BUILD NEW OR RENOVATE SCHOOL FACILITIES?
Information on the process of assessing whether to renovate and modernize existing school buildings in need of repair or construct new facilities, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.
References to Books and Other Media
Alternatives to Construction [Portland Public Schools]
(Long Range Plan, Portland Public Schools. Issue Paper 5.2, Mar 20, 2012)
This white paper explores program changes, the use of modular classrooms, leasing, and public/private partnerships as alternatives to new construction and major renovation of Portland, Oregon's public schools 5p
What Types of School Capital Projects are Voters Willing to Support?
Zimmer, Ron; Buddin, Richard; Jones, John; Liu, Na
(Public Budgeting and Finance, v31, n1, Mar 04, 2011)
In many states, investments in school capital must be approved by bond referenda. Consequently, voter preferences can directly impact the quality of school facilities and their infrastructure. Researchers have often analyzed the causal mechanisms of referendum passage, but they have not examined whether the type of capital project affects the outcome of the referendum itself. In this paper, we use data from the state of Michigan to examine whether voters are willing to provide more or less support for specific types of capital investments. We focus on the relationship between voter support for maintenance versus the construction of a new building or additions to existing buildings. Our analysis suggests there is a higher approval rate for maintenance of existing facilities than the construction of new school buildings or additions. [Authors' abstract] p37-55
Renovate Ohio's Historic Schools
(Renovate Ohio Schools, Feb 2010)
Advocates for the preservation of historic Ohio schools, which are being lost quickly. The website offers several publications to assist the preservationist, a description of the benefits of saving schools, myths surrounding older schools, and a photographic inventory of saved and lost schools in Ohio.
Older and Historic Schools: Restoration vs. Replacement and the Role of a Feasibility Study.
(National Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington, DC , 2010)
Provides a checklist to help create a complete and fair feasibility study when deciding whether to restore or replace an older school. Selecting the proper consultant, proper accounting, building codes, public participation, cultural and historic significance, site plan, scheduling, and educational programming, components of the study, and steps in executing the study are addressed. 7p.
Rethinking Schools Capital Investment: The New 3Rs? Refresh, Refurbish, Reuse.
(British Council for School Environments, London , 2010)
Examines the opportunities that refurbishing existing school buildings can offer, breaking the term refurbishment into what the authors call "the new 3Rs." They are: Refresh, which looks at the valuable contribution that good interior design and high quality furniture can make; Refurbishment, which includes more major upgrading of the building fabric and services as well as remodelling of internal spaces; and Reuse, which considers new functions for redundant buildings, whether it is breathing new life into old school buildings or converting existing offices or retail units into new schools. 24p.
References to Journal Articles
Renovating the Old Instead of Building the New
Facility Management; , p22-24 ; May-Jun 2012
For public charter schools, expanding their school facilities or constructing a new school building can be a challenging experience. More than half of all U.S. charter schools are located in dense urban areas, where few buildable sites are available and developable land carries a hefty price tag. One option is to consider the revitalization and repurposing of older building stock. At first blush, planning a school in a building that was never meant for educational uses may seem counter-intuitive. However, the benefits of bringing back older buildings in core urban areas can serve the community in many ways. While their original purpose may be obsolete, comprehensive renovations to an existing structure can both offer a cost-effective alternative to building new and incorporate modern sustainable improvements to prepare older buildings for the future.
Complicated Issues: To Renovate or Build New
American School & Hospital Facility; , p8-10 ; Mar-Apr 2012
Discusses issues to consider when making the difficult decision to renovate or build new
Making the Renovation Decision.
College Planning and Management; , p18-24 ; Nov 2011
Presents three factors that determine if an existing campus facility can see new life and adaption to future use: structural configuration; campus location; and renovation cost.
Renovate, Rebuild, Restore
Peter Gisolfi; Bill Harris; Kevin Havens; Amy Jones; Andy Joseph; and Adele Willson
School Planning and Management; Nov 2011
Five examples of how school districts have tapped the creativity of board members, architects and/or planners to restore, renovate or rebuild some of their local structures to serve as educational, green spaces.
Historic Schools: Restore or Replace?
Daily Journal of Commerce; Aug 25, 2011
As school districts examine options in today’s economic environment for maximizing student capacity, reducing operating costs and accommodating ever-changing educational programming, the question of whether to replace or restore historic schools looms large. Operational costs, programmatic adequacy, repair and modernization costs and more all require consideration in order to chart the most appropriate course. Advises to not decide without first conducting a feasibility study to weigh the pros and cons.
The Value of New: Elementary School Facility Age and Associated Housing Price.
Journal of Housing Research; , p67-86 ; Apr 14, 2011
The purpose of this article is to assess the relationship between elementary school facility age and single-family housing price in the Orlando, Florida metropolitan area. This is a cross-sectional study employing multivariate regression. The model includes facility age as a measure of perceived school quality, along with a series of control variables to assess the relationship between public elementary school facility age and the corresponding housing prices within the associated school attendance zones. This study provides evidence that housing prices are associated with school facility age. The findings show housing prices to be positively correlated with newer and historic school facilities. [Author's abstract]TO ORDER: http://ares.metapress.com/content/xq445wlr4853u007/
Facilities Manager; v26 n6 , p20-25 ; Nov-Dec 2010
Advocates the consideration of higher education facilities as a portfolio of assets, considering the risks and rewards involved with the individual portfolio components when making decisions about maintenance, repair, remodeling, and new construction. Various risk “scoring” schemes are proposed, depending on the mission of the institution, as well as potential hazards related to location and condition.
Truly Green: A Look at the Advantages of Maintaining Historic Campus Buildings.
Brown, Julie; Hillman, Luce
Facilities Manager; v26 n6 , p26-30,32 ; Nov-Dec 2010
Examines the environmental benefits of maintaining historic higher education buildings. Definitions of what constitutes an “historic” building are followed by examples of signature historic buildings that help define their respective campuses. The virtues of older buildings built to withstand the elements and be comfortable without the aid of mechanical HVAC are emphasized, as well as their embodied energy, the availability of LEED certification for existing buildings, and the practicalities and exceptions of maintaining historic buildings.
Find Out If Your School Is Fit for a Retrofit.
Merth, Gail; Durston, Lee
Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce; Jul 22, 2010
Addresses the advantages of pursuing school renovation, rather than new construction, during a weak economy. Savings realized through closing air leaks and water intrusion are also discussed.
Jolicoeur, Mark; Kahl, Melanie
American School and University; v8 n12 , p16,18,19 ; Jul 2010
Promotes the value of retrofitting and renovating older, neighborhood schools. Improved public health from walking to school, lower property taxes for having not built a new school, saved transportation costs, and a strengthened community are cited. The example of Illinois' Lake Forest High School is cited.
Replacement vs. Renovation: The Reincarnation of Hubble Middle School.
School Business Affairs; v76 n4 , p18-22 ; May 2010
Profiles the new Warrenville, Illinois, Hubble Middle School, which replaced an unloved and inconvenient high school to middle school conversion. Placing the school on a new site enabled more students to walk or bike to school. Features that led to LEED Gold certification are described.
Making the Case for Facility Modernization, Renovation, and Repairs.
School Business Affairs; v75 n11 , p29,30 ; Dec 2009
Advises on maintaining a master plan for school facilities, accurate assessments of their condition, cost estimates for addressing deficiencies, and how to avoid the "build-neglect-build" cycle the often overwhelms school districts.
The Long Haul.
American School and University; v81 n12 , p12-15 ; Jul 2009
Advises on determining whether to renovate and remodel a school, or to build a new one. Master planning and a facility assessment should be conducted to determine a buildings condition and adequacy for the educational program. Evaluation of options should consider a variety of issues including cost, disruption to the school year, achieving sustainability, ultimate building life, and energy efficiency.
Renovate or Replace: Planning for the Future in a Recession.
American School and Hospital Facility; v32 n4 , p6,8,9 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Presents questions to be considered when deciding whether to renovate or replace a university facility. Typical reasons for renovating are discussed, as are how to save money when replacement is in order.
Restore, Renovate, or Rebuild?
Schmidt, Edwin; Heckendorn, Matthew; Eddy, Timothy; Havens, Kevin;
School Planning and Management; v48 n3 , p28-30,32-35 ; Mar 2009
Profiles three historic schools that were renovated into effective modern learning environments, as well as one classroom annex that was created in an early 20th-century industrial building.