NCEF Resource List: Library Facilities Design --Higher Education
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Information on the planning, design, construction, and operation of libraries in higher education institutions, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.

References to Books and Other Media

Academic Libraries: 2010 First Look. Adobe PDF
(U.S. Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics, Dec 2011)
Summarizes services, staff, collections, and expenditures of academic libraries in 2- and 4-year, degree-granting postsecondary institutions in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. 59p

Berkeley School of Law Library / Ratcliff
King, Victoria
(Arch Daily, Nov 09, 2011)
Description and photographs of the new 55,000 GSF South Addition to the University of California Berkeley School of Law and Library. Project includes relocation and expansion of the library collections, reconfiguration of circulation systems, and creation of library’s new point of entry along with open spaces for social gathering as well as renovation of the 17 existing outdated classrooms.

The Joe and Rika Mansueto Library: How It Works.
(University of Chicago , May 2011)
The new Joe and Rika Mansueto Library at the University of Chicago houses cutting-edge facilities for preservation and digitization of physical books, as well as a high-density underground storage system with the capacity to hold 3.5 million volume equivalents. With its soaring elliptical dome and prime location on campus, the Mansueto Library’s Grand Reading Room, provides an inviting space for rigorous scholarship in an array of fields.

Library Security Guidelines. Adobe PDF
(Library Administration and Management Association, Security Guidelines Subcommittee of the Buildings and Equipment Section, Safety & Security of Library Buildings Committee, Chicago, IL , Jun 27, 2010)
These guidelines include an introduction and definitions, and sections covering the following topics: 1. Duty to Protect; 2.Foreseeability of Loss; 3. Adequacy of Protection; 4.Fire and Emergency Protection; 5.Physical Barrier and Lock and Key Security; 6. Security Duties and Security Staff; 7. Personal Access and Parcel Control; 8. Security Alarms and Electronics and 9. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design. 29p.

Designing Libraries: Gateway to Better Library Design. The Resource for Library Planning, Design & Building.
(University of Wales Aberystwyth, UK , 2010)
This website provides links to primarily British information on the following topics: architecture and library building databases; awards and prizes; built environment; energy efficiency & sustainable building design; funding; furniture and equipment; furniture suppliers; health, safety, accessibility and security; interior design; libraries; planning, design and construction; preservation and conservation; signs; and technology.

The Once and Future Library. Adobe PDF
(Herman Miller Inc., Zeeland, MI , 2010)
Discusses the evolution of libraries away from information storage toward areas of collaboration. New expectations, types of spaces, experience, and problems are addressed, as are the interdisciplinary collaboration, and the diminishing role of the book along with its traditional library services. 13 references are included. 11p.

Checklist of Library Building Design Considerations.
Sannwald, William
(American Library Association, Chicago, IL , 2009)
Provides librarians, architects, and other members of a building design team with an extensive list of questions to ask during the design phase of a new or remodeled library building project. The book s detailed checklists cover nearly every aspect of library facility space and functions, from site selection and security to shelving and groundbreaking ceremonies. Materials updated since the previous edition include a new chapter on sustainable design; new sections on wireless networking, information commons and media production and presentation labs; updated treatment of special collections and materials handling systems; and, a new section on disaster planning. Includes 151 references. 217p.

Ohio State University's Thompson Library Renovation.
(Ohio State University, 2008)
Website includes a project overview, project teams, design and construction, live views of the Thompson Project, project update newsletter, and FAQs. According to the Library Director, the challenge of this project is to design a library for the 21st century that is beautiful, functional, and flexible enough to bring paper- and digital-based information services together.

ACRL/LAMA Guide for Architects: Guide for Planning Higher Education Library Spaces.
(American Library Association, Chicago, IL , May 2007)
Compiles a number of "guidelines" and links to specific resources as well as to sets of related resources. It is a resource intended for architects and designers in higher education, created in response to frequent inquiries for information about planning academic library buildings. 6p.

Managing Facilities for Results. Optimizing Space for Services.
Bryan, Cheryl
(ALA Editions, Public Library Association , Mar 2007)
Hands-on workbook discusses how to prioritize new services that need space, make plans and identify an appropriate location, present the case to funding authorities, conduct a “gap analysis,” find resources to reallocate and see what new items are needed, and identify building professionals to assist with alterations. It’s supplemented with 23 workforms to support the information and collection process. Three toolkits provide technical assistance on calculating square footage, assessing the message, and complying with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requirements. With examples ranging from small to large small public libraries, the process is equally valuable for school, special, and academic librarians who are faced with similar space repurposing challenges.

Learning Centers, Libraries, and IT: Providing Integrated Support Services in a Learning Commons. Adobe PDF
Dickerson, Carol; Kuerbis, Paul; Stiles, Randy
(Educause, Boulder, CO , Feb 27, 2007)
Describes the process and product of building Colorado College s Learning Commons, the successes and challenges of collaboration, and quantitative and qualitative benefits of the work for the campus community. The space was created within in its library. The collaboration also spawned a group that provides integrated learning support services (ILSS) to the campus, benefiting faculty and students. The Learning Commons and ILSS group are serving as a test bed and a brain trust for ongoing design work for a new library 10p.

Academic Libraries 2004. Adobe PDF
(U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC , Nov 2006)
Summarizes services, staff, collections, and expenditures of academic libraries in degree-granting postsecondary institutions in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The report includes key findings on library visits and expenditures. During a typical week in the fall of 2004, 1.4 million academic library reference transactions were conducted. The nation's 3,700 academic libraries held 982.6 million books; serial backfiles; and other paper materials, including government documents at the end of FY 2004. Academic libraries spent $2.2 billion on information resources during FY 2004. 55p.
Report NO: NCES 2007-301

Peter H. Armacost Library, Eckerd College.
Barber, J. Michael
(Educause, Boulder, CO , 2006)
Profiles this new Florida college library that features 72 carrels wired with power and data connections, eight of which have multimedia stations. Several open lounges and a screened patio serve as casual settings for individual or group study, a 28-seat meeting room permits users to connect with remote sites worldwide, and a 30-person multimedia instruction lab provides multimedia training to augment instruction, research, and writing. The chapter also describes what makes the project successful, how technology is used, design principles, what is unique about the project, and includes one reference. 18.1-18.6p.

Information Commons, Northwestern University.
Davis, Bob; Shorey, Denise
(Educause, Boulder, CO , 2006)
Profiles this Illinois facility that promotes cross-departmental cooperation with a space that provides modular furniture, a group project rooms, a variety of study booth sizes, and staffing support. The chapter describes how these spaces are used, what makes them successful, how technology is used, design principles, and what is unique about them. 30.1-30.7p.

Law Librarians and Library Design, Construction, and Renovation: An Annotated Bibliography and Review of the Literature. Adobe PDF
French, Thomas R.
(American Association of Law Libraries, Chicago, IL , 2006)
Provides a starting point for law librarians, especially those in academic institutions, who want to study what has been done in the recent past, become more aware of issues that they might face, and prepare themselves as they embark on new construction or renovation projects. As a bibliographic essay and annotated bibliography, citations to the literature are provided,2 major works analyzed, and selected Web sites described. The emphasis of this bibliography is on materials published in the library literature during the last ten years. It is organized by topic, including starting and reference sources, to build or not to build, the impact of technology, recent projects, space planning, building design and construction, working with architects, post-occupancy evaluation, and lessons learned. 155p.

Perkins Library, Duke University.
Lombardi, Marilyn; Wall, Thomas
(Educause, Boulder, CO , 2006)
Profiles the expansion and conversion of this outdated, but ideally located library. The concept of the building's transformation from a "gatekeeper" to a "gateway" function that now serves as an "information commons" for the institution. The chapter also describes what makes the project successful, how technology is used, design principles, what is unique about the project, and includes one reference. 17.1-17.10p.

Irving K. Barber Learning Centre, University of British Columbia.
Neame, Simon; Lomas, Cyprien
(Educause, Boulder, CO , 2006)
Profiles this blend of new and refurbished space that serves at a library addition for the University. The building houses collection, meeting, and social spaces, including a lecture hall, classrooms, seminar rooms, cafe. These spaces host programs for the faculty, staff, and general public. The chapter describes the spaces and how they are used, what makes them successful, how technology is used, design principles, and what is unique about them. 38.1-38.8p.

Center for Integrated Learning and Information Technology, Michigan Technological University.
Urbanek, Paul
(Educause, Boulder, CO , 2006)
Profiles this linked library addition and computer science hall that together provide an integrated learning environment, group study rooms, wireless networking, high-tech instructional spaces, and flexible labs. The chapter also describes how these spaces are used, what makes them successful, how technology is used, design principles, and what is unique about the project. 25.1-25.8p.

Law School Facilities Project Showcase.
Kennedy, Jocelyn
(American Bar Association, Nov 28, 2005)
This is a compilation of websites that contain information about new construction or renovation projects on law school campuses across the country, including examples of several law libraries. A brief description of the contents of each website is included. Law schools with no construction projects but who have created impressive virtual tours of their campus are included.

Library as Place: Rethinking Roles, Rethinking Space. Adobe PDF
Bennett, Scott; Demas, Sam; Freeman, Geoffrey; Frischer, Bernard; Oliver, Kathleen; Peterson, Christina
(Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC , Feb 2005)
Presents six essays that consider the effect of online availability of research on the creation and design of library space. The authors consider the role of a library when it no longer needs to be a warehouse of books and when users can obtain information without setting foot in its doors. The authors include librarians, an architect, and a professor of art history and classics. The focus is primarily on research and academic libraries. The essays underscore the central, growing importance of the library as place, or base, for teaching, learning, and research in the digital age. They also encourage active participation of many stakeholders students, faculty, academic officers, information technologists, librarians as well as an experienced architect. 89p.
Report NO: CLIR Pub. No. 129

Planning and Building Libraries
(School of Library, Archival, and Information Studies at the University of British Columbia, 2005)
This site has been created for architects, librarians, design consultants, and students interested in planning and building libraries. It contains information on architects, planning, programming, standards, interiors, lighting, automation, barrier-free design, security, health, and notable libraries.

Daylighting Design in Libraries. Adobe PDF
Dean, Edward
(Libris DESIGN, funded by The Institute of Museum and Library Services , 2005)
The use of natural light in libraries, or daylighting, has traditionally been a desirable building feature and a hallmark of good library design. This discusses daylight basics, as well as general principles of daylighting design in libraries, such as recommended light levels, light distribution, and daylight apertures on roofs and walls. Includes a glossary of daylighting terminology, and further sources of information.

Furniture for Libraries. Adobe PDF
Graham, Carole
(Libris DESIGN, funded by The Institute of Museum and Library Services , 2005)
This discusses the library furniture program, procurement methods, furniture selection, materials selection, furniture types, and furniture installation. Includes a glossary of furniture terminology and further sources of information.

Access to Libraries for Persons with Disabilities: Checklist. IFLA Professional Reports, No. 89 Adobe PDF
Irvall, Birgitta; Nielsen, Gyda Skat
(International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, 2005)
In many countries all over the world, access for patrons with disabilities to use libraries is not yet available or even expected. In order to provide equal opportunities for all library users, it is necessary to look with the eyes of these patron groups at the physical condition of library buildings, as well as library services and programs. This checklist--developed by the IFLA (International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions) Standing Committee of Libraries Serving Disadvantaged Persons (LSDP)--is designed as a practical tool for all types of libraries (public, academic, school, special) to (1) assess existing levels of accessibility to buildings, services, materials and programs and to (2) enhance accessibility where needed. Accessibility needs of library staff are beyond the scope of this document. A list of related resources and useful web sites in English is also included. 18p.

Lighting for Libraries. Adobe PDF
Malman, David
(Libris DESIGN, funded by The Institute of Museum and Library Services , 2005)
This discusses the most important issues in lighting design for modern libraries, including light sources, lighting for bookstacks, lighting in general reading and staff areas, daylighting, exterior lighting, lighting controls, accessibility issues, and good architectural design. Includes further information.

Library Security. Adobe PDF
McComb, Mark
(Libris DESIGN, funded by The Institute of Museum and Library Services., 2005)
The goal of a library security system should be to provide a safe and secure facility for employees, resources, and patrons. At the same time, the system must perform these functions as seamlessly as possible, without interfering with the library's objective of easily and simply providing patron services. This discusses risk assessment; non-electronic physical security; electronic security includeing burglary protection, collection security, access control, and video surveillance; and security policies, procedures, and plans.

Library Interior Finish Materials. Adobe PDF
Moris, Beverly
(Libris DESIGN, funded by The Institute of Museum and Library Services , 2005)
This discusses the library finishes selection process, floor finishes, ceiling finishes, wall finishes, window treatments, new versatile resins, and color. Includes a glossary of terms and references and other sources of information.

Acoustics for Libraries. Adobe PDF
Salter, Charles M.
(Libris DESIGN, funded by The Institute of Museum and Library Services , 2005)
The acoustical design issues for libraries involve the following principal issues discussed in this document: 1) site noise considerations; 2) establishing noise standards for each use space, including limitation of excessive ventilation noise; 3)room acoustics considerations; 4)sound isolation between various use spaces; 5)vibration control for mechanical equipment; and 6)audio/visual system considerations.

Standards for Libraries in Higher Education.
(Association of College and Research Libaries, Jun 2004)
These standards apply to libraries supporting academic programs at institutions of higher education and refer to financial support, space, materials, and staff activities.

Combined Libraries: A Bibliography.
(American Library Association, Fact Sheet Number 20. , Nov 2003)
This is a selected list of articles, books, and web sites covering the subject of combined and joint-use libraries. It covers the two most common types of combined libraries: public libraries combined with school library media centers and public libraries combined with academic libraries.

Libraries Designed for Learning. Adobe PDF
Bennett, Scott
(Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC , Nov 2003)
Reports that libraries designed in the 1990s were not fundamentally different in concept from those designed in the 1960s, in spite of transformative changes in student learning, faculty teaching methods, and information technology in higher education. In part one, two issues are explored: 1) a bias in library space planning that favors the provision of library services at the expense of the social identity of learning and of knowledge, and 2) a fractured responsibility within the campus community for library space planning, which works against planning that is responsive to the institution's fundamental educational goals. Part two presents the research data of the study in a neutral manner to enable readers to appraise these data independently of the interpretative essay. Part three describes the research methodologies used in the study. 169p.

Building Type Basics for College and University Facilities.
Neuman, David J.
(John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ. , 2003)
This book provides in depth information that is needed to initiate a variety of building projects on a diverse range of college and university campuses. Filled with project photographs, diagrams, floor plans, sections, and details, the book combines highly illustrative, specialized material from industry leaders with nuts-and-bolts design guidelines. The nine chapters focus on: (1) "Campus Planning" (David J. Neuman); (2) "The New University and Sustainability: Recent Case Studies" (David Nelson) (3) "Libraries/Learning Centers" (John Ruble); (4) "Academic Buildings and Professional Schools" (Graham S. Wyatt); (5) "Science Teaching and Research Facilities" (Michael C. Lauber); (6) "Housing" (Charles M. Davis); (7) "Athletics and Recreation Facilities" (Roy V. Viklund); (8) "Social and Support Facilities" (James Timberlake and Stephen Kieran); and (9) "Cultural Centers" (Jean Marie Gath and Debra Waters.) 311p.
TO ORDER: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030; Tel: 201-748-6011

Building Libraries and Library Additions. A Selected Annotated Bibliography. ALA Library Fact Sheet Number 11.
(American Library Association, Chicago, IL, 2002)
This fact sheet provides references to tools, resources, and advice to manage a library building project, whether large or small. 10p.

Libraries Designed for Users: A 21st Century Guide.
Lushington, Nolan
(Neal-Schuman Publishers, New York, NY , 2002)
Advises on planning the construction and layout of a tailored to suit the needs of its patrons. The book is organized into four major sections: "Essential Background" (history, trends, and design criteria), "The Planning Process," "Planning for Specific Functions," and "Library Design Sources." Numerous illustrations of library plans and equipment show a variety of solutions to design questions. 263p.

Surveying User Activity as a Tool for Space Planning in an Academic Library. Adobe PDF
Silver, Susan L.; Nickel, Lisa T.
(University of South Florida , 2002)
University libraries, and specifically the University of South Florida (USF) Library, are used for many different purposes that go beyond traditional library services. Activities users engage in while in the library should factor into decisions regarding the allocation of library space or expenditure of resources. The results of this survey illustrate how patrons are using the USF Library building on a daily basis. The anonymous, self-administered exit survey was administered for one week during two separate semesters. Users exiting the library building were given the opportunity to fill out a survey form. Data collected through this questionnaire, along with daily library gate counts, were analyzed to determine overall use patterns of the library facility and use patterns by specific groups of patrons (faculty, students, staff, and non-USF users). A copy of the questionnaire is appended. 12p.

Building Blocks for Planning Functional Library Space.
(Scarecrow Press; ALA Library Adminstration and Management Association, Building and Equipment Section Facilities Committee, Chicago, IL. , 2001)
Provides detailed formulas to help calculate the square footage required for every conceivable element of a library building. Includes specifications for computer workstations, and visual representations of complex configurations.

Academic Libraries as High-Tech Gateways: A Guide to Design & Space Decisions. Second Edition.
Bazillion, Richard J.; Braun, Connie L.
(American Library Association, Chicago, Illinois , 2001)
This book provides tools that can be used for planning and building an academic library space that streamlines access to information. The book explains how to incorporate the latest innovations in academic library facility design; how to make the facility flexible for changing information technology needs; and how to balance design, comfort, and physical space demands. Appendices provide information on ATM networking and building design, and electronic teaching and learning facilities. 251p.

Daylighting in Cambridge Libraries: Shifting Focus over Time. Adobe PDF
Datta, Ayona
(Society of Building Science Educators, , 2001)
Explores the various transformations of Cambridge libraries over the ages focusing mainly on the changing role of daylighting in library design. The libraries have been categorized chronologically into four different groups: Medieval libraries, libraries between 16th century and Reformation, libraries between Reformation and 19th century, and modern libraries. The study shows that with the shift toward individual styles in modern libraries, the architect has opened up enormous possibilities for design innovations in daylighting. The particular challenge of modern library design is to manipulate natural light for reading and book storage while avoiding reflections on the VDU. Includes 16 references. 7p.

Library Off-Site Shelving: Guide for High-Density Facilities.
Nitecki, Danuta A., Ed.; Kendrick, Curtis L., Ed.
(Libraries Unlimited, Inc., 2001)
This collection of essays addresses the planning, construction, and operating issues relating to high-density library shelving facilities. The volume covers essential topics that address issues relating to the building, its operations, and serving the collections. It begins with an introduction by the volume's editors, "The Paradox and Politics of Off-Site Shelving." The next section presents five case studies discussing governance issues and cost models: "The Harvard Depository: Client-Owner Model" (Barbara Graham); "Milton S. Eisenhower Library of Johns Hopkins University" (Deborah Slingluff); "Cheaper by the (Almost Half) Dozen: The Ohio State-Wide Remote Storage System" (David F. Kohl); "The Washington Research Library Consortium (WRLC)" (Lizanne Payne); and "The Library of Congress" (Steven J. Herman). Design and construction issues are then discussed in two chapters: "Design and Construction Process: An Architect's Perspective" (Bruce M. Scott); and "What to Build" (Ron Lane and Reese Dill). Preservation issues are addressed in "The Preservation Environment" (Paul Conway), followed by two case studies on material selection issues, "A Harvard Experience" (Kenneth E. Carpenter and Jeffrey L. Horrell) and "The Yale University Libraries Experience" (Margaret K. Powell). The next section discusses transferring items: "Preparing for Transfer" (Lee Anne George); and "Transportation and Logistics" (Donald G. Kelsey and Curtis L. Kendrick). The remaining four chapters are: Systems - "Computer Systems" (Joel J. Felber); Accessioning and Managing Issues - "Managing a Remote Storage Facility" (June L. DeWeese); Services - "Access to Collections" (Bruce Hulse); Special Collections - "Special Collections" (Mary C. LaFogg and Christine Weideman); and Bibliography - "Citations and Web Sites" (Helen R. Goldstein). (Includes an index. Contains 103 references.) 241p.

Checklist of Library Building Design Considerations. Fourth Edition.
Sannwald, William W.
(Library Administration and Management Association, Chicago, IL , 2001)
This checklist is designed to provide librarians, architects, and other members of a building design team with a list of 1,500 questions to ask during the design phase of a new or remodeled library building project. The book's detailed checklists cover nearly every aspect of library facility space and functions, from site selection and security to shelving and groundbreaking ceremonies. The completely revised and updated fourth edition addresses design and architectural changes brought about by computer workstations and networks and includes a section on Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requirements. The "Checklist" is an essential tool for use during the various design process stages, including needs assessment and funding agency presentation preparations. 184p.

The Academic Library in the 21st Century - What Need for a Physical Place?
King, Helen
(In: Virtual Libraries: Virtual Communities: International Association of Technological University Libraries (IATUL) Conference, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 2000)
In May 2000, a survey of current academic library building activities in Australia and New Zealand was undertaken. The libraries were asked to identify current or planned building projects, the drivers of the projects (i.e., why they were being undertaken), assumptions about the future of academic libraries underlying the planning, and what were seen as the key innovations in the new facility. The broad purpose of the survey was to identify any significant new trends that were emerging in the physical planning of academic libraries. The survey also canvassed comments from respondents on the challenges they faced in negotiating support for new facilities. Future models for academic libraries were examined, including "Information Commons," the integrated facility, the learning center, and the decentralized model.

Planning Academic and Research Library Buildings. Third Edition.
Leighton, Philip D.; Weber, David C.
(American Library Association, Chicago, Illinois , 2000)
This book presents the processes involved in planning, programming, designing, and constructing academic library buildings. Chapters are arranged by topic in the general chronological order in which most projects proceed. Although this volume is concerned with the planning of academic libraries, there are many similarities with the planning of research library buildings that are not part of academic institutions. Chapters include: (1) "Library Requirements and the Planning Process"; (2) "The Alternatives to a New Library Building"; (3) "Planning Preliminaries"; (4) "The Planning Team, with Architect and Consultants"; (5) "General Programming"; (6) "Programming: Housing the Collections"; (7) "Programming: Accommodations for Readers and Collections"; (8) "Programming: Space for Staff and General Purposes"; (9) "Budgeting and Expense Control"; (10) "Building Additions and Renovations"; (11) "Master Planning and Siting"; (12) "Schematic Considerations"; (13) "Design Development"; (14) "Construction Documents"; (15) "Bidding, Business Concerns, and Construction"; and (16) "Activation." 887p.
TO ORDER: American Library Association, 50 East Huron St., Chicago, IL 60611; Toll free: 800-545-2433

Designing Better Libraries: Selecting and Working with Building Professionals
McCarthy, Richard
(Highsmith Press, Fort Atkinson, WI, 2000)
The author explains how to collaborate with an architect and covers site selection, remodeling, interior design, and accessiblity improvements. Includes recent changes in standards and procedures in the building professions, and checklists to keep projects on target. 124p.
TO ORDER: Highsmith Press, POB 800, Fort Atkinson, WI 53538

Countdown to a New Library: Managing the Building Project.
Woodward, Jeannette
(American Library Association, Chicago, IL, 2000)
This book outlines information needed to embark on a library building project, serving as an overview of the entire process, not merely the librarian's traditional role. The book begins by discussing ways librarians can prepare themselves and their staff to function effectively in the midst of a building project. Chapter 2 focuses on the architects, contractors, and engineers, explains various project delivery systems, and delves into contract and liability considerations. Discussions of recent library developments and future prospects introduce chapter 3. The chapter also covers the tasks of identifying a site and determining space needs, and it examines the unique planning considerations of a renovation or remodeling project. Chapter 4 gets into the "nuts and bolts" of a major construction project by focusing on the building shell: roof, atrium, and entrance. Requirements of stand-alone libraries as well as those for multi-use facilities are presented. Environmental and human needs are the subject of chapter 5. Topics include the ways humans interact with their buildings and the conditions under which they are most comfortable and most productive. This chapter also provides information about design considerations for lighting-both natural and artificial-energy efficiency for new and older buildings, and compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act. Chapter 6 is devoted to planning for information technology. The chapter also discusses building infrastructures, including electrical service and the equally high-tech system of climate control. Chapter 7 focuses on security and safety, considering the "what ifs" that could threaten the building as well as library users and staff. Chapter 8 looks at considerations involved in selecting the floor materials, wall coverings, and furnishings. Cleaning and maintenance, custom furniture, ergonomics, computer workstations, and shelving issues are all considered. Chapter 9 addresses the concerns and issues that are unique to library services during a building renovation. Finally, chapter 10 focuses on moving the collection and getting settled. Throughout the book are "Tips and Tales" sections, advice and stories from librarians and archivists who are veterans of a variety of building projects. 205p
TO ORDER: American Library Association, 155 North Wacker Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60606-1719 Tel: 800-545-2433, press 7

Trust No One: Protecting Your New Media Facility Construction From Architectural and Engineering SNAFUS. Adobe PDF
Gutenko, Gregory
(Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada (AMTEC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. , Jun 09, 1999)
This short presentation details typical construction errors that occurred during the building of new media laboratories at the University of Missouri at Kansas City. Also defined are the steps and guidelines that need to be taken to protect specialized media facility designs and specifications -- developed by knowledgeable technical staff and consultants -- from compromise or deletion by general project architects, engineers, and contractors. 7p.

Building a Scholarly Communications Center: Modeling the Rutgers Experience.
Collins, Boyd
(American Library Association, Chicago, Illinois , 1999)
The scholarly communication center is a comprehensive, technologically rich facility that provides users with access to technology, communications networks, information, and library materials within and beyond the library walls. Relating the experiences of planning the Scholarly Recallication Center at the New Brunswick campus of Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, this book identifies the issues, potential problems, and solutions involved in planning and developing such a center. Chapters include: 1) "Overview"; 2) "Planning and Implementation"; 3)"Budget and Fund-Raising"; 4) "Teleconference Lecture Hall: The SCC's Feature Presentation"; 5) "The Information Handling Laboratory"; 6) "Humanities and Social Sciences Data Center: Building a Laboratory for a Virtual Future"; 7) "Technology Checklist and Specifications"; 8) "Day 1: Connecting to the Academic Community and Beyond"; 9) "Implications of the SCC for Research and Instruction: Charting Unknown Territory"; and 10) "Closing One Chapter and Opening the Next. 161p.

Future Design and Organization of Educational Libraries. Final Report. Adobe PDF
(Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Programme on Educational Building, Paris, France , 1998)
A meeting of 28 experts from 16 countries was convened to better understand trends in tertiary libraries and the effect of these trends on the demand, organization, and design of libraries. This document represents the final report from the meeting covering the new ways of learning and teaching that may affect libraries; information technology and communications; library management; and library facility planning, design, and management. (Contains 31 references.) 29p.

Arguments for Library Centralisation in the Digital Era
Dekeyser, Raf
(Programme on Educational Building, OECD Experts' Meeting on Libraries and Resource Centres for Tertiary Education, Paris, France , Mar 09, 1998)
The library system at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) is decentralized and scattered throughout the multiple building campus, which itself is spread over the town of Leuven. This paper presents an overview of a discussion at the university leading to the construction of a new central library for its Exact Sciences campus. Arguments are presented both in defense of a continuation of the decentralized library and those that were brought forward in favor of a centralized library. Also provided are some guidelines for the library's construction when and if approval was made. 5p.

A Joint Academic/Public Library: Bringing the Mountain to Mohammed
Humphreys, Judy; Cooper, Malcolm
(Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Experts' Meeting on Libraries and Resource Centres for Tertiary Education, Paris, France , Mar 09, 1998)
A joint-use academic/public library has been established by the University of Southern Queensland (Australia), in a partnership with the Hervey Bay City Council, to fulfill the school's commitment to bringing tertiary education to the region. This report examines this unique relationship (one of only three like it in the world) from its development and funding to the lessons learned from the experience. Described are the university's role in the surrounding community as a regional institution for higher education, the physical and intellectual accesses to electronic resources, the impact of information technology and communications on building design and facility management, and the benefits derived from its development. Final sections examine the Hervey Bay Library model as a guide for developing similar ventures. 24p.

Special Planning for Special Spaces. Selected Articles from "Planning for Higher Education." Adobe PDF
Rickes, Persis, Ed.
(Society for College and University Planning, Ann Arbor, MI , 1997)
Presents articles from the journal "Planning for Higher Education" organized around four core spaces commonly found on a college or university campus: cultural spaces, instructional spaces, student spaces, and outdoor spaces. Each article contains references. 143p.

Campus Architecture: Building in the Groves of Academe.
Dober, Richard P.
(McGraw-Hill, New York, NY , 1996)
This book describes, defines, and documents campus architectural designs. The book's subjects include how computerized libraries, changing physical education and recreational needs, and new alternative campus housing affect design; techniques of design rehabilitation, repair, and renovation of existing campuses; design strategies for instructional buildings, research facilities, libraries and information centers, sports facilities, and campus housing; advice for integrating environmental, conservation, and aesthetic considerations within the same project; and how to provide long-term durability and economy in operations and meet project and construction budget targets. Further, the book presents fully illustrated case studies of the best in recent campus designs and redesigns, along with in-depth analyses of why these facilities work so well and how they achieve their goals. 258p.
TO ORDER: McGraw-Hill, 11 W. 19th St., New York, NY 10011.

Planning Library Interiors. The Selection of Furnishings for the 21st Century. Revised Edition.
Brown, Carol R.
(Oryx Press, Phoenix, AZ , 1995)
The acquisition of library furniture and shelving includes the following steps: look at the existing library space to determine which furnishings work effectively and which ones do not; study specific service and collection plans and consider how they relate to the library interior; determine the purpose of the new furnishings; consider what furnishings can fulfill the requirements already determined; and make responsible selections and purchase the furnishings. This second edition of "Selecting Library Furniture: A Guide for Librarians, Designers, and Architects," has been completely reorganized and rewritten and includes changes that have occurred in libraries such as compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act and new technologies that require special equipment. The book contains the following 11 chapters: (1) Library Planning and the Furniture Selection Process; (2) Quality Construction and Issues in Furniture Selection; (3) Shelving; (4) Service Desks; (5) Chairs; (6) Tables, Carrels, and Computer Workstations; (7) Planning and Selecting Furnishings for Children's Areas; (8) Furniture for Work Areas; (9) Sign Systems and Display; (10) The Bid Process; and (11) The Library Furniture Market. 176p.

Planning Additions to Academic Library Buildings: A Seamless Approach.
Hawthorne, Pat; Martin, Ron
(American Library Association, Chicago, IL , 1995)
Presents three case studies that illustrate how library staffs and architectural design teams can work together to plan additions that are successful solutions to building problems. The case studies cover the experiences of Hope College, Western Maryland College, and the University of Washington. Highlights include cooperation among architects, campus planners, consultants, and librarians; the library planning committee; design elements and the construction processes; a new name and identity; functional changes; floor plan descriptions; study spaces; the library presence and environment; campus community feedback; space shortages; funding; service for people with disabilities; and advice. Eighteen figures present floor plans. Appendices provide brief descriptions of poster sessions from eight university libraries, a checklist of additions to academic library buildings, library contacts and architects, and a bibliography of related publications. 76p.
TO ORDER: American Library Association, 155 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60606; Toll free: 800-545-2433

Association of College & Research Libraries Guidelines for the Preparation of Policies on Library Access.
(Association of College & Research Libraries, Chicago, IL, 1992)
This document is written to assist individual libraries in addressing practical questions relating to access. It is intended to serve as a guideline or checklist for the development of individual policies; it includes the range of issues to be considered. It is not an outline of standards. The document is divided into the following sections: Introduction, Access to Facilities, Bibliographic Access, Collection Management, Preservation, Access to Services.

How Libraries Must Comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Foos, Donald D., Comp.; Pack, Nancy C., Comp.
(Oryx Press, Phoenix, AZ, 1992)
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) directs public and private libraries--academic, public, school, and special--to provide services to people with disabilities that are equal to services provided to citizens without disabilities. Six chapters in this book provide information to help library administrators and staff to fully understand the applications of the law and its regulations as they relate to their respective library situations. 168p.
TO ORDER: Oryx Press, 4041 North Central at Indian School Road, Phoenix, AZ 85012-3397

Planning Library Facilities: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography
Stephenson, Mary Sue
(Scarecrow Press, Lanham, MD, 1990)
Bibliography on the planning, design and implementation of a new library facility or the renovation of an existing one, consisting of 800 annotated entries covering 1970-88. This bibliography is arranged by type of library and by particular facility topics. 259p.
TO ORDER: Scarecrow Press, 4720 Boston Way, Lanham, MD 20706. Tel: 301-459-3366.

The Economics of Book Storage in College and University Libraries.
Ellsworth, Ralph
(The Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, NJ , 1969)
Helps analyze the cost-effectiveness of housing little-used books away from the regular bookstacks, and the relationship of cost to to other factors in the problem of storage of rapidly expanding book collections. 135p.

Bricks and Mortarboards. A Report on College Planning and Building. Adobe PDF
(Educational Facilities Laboratories, New York, NY , 1966)
Presents discussions on the current status of the college classroom, laboratory, library, dormitory, and campus planning. Chapters by various authors emphasize that the new classroom buildings and lecture halls should enable fewer teachers to teach more students, which can be achieved only in large teaching areas or in small areas linked electronically; emphasize flexibility that can be attained by nonpermanent partitions and exposed, well-mounted utility feed lines; discuss problems libraries face in housing ever-expanding collections and accommodating the new technologies that have become part of the modern library; report on house plan, core plans, and other arrangements which provide more pleasant physical surroundings and further educational objectives by providing live or electronic aids to learning, and focus on theaters, museums, recital halls, health centers, college unions, and research facilities.

References to Journal Articles

New Landmark Libraries 2012: Academic Library Winners and Honorable Mentions
Schaper, Louise
Library Journal; Jun 28, 2012
List of iconic academic library buildings, the 2012 New Landmark Library Winners, includes; 1. Goucher Athenaeum, Goucher College, Baltimore. Architect: RMJM/Hillier 2. Berkeley Law Library, University of California. Architect: Ratcliff Architects 3. William Oxley Thompson Memorial Library, Ohio State University, Columbus. Architect: Acock Associates Architects 4. South Mountain Community Library, Phoenix. Architect: richärd+bauer architecture 5. Lemieux Library and McGoldrick Learning Commons, Seattle University. Architect: Pfeiffer Partners Architects, Inc.

Designing an Academic Library as a Place and a Space
Bostwick, Sharon L.; Irwin, Bryan
Educational Facility Planner; v46 n1 , p8-12 ; Jun 2012
Describes the expansion and renovation project for the library at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, including a robotic storage system.

Four More Trends in Higher-Education Facilities
Fabris, Peter
Building Design + Construction; May 2012
Examines trends in college buildings focusing on new classroom designs, flexible space, collaboration areas, and the evolving role of the university library.

Colorado State’s 24-hour Study Cube Opens on Campus
Simmons, Kate
Rocky Mountain Collegian; Apr 28, 2012
Describes a 24/7 study space for students on the campus of Colorado State University, that is part of a $16.8 million library renovation project. The Study Cube has flexible furniture, solar panels, and wireless internet. Photometric glass allows the windows to darken according to the light levels outside.

Student Center is Catalyst for Sustainability at Central New Mexico Community College
Lichtenberger, Steven
School Construction News; , p17-18 ; Mar 2012
Describes new student center and library on the main campus of Albuquerque's community college that contains a variety of sustainable features and student-oriented spaces.

KAUST Academic Library
Architype Source; Feb 2012
Photographs, description, and credits for the 140,000-square-foot King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Academic Library in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, designed by HOK. KAUST was certified as the largest LEED Platinum project in the world. The library design de-emphasizes the library as a repository of books while emphasizing the social dimensions of learning and access to knowledge through technology.

Changes in Academic Library Space: A Case Study at the University of New South Wales
Bailin, Kylie
Australian Academic & Research Libraries; v42 n4 , p342-359 ; Dec 2011
As the digital environment continues to become more pervasive in our lives, academic libraries have had to adapt to ensure that services remain relevant to users' needs. Research was conducted to examine the 2009-2011 refurbishment at the University of New South Wales (UNSW) Library and evaluate its success in meeting users' needs in terms of space and place, while also suggesting areas for improvement. The investigation used structured interviews to gauge students' satisfaction with the Library's space and/or facilities. Findings are explored under the following themes: collaborative study; individual study; spatial design; social space; technology; noise levels; and Help Zone. This research shows that users still require a physical space, and that the Library is highly valued as a place to congregate and study as it offers a welcoming and well designed environment with modern facilities. [Author's abstract]

Graduate Student Space and Service Needs: A Recommendation for a Cross-Campus Solution
Rempel, Hannah Gascho; Hussong-Christian, Uta; Mellinger, Margaret
Journal of Academic Librarianship; v37 n6 , p480-487 ; Dec 2011
Focus group methodology was used to investigate graduate students' cross-campus technology, space and service needs. Although the library provides valued services and spaces, graduate students need enhanced and more equitable support for their roles as teachers and scholars. Librarians can provide leadership and act as advocates for graduate student needs in partnership with other campus stakeholders.

Facility Focus: Libraries/Learning Commons.
College Planning and Management; v14 n7 , p64,65 ; Jul 2011
Profiles library renovations and additions at Ohio State University and Atlanta University. Expanded user spaces and hours have established these libraries as campus social as well as knowledge centers.

William Oxley Thompson Memorial Library.
Architectural Record; Mar 2011
Profiles this Ohio State University library addition, which unites and harmonizes three buildings, including the original 1913 Beaux Arts style library.

Library Design Showcase 2011
Landgraf, Greg
American Libraries; Mar 2011
Profiles the 2011 American Library Association Library Design Showcase winners, including libraries at the University of Wyoming, University of Akron, Seattle University, Marquette University, Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind, and Robert F. Kennedy Community Schools in Los Angeles. Discusses the award winners within the context of enhanced functionality, choice of construction materials, sustainable construction, navigation and color, children's spaces, renovations, design details, outdoor connections, and community living rooms.

Musashino Art University Museum and Library, Tokyo
Pollock, Naomi
Architectural Record; v199 n3 , p60-67 ; Mar 2011
Profiles this library consisting of concentric rings of bookshelves, with breaks to improve views and assist in wayfinding.

Case Study: California State University Library.
Vigue, Beverly
Doors and Hardware; v75 n3 , p20-22 ; Mar 2011
Profiles this higher education library in Monterrey, focusing on the sophisticated access control and fire protection system of a building that includes classrooms, library stacks, and social areas.

A Truly Bookless Library.
Kolowich, Steve
Education Digest; v76 n5 , p35-36 ; Jan 2011
This article discusses the fact that more and more libraries are devoting less space to printed books, and are thus reimagining the physical space of the library. Profiles the University of Texas at San Antonio’s Applied Engineering and Technology Library.

Spinning Straw into Gold: A Community College Library's Twenty First Century Transformation.
McKay, Devin
Community & Junior College Libraries; v17 n1 , p1-6 ; 2011
This article describes a library renovation project in a community college that involved using existing space and reorganizing it to support the way students learn both individually and collaboratively. The article also looks at the importance of the academic library as place.

Studying Space: Improving Space Planning with User Studies.
Pierard, Cindy; Lee, Norice
Journal of Access Services; v8 n4 , p190-207 ; 2011
How can libraries best assess and improve user space, even if they are not in a position to undertake new construction or a major renovation? Staff at New Mexico State University used a variety of ethnographic methods to learn how our spaces were being used as well as what our users considered to be ideal library space. Our findings helped us make high-impact changes to public spaces while staying within a modest budget and a tight timeline. We used many of the same methods after our redesigns to evaluate our efforts and plan for future improvements. [Authors' abstract]

Fire Plans.
Power, June
Journal of Access Services; v8 n1 , p37-41 ; Jan 2011
Many libraries have disaster recovery plans, but not all have prevention and action plans to prepare for an emergency in advance. This article presents the author's review of the prevention and action plans of several libraries: (1) Evergreen State College; (2) Interlochen Public Library; (3) University of Maryland, Baltimore-Marshall Law Library; (4) University of North Carolina Wilmington Randall Library; (5) Vanderbilt Central Library; (6) Bay County Library System; (7) Wayne State Universities Library; (8) Central University Libraries-Fondren Library Center; and (9) University of Southampton.

Case Study Revisit: Loyal University Information Commons.
Green Source; v5 n6 , p103 ; Nov-Dec 2010
Offers a commissioning review of this notable building. The highly-glazed facility presented problems with automated operable window actuators and gaskets, and some of the 300 original desktop computers have been removed, since most students bring laptops, and the desktops were on all the time, creating significant plug loads. Nonetheless, the building has proved to be the most students' favorite building on campus.

Down the Hatch.
Schaffhauser, Dian
Campus Technology; v24 n3 , p24-29 ; Nov 2010
Discusses a trend toward moving higher education library IT services into the university-wide IT functions. While this is typically done for budgetary reasons, librarians fear losing control over their IT services and their ability to respond quickly to patron needs. Advantages and disadvantages of consolidation are discussed.

Libraries/Media Centers.
American School and University; v82 n13 , p100-106 ; Aug 2010
Profiles seven winning library and media center projects in the 2010 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors Showcase. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.

Embracing Change.
Tennity, Mike
American School and University; v82 n13 , p130-133 ; Aug 2010
Reviews the responsive nature of academic library architecture over the last two centuries, noting that libraries have been at the forefront of computerization and continue to provide centralized access to online resources, as well as spaces for collaborative study. Advice on positioning the library as a facility for the future is included.

Libraries with a Future: How Are Academic Library Usage and Green Demands Changing Building Designs?
College and Research Libraries; v71 n4 , p348-260 ; Jul 2010
Support for the modular system of building construction, touted in the second half of the 20th century as the best basis for academic library building design, appears to be waning. A study of "green" libraries in 2008 revealed that not only has energy conservation become important, but that spaces designed for users rather than books have become paramount. The modular system worked particularly well for housing ever-expanding book collections, but collection growth is no longer a practical goal. Users want and need a greater variety of spaces, for which purpose-built rooms are a better choice.

Inside Out.
Gonchar, Joann
Architectural Record; v198 n6 , p148-155 ; Jun 2010
Profiles Massachusetts Institute of Technology's new Media Lab, noting the design of its distinctive exterior, atrium, and exterior screens. Photographs, plans, and a list of project participants accompany the text.

The Modernization of Signs: A Library Leads the Way to Networked Digital Signage.
Computers in Libraries; v30 n3 , p36-38 ; Apr 2010
The authors share how they were able to effectively use the digital signs found in stores, hospitals, businesses, and on billboards in an educational setting that included but was not limited to Winona State University's Krueger Library. The authors conclude that the digital signage provides the library and the entire campus with a dynamic, centralized mechanism for communicating.

Efficiency By the Book. Adobe PDF
McLauchlan, Donald; Lavan, David
High Performing Buildings; , p6-10 ; Spring 2010
Profiles Loyola University Chicago's Richard J. Klarchek Information Commons Building. The abundant high performance features of this bookless learning commons are detailed in text, diagrams, and charts.

Concrete Knowledge: Transforming the Ohio State University Library.
Metz, Stephen
Construction Specifier; v63 n1 , p20-24,26-29 ; Jan 2010
Describes the demise of the 1913 Ohio State University Library's aesthetics and functionality through successive additions and renovations, and then details the 2009 renovation that removed unsightly additions, created a dramatic atrium, added high-efficiency systems, and increased daylighting.

The Learning Center. Adobe PDF
Wernick, Laura
Educational Facility Planner; v44 n4 , p22-25 ; 2010
Describes and provides examples of the transformation of libraries from repositories of information to learning centers that provide not only access to information but also instruction on finding and accessing information. The design and use of space are key ingredients to this transformation.

12 Major Trends in Library Design.
Sens, Thomas
Building Design and Construction; v50 n12 , p38-42 ; Dec 2009
Discusses recent trends in academic library design, noting increased, rather than decreased, use since the advent of the Internet. This is largely due to a desire for social and collaborative learning space. The trends reflect this, focusing on space programming, flexibility, and technology integration.

A Space to Collaborate.
Raths, David
Campus Technology; v23 n3 , p18,20,21 ; Nov 2009
Profiles new three new university libraries to illustrate the trend toward providing numerous configurations of technology-rich collaborative spaces.

Libraries/Media Centers.
American School and University; v81 n13 , p101-106 ; Aug 2009
Profiles six library/media center projects selected for the 2009 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors Showcase. The projects were chosen for their ability to integrate current and future technology, innovative use of materials, life-cycle cost versus first cost, timelessness, safety and security, clarity of design concept, and accommodation of an enhanced educational mission. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.

Loyola's Information Commons: Designed with Nature in Mind.
McLaughlin, Mark
Facility Management Journal; v19 n4 , p58,60,61 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Reviews the extensive sustainability features of Chicago’s Loyola University Information Commons. These include a double-skin façade that manages heat flow and natural ventilation, abundant daylighting, recycled materials, and a sophisticated radiant heating system. The building yields a more than 50% energy savings over conventional buildings of its size.

UC Berkeley School of Law's Library Addition Sits Lightly and Gives Back What it Takes.
Mortice, Zach
AIArchitect; Jan 23, 2009
Profiles this addition which overtook a green space, but compensated for that with most of its floor space underground, a rooftop garden, and transparent exterior.

Off the Shelf: High-Tech Library ushers in the Digital Age at University of Nevada. Adobe PDF
Alfonso, Alex
School Construction News; v12 n1 , p16-18 ; Jan-Feb 2009
Profiles the new library at the University of Nevada, featuring an advanced automated book retrieval and reshelving system that adapts to the frequency of use, study rooms with plasma screens, wireless network, a cafe, and daylighting.

Creating Learning Spaces through Collaboration: How One Library Refined Its Approach.
Fox, Robert; Stuart, Crit
Educause Quarterly; v32 n1 ; 2009
Describes how the Georgia Tech Library has undergone two learning space renovations in the past six years, with a third in 2009. The authors review how the three renovation projects were planned, executed, and assessed, with particular emphasis on the following techniques: 1) Engage users in all aspects of learning space creation. 2) Incorporate flexibilities into the built spaces to foster experimentation. 3) Avoid mimicking others space solutions without first incorporating your own user- centered findings. 4) Build in a continuous assessment program to inform upgrades and future projects.

The Serious Matter of Informal Learning.
Jamieson, Peter
Planning for Higher Education; v37 n2 , p18-25 ; Jan 2009
Traces the development of three key types of "learning centers" intended as the university's primary support for informal learning, and raises questions about the limitations of this approach to campus development. These locations are the library, the information commons, and the learning commons. The Saltire Center learning commons at Glasgow Caledonian University is featured, and 20 references are included.

For Today and Tomorrow.
Wiens, Janet
College Planning and Management; v11 n12 , p23-25 ; Dec 2008
Profiles Santa Clara University's new facility that combines library, media, and collaborative learning spaces. Twelve years of planning and design created a multi-use facility that features an automated book retrieval system, sophisticated and networked audiovisual systems, and sustainable design.

Richard J. Klarchek Information Commons, Loyola University.
Architectural Record; Nov 2008
Profiles this library facility that features a radiant slab, a double-glazed atrium, and operable windows to yield energy savings of 50% over typical code-compliant facilities. Plans, photographs, building statistics, and a list of project participants are included.

Wandering Eyes and Security. Adobe PDF
Jahan, Youngmin; Verbitski, Christine
School Construction News; v11 n7 , p12,13 ; Nov 2008
Discusses library security in light of the expanding array of spaces and services that libraries provide. Glass interior walls improve supervision, and security tags on materials are recommended, especially in situations where there is more than one entrance to a library.

After $74-million and Counting, Frank Gehry's Library Opens at Princeton.
Carlson, Scott
The Chronicle of Higher Education; v55 n4 , pA13 ; Sep 19, 2008
Profiles this high-profile new science library that was beset by construction delays, scandals, and extraordinary construction costs.

A New Link to Learning. Adobe PDF
Bandy, Brent
Modern Steel Construction; v48 n9 , p29-31 ; Sep 2008
Reviews the construction of an expansion to the pedestrian bridge connecting the two buildings comprising Georgia State University s library, with the intention of making the two buildings feel like one.

Libraries/Media Centers.
American School and University; v80 n13 , p116-123 ; Aug 2008
Profiles eight public school and higher education libraries that were recognized in the American School and University Magazine's Educational Interiors Showcase. The projects were selected for their sustainability, character, long-term appropriateness of materials and colors, innovation, adaptability, collaborative spaces, and safety. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.

Reaching Consensus.
Jahan, Youngmin
American School and University; v80 n13 , p158-163 ; Aug 2008
Advises on how to coordinate constituent interests when building a new academic library. Meeting plans and exercises, architect selection, master planning, site selection, and massing are covered.

Naturally Cool Enclosure.
Barista, Dave
Building Design and Construction; v49 n8 , p51,52,54,56,58 ; Jun 2008
Profiles Loyola University Chicago's glass-clad digital library, which preserved expansive views of adjacent lake Michigan with a relatively transparent structure. The challenge of heating and cooling such a building was met with a sophisticated combination of passive climate control, natural ventilation, and mechanical heating and cooling.

Connecting at the Library.
Pavlovsky, Taras; Lucker, Jay; Barolak, Ann
Business Officer; v41 n12 ; Jun 2008
Explores the many questions that arise regarding academic libraries in an age of electronic media; illustrate those qualities and attributes students perceive as most valuable in a collegiate library building; and describe the planning process, final design, and some before-and- after analysis for The College of New Jersey s successful new library building. Topics covered include the library as place, student usage patterns, indicators of effectiveness, organizing the library, and predicting and managing collection growth.

The Library Morphs.
Waters, John
Campus Technology; v21 n8 , p52-54,56,58 ; Apr 2008
Profiles the conversion of several higher education libraries into flexible "learning commons." Changes include reduced book stack areas and transfer of some books offsite, acquisition of highly flexible furnishings that accommodate personal technology devices, and equipping of group study rooms with audiovisual equipment.

U.S. Academic Libraries: Today's Learning Commons Model. Adobe PDF
McMullen, Susan
PEB Exchange; 2008/1 ; Feb 2008
Advises on planning a "learning commons" library, addressing the planning process and the spaces that support individual and group learning, presentation, technology, meetings, and socializing.

Learning Curve: Adapting Library Workspaces. Adobe PDF
Haug, James
Educause Review; v31 n4 , p70-74 ; Jan-Feb 2008
Presents a five-phase research study that examined a newly configured informal learning environment that integrates students with learning activities and technology Longwood University library. The study aimed to ascertain if students liked the new learning spaces and what other changes would maximize learning in the new library spaces. Along with the overall information collected, this study also gathered insightful student suggestions, recommendations, and observations about how to enhance collaborative learning experiences. Includes 11 references.

Tama Art University Library.
Pollock, Naomi
Architectural Record; v196 n1 , p88-93 ; Jan 2008
Profiles this new art university library, whose notable and innovative concrete arches emulate caves.

University of Florida, Library West Addition/Remodeling.
Design Cost Data; v51 n6 , p54,55 ; Nov-Dec 2007
Profiles this LEED Gold certified library renovation and extension utilizing a "cyber cafe" seating plan, compact mobile shelving, and newly opened spaces within the renovated portion. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, floor plans, and photographs are included.

Pontifical Lateran University.
Bennett, Paul
Architectural Record; v195 n10 , p126-131 ; Oct 2007
Profiles this new library addition in Rome, Italy, which provides a soaring, light-filled space on a very small site.

The Puzzle Box.
Chodikoff, Ian
Canadian Architect; v52 n10 , p31-34 ; Oct 2007
Profiles the new library at the University of Toronto at Mississauga. The modernist and Japanese-influenced design accommodates compact shelving storage for almost the entire collection of books, and is the campus's first LEED Silver facility.

Libraries/Media Centers.
American School and University; v79 n13 , p118-130 ; Aug 2007
Profiles 12 K-12 and higher education libraries honored in American School and University Magazine's Educational Interiors Showcase. The projects were selected for their high performance principles, innovation, functionality, contextual relationship, humanism, and building quality. Photographs and building statistics accompany a brief description of each project.

Main Winners.
American School and University; v79 n13 , p14,16-19 ; Aug 2007
Profiles the two main winners in American School and University Magazine's Educational Interiors Showcase. St. Louis' Maplewood Richmond Heights High School and Middlebury College's new library were selected for their high performance principles, innovation, functionality, contextual relationship, humanism, and building quality. Photographs and building statistics accompany a brief description of each project.

More than Coffee and Wireless.
Inside Higher Ed; Jul 10, 2007
Describes the increasing accommodation of a variety of non-library higher education services in the library building. Examples from several international institutions are provided, as well as comments both for and against this trend.

AIA's Best Libraries 2007.
Architecture Week; May 23, 2007
Describes projects chosen for the 2007 AIA/ALA Library Building Awards, including Killman Library for Lafayette College, the Fleet Library for the Rhode Island School of Design, Santa Monica College Library, and a public elementary school in Harlem, New York City. The Robin Hood Foundation commissioned Gluckman Mayner Architects to design the renovation as part of a philanthropic Initiative targeting schools in high-poverty neighborhoods.

Redesigning a Library Space for Collaborative Learning
Gabbard, Ralph B.; Kaiser, Anthony; Kaunelis, David
Computers in Libraries; v27 n5 , p6-11 ; May 2007
This article describes how a library space was redesigned for collaborative learning at Indiana State University's (ISU) library The library is the only centralized location where new and emerging information technologies can be combined with traditional knowledge resources in a user-focused, service-rich environment that supports today's social and educational patterns of learning, teaching, and research.

Nine Libraries Called Out for Design Excellence.
Livingston, Heather
AIArchitect; Apr 06, 2007
The 2007 American Institute of Architects/American Library Association Awards recognized nine exceptionally planned and design projects, including a philanthropic elementary school library renovation and three higher education libraries.

Facility Focus: Libraries/Media Centers
College Planning and Management; v10 n4 , p37-39 ; Apr 2007
Profiles three new higher education library facilities. The College of New Jersey's new building feature Georgian architecture that blends seamlessly with the traditional campus architecture. The Rhode Island School of Design's facility reused a landmark 1920 bank building, and features the inclusion of a 300-bed residence hall. The Yavapai Colleage library offers community use spaces and a copy center.

Designing for Uncertainty: Three Approaches.
Bennett, Scott
The Journal of Academic Librarianship ; v33 n2 , p165-179 ; Mar 2007
Higher education wishes to get long life and good returns on its investment in learning spaces. Doing this has become difficult because rapid changes in information technology have created fundamental uncertainties about the future in which capital investments must deliver value. Three approaches to designing for this uncertainty are described using data from recent surveys. Many of these data are related to the National Survey of Student Engagement. [Author's abstract]

Vendable Reading.
Milshtein, Amy
College Planning and Management; v9 n11 , p26,28 ; Nov 2006
Describes automated library storage and retrieval systems, their advantages over compact shelving, and how they have been implemented in some higher education institutions.

Free University Library, Berlin, Germany.
Pearson, Clifford
Architectural Record; v194 n11 , p136-143 ; Nov 2006
Profiles this unusually-shaped university library, which produces a light-infused domed space within. Plans, photographs, and a list of project participants are included.

Libraries/Media Centers.
American School and University; v78 n13 , p118-130 ; Aug 2006
Presents thirteen K-12 and higher education library/media centers selected for the American School & University 2006 Educational Interiors Showcase. The projects were chosen for their creative renovations and use of existing conditions, engaging and delightful spaces, use of natural light and sustainable materials, technology integration, functionality, and flexibility. Building statistics, a list of project participants, and photographs are included.

Two Views on Trends in Public and Academic Libraries.
Caldwell, Kenneth; Jun 27, 2006
In an interview with architects Mark Schatz and Ed Dean, such trends as multi-use, technology, aesthetics, sustainable design, and public input are discussed.

Gothic for Now and Tomorrow.
Biemiller, Lawrence
Chronicle of Higher Education; v52 n34 , pB10,B11, B13 ; Apr 28, 2006
Profiles the new library at Rhodes College, an institution that has elected to build only in the Collegiate Gothic style. The rich interior detailing, a variety of large and small common areas, and the anticipated lower maintenance costs due to the nature of the style's materials are covered.

Underground Enlightenment.
McClure, Rab
Inform; v17 n1 , p12-17 ; 2006
Profiles the University of Virginia's new Small Special Collections Library. The building's small above-ground portion thoughtfully replicates the surrounding neoclassical architecture, while the vast underground portion houses twelve miles of shelving.

Current and Collegial.
O'Connell, Kim
Inform; v17 n1 , p26,27 ; 2006
Profiles the renovation of William and Mary's Swem Library. The addition doubled its size and unified the exterior appearance of the original library and previous additions. The new facility more successfully reflects the architectural texture of the campus.

Arcadia University Landman Library.
Architectural Record; Dec 2005
Describes this renovation and expansion featuring study areas with daylighting and campus views. Includes photographs, plans, and project information.

Santa Monica College Library.
Newman, Morris
Architectural Record; v192 n12 , p204-210 ; Dec 2005
Describes this community college library expansion which doubled the seating, provides conference rooms, and created an outdoor seating area which has become the social center of the campus. Includes photographs, plans, and project information.

What's New in Library Furniture.
Kollie, Ellen
College Planning and Management; v8 n10 , p34,36,37 ; Oct 2005
Connects the advent of wireless computing to evolutions in library furniture design and placement, with tables and carrels giving way to lounge-like environments.

Positioning the University Library in the New Learning Environment.
Jamieson, Peter
Planning for Higher Education; v34 n1 , p5-11 ; Sep 2005
Describes efforts at Australia's Monash University to reinvigorate the role of the central library and make it more pedagogically relevant by providing spaces specifically designed for collaborative learning. The result was a self-contained location on two levels, situated immediately inside the front entrance, and available outside the library's normal hours of operation. The design principles for the project, the amenities it offered, the positive response of students to the spaces, and the implications of this experience for designing for current learning styles are covered. Includes 24 references.

A Study in Organics.
Building Design and Construction; v46 n8 , p40,41 ; Aug 2005
Describes the unusually-shaped new library at the Brandenburg Technical University in Cottbus. The exterior consists of a glazed double-skin facade printed on the inside and outside with text in various languages and typefaces. Floor plans are included.

Campus Centerpiece.
Building Design and Construction; v46 n8 , p36,37 ; Aug 2005
Describes the new University of Utrecht Library, which reflects its semi-rural setting with an image of reeds etched into exterior glass and embossed into interior concrete surfaces. Bridges to neighboring structures, a lecture hall, shops, and an espresso bar help integrate the library into campus life. A site and floor plan are included.

Libraries/Media Centers.
American School and University; v77 n13 , p120-132 ; Aug 2005
Presents twelve library and media centers selected for the American School & University 2005 Educational Interiors Showcase. The projects were selcted for functionality, sustainability, craftsmanship, cost-effectiveness, and community connection. Building statistics, designer information, and photographs are included.

Swiss Eye-Opener.
Building Design and Construction; v46 n8 , p38,39 ; Aug 2005
Describes the new law library at Zurich University, which was built within a 1908 laboratory building. The focal point of the building is a dramatic six-story atrium crowned by a glazed roof. Floor plans and a sectional view are included.

The Leading-Edge Library.
Willars, Nick; Thomas, Phil; Hunt, Mary
American School and University; v77 n11 , p34,36,39,40 ; Jun 2005
Advises on cable installation for flexibility and growth in academic and research library IT systems. Recommendations for the constituency of the planning committee is included.

Dark Clouds of Knowledge.
Betsky, Aaron
Architecture; v93 n4 , p52-61 ; Apr 2005
Describes the new University of Utrecht Library, which reflects its semi-rural setting through an exterior etched and embossed with an image of reeds.

Learning Annex.
Jen, Leslie
Canadian Architect; v50 n4 , p28-30 ; Apr 2005
Describes this library addition whose highly angular glass-enclosed space mitigates the "concrete bunker" look of the former library building it adjoins.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
College Planning and Management; v8 n3 , p34-36 ; Mar 2005
Describes three recent college libraries which provide advanced technology, conference and meeting facilities, harmonious connection of historic buildings, and a welcoming gathering place for the university community.

A New Library and Technology Center for the Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Peters, Ronald
Educational Facility Planner; v39 n4 , p3-5 ; 2005
Describes planning concepts used in the creation of this high-tech, environmentally sensitive facility higher education facility. Views to surrounding topography, consideration of the natural terrain, and indigenous symbols were accommodated in the siting and architecture. The building also features passive solar design, water harvesting, recycled carpet tiles, and low-VOC paints.

Night and Day.
Woodbridge, Sally
Architecture; v93 n12 , p74-83 ; Jan 2005
Describes the new music library at University of California, Berkeley, designed in a style completely unfamiliar to the existing campus. The irregular fenestration provides daylighting to where it is useful, in reading and study area, but restricts it from sensitive stack areas. A listing of the design and construction participants, floor plans, and photographs are included.

Library Buildings 2004: Spend Billions and They Will Come.
Fox, Bette-Lee
Library Journal ; Dec 15, 2004
This features 203 public library projects and 36 academic library projects. Statistics include costs, square footage, volume and seat capacity, funding sources and amounts, and the name of the architects. The 36 academic projects include joint-use facilities, plus a number of specialized schools of law, music, science, and hotel management.

Maximizing Library Storage with High-Tech Robotic Shelving
Computers in Libraries; v24 n10 , p6-8, 51-54, 56 ; Nov-Dec 2004
This article presents a plan of having a new facility for the library of Valparaiso University. The authors, as dean of library services and assistant university librarian for access services at Valpo, discuss their plan of building a Center for Library and Information Resources that would house more books while also providing computing centers, group study space, the campus writing center, a lecture hall, training classrooms, and community gathering space. They state that Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS) had offered an excellent alternative for on-site, high-density storage at Valparaiso University, while offering as much as nine or ten times the storage space per square foot as standard library shelving. Furthermore, the authors explain what ASRS is, and how the collection is being prepared for storage in the bins.

An Enriching Place.
Blau, Heidi
American School and University; v77 n3 , p360-362 ; Nov 2004
Describes current space and service requirements in higher education libraries, influenced by the demand for flexible spaces and multiple service points, changes in information media, growth of special collections, evolving communications technology, desire for a facility symbolic of the institution, and even the acceptance of food and drink into the facility.

A Study in Comfort.
Kennedy, Mike
American School and University; v77 n1 , p44-47 ; Sep 2004
Describes wiring, furniture, and shelving considerations for libraries to accommodate students who still congregate there to study and socialize, even when they don't necessarily need to access the resource materials on the shelves.

Libraries/Media Centers.
American School and University; v76 n13 , p113-124 ; Aug 2004
Presents twelve K-12 and higher education library projects selected for the American School & University 2004 Educational Interiors Showcase. The awards were based on the jury's estimation of the projects' adaptability, innovation, humanism, appropriateness to site, sustainability, and timelessness. Building statistics, designers, and photographs are included.

Mary Nell and Summers A. Norman Library, Jacksonville College.
Design Cost Data; v48 n4 , p40,41 ; Jul-Aug 2004
Describes this new library, which complements the campus's centerpiece chapel and provides access to conference areas when the library is closed. Lists design and construction participants, suppliers, costs, and specifications, with a floor plan and photographs included.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
College Planning and Management; v7 n4 , p30,32,34,35 ; Apr 2004
Describes three academic libraries that also serve as campus centers by including significant teaching and socializing spaces.

A New Library for Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology. Adobe PDF
PEB Exchange; v2004/1 n51 , p19-20 ; Feb 2004
Describes the named building, whose maritime-inspired design features abundant individual workstations, natural ventilation, daylighting, and views of Galway Bay.

Vital Organ.
Chodikoff, Ian
Canadian Architect; v49 n2 , p16-19 ; Feb 2004
Describes the University of Toronto at Scarborough's new Academic Resource Centre (ARC), which combines a library and 500-seat lecture hall. The building was designed to contrast with the mostly Brutalist 1960's campus.

Library Buildings 2003: These Joints are Jumpin
Fox, Bette-Lee
Library Journal; Dec 2003
This features 195 public library projects and 31 academic library projects. Statistics include costs, square footage, volume and seat capacity, funding sources and amounts, and architects' names.

Libraries/Media Centers.
American School and University; v75 n12 , p116-26 ; Aug-Sep 2003
Presents K-12 and college libraries/media centers considered outstanding in a competition which judged the most outstanding learning environments at educational institutions nationwide. Jurors spent 2 days reviewing projects, highlighting concepts and ideas that made them exceptional. For each citation, the article offers information on the firm, client, total area, total cost, total cost/square foot, cost of project entry category, cost/square foot of project entry category, and completion date.

Libraries: Drawn to Knowledge.
Havens, Kevin
American School and University; v75 n12 , p138-40 ; Aug 2003
Discusses how to make a college library the center of campus activity, explaining how to find the proper balance of technology and tradition (e.g., harnessing new media to teach critical thinking skills, having library staff assume primary responsibility for providing information literacy training, training students to use print as well as electronic information, and designing modern libraries to enhance students' experiences).

How To Achieve Good Library Acoustics.
Wiens, Janet
College Planning and Management; v6 n8 , p20-21 ; Aug 2003
Discusses how to create a good acoustical environment for college libraries, focusing on requirements related to the HVAC system and lighting, and noting the importance of good maintenance. A sidebar looks at how to design and achieve the most appropriate HVAC and lighting systems for optimum library acoustics.

The Elmer L. Andersen Library: Accomplishing the Impossible.
Kelsey, Donald G.
Library Trends; v52 n1 , p49-59 ; Summer 2003
Explores the planning, funding, engineering, designing, and construction of the Elmer L. Andersen Library at the University of Minnesota that combined eight archives and special collection units into a single building. Considers how internal library planning meshes with the architectural design process and how the political process can affect funding priorities.

Current Issues in College Libraries.
Ruble, John
Architecture Week ; Jun 11, 2003
Campus libraries vary greatly in scale, program, and use, yet they all share a common set of design issues. This article elaborates on library design concerns, spatial programming, and current trends.

Library Environments and Organisations: Opportunities or Constraints? Adobe PDF
Thomas, Sarah E.
PEB Exchange; v2 n49 , p19-23 ; Jun 2003
Examines how university libraries are thriving in an era of educational change, exploring ways in which to store print publications, examining how libraries are increasing space for services and activities, addressing new roles and partners for libraries, and offering architectural solutions to spatial constraints.

The Information Commons: The Academic Library of the Future.
MacWhinnie, Laurie A.
Libraries and the Academy; v3 n2 , p241-57 ; Apr 2003
Some academic libraries have adopted the idea of the information commons, a central location providing computers, information resources in various formats, and staff assistance. An overview of several information commons in the United States and Canada is presented, and missions, features, strengths and weaknesses are explored. A table identifies academic institution, commons name/date established, staffing/computers, and notable features.

A Tasteful Collection.
Canadian Architect; v48 n3 , p16-17 ; Mar 2003
Describes the design of the Canadian Wine Library at the University of British Columbia, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and commentary on the design. Also includes the floor plan and photographs.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
College Planning and Management; v6 n1 , p68-69 ; Jan 2003
Describes the designs of the Ferris State University Library for Information, Technology and Education (FLITE), and the Meyer Library and Information Technology Center at Southwest Missouri State University. Includes photographs.

Size Matters: The Debate over Reference Desk Height.
Libraries and the Academy; v3 n1 , p79-87 ; Jan 2003
Summarizes the debate concerning use of desks versus counters in reference areas of academic libraries. Librarians argued whether patrons were more likely to approach a standing or a sitting librarian. In general, patrons preferred approaching a standing librarian; however, only small studies were conducted. In practice, libraries are designed in almost equal number with one or a combination of both.

Legal Transparency.
Oberholzer, Mark
Texas Architect; v53 n1 , p26-29 ; Jan-Feb 2003
Describes the design of the Fred Parks Law Library addition at South Texas College of Law, including educational context and design goals. Includes floor plans and photographs.

Extending Your Reach.
Batterman, Christopher T.
American School and University; v75 n4 , p40-42 ; Dec 2002
High-density mobile storage (storage units mounted on carriages and rails which move and compact to utilize wasted space) can double the capacity of an existing school library facility. This article describes the benefits of going mobile and looks at the advantages of powered, programmable mobile storage systems. A sidebar describes Michigan University's mobile storage system.

Guide to College Library Builders and Planners
Morris, Jeff
University Business; Oct 2002
This list of fifteen library builders and planners includes contact information, their area of focus, and a list of their projects.

The College Library in the New Age
Morris, Jeff
University Business; , p26-29 ; Oct 2002
A virtual roundtable discusses recent themes in college library building design: consolidation, collaboration, and community. Physical challenges, such as ergonomics and energy, are explored, as well as how trends toward integrated media resources and collaborative learning is impacting library design.

Information Services Building, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Arcuri, Elizabeth
Architectural Record; v190 n8 , p146-49 ; Aug 2002
Describes the design of the building named in the title, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on architects, consultants, suppliers, and cost, as well as floor plans and photographs. Discusses how the modern structure fits into the campus.

Collaborate or Die: Designing Library Space. Adobe PDF
Wilson, Lizabeth A.
ARL Bimonthly Report; Jun 2002
Collaboration might not pose a life-or-death choice, but it is required for designing the library of the future. This article discusses the impulse for collaboration, the social nature of design, collaborative design in libraries, and lessons learned.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
College Planning and Management; v5 n5 , p40,42 ; May 2002
Describes the design of the Charles V. Park Library at Central Michigan University and the Martha Rivers and E. Bronson Ingram Library, an addition to the Frederick Ferris Thompson Memorial Library at Vassar College. Discusses the libraries as examples of merging tradition with technology. Includes photographs.

Maintaining Precious Library Resources.
Wiens, Janet
College Planning and Management; v5 n2 , p40-42 ; Feb 2002
Using the examples of libraries at Southeast Missouri State University and the University of North Texas, discusses the big-picture approach and extensive communication among all users necessary for library maintenance efforts. Addresses establishing a master plan, prioritizing projects, having the right staff, and communicating.

The Next Big Thing.
Harrison, Darwin
Texas Architect; v52 n1 , p35-37 ; Jan-Feb 2002
Portrays the University of Texas Library and Lecture Center in Odessa, Texas, whose design enables it to maintain a dramatic presence despite its proximity to the school's imposing academic building. The library illustrates the benefits of adhering to the school's master plan, which forced new buildings to be smaller than the academic building yet compete against its monolithic mass.

The Library as Congenial Space: The Saint Mary's Experience.
Lefebvre, Madeleine
New Library World; v103 n1-2 (1172-1173) , p21-29 ; 2002
Describes how the physical environment of the library at Saint Mary's University (Halifax) was developed into a more welcoming and inviting space. Highlights include the use of student marketing projects to examine perceptions of the library, including student surveys; raising its profile within the university community; and enhanced services.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
Silsby, Gilien
College Planning and Management; v4 n12 , p32-35 ; Dec 2001
Presents four examples of how schools are redefining their libraries into more flexible and comfortable places for students and faculty. Photos and project costs are included for each example.

Haselwood Library, Olympic College.
Design Cost Data; v46 n4 , p28-30 ; Jul-Aug 2001
Showcases the open-book design of a 36,000-square-foot library and media center for Olympic College in Bremerton, Washington. Discusses the architectural design requirments and need to phase construction, as well as costs and project history. Includes floor plan, general description, photos, and a list of manufacturers and suppliers used for the project.

Library Design Considerations.
Brown, Wendell D.
College Planning and Management; v4 n7 , p22,24 ; Jul 2001
Illustrates how paying attention to details such as doors can make all the difference between an ordinary school library and an outstanding one. Discusses effective design techniques, factors to incorporate into planning, and the influence of technology on library size.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
College Planning and Management; v4 n5 , p26-27 ; May 2001
Provides two examples of college libraries that show the importance of siting and smart design in helping these buildings make bold statements. Photos are included.

The Wisdom of Hindsight: A New Library One Year Later.
Bazillion, Richard J.
American Libraries; v32 n4 , p72-74 ; Apr 2001
The author shares his experiences in designing and building a library at Winona State University. Describes lessons learned about windows, emergency exits, wired study furniture, rest rooms, compact shelving, OPAC terminals, architectural statements, elevators, and functionality.

Solutions in Hand, Planners Earn High Marks From Their Peers
Dahlgren, Anders C.
American Libraries; v32 n4 , p64-70 ; Apr 2001
Eight projects completed between 1995 and 2000 were recognized for excellence in the 2001 Library Buildings Award program cosponsored by the American Institute of Architects and ALA's Library Administration and Management Association. Bryn Mawr College's Rhys Carpenter Libary and the University of New Hampshire's Diamond Libary were cited. Color photographs illustrate a description of the projects.

Designing a Library: Everyone on the Same Page?
Ludwig, Logan; Shedlock, James; Watson, Linda; Dahlen, Karen; Jenkins, Carol
Bulletin of the Medical Library Association; v89 n2 , p204-211 ; Apr 2001
Excerpts are presented from an interview by the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association buildings projects editor with four academic health sciences library directors: one who had recently completed a major library building project and three who were involved in various stages of new building projects. They share their experiences planning for and implementing library-building programs. The interview explores driving forces leading to new library buildings, identifies who should be involved, recalls the most difficult and exciting moments of the building projects, relates what they wished they had known before starting the project, assesses the impact of new library facilities on clients and services, reviews what they would change, and describes forces impacting libraries today and attributes of the twenty-first century library. [Authors' abstract]

Paul A. Elsner Library & High Technology Complex and Life Science Building, Mesa Community College, Mesa, Arizona.
Design Cost Data; v45 n1 , p48-49 ; Jan-Feb 2001
Presents design features of a community college library and high technology complex and life science building that combines traditional library functions with computer and multi-media commons, mediated classrooms, video communications network studios, and administrative offices and student services. Photos are included.

Take a Seat -- In the Library.
College Planning and Management; v4 n1 , p65-66 ; Jan 2001
Offers comments from an interior designer about purchasing school library furniture. Comments cover such areas as client preference, the most important factors to consider when buying furniture, factors administrators should consider when choosing a library furniture supplier, wire management, and library floor planning that administrators can use when designing space.

The Paul A. Elsner Library and High Technology Complex--A Place for Learning
Moore, Chas. T., Jr.; Sugiyama, Kaoru K.
Community & Junior College Libraries; v10 n2 , p9-27 ; 2001
Discusses the new Paul A. Elsner Library and High Technology Complex at Mesa Community College in Mesa, Arizona. Describes six planning goals for the facility, including access, integration of services, academic linkages, college services, district-wide services, and linkages with the community. Reports that the library offers faculty support services, classrooms, and administrative offices.

From the Outside In: Library Renovations from the Perspectives of a Project Manager, an Architect/Designer, and a Technology Consultant.
Ramos, Theresa
Journal of Youth Services in Libraries; v14 n2 , p9-13 ; 01/01/2001
Discusses partnerships that were developed with the Free Library of Philadelphia during their renovations, including perspectives from a project manager, an architect/designer, and a technology consultant. Offers tips on selecting and working with professional consultants.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
College Planning and Management; v3 n11 , p44-47 ; Nov 2000
Examines four university libraries and the unique designs they required to meet the needs of their patrons. Design features and photos are included.

Redefining Library Space: Managing the Co-Existence of Books, Computers, and Readers.
Thomas, Mary Augusta
Journal of Academic Librarianship; v26 n6 , p408-15 ; Nov 2000
Presents planning strategies for academic libraries that integrate digital products and print collections based on patron needs. Highlights include paperless libraries; space planning; two models for design, one with electronic access and low reliance on print collections and the second with electronic access and high collection reliance; and support services space.

Belgium, the Library of the ULB: After Five Years in Use. Adobe PDF
Brouwer, Christian; Vandooren, Francoise
PEB Exchange; n40 , p8-10 ; Jun 2000
Describes the planning and construction process of a new university library in Brussels designed to increase student autonomy and stimulate critical thinking and individual research. The library's infrastructure and resources are discussed as are the difficulties encountered during intensive use.

Delivering a New Library Building at James Cook University.
Dews, Ted; Clark, Judith
Facilities Manager; v16 n3 , p33-36,38-39 ; May-Jun 2000
Examines how one university, serving isolated rural settlements and small, remote island communities, built a school library capable of serving the special needs of its exceptionally diverse student population as a learning center. Design goals, facility operations, and building assessment are also discussed.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
College Planning and Management; v3 n3 , p38-41 ; Mar 2000
Describes school library designs at four universities where each addresses different types of modernization needs. Described are designs that provide modern learning environments; knit the campus together without destroying architectural heritage of the school; compliments a 50's design while maximizing comfort, privacy, and group interaction; and responds to the school's mission of technology integration.

Building Blueprints: Pulling the Past Into the Future.
College Planning and Management; v3 n2 , p28-29 ; Feb 2000
Discusses the interior redesign features of Samford University's (Alabama) Davis Library that match the building's historical architecture while accommodating technology and room for future expansion. Photos and design layout are included.

Building Blueprints: The Transformation of a Traditional Library.
College Planning and Management; v2 n12 , p24-25 ; Dec 1999
Examines the renovation of a community college's traditional library into a combination library and technology center, including providing additional square footage, creating a new identity for the main entry, minimizing costs by preserving the existing structure, and revitalizing the interior spaces. Before and after photos are provided.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
College Planning and Management; v2 n7 , p44-47 ; Jul 1999
Provides three examples of how colleges and universities have designed their libraries to be campus showpieces as well as practical buildings that facilitate student learning. Floor plans and photographs are included.

Some Considerations in Choosing Library Furnishings
Murphy, Tish
Public Libraries; v38 n4 , p244-26 ; Jul-Aug 1999
A library-furnishings consultant explains important factors to keep in mind when selecting furnishings: demographics; dimensions and budgets; how the interior should look (standard versus customized furnishings and best materials); and electrical considerations (wire management and safe electrical connections).

Share and Share Alike?
American Libraries; v30 n2 , p40,42,44 ; Feb 1999
Presents an interview with two librarians who are participating in joint-use projects, one between a public library and a school library, and one between a public library and an academic library. Personnel, commingling collections, changing library roles, and governance boards are considered.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
College Planning and Management; v2 n2 , p52-54,56 ; Feb 1999
Describes the unique design qualities found in some college libraries that help create individuality. Library designs are examined that complement school's traditional images and facilitate learning while providing optimum user satisfaction.

Light and Libraries.
Scherer, Jeffrey
Library Hi Tech; v17 n4 , p358-71 ; 1999
Addresses how to integrate various types of light within the context of library design. Discusses light basics; the light spectrum; light measurement; reflectance; glare and brightness ratio; daylighting; electric lighting; and computer screens and lighting. Includes a checklist for plan review.

Acoustical Considerations in Planning and Design of Library Facilities
Wrightson, Denelle; Wrightson, John M.
Library Hi Tech; v17 n4 , p349-57 ; 1999
Discusses acoustical demands in libraries to consider during the design and construction process of new or renovated library space. Topics include intrusive noises; overly reverberant spaces; lack of speech privacy; sound transmission class; noise criteria; reverberation time and noise reduction coefficient; space planning; sound systems; and external noise.

Center for Library and Information Resources Emory University
Keilor, Mia
Architectural Record; v186 n10 , p164-166 ; Oct 1998
Discusses Emory University's (Georgia) library addition that was designed and constructed to bridge a ravine while connecting with its tall concrete neighbor. Examines a design that physically mitigated vast differences in structural height while redirecting attention towards the original quadrangle and integrating multiple library functions into a single library complex.

Libraries and Resource Centres for Tertiary Education. Adobe PDF
PEB Exchange; n34 , p8-11 ; Jun 1998
Covers discussions from an expert meeting of the Programme on Institutional Management in Higher Education and PEB on how existing libraries for tertiary education may be adapted, and new ones conceived, to meet the future needs of the students, institutions, and surrounding communities. Questions addressed at the seminar are listed, and key findings are discussed.

Resources for Designing Library Electronic Classrooms
Hinchliffe, Lisa Janicke
MC Journal: The Journal of Academic Media Librarianship; v6 n1 ; Spring-Summer 1998
This annotated bibliography identifies resources for librarians who are designing instructional classrooms. These spaces are complex environments and the needs of library instructors, students, computer technology, computer technicians and the electronic resources themselves must all be taken into account as the spaces are planned and built.

Facility Focus: Libraries.
College Planning & Management; v1 n1 , p40-43 ; Jan 1998
Describes four operating libraries located at Union Theological Seminary in Virginia, Emory University in Georgia, Kean College in New Jersey, and Community College of Philadelphia. Their size, cost, date completed, architect, and various features are provided. Despite technological advances, the college library is a feasible part of higher education.

Solitaire Confinement: The Impact of the Physical Environment on Computer Training.
McDermott, Irene E.
Computers in Libraries; v18 n1 , p22,24-27 ; Jan 1998
Institutions spend millions of dollars on computer training rooms yet give little thought to lighting, temperature, ambient noise, furniture arrangement, and other physical factors that affect learning. This article examines some problems and suggests remedies: changing furniture, controlling monitors, and redesigning rooms. Lists selected computer-training hardware and software suppliers and products.

The Impact of Technology on Library Space Requirements
Barney, Alan
LIBRES: Library and Information Science Research; v6 n1/2 ; Jun 1996
This brief research paper was undertaken to determine whether the digitization of information (and other new technological processes) will provide any future space savings for the undergraduate academic library. While the author found evidence that the rate of growth for shelving space in some areas such as reference and periodicals may decline, he found just as much evidence that technology itself is increasing space requirements for the modern library.

A Method for Measuring Collection Expansion Rates and Shelf Space Capacities
Sapp, Gregg; Suttle, George
Journal of Academic Librarianship; v20 n3 , p156-61 ; Jul 1994
Describes an effort to quantify annual collection expansion and shelf space capacities with a computer spreadsheet program. Methods used to quantify the space taken at the beginning of the project; to estimate annual rate of collection growth; and to plot stack space and usage, volume equivalents and usage, and growth capacity are covered.(Contains 11 references.)

The Architectural and Interior Design Planning Process
Cohen, Elaine
Library Trends; v42 n3 , p547-63 ; Winter-Spring 1994
Explains the planning process in designing effective library facilities and discusses library building requirements that result from electronic information technologies. Highlights include historical structures; Americans with Disabilities Act; resource allocation; electrical power; interior spaces; lighting; design development; the roles of architects, engineers, and consultants; and a list of sample furniture prices.



Due to lack of funding, the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities is currently available only as an archived site. As of September 1, 2012 no new content will be added or updates made. We regret the need to take such steps, but should funding become available, we look forward to reinvigorating NCEF and providing this valuable resource to the educational facilities community.

If you have questions or are an organization or company wishing to support the continued operation of this industry recognized resource please contact Institute President Henry Green (, 202-289-7800).