , p26-28,30 ; May 2004
Describes Oakland's Cesar Chavez Education Center, focusing on its extensive sustainable design features. The challenging site necessitated special acoustical treatments to mitigate noise from nearby thoroughfares and rapid transit trains. Classrooms were equipped with restrooms to avoid many sanitary and social problems associated with communal restrooms.

Straight A's: Horace Mann Elementary School by Moore Ruble Yudell. [San Jose, California]
ArchNewsNow; , 2p. ; Apr 13, 2004
Located on three acres at the eastern edge of historic downtown San Jose, California, the new $21.5 million Horace Mann Elementary School, designed by Santa Monica-based Moore Ruble Yudell, is a cohesive campus of forms and courtyards that respond to the urban context. The new buildings step from one to three stories, and a variety of courtyards, turf play areas, terraces, and gathering spaces provide a link between the school and the larger community.

Schools at a Crossing: DC Public Schools Revitalized.
Architecture DC; , p19-23 ; Spring 2004
Describes renovations planned for four District of Columbia Schools, where the average school building age is 65 years.

Durham Academy Lower School.
Architectural Record; Mar 2004
Describes an extensive building and renovation project in all levels of this North Carolina pre-K-12 school, according to a comprehensive 1998 master plan. Building statistics and architect information are included.

Fowler Elementary School.
Design Cost Data; v48 n2 , p26,28 ; Mar-Apr 2004
Describes this Colorado school, which borrowed design details from the town's historic depot and from the two 100-year old schools that it replaced. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

La Mesa Elementary School.
Architectural Record; Mar 2004
Describes an Albuquerque elementary school situated in an immigrant and Native American neighborhood. The school's plaza serves as a community gathering place. Includes building statistics and architect information.

Orchard Gardens K-8 Pilot School.
Architectural Record; Mar 2004
Describes this three-story new Boston K-8 facility that moves students up through the building as they get older. The structure now symbolizes the re-energized community. Building statistics and architect information are included.

Horace Mann School.
King, John
Architectural Record; v192 n3 , p136-139 ; Mar 2004
Describes this San Jose K-5 school in a commercial urban setting. The appropriately institutional exterior gives way to a colorful and playful interior. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, a site plan, and photographs are included

Museum, School District Collaborate To Build An Unusual Hybrid.
Gonchar, Joann
ENR: Engineering News-Record; Feb 02, 2004
In South Central Los Angeles, a partnership between the district and a state-owned science museum will result in a neighborhood elementary school with a math- and science-focused curriculum and as a resource center for educators and the local community. The Science Center School project combines an early 20th-century armory with a two-story addition. The $48-million project draws on FEMA funds, several state financing sources, and QZABs (qualified zone academy bonds), a U.S. Dept. of Education program that allows disadvantaged school districts to issue interest-free bonds. The project has no land acquisition costs, since the district will lease the school from the state.

Elementary School Projects.
Learning By Design; n13 , p24-51 ; 2004
Describes the award-winning designs of 25 elementary schools, including the educational context and design goals. A list of design and construction participants, costs, specifications, plans, and photographs are included.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email: lbd@strattonpublishing.com
http://www.learningbydesign.biz

K-8 Schools.
Learning By Design; n13 , p52-54 ; 2004
Describes the award-winning designs of two K-8 schools: the Belmont Day School in Belmont, Massachusetts, and the National Teachers Academy Professional Development School in Chicago. Also provided are the educational context, design goals, a list of design and construction participants, costs, specifications, plans, and photographs.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email: lbd@strattonpublishing.com
http://www.learningbydesign.biz

One of a Kind.
Leisner, Hava
School Construction News; v7 n1 , p18-20 ; Jan-Feb 2004
Describes the K-8 Nellie Stone Johnson School in Minneapolis. The K-5 and 6-8 classrooms are housed separate three-story towers. The building design affords excellent security, abundant daylighting and easy community use.

Carlin Springs Elementary School, Arlington, Virginia.
Design Cost Data; v47 n3 , p22-24 ; May-Jun 2003
Profiles this elementary school designed to accommodate students of over fifty nationalities. Elements of nature are used in signage and wayfinding. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Grand Prairie Elementary School Addition, Frankfort, Illinois.
Design Cost Data; v47 n3 , p44-45 ; May-Jun 2003
Profiles this elementary school that maintains a full-sized gymn with separate entrance for community use. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Juan N. Seguin Elementary School, Houston, Texas.
Design Cost Data; v47 n3 , p30-32 ; May-Jun 2003
Profiles this daylit school, with classrooms collected pods of four or five, each of which features a common area that can be used as overflow or breakout space. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Edna Bigham Mays Elementary School, Troy, Texas.
Design Cost Data; v47 n2 , p30-32 ; Mar-Apr 2003
Describes this Texas elementary school that gave extra consideration to student safety in its site planning and communications technology. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included

Heinävaara Elementary School Heinävaara, Finland.
Architectural Record; v191 n3 ; Mar 2003
Describes the title school building by Cuningham Group Architecture, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and a commentary on the design. Also includes the floor plan and photographs. Called "the wooden school of tomorrow" in the Finnish press, this facility combines leading-edge design and technology with the rich cultural heritage of Heinävaara. Educational modules of the 26,000-square-foot school open to a central gathering space with media center, performance area, and cafeteria available to the community in the evening. [Free subscriber registration is required.]

Financing Energy Efficiency Projects. Adobe PDF
Zobler, Neil; Hatcher, Katy
Government Finance Review; , p14-18 ; Feb 2003
Introduces energy performance contracts and the corresponding benefits of using tax-exempt lease-purchase agreements as the underlying financing vehicle for energy efficiency improvements in buildings. It explains how to use the energy inefficiencies buried in current operating budgets to pay for energy-saving equipment, without having to compete with capital projects. It also presents a "cost of delay" model that quantifies the opportunity losses caused by delaying the installation of energy efficiency projects.

Elementary School Projects.
Learning By Design; n12 , p20-46 ; 2003
Describes the award-winning designs of several elementary schools, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the designers and construction costs. Also includes the floor plan and photographs.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email: lbd@strattonpublishing.com
http://www.learningbydesign.biz

Martin Van Buren Elementary School, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Design Cost Data; v47 n1 , p42-43 ; Jan-Feb 2003
Describes the title building, including educational context and design goals. Includes a general description; information on the architect, construction team, and manufacturers and suppliers; and a case study of costs and specifications.

Sougawa Elementary School.
Canadian Architect; v47 n12 , p46-47 ; Dec 2002
Describes the award-winning title building, including its educational context and design goals. Includes building plans, photographs, and reviewer comments.

Rancho Santa Fe Elementary School, Avondale, Arizona.
Design Cost Data; v46 n5 , p34-35 ; Sep-Oct 2002
Describes the design of the building named in the title, including the educational context and design goals. Includes a general description; information on the architect, construction team, and manufacturers and suppliers; and a case study of costs and specifications. Also includes a floor plan and photographs.

Atha Road Elementary School, Monroe, Georgia.
Design Cost Data; v46 n4 , p54-55 ; Jul-Aug 2002
Describes the building design of the library and technology center named in the title, including the educational context and design goals. Includes a general description; information on the architect, construction team, and manufacturers and suppliers; and a case study of costs and specifications.

Fleming Elementary School, Freeport, Texas.
Design Cost Data; v46 n3 , p29-30 ; May-Jun 2002
Describes the building design of the elementary school named in the title, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and a case study of construction costs and specifications. Also provides the floor plan and photographs.

Neighborhood Lost and Found.
McKinney, Heather
Design Cost Data; v52 n2 , p28-31 ; May-Jun 2002
Describes the building design of the J. J. "Jake" Pickle Elementary/St. John Community Center in Austin, Texas, including the educational context, design goals, and architects and contractor. Discusses the incorporation of objects from the community as art specimens within the building. Also provides the floor plan and photographs.

E. P. Todd Elementary School, Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Design Cost Data; v47 n2 , p32-33 ; Mar-Apr 2002
Describes the building of the elementary school named in the title, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and a case study of construction costs and specifications. Also provides the floor plan and photographs.

Newport Coast Elementary School, Newport Beach, California.
Design Cost Data; v47 n2 , p24-25 ; Mar-Apr 2002
Describes the building of the elementary school named in the title--winner of an energy efficiency design award--including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and a case study of construction costs and specifications. Also provides the floor plan and photographs.

Sensitive Issues.
Schneider, Jay
School Construction News; Mar-Apr 2002
Case study of Roy Lee Walker Elementary in McKinney, Texas, one of the country's most environmentally-friendly schools. The sustainable features of the school are described.

Rio Del Norte School, Oxnard, California.
Architectural Record; v190 n2 ; Feb 2002
The first new school built locally in over 35 years, Rio Del Norte School realized that critical to their success was the inclusion of the community in the planning process. Classrooms have been designed by Dougherty + Dougherty Architects to cluster around "tech" centers that encourage interaction, team projects, and group learning. Each cluster is linked to an outdoor classroom space that allows the teacher to take the students out of their traditional setting. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and a commentary on the design. Also includes the floor plan and photographs. [Free subscriber registration is required.]

Timothy Dwight Elementary School, New Haven, Connecticut.
Weathersby, William, Jr.
Architectural Record; v190 n2 , p104-107 ; Feb 2002
Describes the design of a multipurpose addition to an elementary school in New Haven, completed by the Yale Urban Design Workshop. The project was launched as a three-day community design charrette in 1995, with more than 300 participants including the mayor, civic officials, and local residents. A program was developed for a multipurpose room to accommodate its 500 students while also serving as a community meeting place, and two office/meeting rooms were earmarked for community organizations. Describes the title school building, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and a commentary on the design. Also includes the floor plan and photographs. [Free subscriber registration is required.]

Elementary School Projects.
Learning By Design; n11 , p26-63 ; 2002
Describes the buildings of 35 elementary schools, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects and design team, a general building description, and general construction costs and specifications. Also provides a rough site plan and photographs.
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Elementary Schools.
Educational Facility Planner; v37 n1 , p7-29 ; 2002
Describes the building designs of 22 elementary schools, including their educational contexts and design goals. Includes information on size, construction costs, architects, and contractors. Also includes floor plans and photographs.

Marble Fairbanks Architects. Chicago Public School.
Architecture; v91 n1 , p68-71 ; Jan 2002
Looks at the design features of a 120,000 square foot Chicago elementary urban school that accommodates 900 students, 25 percent of whom are disabled. The school is based on a small school design that can maintain a feasible budget while providing universal access. The design also helps the school blend into the surrounding urban neighborhood. Photographs and floor plans are included.

Portfolio of New Schools.
Inform; v13 n1 , p28-30 ; 2002
Describes the building designs of Virginia's Frost Montessori School, Pole Green Elementary School in Hanover County, and five elementary schools in Carroll County. Describes the educational context, design goals, and architects. Also includes photographs.

Good Neighbors.
Ivey, Rebecca E.
Inform; v13 n1 , p16-19 ; 2002
Describes the award-winning building design of Goodview Elementary School in Bedford County, Virginia, including the educational context, design goals, and architects and contractor. Also provides the floor plan and photographs.

Buildings that Teach.
Keep, Gary D.
Educational Facility Planner; v37 n2 , p18-22 ; 2002
Discusses Roy Lee Walker Elementary School In McKinney, Texas as an example of a high performance, or "green," school. The school blends the physical environment with the student learning process while protecting the site.

Community Pride.
Mays, Vernon
Inform; v13 n1 , p20-23 ; 2002
Describes the building design of Cougar Elementary School in Manassas Park, Virginia, including the educational context, design goals, and architects and construction manager. Also provides the floor plan and photographs.

A Model Program in a Remodeled Building.
Muir, Maya
Northwest Education; v6 n4 , p28-31 ; Summer 2001
Renovations contributed to academic improvement at an Issaquah (Washington) elementary school. Enclosing an open-air corridor enabled it to be used for educational activities. Double doors connected classrooms for team teaching, and carpet improved acoustics. A music room, library, and computer lab were also added. Student and community participation in planning increased ownership and school pride.

An Educational Environment.
Hammatt, Heather
Landscape Architecture; v91 n6 , p18 ; Jun 2001
Describes the development of a new 6,000 square foot outdoor learning environment at Cottage Lake Elementary School in Woodinville, WA, devoted to environmental education. The space includes a butterfly habitat, compost area and salmon habitat garden (4 illustrations included).

William A. Brummer Elementary School, South Lyon, Michigan.
Design Cost Data; v54 n3 , p30-32 ; May-Jun 2001
Provides photos, a floor plan, and general description of an elementary school designed to instill in its students a sense of self, community, pride, and responsibility for others. Construction data and costs are included along with information about the architectural firm and construction team.

Early Childhood and Elementary Schools.
Learning By Design; n20 , p34-56 ; Spring 2001
Profiles 18 early childhood and elementary school facilities cited in the Fall 2010 Learning by Design competition. For each project, a description, list of project participants, costs, and photographs are included.

Rosa Parks Elementary School (Berkeley, California) Adobe PDF
Bressi, Todd
Places; v14 n1 , p4-9 ; Apr 2001
Explores the Rosa Parks Elementary School in Berkeley, California that is remarkable both for its design and the impact on the community. Describes the extensive community participation process in the school design as well as the use of the school as a community center.

Joe M. Pirtle Elementary School, Belton Independent School District.
Design Cost Data; v45 n2 , p38-39 ; Mar-Apr 2001
Describes the architectural design, costs, general description, and square footage data for the Joe M. Pirtle Elementary School, Belton Independent School District in Temple, Texas. A floor plan and photos are included along with a list of manufacturers and suppliers used for the project.

Long Beach International Elementary School, Long Beach, California.
Architectural Record; v189 n2 ; Feb 2001
This 34-classroom school by Thomas Blurock Architects sits on a former parking lot in downtown Long Beach. The constraints of the small site and the educational program challenged traditional notions about elementary schools. The architects’ solution maximizes play area, addresses security concerns, and responds to surrounding urban and residential neighborhoods. Includes plans and photographs. [Free subscriber registration is required.]

Camino Nuevo Charter Academy, Los Angeles, California.
Kimm, Alice
Architectural Record; v189 n2 , p134-136 ; Feb 2001
Discusses how an architectural firm took an abandoned mini-mall in Los Angeles and converted it into a charter school that helped revive the neighborhood in the process. Describes the title school building, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and a commentary on the design. Also includes the floor plan and photographs. [Free subscriber registration is required.]

School Pride.
Hoekstra, Joel
Architecture Minnesota; v27 n1 , p38-39 ; Jan-Feb 2001
Discusses a south-Minneapolis (Minnesota) community's investment in a K-5 school design that has become a neighborhood landmark. Photos and a floor plan are included.

Town Square for Kids.
Parker, Dan
Texas Architect; v51 n1 , p35-37 ; Jan-Feb 2001
Presents design features of the Dawson Elementary School (Corpus Christi, Texas) where an atmosphere of an old town square and the feeling of community have been created. Photos and a floor plan are provided.

School for The Millenium: New Suburban Seattle Elementary School Features Many Green Elements, Illustrates Green Building Challenges
Pacific Northwest Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Newsletter; Nov 30, 2000
Millenium Elementary School in suburban Seattle features a geothermal heating/cooling system, stormwater reuse, solar-energy panels, a small wind turbine, waterless urinals and assorted other resource-saving features. The Kent School District bills its newest school as a green prototype, and an excellent place to teach the environmental message to children.

The Montessori Method.
Giovannini, Joseph
Architecture; v89 n6 , p116-121 ; Jun 2000
Examines the renovative strategies used to redesign a Milwaukee school that supports the traditional Montessori style of learning. Photos and a floor plan are included as is information on the principle stakeholders in the school's development.

Jean Parker School, San Francisco
Larson, Soren
Architectural Record; , p122-125 ; Nov 1999
Describes the post-earthquake renovation of a San Francisco urban elementary school that preserved its historical detail within a modern replacement. Design features are detailed; photos and a floor plan are included.

Wilbert Snow School, Middletown, Connecticut.
Weathersby, William, Jr.
Architectural Record; , p118-121 ; Nov 1999
Describes a Connecticut elementary school design that integrates the natural outdoor environment with the school, unites several buildings into a unified whole, and preserves forest pathways for public use. Photos and a floor plan are included.

School of Thought
Betsky, Aaron
Architecture; v88 n7 , p98-105 ; Jul 1999
Examines the "spacesaver" architectural design of the International Elementary School (Long Beach, California) that was built with concern for security, saving money, and not being too complicated. The design uses one-third less space than conventional Los Angeles-area elementary schools. Photos and floor plans are provided.

Case Study: An Elementary School that Saves Energy and is Visually Comfortable
Rodgers, Paula A.
Architectural Record; v186 n8 , p159-60+ ; Aug 1998
Discusses lighting solutions at Mary McLeod Bethune Elementary School in Rochester, New York. The design aimed to give the school an intimate scale. The lighting designers used energy-efficient lighting products to cut lighting energy use;simplified maintenance by restricting the number of lamp types and used lamps that the school district already stocks; and supplied low-glare ambient lighting to create a visually comfortable environment for students and teachers.

Cradleboard's New Dome School, A Real Learning Experience
Grones, Freda
Roundup: Journal of the Monolithic Dome Institute; v11 n3 , p14-15 ; Summer 1998
Describes how the construction of a new domed K-5, multipurpose facility created a learning experience for its students. Highlighted are the cost savings realized in its construction and the interior designs minor problems with sound and storage.

Four Fantastic Floor Plans for Elementary Schools.
Ranyak, Mark W.; Wickstrom, Douglas M.
School Planning and Management; v37 n4 , p20-26 ; Apr 1998
Examines four elementary school floor plans designed for efficient and flexible delivery of educational programs while limiting operational problems. Plans examined are the cluster approach, the corridor approach, the urban block school, and the courtyard/campus concept.

Montessori Island School [Tavernier, Florida]
Dunlop, Beth
Architectural Record; v 185 n10 , p118-121 ; Oct 1997
Examines a Florida Montessori school design that does not use air conditioning and is naturally lighted. Discusses design considerations that took advantage of natural surroundings, the architectural approach that helped bring the outdoors closer to the classroom, and the environmental pay-off.

A Makeover With Attitude
Litt, Steven
Architecture; v86 , 68-75 ; Mar 1997
The renovation of a 1960's school in Canton, Ohio is examined. The 38,000-square-foot expansion incorporates classrooms that jut into a central performance space at odd angles with garage-style doors that open wide during special events. Leading to kindergarten and homerooms for 250 students, the spaces between the blue-blocked classrooms also function as informal gathering areas, reading rooms, and play zones. The architects have achieved an overall effect of a magical village with its own topography, trails, and secret hiding place.

Tectonic Lessons
Wagner, George
Architecture; v86 n2 , p82-91 ; Feb 1997
Describes how architects expressed the potential of construction design by designing a British Columbia (Canada) elementary school that blends in with the surrounding natural setting while providing a rich enveloping and animated interior. Photographs and line drawings are provided.


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