NCEF Resource List: LEED Certification for Schools
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Information on the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) rating for schools, colleges, and universities.

References to Books and Other Media

Advancing Green Building Policy in the States: 2011 Victories from Alabama to Wyoming.
(U.S.Green Building Council , Aug 2011)
Details legislation relating to high-performance, resource-friendly, healthy and green buildings considered or passed by state legislatures in 2011, including policies on green schools. 13p.

Healthy, High Performance School Facilities: Developments in State Policy.
(Environmental Law Institute, Jul 2011)
Brief summaries of state laws, executive orders and other formal policies that address healthy, high performance school design and construction. Most of these policies reference either the LEED rating system or the CHPS criteria as the green building standard to be met by covered school construction projects.

A Preliminary Study of the Effects that Four L.E.E.D. Gold Certified Elementary Schools Have on Student Learning, Attendance and Health
LaBuhn, Richard W
(Dissertation, Texas State University, Jun 2011)
As student enrollment increases in the United States, so too does the demand for educational facilities. School districts that have faced successive years of budget shortfalls have neglected renovations to existing facilities in order to pay for more immediate operating costs. As a result, a growing number of schools have environmental hazards such as poor indoor air quality and inadequate ventilation. Education facilities are also voracious consumers of energy. A green building movement has emerged in the past decade that has sought to minimize the impact that school construction has on the environment, while also providing learning environments conducive to student and faculty health. Proponents of green building claim that green schools improve student test scores, promote better attendance, and provide healthier learning environments. This study focused on four elementary schools that meet the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (L.E.E.D.) standard and sought to determine whether students in these schools had better standardized test scores, better attendance rates, and fewer health problems than students in conventionally constructed schools. [Author's abstract] 137p

Energy Consumption in Conventional, Energy-retrofitted and Green LEED Toronto Schools.
Issa, Mohamed; Attalla, Mohamed; Rankin, Jeff; Christian, A. John
(Construction Management and Economics, Apr 2011)
Green buildings have been marketed as the economical, energy-efficient alternative to conventional buildings. This is despite little existing empirical evidence to prove their energy efficiency, especially in Canada. To overcome this limitation, the electricity and gas consumption quantities and costs of a sample of 10 conventional, 20 energy-retrofitted and three green Toronto schools following the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Rating (LEED) System for New Construction were analysed in this study. The analysis conducted over eight years for conventional and energy-retrofitted schools, and since their inception for green schools, showed surprisingly that energy-retrofitted and green schools spent 37% more on electricity than conventional schools. Nevertheless, green schools spent 56% and 41% less on gas than conventional and energy-retrofitted schools respectively. Their total energy costs were also 28% lower than conventional and energy-retrofitted schools. Nevertheless, these savings do not always justify their construction cost premiums. The study showed that more research was needed to overcome the scarcity of data on green buildings in Canada. There was a need to focus on analysing more green buildings, of various types, and over longer study periods in order to better understand why some green buildings do not live up to expectations. {Authors' abstract] p383-395

Building to LEED for New Construction, 2nd Ed.
(Associated General Contractors of America, Arlington, VA, 2010)
Provides an overview of green building and an in-depth look at the contractor's role on a LEED v3 project, focusing on the information contractors need to know to effectively and efficiently build green buildings. The book advises on how to define the role of buildings and their impact on the environment, identify the major changes in LEED for New Construction, from LEED v2.2 to LEED 2009, differentiate the credit categories in the LEED for New Construction rating system, discuss the credits and prerequisites in LEED 2009 for New Construction and their impact on construction practices, and develop strategies specifically focused on the contractor's role in supporting green building design and construction on a project seeking certification under LEED v3.
TO ORDER: Associated General Contractors of America, 2300 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 400, Arlington, VA 22201; Tel: 800-242-1767

Green Existing Schools Toolkit.
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC, 2010)
Helps schools and school districts "green" their existing facilities and achieve LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance certification. Included in the toolkit are the Green Existing Schools Project Management Guide and the Green Existing Schools Implementation Workbook. These publications provide guidance, best practices, policy, and planning templates,and are designed to be used in concert with additional resources contained in the Green Existing Schools Toolkit.

High Performance Building Initiatives In Maryland Public Schools: Energy Conservation, Alternative Energy Sources, And High Performance Building Practices. Adobe PDF
(Public School Construction Program, Baltimore, MD , Jan 2010)
Reviews Maryland's progress in creating high performance schools, citing state legislative and administrative efforts, as well as county-by-county initiatives in design, construction, behavior modification, preventive maintenance, alternative energy, and conservation. Appendices listing all Maryland LEED certified schools and those with geothermal systems are included. 59p.

Labs21 Environmental Performance Criteria, Version 3.0 Adobe PDF
(U.S. Dept. of Energy and Environmental Protection Agency, Labs for the 21st Century, Washington , 2010)
Provides a rating system for use with laboratory building projects to assess environmental performance. It builds on the LEED Green Building Rating System that was developed by the U.S. Green Building Council. As with the LEED system for commercial and institutional facilities, this publication proposes a point system that quantifies sustainable building features and practices, with the goal of obtaining silver, gold, and or platinum ratings. 25p.

LID in New Schools: The LAUSD Example.
Anchipolovsky, Alla; Balaa, Talal; Wang, Ying; Austin, Lisa; Havens, Kelly
(American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, 2010)
Presents a number of case studies for new school designs that incorporate low-impact development (LID) techniques, as well as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold certification. The case studies highlight the special considerations that accompany LID implementation for new school projects within the District and include techniques such as infiltration, biofiltration, use of site-specific native plants, green roofs, and community-based wetlands. The case studies showcase projects that have addressed the special school design considerations and achieved the green goals established by the School Board. 18

Roadmap to a Green Campus.
Humblet, Emmanuelle; Owens, Rebecca; Roy; Leo; McIntyre, David; Meehan, Peggy; Sharp, Leith
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2010)
Advises on using the LEED green building certification program as a framework for developing and evolving campus-wide sustainability plans that include "green" building construction and operation, as well as engaging the occupants in green behavior. The Roadmap references more than 100 tools and resources to support campus greening efforts, profiles institutional success stories, and was created with the support of the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education. 118p.

Hands-On LEED: Guiding College Student Engagement. Adobe PDF
Meehan, Peggy
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2010)
Explains how students can be involved in green campus projects and contribute to LEED certification efforts. The guide outlines three options for engaging students: coursework, internships, and volunteer opportunities. It details the benefits of involving students and outlines ways to initiate the process of developing an engagement program, such as planning considerations and LEED-related activities and tasks that students can perform. The guide also contains profiles of three campuses that are engaging students on green campus projects with great success.


Identifying LEED and Sustainable Design Processes in the State University System in Florida.
Prenger, Jessie
(Florida State University, Tallahassee, Jan 2010)
Explores the processes the State University System of Florida follows to help design sustainable university buildings. The primary goal of the research was to identify the sustainable design practices the universities are using as well as the attitudes and motivation for sustainable design. Six of the universities were included in this study. Interviews with key employees, visits to the campuses, research on the universities, and photo documentation were examined. The interview questions focused on the challenges and philosophies of sustainable design, similarities between universities, goals, financial impact, designing for LEED standards and certification, and the future of sustainable design in the university setting.


Jackson LEED School Tour.
(Channel 22 Local, Jackson Hole, WY, Apr 2009)
Illustrates the challenge of LEED-certified construction in the face of extreme cold. Davy Jackson Elementary School, Jackson, Wyoming, is a K-2 school that aims to conserve heat loss. While upgraded insulation costs more at first, it achieves buy-back value in 13 years. The school makes use of time and motion sensors for classroom lighting in addition to sensors that detect zoned need for light when classroom is occupied. School makes use of local suppliers.

Relationship Between Green School Design and Student Achievement, Attendance, and Student Behaviors
Bruick, Deborah L
(Dissertation, Graduate School University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Spring 2009)
Literature is replete with the harmful effects of poorly maintained facilities on building occupants. District officials are charged with constructing schools of quality while also serving as conscientious stewards of public monies; therefore, school leaders need facility research to support decision-making. The purpose of the study was to examine the impact that schools constructed following Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification standards have on student achievement, student attendance, and teacher’s perceptions compared to non-LEED schools. Analysis revealed no significant effect for student achievement or attendance. A significant effect was indicated in air quality and to a lesser degree, acoustics. [Author's abstract] 140p

LEED Initiatives in Governments and Schools.
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , Feb 01, 2009)
Summarizes LEED initiatives in 44 states, including 186 localities (122 cities, 34 counties, and 30 towns), 31 state governments, 12 federal agencies or departments, 15 public school jurisdictions and 39 institutions of higher education across the United States. These include legislation, executive orders, resolutions, ordinances, policies, and incentives 69p.

Green Existing Schools Implementation Workbook.
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2009)
Assists with the evaluation and improvement of current school operations and maintenance practices and policies. The workbook is organized by LEED for Existing Buildings: O&M prerequisites and credits, though not all prerequisites and credits in the rating system are addressed by the workbook. The guidance and tools contained in the workbook correspond to prerequisites and credits that lend themselves to a campus- or district-wide application. The workbook includes sample policies, programs, plans, and surveys, along with data collection forms, worksheets, and tables. 108p.

Green Existing Schools: Project Management Guide.
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2009)
Helps schools and school districts "green" their existing facilities and achieve LEED® (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification. The guide outlines the process for navigating LEED certification for existing schools and provides details on how to conduct organizational assessments,educate and train staff, initiate the certification process, and manage a campus- or district-wide plan. It is designed to be used in concert with additional resources contained in the Green Existing Schools Toolkit ( 85p.

LEED Version 3.
(United States Green Building Council, Washington, DC, 2009)
This website describe the third version of LEED criteria, continuing the fundamental structure and familiarity of the existing rating system, but providing a new structure for making sure the rating system incorporates new technology and addresses the most urgent priorities like energy use and CO2 emissions. LEED v3 consists of three components: 1)LEED 2009: technical advancements to the LEED rating systems’ credits and points, 2) LEED Online: an upgrade to LEED Online that is faster and easier to use, and 3) New building certification model: an expanded certification infrastructure based on ISO standards,administered by the Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) for improved capacity, speed and performance. Descriptions of what has changed in the new version and ordering information are included.

Modular Building and the USGBC's LEED Version 3.0 2009 Building Rating System. Adobe PDF
(Modular Building Institute, Charlottesville, VA , 2009)
Advises the modular building industry on how it can benefit from an awareness of the LEED Building Rating System. Topics include sustainable siting, recycling, water efficiency, energy use, outdoor and indoor air quality, materials use, innovation, and design. Examples of LEED credits that can be earned by attention to these areas are detailed. 40p.

A Better Way to Rate Green Buildings. Adobe PDF
Gifford, Henry
(American Institute of Architects Connecticut, New Haven , 2009)
Describes flawed procedures in how the energy use of LEED-certified is reported and that while LEED-certified buildings typically appear at first to be designed for energy efficiency, the typically do not deliver expected savings. Flawed design and installation of solar panels are critiqued as well. Buildings earning LEED ratings based on design, but not built or operated correctly are addressed, and the difficulty of getting building owners to divulge actually energy use after occupancy is cited. The author recommends rating buildings in the second full year after they are occupied rather than on design and predicted. Includes 49 references. 12p.

An Update on the Greening of Virginia's Schools. Adobe PDF
Dunn, Bryna
(Virginia Sustainable Building Network, Arlington , May 08, 2008)
Briefly reviews the numbers of and progress with green schools in Virginia. The report shows a 100 percent increase in LEED registered schools from November, 2007, to April, 2008. Also illustrated are lower energy use, improved student achievement, and incorporation of LEED principles into the curriculum. 41p.

Energy Performance of LEED for New Construction Buildings. Adobe PDF
Turner, Cathy; Frankel, Mark
(New Buildings Institute, White Salmon, WA , Mar 04, 2008)
Analyzes measured energy performance for 121 LEED New Construction (NC) buildings, providing a critical information link between intention and outcome for LEED projects. The results show that projects certified by the USGBC LEED program average substantial energy performance improvement over non-LEED building stock. Buildings varied widely in energy consumption compared to their modeling, with some performing much better, and some much worse. Problems with high-load building types such as laboratories are cited, and improvements to the LEED program are suggested. 46p.

Texas' First LEED Certified elementary school - St. Catherines.
(Momentum Bay Associates, Houston, TX, Feb 2008)
Tours St. Catherine’s Montessori School in Houston, Texas, a LEED-certified (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Catholic elementary and middle school designed to maximize use of natural light. The traditional Montessori values of experiential education includes garden plots prepared by students, composting and recycling, and bicycle accommodation.

LEED for Schools for New Construction and Major Renovations.
(United States Green Building Council, Washington, DC , Apr 2007)
Based on the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system for new construction, the LEED for Schools Rating System considers the unique nature of the design and construction of K-12 schools, addressing issues such as classroom acoustics, master planning, mold prevention, and environmental site assessment. By addressing the uniqueness of school spaces and children's health issues, LEED for Schools provides a tool for schools that wish to build green, with measurable results. LEED for Schools is a third-party standard for high performance schools that are healthy for students, comfortable for teachers, and cost-effective. It provides parents, teachers and the community a "report card" for their school buildings, by verifying that schools are built healthy, efficient, and comfortable. 77p.

LEED for Schools Registered Project Checklist.
(United States Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2007)
Provides a checklist for estimating potential Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)certification, listing the attributes of site selection and design, water efficiency, energy use, effect on atmosphere, building materials, indoor air quality, and innovation in design that are considered under the LEED system. The number of required points in each category are shown, with an opportunity to indicate whether or not features within that category are in place, and then add up the points. 2p.

Schools Reference Guide, First Edition 2007.
(United States Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2007)
This regularly updated guide offers advice and information on using the LEED for Schools Green Building Rating System for K-12 school projects. The reference guide provides crucial information for all projects seeking LEED for Schools certification. For each credit, the Guide provides overview and points per credit, documentation requirements, summary of the reference standard, importance and benefits of compliance, recommended design strategies and technologies, potential design synergies and trade-offs, economics, calculation methods and formulas, resources and definitions, and a case study(when available). 456p.

LEED Documentation Process: Implementation Barriers for School Projects. Adobe PDF
Pise, Madhulika
(Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg , Mar 31, 2006)
Addresses the barriers that school projects encounter in the documentation process required during LEED certification. Currently, while documenting the credits under LEED, the design team must assume many responsibilities. This research sought participation from professionals who are proactive in promoting LEED and also have experience in school design. A questionnaire was developed and interviews were recorded, providing data on barriers for documentation and collecting recommendations from participants for improving the LEED documentation process. The identified barriers were sequenced to understand the interrelationships between different barriers. 116p.

An Assessment of Green Design in an Existing Higher Education Classroom: a Case Study.
Lilyblade, Annie
(Colorado State University, Fort Collins , Fall 2005)
Presents a case study assessing the quality of a classroom remodel in a higher education institution. Both the teaching and learning environments as well as the level of green design integration were assessed. The methodology involved five steps of data collection including an existing pre-design survey, interviewing five members of the initial design team, interviewing two faculty members, a post-design survey, and an assessment of the level of sustainability utilizing the LEED-CI (Commercial Interiors) rating system. Results from the data collected demonstrated end-users satisfaction as well as that the classrooms meet the criteria of a sustainable classroom. The project results now teach others how to provide sustainable sites, increase water efficiency, improve overall energy performance, and how to use of sustainable materials and resources. Furthermore, these findings show how to decrease construction waste, create a healthy indoor environment, and how to create an optimal teaching and learning environment. Includes 13 references. 39p.

EpiCenter. Headquarters for Artists for Humanity. Demonstrating Low-Cost Sustainable Building Strategies and Integrated Design Process. Adobe PDF
Kollmus, Anja; Neely, Dona; Kambli, Shubhada
(Massachusetts Technology Collaborative, Sep 27, 2005)
This LEED-platinum rated arts school for at-risk youth in Boston makes the connection between sustainability and the arts. The three story, 23,500 square foot building is comprised of studios, a large gallery, and offices. This describes the design process, the construction process, site, energy, water, building materials, financial aspects, education and outreach. 32p.

Washington State Senate Bill 5509: An Act Relating to High-Performance Green Buildings.
(Senate of the State of Washington. , Mar 2005)
Sec. 4 (1) All major facility projects of public school districts receiving any funding in a state capital budget must be designed and constructed to at least the LEED silver standard or the Washington sustainable school design protocol. To the extent appropriate LEED silver or Washington sustainable school design protocol standards exist for the type of building or facility, this subsection applies to major facility projects that have not received project approval from the superintendent of public instruction prior to: (a) July 1, 2006, for volunteering school districts; (b) July 1, 2007, for class one school districts; and (c) July 1, 2008, for class two school districts. (2) Public school districts under this section shall: (a) Monitor and document appropriate operating benefits and savings resulting from major facility projects designed and constructed as required under this section for a minimum of five years following local board acceptance of a project receiving state funding; and (b) report annually to the superintendent of public instruction. 2p.

LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations (LEED-NC).
(U.S. Green Building Council, 2005)
This is a green building rating system that was designed to guide and distinguish high-performance commercial and institutional projects, with a focus on office buildings. Practitioners have also applied the system to K-12 schools, multi-unit residential buildings, manufacturing plants, laboratories and many other building types. Includes a Reference Guide that is a 328-page manual that provides detailed information, resources and standards for the credits covered in the LEED Green Building Rating System. It is intended to help aspiring projects understand the benefits of compliance and apply the criteria.
TO ORDER: U.S. Green Building Council

LEED Green Building Rating System for Existing Buildings (LEED-EB).
(U.S. Green Building Council , 2005)
This is a set of performance standards for the sustainable operation of existing buildings. The LEED-EB criteria cover building operations and systems upgrades in existing buildings where the majority of interior or exterior surfaces remain unchanged. The LEED Rating System for Existing Buildings addresses: whole-building cleaning and maintenance issues including chemical use; ongoing indoor air quality; energy efficiency; water efficiency; recycling programs and facilities; exterior maintenance programs, and systems upgrades to meet green building energy, water, IAQ, and lighting performance standards.
TO ORDER: U.S. Green Building Council

Green Building Design for Schools-the Next Time Around. Adobe PDF
Johnson, Raymond; Bernabei, Leo
(, Lilburn, GA , 2005)
Outlines an initiative in Radnor, Pennsylvania, to construct a LEED-certified middle school. For this project, the school district, the engineer, and the architect have all completed "green" projects in the last few years. Armed with the experience of lessons learned, the project team is endeavoring to provide a high performance school for the township. It will be a school that is not only energy efficient, but also healthy, comfortable, well lit, and providing all the amenities needed for a quality education. Includes seven references. 10p.

Effect of Indoor Environmental Quality on Occupant's Perception of Performance: a Comparative Study. Adobe PDF
Prakash, Preethi
(University of Florida, Gainesville , Jan 2005)
Reports on a study to documents the difference between the occupant's perception of performance in a LEED-certified higher education building with a higher education building that is not LEED certified. The details of the physical conditions were obtained by measuring the noise levels, lighting levels, and thermal comfort conditions at the two buildings over a period of two days in addition to contextual information on the two buildings. Occupants' perceptions were documented through web-based surveys. It was found that LEED certification did not influence the perception of the occupants. Furthermore, it was found that even though the buildings meet the recommended standards, occupants often complained about various parameters. Daylighting and thermal comfort contributed to better IEQ, and had a positive affect occupant' perception of productivity and performance. Includes 38 references. 68p.

Progress Report on Sustainability.
(Reed Business Information, Building Design & Construction, Oak Brook, IL , Nov 2004)
Reviews the latest developments in LEED certification, analyzes trends and public-policy issues related to sustainable buildings, and presents the results of a survey of educational facility professionals revealing current perceptions of and experience with sustainable building. Steps toward implementing a high-performance school program are detailed, as is a ten-point plan of action for those involved in sustainable building. 64p.

Green Building White Paper Research: Schools. Adobe PDF
(Reed Research Group, Building Design & Construction, Oak Brook, IL , Oct 2004)
Reports on an online survey of K-12 education professionals to assess opinions, perceptions, and actions regarding sustainable school buildings. The objectives of the study were to establish familiarity with and attitudes toward green building practices and terminology, along with assessing perceptions of cost differentials, plans to build sustainably, and awareness of sustainable design as a teaching tool. The survey found that respondents were largely familiar with green building terms and principles, but had somewhat less experience with actual construction of sustainable school buildings. Nearly two-thirds of respondents believed that high performance schools are more costly to build, but that a cost differential of 7 percent was acceptable to gain approval of a sustainable building in their school district. Over two-thirds of respondents have actually incorporated sustainable concepts in their recent school building designs. Three out of four respondents believe high performance schools can serve as a teaching tool for students. 41p.

First Mesa Elementary School and Housing.
(Dyron Murphy Architects, Albuquerque, NM , 2004)
Describes this Hopi Tribe school that was designed by a Native American-owned firm. The facility reflects Hopi culture and has received LEED certification. 2p.

Green Design/LEED [New Jersey].
(New Jersey School Construction Corporation, 2004)
The New Jersey Legislature directed in the Educational Facilities Construction and Financing Act that the design of school facilities should incorporate maximum operating efficiencies and new technologies to advance energy efficiency of school facilities and the efficiency of other school building systems. Governor McGreevey's Executive Order No. 24 designates that all new school design shall incorporate the guidelines developed by the United States Green Building Council known as "Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design ("LEED"), to achieve maximum energy efficiency and environmental sustainability in the design of schools. This webpage includes a description of green design and LEED.

LEED Energy Performance Modeling and Evaluation of the S.T. Dana Building Renovations. Adobe PDF
Gundala, Sharada
(University of Michigan, Ann Arbor , Dec 2003)
Evaluates energy use and the energy efficiency performance of the renovations to the The University of Michigan's 100-year-old S. T. Dana Building for the purposes of obtaining LEED certification. The study demonstrated that energy savings in the renovated Dana Building are primarily from use of radiant cooling panels. There was a 12% savings in total regulated energy consumption (heating, cooling, fans and pumps, service hot water and interior lighting) and a 20% cost savings renovations led to an annual savings of 279,000 kWh of electricity and 586 Mbtu of chilled water. This in turn saved $22,861 and $11,474 for electricity and chilled water, respectively, at the current utility rates. The steam usage increased slightly and cost an extra $1,739. A comparison between the total energy demand in Fiscal Year 2002-03 and the simulated Base and Proposed Models of the Dana Building is also made. 99p.

Emory's LEED-EB Pilot Project at Goizueta Business School.
Smith, Robin
(California Commissioning Collaborative, Sacramento , May 2003)
Describes Emory University's efforts to develop a "green" camps, starting with a single building pilot facility. The University organizes its LEED focus into five areas: sustainable sites, water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, materials and resources, and indoor air quality. 11p.

Building Momentum: National Trends and Prospects for High Performance Green Buildings. Adobe PDF
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC. , Feb 2003)
This report demonstrates the economic and environmental viability of building high-performance "green" buildings. This report is an outgrowth of the Green Building Roundtable of the U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works held in conjunction with the U.S. Green Building Council on April 24, 2002. The roundtable brought together diverse interests to educate members of Congress on green building trends and generated discussion about the economic and health benefits of green building, the barriers facing its progress, and the opportunities available to federal agencies to further promote sustainable spaces. These issues are described in the report. Sections of the report also address the role of green building in schools' environmental quality and offer recommendations to improve school environments. 21p.

The Dalles Middle School: High-Performance Design and Low-Cost Innovation . Adobe PDF
Rudolf, Heinz
(U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC , 2003)
Presents a case study of this school that achieved an LEED Gold rating even though it was built on a modest budget. The planning and design process is described, along with unusual site considerations and the use of daylighting and wind power. 10p.

Characterization of Guidance Documents for Creating High Performance Schools.
Bosch, Sheila
(Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Architecture, Atlanta , Feb 2002)
Evaluates nine guidance documents that may be used by schools to create high performance facilities: The Poudre School District (CO), Sustainable Design Guidelines; the Collaborative for High Performance Schools, Best Practices Manual, Volumes I, II and III; Innovative Design, Sustainable Schools; Partnership for Resource Efficient Schools (Seattle), Recommended Best Practices Manual; Triangle J. Council of Governments, High Performance Guidelines: Triangle Region Public Facilities; U.S. Green Building Council, LEED Green Building Rating System; Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Guidelines for Creating High Performance Green Buildings; City of New York, High Performance Building Guidelines; and, Minnesota Sustainable Design Guide. Each of the nine guidance documents were evaluated according to their goals, organizational structure, target audience, building life cycle phases addressed, and physical environmental conditions addressed. 55p.

High Performance Guidelines: Triangle Region Public Facilities. Adobe PDF
(Triangle J Council of Governments, Durham, NC, 2001)
These guidelines describe specific measures to save energy and water, reduce the use of materials, reduce the volume of solid waste being disposed of in communities, reduce indoor pollutants, and achieve other goals. For approximately one-third of the 45 topics covered in the guidelines, an existing North Carolina building project, including several schools, is provided as an example. The guidelines also include a long list of resources to help professionals learn more. The guidelines are based on a rating system similar to the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED system but tailored to the Triangle community in North Carolina. 150p.

References to Journal Articles

The Green Movement
Kennedy, Mike
American School and University; Jun 2012
Schools and colleges and universities are examining every element of a construction project or maintenance program with an eye toward making school facilities operate more efficiently over their entire lives with the least possible impact on the environment. Discusses U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program and net-zero energy buildings.

From LEED For Schools: Tips On Green Design And Construction For Facility Managers
Kessler, Helen
Building Operating Management; Apr 2012
LEED for Schools includes a range of suggested strategies that can be considered for projects that can help to ensure that a school building is designed right in the first place, as well as applying equally to the many existing school facilities.

Integrated Design Is Essential For LEED For Schools
Kessler, Helen
Building Operating Management; Apr 2012
Describes the attributes and benefits of LEED for Schools rating system.

LEED For Schools Targets Acoustics, IAQ And Lighting
Kessler, Helen
Building Operating Management; Apr 2012
Of all of the LEED for Schools credits, the acoustics credit has done more than any other to integrate systems — including structural, mechanical, daylighting and architectural — because acoustics considerations, to be affordable, must be considered in the earliest phase of design.

Turntables. Changing the Direction of LEED Certification
Shepherd, Jack
School Planning and Management; , p68-73 ; Apr 2012
Advises incorporating space saving, acoustically sound, and energy efficient devices such as Turntable Divisible Auditoriums (TDAs). They can save a school or district costs on construction and energy and are applicable to obtaining LEED credits.

Rolling Out LEED-EBOM Across the Campus
Ackerstein, Dan
Building Operating Management; Sep 2011
Describes efforts underway to save time and money for campus facilities managers who want to certify multiple buildings for LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance (LEED-EBOM).

LEED, Liability, and You.
Wroblaski, Kylie
Buildings; v105 n8 , p38,40,42 ; Aug 2011
Introduces term "LEEDigation" for legal disputes arising from LEED certification, green technology, and all other green building components. The most frequent disputes relate to what is promised and what is delivered.

LEED for Schools.
Hibbs, Dan
Doors and Hardware; v75 n7 , p32,33 ; Jul 2011
Addresses the impact the LEED for schools has on the acoustic performance fo classroom entry doors. The sound transmission class (STC) ratings for walls and doors are discussed, along with determining the difference between background noise and the STC ratings.

Total-Precast System Creates LEED-Certified School Adobe PDF
Shutt, Craig A.
Ascent Magazine; , p44-48 ; Jul 2011
Precast concrete insulated sandwich wall panels and double tees create new facility adjacent to existing one, boosting energy efficiency, lowering maintenance costs, and improving air quality. Case study of Riverdale High School in Greer, South Carolina.

9 Ways LEED For Schools Is Different From LEED-NC
Stanley, Ben
Facilities Net; Jun 2011
Enumerates nine ways LEED for Schools is different from LEED-NC.

Learning to Be Green.
Stanley, Ben
Building Operating Management; v58 n6 , p41-44,46,48,49 ; Jun 2011
Discusses LEED for schools, citing daylighting, acoustics, and indoor air quality as the three main areas to be addressed. The experience of the Albuquerque Public Schools is cited. An effort to build LEED-certifiable schools, but not to actually pursue LEED certification led to unacceptable shortcuts.

New Mexico School District Puts Building Requirements On A LEED Silver Platter
Stanley, Ben
Jun 2011
The Albuquerque school district now requires that each new school achieve a minimum certification of LEED Silver. The executive director of school capital describes why.

Duke LEEDS in Parking.
Manning, Paul; Browne, William
College Planning and Management; v14 n4 , p66-71 ; Apr 2011
Profiles this university's free-standing parking garage, the first building of its type to recieve LEED certification. The use of exterior and roof trellises, dark-sky lighting, contextual exterior finishes, energy efficient HVAC, gray-water systems, and construction waste recycling are addressed.

What's Keeping Us? Some Thoughts on Moving Forward. Adobe PDF
Kobet, Robert
Educational Facility Planner; v45 n3 , p53-55 ; 2011
Advocates for LEED certification of schools and particular attention to post-occupancy care of the building and site. Using LEED criteria to inform facility decisions and engage students is recommended. Creating high performance school with minimal risk and alternative certifications and codes are also discussed.

An Elementary School with a Global Perspective: The Building as a Teaching Tool. Adobe PDF
O'Donnell, Sean; Cuthbert, Marjorie; Cronin, Abbie; Urbieta, Melissa
Educational Facility Planner; v45 n3 , p4-6 ; 2011
Profiles the District of Columbia's Stoddart Elementary School. The renovated facility features a ground source heat pump system, LEED Gold certification, and a curriculum that emphasizes energy and environmental stewardship. The student population is drawn from a variety of nearby embassies and a military base.

Green Energy in New Construction: Maximize Energy Savings and Minimize Cost.
Ventresca, Joseph
School Business Affairs; v76 n10 , p12-15 ; Dec 2010
Discusses the concept of simultaneously achieving low energy bills and low construction costs by utilizing energy modeling and LEED principles. It is noted that LEED construction will not guarantee energy efficiency once the building is in use. Instruction for energy simulations, advice on hiring an energy consultant, and four references are included.

The DCD LEED Square Foot Cost Guide.
Design Cost Data; v54 n6 , p12 ; Nov-Dec 2010
Presents the square foot construction cost data for 17 LEED-certified buildings, including seven schools.

LEED Makes the Case for Water Efficiency.
Zimmerman, Greg
Building Operating Management; v57 n11 , p20,22,24 ; Nov 2010
Discusses the use of LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance (LEED-EBOM) guidelines to implement water saving in buildings. LEED-EBOM requires a 20 percent reduction of water for certification, and extra points are available for exceeding that. Analyzing water use can be difficult with older fixtures, but many plumbing upgrades are easy and inexpensive. Submetering will reveal how much water various building functions use, and occupant participation is essential.

Planning Green.
Korte, Dan
American School and University; v83 n2 , p32,34,35 ; Oct 2010
Discusses the slight construction cost increase for a LEED-certified building. These costs are typically quickly recovered in lower operation and maintenance costs. The roles of construction manager and contractor participation from the outset of a project seeking LEED certification are emphasized. This is also true if pursuing sustainability, but not LEED certification.

Life Begins after LEED.
Zimmerman, Greg
Building Operating Management; v57 n9 , p43,44,46,48 ; Sep 2010
Discusses the importance of LEED Existing Buildings: Operation and Maintenance (LEED-EBOM) for continuous data collection, high building performance, savings, and occupant health and comfort.

LEED for Schools: Unique Opportunities.
Hadden, Ian
Green Building Pro; Aug 24, 2010
Gives history of the important contribution that LEED for Schools has made since its introduction in 2007 as an outgrowth of 1999's LEED. 

Consider Synergies When Determining the Real Cost of LEED.
Mills-Knapp, Sara; Oppenheimer, Stephen; Andrews, Robert
Laboratory Design; v15 n7 , p1,5,6 ; Jul 2010
Discusses analyzing the cost of LEED-certified design with consideration to base project costs, code compliance, and immediate energy and water savings, rather than strictly as add-on costs.

Great Creations Require Great Effort.
Wallace, Derrick
American School and Hospital Facility; v33 n4 , p17-19 ; Jul-Aug 2010
Discusses the extensive collaboration required to build a LEED-certified building, the assistance a LEED consultant can provide, and the expanding requirement that schools be LEED certified.

FMs Explain How LEED-EBOM Pays Off.
Zimmerman, Greg
Building Operating Management; v57 n6 , p31-34,36 ; Jun 2010
Describes reasons for growing number of LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance (LEED-EBOM) certification. With availability of new and cost-efficient products, the certification process for LEED-EBOM is no longer prohibitively expensive.

Energy-Saving Dorms.
Friedman, Glenn
ASHRAE Journal; v52 n5 , p20-22,24 ; May 2010
Addresses challenges and solutions for LEED-Silver (New Construction) certification for air conditioning a dormitory that regularly must content with 100-degree F temperatures. Architects and engineers must consider building design, energy efficiency, IAQ and thermal comfort, innovation, operation and maintenance, and cost effectiveness, all within university evolving targets. Follow-up includes instructing students on window use.

Going for Gold.
School Planning and Management; v49 n4 , p52,54,56 ; Apr 2010
Profiles the Pacific Ridge School in Carlsbad, California, as an example of a school aiming for LEED Gold certification. The building and classroom design, mechanical and electrical systems, landscaping, athletic fields, and site drainage are described. Daylighting and natural ventilation are emphasized, along with outdoor instruction areas.

Green School Design.
Andary, John
School Planning and Management; v49 n4 , p64,66,68 ; Apr 2010
Uses the Michael J. Homer Science and Live Center at Sacred Heart Schools in Atherton, Califonia, as an example of early and high attainment in the LEED certification scheme. The LEED Platinum-rated facility consumes 69 percent less energy and 50 percent less water than a typical school building of similar size. Intensive "green" strategies are described, including energy recovery from appliances, photovoltaics, and evaporative cooling.

High-Performance Schools Leading the Way.
Pratapchandran, Sarat
School Planning and Management; v49 n4 , p27,28,30,31 ; Apr 2010
Describes the widespread advent and benefits of high performance schools, the LEED and CHPS sustainability standards programs, and the more recent focus of bringing these standards to bear on renovation of existing schools. Net-zero energy schools, and student and parent advocacy for "green" schools are also addressed.

To LEED or Not to LEED.
Rerick, Lona
College Planning and Management; v13 n4 , p34,36,38 ; Apr 2010
Argues that LEED Certification, despite its many strengths, is not the only set of guidelines for constructing green schools. The article lists alternative certifications that may respond to inherent impracticalities in adhering to LEED guidelines.

Solutions to Help Facilities Improve "Green" Performance: LEED Credits and Cost Savings.
Zhang, Ying
American School and Hospital Facility; v33 n2 , p10,12,13 ; Mar-Apr 2010
Discusses the "green" cleaning benefits and LEED points available through the use of microfibers for cleaning. Microfiber implements last longer than convention cleaning cloths, require less water and chemicals, and are easier to maintain.

Efficient with Green. [Green Building Strategies on a Budget]
Lo Bosco, Maryellen
Building Operating Management; v57 n2 , p27,28,30-32 ; Feb 2010
Describes how several prominent organizations pursued LEED certification for their existing building gradually, prioritizing their improvements for value and spreading out the costs over time. Waste management, lighting upgrades, energy monitoring, water conservation, and green cleaning head the list of easily achieved "green" enhancements.

An Analysis of LEED and BREEAM Assessment Methods for Educational Institutions.
Reed, Tracie; Clouston, Peggi; Hoque, Simi; Fisett, Paul
Journal of Green Building; v5 n1 , 132-154 ; Winter 2010
Examines the differences between two environmental assessment methods for the K-12 education sector: the United States Green Building Council s (USGBC) LEED Schools Version 3.0 and the British Research Establishment s (BRE) BREEAM Education issue 2.0. Credit requirements are compared side-by-side and against recommendations from researchers in areas such as acoustics, lighting and indoor environment quality. Strengths in the two schemes and areas for improvement are highlighted, with acknowledgement that each scheme offers components and techniques from which the other could benefit. [author's abstract]

Greener Schools, Greater Learning, and the LEED Value. Adobe PDF
Johnson, Priscilla D.; Kritsonis, William Allan
National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research ; v7 n1 , 8p. ; 2010
Discusses the various approaches used in green school designs and touches on research that shows the learning and health benefits of these techniques. Explores historical accounts of the learning environment and explains LEED certification.

Knowing How to Measure a Green Building Can Help Sell Renewable Energy.
Nutcher, Paul
Design Cost Data; v54 n1 , p5,9,18 ; Jan-Feb 2010
Discusses rating systems that help verify energy savings and promote renewable energy. The LEED and ASHRAE systems are discussed, with respective attention to the versions of LEED for new and existing buildings.

Lean, Mean and Green: An Affordable Net Zero School. Adobe PDF
Stanfield, Kenneth
Educational Facility Planner; v44 n2,3 ; 2010
Discusses the design of Richardsville Elementary in Kentucky, to be an affordable net zero facility. By reducing energy use to 19.31 kBtus annually, the net zero goal could be realized through the implementation of a solar array capable of producing enough energy to meet the school's operating demands. Coupled with the goal of a LEED certified facility, the building's components were identified and implemented to affordably attain a facility that demonstrates a sustainable site, net zero energy, water efficiency, materials and resources conservation, and an indoor/outdoor environment that promotes a healthy, progressive learning atmosphere while reducing life cycle maintenance costs and zeroing out electricity costs.

Regional and Rapidly Renewable Materials.
Sharrard, Aurora; Hearn, Valerie
Buildings; v103 n12 , p46-48 ; Dec 2009
Describes the use of building materials that are renewable in ten years or less, as well as those which are obtained within 500 miles of the building site. The application of these materials to LEED certification is also discussed.

The DCD LEED Square Foot Cost Guide. Adobe PDF
Design Cost Data; v53 n6 , p28,29 ; Nov-Dec 2009
Focuses on square foot cost for a variety of LEED-certified building types, including ten educational facilities.

Steps to Green: Good, Better, Best.
McGowan, Jack
Building Operating Management; v56 n11 , p39,40,42 ; Nov 2009
Describes incremental energy-efficiency steps that can put an existing building on the path toward LEED certification. A basic energy analysis and conservation program is described as the first step. The U.S. Department of Energys "Energy Star" label is second, and changes made to achieve this level are likely to yield significant payback. LEED certification is the final step, and convincing the owner to pursue the more expensive LEED certification upgrades is discussed.

Estimating Projects Seeking LEED Certification-An Update.
Perryman, Joseph
Design Cost Data; v53 n6 , p6,8 ; Nov-Dec 2009
Advises on engaging a LEED consultant as early as possible in a building's concept design stage. The consultant can help determine what LEED points are attainable with the project, and what each category of points will cost.

States Starting to Require Architects and Contractors to Design and Construct Public Buildings to Achieve LEED Silver Certification.
Stephens, Angela
Design Cost Data; v53 n6 , p32 ; Nov-Dec 2009
Discusses how eighteen states have adopted laws and regulations mandating that the construction of public buildings achieve LEED Silver Certification. Although the majority of States do not yet require that public buildings be designed and constructed to achieve a LEED Silver Certification, many of these States encourage their agencies to use green building practices or use LEED as a guideline.

Lawyers LEED in a New Direction.
Vitiello, Gina
Facility Management Journal; v19 n6 , p80-82 ; Nov-Dec 2009
Details the working of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program, and its rapid expansion in the building community. The article also describes LEED-accredited attorneys who help facilitate LEED construction and to help owners receive the various tax incentives available for LEED certification.

Learning Curve: Putting Healthy School Principles into Practice.
Adler, Tina
Environmental Health Perspectives; v117 n10 , p448-453 ; Oct 2009
Discusses the advent of the Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS) and Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating systems, and how their adoption by school systems are creating healthier and environmentally conscious facilities. Obstacles to implementation are discussed, as well as federal efforts to mandate "green" school construction and renovation.

Cleaning Up Green.
Garland, Bill
Building Operating Management; v56 n10 , p29,30,32,34 ; Oct 2009
Discusses standards for certifying "green" cleaning and details six areas of cleaning materials purchasing, cleaning practices, and pest management that can contribute points towards LEED certification for existing buildings (LEED-EB).

Let LEED Be Your Guide.[ How LEED Can Lead to a Better Building.]
Sahni, Randhir
Building Operating Management; v56 n9 , p35,36,38,40,42 ; Sep 2009
Reflects on how LEED certification strategies reflect building construction and operation practices that were common in the past. The major sections of LEED are described, with particular emphasis on changes in LEED version 3.

Five Steps to a Higher LEED Certification.
Szymanski, Peter
Environmental Design and Construction; v12 n9 , p40,41 ; Sep 2009
Advises on how to gain a higher level of LEED certification through Credit Interpretation Rulings (CIRs). These rulings may help accommodate atypical innovations not necessarily covered by the LEED process. The five steps described include examining every available credit early in the process, adding no-cost sustainable features to the facility, and discovering precedents where credits have been awarded in the past.

Some Buildings Not Living Up to Green Label.
Navarro, Mireya
New York Times; Aug 31, 2009
Reports that many buildings receiving LEED certification do not save as much energy as predicted, that many owners of LEED-certified buildings do not track energy consumption, that there is no third-party post-occupancy evaluation of LEED-certified buildings, and that the United States Green Building Council, which conducts the LEED certification program will soon require LEED-certified buildings to submit energy and water bills for their first five years, in order to retain their certification.

All LEED Projects to Provide Actual Performance Data.
Malin, Nadav; Jul 14, 2009
Reports that in LEED Version Three (April, 2009, new rules require building owners to submit performance data on an ongoing basis for five years after certification. If they do not comply, their project's LEED status can be rescinded. The USGBC has said this change was spurred by studies showing some LEED buildings were not performing up to expectations, casting a shadow on LEED's credibility.

How to Hire a LEED Consultant.
Aye, Elaine; Sheridan, Sheila
Facility Management Journal; v19 n4 , p45-48 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Advises on engaging a LEED consultant, discussing the desirable communication skills, credentials, strategic thinking, empathies, scheduling deliverables, and compensation.

The USGBC s LEED Version 3.0 2009 Building Rating System.
Hardiman, Tom
American School and Hospital Facility; v32 n4 , p14,16,17 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Discusses modular construction and sustainability as it relates to LEED prerequisites for the categories Sustainable Sites, Water Efficiency, Energy and Atmosphere, Materials and Resources, Indoor Environmental Quality, Innovation and Design, and Regional Priority.

$5.7 Million Residence Hall Achieves LEED Gold Certification.
Larson, Heather
School Construction News; v12 n5 , p12,13 ; Jul-Aug 2009
Profiles a new 176-bed dormitory at Mount Holyoke College that achieved LEED Gold certification. Notable features are solar hot water, high recycled building content, 90% recycling of construction waste, and cork/bamboo flooring.

Paying for Itself.
Wilkinson, Ron
American School and University; v81 n12 , p19-21 ; Jul 2009
Discusses the LEED-EBOM program, which assists with obtaining LEED certification for existing buildings through improvements in systems and operations. The article outlines where energy savings and LEED points may be earned through lighting improvements, HVAC upgrades and filter maintenance, carbon dioxide monitoring, remotely controlled systems, water conservation, roofing, and commissioning.

Certification of Building Materials: Important or Not?
Bowyer, Jim
Doors and Hardware; v73 n6 , p14-16,18-20 ; Jun 2009
Notes that wood is the only building material presently able, and sometimes required, to be certified as "responsibly produced," but that irresponsible production of metal and masonry materials is also be harmful to the environment. Examples of negative environmental impacts associated with extracted materials are detailed, with particular attention to the nascent and contentious certification of mining products. Includes 24 references.

LEED 2009: Impact on Operations and Maintenance.
Dowrey, Gordon
Maintenance Solutions; v17 n6 , p6,7 ; Jun 2009
Discusses how the LEED v3 rating system will affect building operations and maintenance. The three enhancements detailed are harmonizing prerequisites and credits for increased consistency, adjusting credit weightings based on their impact on human and environmental health concerns, and prioritizing select credit weightings to address regional environmental issues. Advice on assembling a LEED certification team is included.

A Deeper Shade of Green.
Schachter, Ron
District Administration; v45 n6 , p29,30,32-34 ; Jun 2009
Discussses the expansion of "green" school facility consciousness to include alternative energy sources, LEED certification, CHPS standards, and performance contracting.

Go for the LEED. [LEED Certification for Schools.]
Kobet, Robert
American School Board Journal; v196 n4 , p49,50 ; Apr 2009
Advocates creation of high performance "green" schools that can serve as a center for the community and as a participant in the curriculum.
TO ORDER: American School Board Journal, 1680 Duke Street, Alexandria, VA 22314; Tel: 703-838-6722

Green Building Programs in the United States.
Bowyer, Jim; Lindburg, Alison; Bratkovich, Steve; Fernholz, Kathryn; Howe, Jeff
Doors and Hardware; v73 n3 , p28-30,32,33,36-42 ; Mar 2009
Reviews recent updates and proposed changes to the most prominent North American green building programs, including LEED, the NAHB National Green Building Standard, and GBI's Green Globes program. The article focuses on each program's strengths and weaknesses, how each addresses indoor air quality, life cycle assessment, recycled content and salvaging, certified products, locally-source materials, biobased materials, and consumption reduction.

Efficient Operations and Maintenance LEED to Savings.
Bauer, Tom
American School and Hospital Facility; v32 n1 , p6,8,9 ; Jan-Feb 2009
Reviews elements of the 2008 LEED operations and maintenance component, part of the United States Green Building Council's LEED for Existing Buildings (LEED-EB) rating system. Areas covered by the criteria, certification requirements, emphasis on energy and water savings, and the State of California's LEED imperative are addressed.

Yes LEED Can. Adobe PDF
Crawford, Matthew
School Construction News; v12 n1 , p19,20 ; Jan-Feb 2009
Presents an interview with Rachel Gutter of the United States Green Building Council. In it she discusses the impact of LEED for schools, hopes for support from the federal level, partnering for "green" building features, and building sustainability into the curriculum.

Documenting Performance: Does it Need to Be So Hard? Adobe PDF
Hinge, Adam; Winston, Donald
High Performing Buildings; , p18-23 ; Winter 2009
Discusses the difficulty of assessing energy performance of green buildings, particularly in cases when the pursuit of LEED certification generated high expectations, when the buildings are part of a multi-building campus, or when metering is divided between portions of a buildings. Includes four references.

Green Today, Sustainable Tomorrow.
Smeath, Doug
Learning By Design; n18 , p18-21 ; 2009
Discusses LEED certification of schools, with emphasis on the Green Excellence in Existing School Toolkit (GreenEX2) that helps enable existing school to achieve certification. Federal, state, and local government participation in "green" school programs, as well as that of education-related organizations is also highlighted.
TO ORDER: Learning by Design; Email:

Rx for Platinum. Adobe PDF
Wilde, Dennis
High Performing Buildings; , p6-10,12-16 ; Winter 2009
Profiles the Oregon Health and Science University Center for Health and Healing. The high performance facility outperforms the Oregon energy code by 60 percent, and features 100 percent capture and reuse of rainwater, onsite sewage treatment and reuse of wastewater, a green roof, photovoltaics, and high-efficiency microturbines in the heating/power plant. The building achieved LEED Platinum certification and set the state record for the greatest number of energy conservation measures incorporated into a single building.

Terrazzo: The Original Recycled Flooring.
College Planning and Management; v11 n12 , pF6,F8,F9 ; Dec 2008
Discusses the composition and virtues of terrazzo flooring, which use recycled materials, have extreme durability, no off-gassing, and is locally sourced. A review of LEED points obtainable through use of terrazzo is included.

ASHRAE 90.1 Helps University Bioprocessing Lab Achieve LEED Credit EA-1.
Serruto, Thomas; Thompson, Dean
Laboratory Design; v13 n10 , p9,10,12 ; Oct 2008
Discusses design measures used to meet LEED standards by incorporating changes to ASHRAE 90.1, the energy conservation code addressing energy use in laboratories, in the University of Illinois Integrated Bioprocessing Research Laboratory (IBRL). The use of building information modeling (BIM) for energy use simulation is also addressed.

Daylighting and LEED for Schools. Adobe PDF
West. Heather
School Construction News; v11 n6 , p18-22 ; Sep-Oct 2008
Reviews opportunities for LEED certification for schools, with particular attention to points that can be earned through thoughtful window selection. These come in the LEED categories of Energy and Atmosphere, Indoor Environmental Quality and emphasize operable windows and daylighting. A brief discussion of tips for daylighting schools is included.

Rating Energy Efficiency and Sustainability in Laboratories.
Mathew, Paul
Laboratory Design; v13 n8 , p9-12 ; Aug 2008
Provides guidance on how to use the Labs21 benchmarking tool in the pursuit of LEED Existing Buildings Operations and Maintenance (LEED-EB) certification. Three procedural options are detailed.

Yale Rehab Sets LEED Precedent.
Skolozdra, Robert
Laboratory Design; v13 n8 , p1,2,4-6 ; Aug 2008
Profiles the conversion of early 20th-century laboratories into modern facilities, which helped establish a LEED standard for sustainable laboratory renovations. A description of the opening of the floor plan into collaborative spaces and highlights of the many sustainable building features are included.

Go Modular: Go Green.
Hardman, Tom; Kobet, Robert
American School and Hospital Facility; v31 n4 , p10,12,13 ; Jul-Aug 2008
Summarizes potential sustainable features of modular construction, highlighting opportunities in the LEED categories of Sustainable Sites, Water Efficiency, Energy and Atmosphere, Materials and Resources, Indoor Environment Quality, and Innovation and Design.

Sustainability and Energy Management.
University Business; v11 n6 , p71-77 ; Jun 2008
Profiles the efforts of several higher education higher education institutions to achieve LEED certification and carbon neutrality. Electric vehicle sharing, energy tracking, water conservation, and photovoltaics are considered.

How High Performance, Energy-Saving Glass and LEED Can Maximize the Potential of Green.
Lang, Bruce
American School and Hospital Facility; v31 n3 , p10,12,13 ; May-Jun 2008
Reviews major points of the LEED system that contribute to coordinated building design, including prioritizing decisions and accepting trade-offs. Options for improved energy performance of glass are emphasized.

Cost and Red Tape Hamper Colleges Efforts to Go Green.
Carlson, Scott
The Chronicle of Higher Education; v54 n31 , pA1,A16,A17 ; Apr 11, 2008
Reviews higher education's enthusiasm over "green" design, along with their reluctance to spend what is required for third-party certification in order to achieve LEED certification. The power of the LEED brand name and flaws in the certification system are also addressed.

Facility Focus: LEED-Certified Facilities.
College Planning and Management; v11 n4 , p95-98 ; Apr 2008
Profiles four LEED-certified higher education facilities, including two academic facilities, a fitness center, and an off-campus field station for environmental studies.

To LEED or Not to LEED? That Is the Question.
Micham, Ray
College Planning and Management; v11 n4 , p32,34-36 ; Apr 2008
Compares the large quantity of energy buildings consume to that of other human activities, encourages LEED certification, emphasizes the value of building commissioning, describes the right-sizing of HVAC equipment, and describes administrative costs associated with LEED certification.

Green Design: New Construction vs. Renovation.
Perruzzi, Daniel
Buildings; v102 n4 , p84,86 ; Apr 2008
Briefly reviews the six categories of LEED certification for new construction and addresses the additional options available with renovation projects.

Crunching the Numbers for LEED K-12 Schools.
Willson, Myron; Haxton, Bruce; Beckstead, Glen; Hjorth-Vlasic, Margareta
School Planning and Management; v47 n4 , p15,26,28,32,34,35 ; Apr 2008
Suggests a process for estimating the costs of building a new LEED-certified schools, beginning with client goals and continuing through the design and construction process. Maintaining alignment between client budget and goals is emphasized.

Pfeiffer Architects Helps Washington State University Renovate Its Student Union Building and Pursue LEED Accreditation
Kingsworth, Stephanie
AIA Architect; Mar 07, 2008
Profiles a new student union featuring spaces for student organizations, student government offices, a variety of dining/food service offerings, more than 50,000 square feet of bookstore facilities, multiple retail vendors, a conference floor featuring an expanded ballroom, meeting rooms, and a catering kitchen. Additional components include a THX-certified 500-seat auditorium/cinema, a flexible student entertainment venue similar to a small black-box theater, and a mix of active and quiet lounges and study spaces—all in fresh, dynamic, light-filled spaces. The University is pursuing LEED certification with sunscreens, radiant heating and cooling, operable windows, and sustainable/green construction materials and finishes.

Suck it Up.
Jansik, Dave
American School and University; v80 n7 , p44,46,47 ; Mar 2008
Reviews LEED and other considerations for vacuum cleaners, including capture rates for particulates, lift power, ergonomic design, and durable construction.

Energy Star and the LEED Rating System.
Educational Facility Planner; v42 n4 , p30,31 ; 2008
Explains how to earn LEED points by incorporating the U.S. Environmental Agency's ENERGY STAR tools in K-12 buildings.

Sustainable Buildings for Learning.
Gisolfi, Peter
Learning By Design; n17 , p18-21 ; 2008
Outlines the separate LEED criteria for new and existing building, and profiles two "green" higher education buildings. The first is a renovated 1867 structure at Cornell, and the other a new student center at Manhattanville College.
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LEED for Schools.
Gutter, Rachel
Educational Facility Planner; v42 n4 , p23,24 ; 2008
Reviews the progress of "green" school building, with 87 schools LEED certified so far, and 630 pending certification, and several states adopting green school standards and policies.

Reaching Critical Mass: Green Schools Groundswell.
Palmese, Racquel
Green Technology Magazine; 2008
Describes the rapid growth of the LEED certification program. In addition to USGBC's 70 chapters, other grassroots interest and advocacy by parents, administration, school boards and students has created a groundswell of support.

A Plaque Is Just a Plaque.
Peterson, David
Educational Facility Planner; v42 n4 , p31-34 ; 2008
Advocates for the creation of high performance school buildings, emphasizing "green" features that add little or no construction cost. The sustainable operation of a building, not just its "green" design and construction is encouraged. Potential conflicts of interest in the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED Green Building Rating System are noted, and sustainable school building guidance organizations that do not charge for their assistance or certify products are briefly profiled.

Weather Winter's Cold by Going Green.
Lally, Maureen
School Business Affairs; v73 n11 , p25,26 ; Dec 2007
Reviews LEED certification strategies that save energy and improve the school environment, details benefits of LEED certification for schools, and describes Energy Star and Green Globes as alternatives to LEED certification.

Berkeley City College's Skylighted Quad Earns LEED Silver.
Boniface, Russell
AIArchitect; Nov 30, 2007
Profiles this LEED Silver-certified single-building community college, built on an urban infill site. Ample daylighting and movable classroom walls are featured.

State-of-the-Art High School Gets an A+.
Hoffman, Paul
Facility Management Journal; v17 n6 , p66-68 ; Nov-Dec 2007
Profiles Northland Pines High School in Eagle River, Wisconsin. The school is the first LEED certified school in the state, and the first LEED Gold certified public high school in the United States. A variety of design, construction, and materials details that helped earn the LEED status are included.

North Dakota High School Champions Education, Environment Over Aesthetics.
Perry, Amy
School Construction News; v10 n7 , p18-20 ; Nov-Dec 2007
Profiles Turtle Mountain Community High School, a Chippewa Indian reservation facility that maintains a very low profile, "blank" design into which the occupants intend to incorporate the tribe's iconic program. Challenges of meeting the LEED Silver standard in a remote area near Canada are also discussed, and a list of suppliers is included.

Green Lights.
Fickes, Michael
School Planning and Management; v46 n10 , p48,50,51 ; Oct 2007
Reviews LEED recommendations for school lighting that encourages daylighting coordinated with the artificial lighting system. Brief examples of successful school daylighting programs are included, as are the advantages that daylighting offers to occupant performance.

Academia Embraces Green.
Wells, Scott; Ervin, David
Campus Facility Maintenance; v4 n3 , p28,29 ; Fall 2007
Reviews the LEED Gold certified Engineering Tower at Portland State University, detailing its geothermal heating and cooling system, rainwater harvesting, operable windows, and automated HVAC controls.

Can a Building Make You Smarter?
Baker, Lindsay
School Planning and Management; v46 n4 , pG4,G6,G8 ; Apr 2007
Discusses ways that high performance "green" schools enhance student health, and subsequently, achievement. The LEED rating system for schools is then outlined, including the categories of sustainable site selection, water and energy efficiency, building materials, indoor environmental quality, use of the building in the curriculum, and a list of additional resources.

Cost Analysis of LEED for K-12 Schools.
Haxton, Bruce; Beckstead, Glen; Cecchini, Dennis
School Planning and Management; v46 n4 , pG10,G12,G14,G16 ; Apr 2007
Advises on cost controls for designers of high performance "green" schools. Processes for projects without a site selected, with a site already selected, with fixed budgets, or with LEED goals and no fixed budget are discussed, as are project supervision, LEED submission procedures, and general cost guidelines for the various LEED levels.

Going "Green" for Sustainability's Sake.
Learning By Design; n16 , p182 ; 2007
Narrates the experience of the Whitmore Lake, Michigan, community in building a LEED-certified high school that included preservation and moving of an historic farmhouse on the site and construction of a pond onsite that serves as a stormwater retention basin, outdoor classroom, and a component of a geothermal HVAC system.
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Crawford, Matthew
School Construction News; v10 n1 , p16-18 ; Jan-Feb 2007
Profiles Sidwell Friends School and the many sustainable design features that earned it the highest (platinum) LEED certification, and endows the building with features of use to the educational program.

Going Green: Eco-Friendly Schools. You Can't Ignore the Benefits of Eco-friendly Schools.
Whelan, Debra Lau
School Library Journal; v53 n9 , p44-48 ; Jan 2007
Discusses the benefits of going eco-friendly schools and features Great Seneca Creek Elementary School in Germantown, Maryland. The school's 296,000-square-foot building--which runs on wind and solar power and boasts an irrigation pond--recently earned a silver rating from the U.S. Green Building Council's (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System.

S is for Sustainability.
Boehland, Jessica
GreenSource; v1 n2 , p66-71 ; Nov 2006
Profiles Toronto's Thomas L. Wells Public School, including budget increases for "green" alternatives that would eventually pay for themselves, daylighting techniques, and a unique ventilation system that combines the virtues of three types of systems. LEED scores, building statistics, and a list of project participants are included.

The Green Scene: New Development in LEED and Green Globes.
Cassidy, Robert
Building Design and Construction; v47 n13 , p38-40,42 ; Nov 2006
Reviews version 2.2 of LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) software, the growth of USGBC (United States Green Building Council) membership since 1999, the growth in numbers of LEED-accredited professionals, the number and types of LEED- certified projects, and offers a brief review of Canada s Green Globes program.

New Sidwell Middle School a Living Component to D.C. Campus.
Boniface, Russell
AIArchitect; v13 ; Oct 2006
Profiles design, construction, and operational features of the new Sidwell Friends School that earned it the highest (platinum) LEED certification, and offers features useful to the educational program

The Green Team.
Jahnigen, Charlie
American School and University; v79 n1 , p32-34 ; Sep 2006
Reviews the benefits of the participation of LEED-certified green building experts in project management, architectural design, interior design, lighting, landscape, and facility management in a school building project. These professionals can also help determine which LEED points are achievable and at what cost.

A 'Gold'-en Opportunity.
Leisner, Hava
School Construction News; v9 n5 , p18-21 ; Jul-Aug 2006
Describes the new athletic center at Haverford College, which earned LEED Gold certification for its daylighting, natural and recycled building materials, graywater use, solar hot water, porous paving, and high-efficiency HVAC system.

The Green Movement.
Kennedy, Mike
American School and University; v78 n11 , p18-20,22,24 ; Jun 2006
Describes the organization of the LEED system and the categories and points that can be earned toward building certification. Examples of how schools are earning certification through site selection and design, water- and energy-saving systems, solar and geothermal energy, and recycling are included.

Green Academic Engineering Arrives.
School Construction News; v9 n4 , p22-24 ; May-Jun 2006
Profiles Oregon State University's Kelley Engineering Center, and some of the design features that earned this higher education facility LEED Gold certification.

Elementary School Is Prototype for Sustainable Design.
AIArchitect; Apr 2006
Describes Hassan Elementary school in Rogers, Minnesota. The school achieved LEED certification through site orientation for optimal daylight, shallow rooms, two-story design, dimming T5 lights, dessicant energy recovery, high-efficiency boilers, and variable-air-volume systems. The high-performance prototype design for this elementary school is the latest addition to the Elk River School District’s growing portfolio of sustainable facilities.

LEED Experts Help University with Green Decisions.
College Planning and Management; v9 n4 , pG12,G14 ; Apr 2006
Describes the sustainable features of a new Lawrence University residence hall, including in-floor radiant heat, high performance tinted glass, exhaust heat recovery systems, recycled and recyclable construction materials, bio swales, and native plantings.

The Noisy Drawbacks of LEED-Certified HVAC Systems.
Teel, Jeff
School Planning and Management; v45 n4 , pG32-G34 ; Apr 2006
Narrates the author s experience as an acoustical consultant engaged to assess noise- sensitive areas of a school after a noisy, but highly efficient HVAC system with geothermal wells, was installed.

Taking the LEED in South Carolina Schools.
Wasserman, Sue
School Construction News; v9 n2 , p22-24 ; Mar-Apr 2006
Profiles South Carolina's new North Charleston Elementary School, which is the first LEED-certified school in the state. Opposition to demolishing the existing 1922 school was overcome in part by reusing its brick and unique heart pine timbers in the new school. Notable LEED point-earning features include the recycling of 80 percent of construction waste, a thermal ice storage unit for cooling (which is exposed within the school for use as a teaching aid), and ample daylighting.

Building a Better Facility by Going Green.
Del Monte, Betsy
School Business Affairs; v72 n1 , p23-25 ; Jan 2006
Explains the benefits of designing for LEED certification and describes aspects of sustainable site design, waste management, material selection, and indoor environmental quality that add little or no cost to a project.

Platinum Power.
Leisner, Hava
School Construction News; v9 n1 , p12-14 ; Jan-Feb 2006
Describes Boston's Artists for Humanity EpiCenter, detailing the abundant features which earned it a LEED Platinum rating, including natural ventilation, daylighting, and an extensive photovoltaic array. The school was also built at a relatively low cost per square foot.

Yavapai College Agribusiness Science and Technology Center Provides Environmentally Friendly Education.
Ping, Angie
Facility Management Journal; v16 n1 , p28,29 ; Jan-Feb 2006
Describes the features of this higher education building that earned it LEED certification, including stormwater collection, xeriscaping, and solar hot water.

Going Green.
Schibsted, Evanthia
Edutopia; v1 n9 , p24-28 ; Dec-Jan 2005
Describes Chicago's Tarkington Elementary School, which achieved LEED certification and will serve as a prototype of sustainable design and construction for subsequent Chicago schools. The facility features daylighting, a roof garden, considerable recycled building content, and locally obtained building materials from sustainable sources.

Conard Environmental Research Area Education Center.
Design Cost Data; v49 n6 , p38,39 ; Nov-Dec 2005
Describes this higher education environmental research center that features greywater toilets, zero-effluent onsite sewage treatment, 60% recycled content in its building materials, and and expects a LEED Silver rating. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan and photographs are included.

Mount Holyoke College Unified Science Center, South Hadley, Massachusetts
Design Cost Data; v49 n6 , p44,45 ; Nov-Dec 2005
Describes this new higher education science facility that obtained LEED certification partly by using 26% locally-produced building materials and sorting, documenting, and recyling 50% of its construction waste. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan and photographs are included.

Tired of Expensive School Buildings? Try Sustainable Design.
Vujovic, Vuk
School Construction News; v8 n7 , p30-32 ; Nov 2005
Explains how LEED-based projects can cost no more than non-LEED, or only marginally more if the highest LEED rating is sought. This is due to deeper design and construction industry experience with sustainability, state incentives to build "green," savings in energy and water consumption, and easier maintainability. Benefits of sustainable design to student health and academic performance are described.

Maine's First State Facility Receives LEED Certification.
College Planning and Management; v8 n10 , p42 ; Oct 2005
Describes this academic building at the University of Southern Maine that achieved LEED certification through the use of low-VOC materials, locally harvested and sustainably grown lumber, wind energy, and water-saving fixtures.

The Greening of Academe.
Yoders, Jeff
Building Design and Construction; v46 n9 , p40-45,47,49 ; Sep 2005
Details the efforts that went into creating the University of California's new Merced campus, which aspires to an LEED Silver rating for the entire campus. The work of the designers and contractors, complicated by labor and supply problems is discussed.

Making the Business Case for Sustainability: It's Not Just about Getting Points!
Hodges, Christopher; Elvey, William
Facilities Manager; v21 n4 , p50-53 ; Jul-Aug 2005
Advocates a greater input from the facility manager in choosing sustainable design, reviews the LEED system, cites energy management as the key component of sustainability, and suggests ways to institute an effective energy management program.

How is LEED Faring after Five Years in Use?
Solomon, Nancy
Architectural Record; v193 n6 , p135-138,140,142 ; Jun 2005
Discusses the history of the the U.S. Green Building Council and its LEED rating system, and assesses the system's structure, strengths, and shortcomings. The enormous popularity of the system has overwhelmed its creators, who are addressing concerns in upcoming revisions of the system designed to make it smarter, more flexible, and more user-friendly.

Connecticut Primary School Features Green Design.
School Planning and Management; v44 n5 , pGB28,GB29 ; May 2005
Describes a planned pre-K through fifth grade facility in Greenwich, Connecticut. The building anticipates receiving LEED Silver status, and the many features that will make that possible are described.

Washington Sustainable Schools Program (WSSP) Pilot Phase
BetterBricks; May 2005
In April 2005, the Governor of Washington, Christine Gregoire, signed historic legislation to require LEED Silver Standards for all new schools receiving state funds. The legislation and supporting funding are the outcome of earlier research and planning. This article describes the WSSP protocol and several pilot projects.

High Exposure.
Leisner, Hava
School Construction News; v8 n5 , p34-36 ; May-Jun 2005
Describes the John R. Howard social sciences building at Oregon's Lewis & Clark College. The building was designed with exposed interior and exterior structural elements, offering natural lighting and ventilation, wireless networking, multimedia capabilities, significant use of recycled and environmentally sensitive building materials, LEED certification, and a landscape irrigated by captured drainage water.

Going Green.
Simpson, Scott; Leary, Chris
College Planning and Management; v8 n5 , pGB3,GB4 ; May 2005
Describes the early planning required to achieve LEED certification points for site selection and landscaping. The way this process was undertaken in a higher education science facility and also a residence hall/campus center is included.

Emc2Group Designs First LEED High School.
AIA Architect; Apr 2005
Descibes Desert Edge High School in Goodyear, Arizona, which is obtaining LEED certification through the use of low-emitting building products and occupancy sensors to control lighting and HVAC.

A Good LEEDer
Gourley, Steve
American School and University; v77 n9 , hp14-hp17 ; Apr 2005
Advises on ways to achieve LEED certification, explaining the six categories of assessment and listing typical ways to earn points in each.

Clinical Trial.
Albert, Larry
Architecture; v93 n3 , p52-57 ; Mar 2005
Describes the new School of Nursing and Student Community Center for the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. The use of a significant amount of reclaimed and recycled building materials and the client's request that the building achieve 70 percent lower energy costs contributed to this structure's LEED rating. Ample daylighting is avaible throughout this multi-storey structure. Plans, sectional views, photographs, and a list of project participants are included.

Coloring It "Green."
Alderson, Kris
American School and University; v77 n6 , p23-25 ; Feb 2005
Describes attributes of high performance schools, the six areas which are scored to obtain LEED certification, and water saving ideas that can be implemented in landscape and restroom design and practices.

LEED Certification and Campus Sustainability.
Calhoun, Terry
Facilities Manager; v21 n1 , p40-42 ; Jan-Feb 2005
Lists types of LEED certifications and cites the program's success in promoting sustainable buildings.

One with the Environment.
Kennedy, Mike
American School and University; v77 n5 , p54-57 ; Jan 2005
As energy costs rise and resources dwindle, schools and universities can benefit greatly by taking an environmentally sensitive approach to construction, renovation and maintenance of facilities. This discusses geothermal, daylighting, lighting upgrades, acoustics, ergonomics, gray water collection, comprehensive energy management, LEED certification, solar energy, and indoor air quality.

Smart and Lean Machine.
Lam, Mark
Texas Architect; v55 n1 , p34-39 ; Jan-Feb 2005
Describes the new School of Nursing and Student Community Center at the University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston. The project was conceived with a LEED Gold rating in mind, with extensive use of recycled materials, conditioned air delivered from a raised floor, and graywater toilets supplied from rooftop rainwater storage tanks. A listing of project participants, photographs, floor plans, and a sectional view are included.

Bolstering the Community.
O'Connell, Kim
Inform; v16 n3 , p22-25 ; 2005
Describes the Langston High School Continuation/Langston-Brown Community Center in Arlington, Virginia. The LEED silver-rated facility anchors the neighborhood, hosting educational programs for preschoolers through senior citizens. Extensive sustainable features include rainwater capture for landscape irrigation, daylighting, porous asphalt, and a charging station for electric vehicles. A listing of the design and construction participants, plans, and photographs are included.

News on Green Design and Energy Conservation from the University at Buffalo.
Simpson, Walter
Facilities Manager; v21 n1 , p54-56 ; Jan-Feb 2005
Reports on the University at Buffalo's efforts in sustainability, which has resulted in one LEED-certified building, another building that has applied for certification, a set of high performance building guidelines, an intense energy awareness campaign, and use of cleaner energy and post-consumer recycled materials. Savings are estimated to be in excess of $9 million per year.

Forest Hills Fine Arts Center.
Design Cost Data; v48 n6 , p56,57 ; Nov-Dec 2004
Describes this public school system's fine arts center. An advanced HVAC system quietly and efficiently diffuses air through vents under the auditorium seats and the common areas feature in-floor radiant heat. These, combined with high recycled building content, waterless urinals, and low-VOC finishes produced a building that is believed to be the first K-12 fine arts center to seek LEED certification. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Vermeer Science Center, Central College.
Design Cost Data; v48 n6 , p46-48 ; Nov-Dec 2004
Describes this higher education science building renovation and expansion. Rainwater collection, photovoltaics, greenhouses, and sophisticated HVAC heat recovery systems combined to produce the first LEED-certified facility in Iowa. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

In California Farm Country, University Builds a Campus from Scratch.
Gonchar, Joann
ENR: Engineering News-Record; v255 n1 , p24-26 ; Jul 04, 2004
Describes the University of California's new Merced campus and the features that reflect a commitment to LEED standards in every building.

A High-Performance Science Center.
College Planning and Management; v7 n7 , p28,29 ; Jul 2004
Describes the LEED silver-certified Vermeer Science Center at Central College in Pella, Iowa. A high standard of energy efficiency is realized with an innovative HVAC system that combines laboratory and office ventilation and also reclaims heat from laboratory exhaust.

Where is LEED Leading Us?
Abramson, Paul
School Planning and Management; v43 n7 , p54 ; Jul 2004
Reviews misconceptions about requirements for LEED certification, affirms the values of LEED schools, and advocates designing around the educational program first, and then adjusting the school building to meet LEED requirements.

The Penn Factor.
Leisner, Hava
School Construction News; v7 n5 , p19-21 ; May-Jun 2004
Presents an interview with Mark Wilson, AIA, managing director of design and construction management at the University of Pennsylvania. He discusses his preferred project delivery methods, the condition of the school's facilities, a $500 million capital improvement plan, and efforts at LEED certification.

Langston High School Continuation/Langston-Brown Community Center, Arlington, Virginia.
Learning By Design; Apr 2004
The 2004 Learning by Design Grand Prize Winner, Langston High School and Langston-Brown Community Center includes a 135-student continuing education high school, community recreation department, senior citizen and teen programs, and Head Start program. The school received the USGBC LEED Certified Silver Rating.
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Facility Earns LEED Platinum Rating.
Kollie, Ellen
College Planning and Management; v7 n4 , pGB6,GB8 ; Apr 2004
Describes features of the University of California at Santa Barbara's Donald Bren School of Environmental Science & Management, which obtained the highest LEED rating available.

What Makes Green Buildings Green?
Kollie, Ellen
School Planning and Management; v43 n4 , pGB3,GB5,GB6,GB8 ; Apr 2004
Discusses the six sustainability standards of the United States Green Building Council, under which there are 69 elements that can be implemented and translated into points. A building must comply with at least 29 of the 69 elements to obtain LEED certification. Achieving sustainability in K-12 construction is often hampered by outdated design guidelines within the school districts, high-volume, energy-hungry spaces such as gymnasia and auditoria, and inappropriate siting of schools in remote locations.

The First Certified 'Green' Dormitory.
Potter, Will
Chronicle of Higher Education; , pB2-B4 ; Mar 26, 2004
Describes Carnegie-Mellon University's New House residence hall, which is the country's first LEED-certified dormitory. Environmental awareness extends to the lifestyles that the building encourages, and the dormitory serves as a model for future projects at the University.

A Green Building Primer
Texas Construction; Mar 2004
The U.S. Green Building Council, the organization that oversees the LEED rating system, clarifies what green building, sustainability, and LEED certification mean.

Clackamas High School.
Architectural Record; Mar 2004
Describes this LEED Silver-certified high school, which uses sensors to control natural and mechanical lighting and ventilation. Includes building statistics and architect information.

Creekside Village Community Center.
Design Cost Data; v48 n2 , p31,32 ; Mar-Apr 2004
Describes this LEED-certified student housing, whose design recalls the area's prevailing Arts and Crafts style. A variety of creative landscaping, lighting, and design features contribute to energy efficiency. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.

Pavillon Lassonde, Ecole Polytechnique, Universite de Montreal.
Canadian Architect; v48 n12 , p40-41 ; Dec 2003
Describes the named project, which houses the Departments of Electrial Engineering, Computer Engineering and Computer Studies. The building is LEED certified. Includes plans and elevations.

Environmental Impact.
Nasis, George; Tola, Ron
American School and University; v76 n3 , p321-23 ; Nov 2003
Explains the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System developed by the members of the U.S. Green Building Council. The LEED System awards up to 69 points in five categories: 1)sustainable site, 2)energy and atmosphere, 3)materials and resources, 4)water efficiency and 5)indoor air quality. Levels of certification are obtained at 26, 33, 39 and 52 points.

New Home for Georgia Tech’s Business School is Green
Georgia Tech Press Release; Sep 19, 2003
Georgia Tech will save money and faculty and students will breathe easier in Georgia Tech’s new Management building – only the second building in Georgia to be certified as a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Silver green building.

It's In the Green.
Bolin, Rob
American School and University; v76 n1 , p42,44,46-47 ; Sep 2003
Discusses involving all stakeholders in a systematic process for creating a high performance school building. Also discusses use of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System to focus the design process.

A Clean Slate.
Snyder, Loren
Building Operating Management; Aug 2003
As it builds its first campus in 35 years, the University of California is using sustainability and smart buildings to create a living laboratory for students. The administration’s aim is to have every major building on the Merced campus rated at the Silver level through the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED rating system. More than 5,000 acres of the site have been designated as a conservation preserve that will protect sensitive vernal pool habitats in perpetuity.

New Jersey Schools LEED the Way.
Brezezowski, Edward H.
HPAC Engineering; Jul 2003
New Jersey is taking the lead regarding the Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED) of new school projects, which may provide a blueprint for other states for the development of LEED-certified educational structures. This discusses LEED goals for schools; scoring schools according to LEED; the New Jersey LEED Plan; and other opportunities for greening schools.

Green Schools That Don't Cost Too Much.
Fickes, Michael
School Planning and Management; v42 n5 , p14-16,18,20 ; May 2003
Describes the U.S. Green Building Council program, Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design, that has helped school districts around the country apply comprehensive environmental techniques to the design of 34 K-12 school buildings since 1999.

How Green Is Green? Developing a Process for Determining Sustainability When Planning Campuses and Academic Buildings.
Bernheim, Anthony
Planning for Higher Education; v31 n3 , p99-110 ; Apr-May 2003
Sustainable planning for academic institutions can reduce the ecological footprint and improve project performance. Structured workshops are proposed as the method to integrate green planning seamlessly into the process by establishing goals, developing preliminary green measures, and making realistic decisions based on consensus. Energy conservation, indoor environmental quality, and resource efficiency are the strategies for achieving the goals. Green rating systems, such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), offer specific ways to gauge the environmental effectiveness of green measures. Greenness is dependent on the capital cost invested but produces life-cycle costs savings. “Greening” the campus through the workshop process is the precursor to “greening” the curriculum. (author's abstract)

Successful Strategies for Planning a Green Building.
Browning, William D.
Planning for Higher Education; v31 n3 , p111-119 ; Apr-May 2003
Presents several strategies for successful green building on campus: develop a set of clear environmental performance goals (buildings as pedagogical tools, climate-neutral operations, maximized human performance), use Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) as a gauge of performance, and use the project to reform the campus building process.

It's Not Easy Building Green. Adobe PDF
Higgins, Joseph
Business Officer ; v36 n8 , p31-36 ; Feb 2003
Discusses green buildings, facilities designed, constructed, and operated in an environmentally friendly and resource-efficient way. Discusses reasons for campuses to "go green," the "shades of green" or variations in environmental-friendliness, certification through the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system, financial costs, and suggestions from pioneers in the field.

The Educational Advantages of Green: Saving, Teaching, Learning.
Leary, Ken
Educational Facility Planner; v38 n2 , p35-36 ; 2003
Advocates sustainable design and LEED certification for school renovations. (Includes four references.)

Pathway to Sustainable Schools.
Spearnak, Mike; Brelig, George
Educational Facility Planner; v38 n3 , p16-19 ; 2003
Describes the process by which Colorado's Poudre School District created a prototype sustainable elementary school. PSD developed sustainable design guidelines to ensure all new construction would be environmentally friendly based on a LEED model.The resulting design was built below budget and has an energy performance 60 percent above ASHRAE standards.

Is Your Flooring Sustainable?
Wiens, Janet
College Planning and Management; v5 n3 , p40-43 ; Mar 2002
Presents an interview with a floor company's marketing director discussing a seminar on LEED 2.0 (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) standards offered by the firm.



Due to lack of funding, the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities is currently available only as an archived site. As of September 1, 2012 no new content will be added or updates made. We regret the need to take such steps, but should funding become available, we look forward to reinvigorating NCEF and providing this valuable resource to the educational facilities community.

If you have questions or are an organization or company wishing to support the continued operation of this industry recognized resource please contact Institute President Henry Green (, 202-289-7800).