BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING (BIM) AND EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES
Information on the use of building information modeling (BIM) software for the design, documentation, construction, renovation, maintenance and operation of school facilities, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.
References to Books and Other Media
Building Information Modeling (BIM) at Whatcom Middle School.
(reidmiddleton.wordpress.com, Jul 19, 2011)
After a devastating fire that destroyed the iconic Whatcom Middle School Building in Bellingham, Washington, Reid Middleton worked closely with the school district, their insurer, the design team, and the contractor to develop an innovative building replacement strategy. Due to the fast-paced project schedule and the complex nature of the project, Reid Middleton utilized a Revit building information model (BIM) to develop design drawings and to clearly and visually communicate. BIM helped facilitate the project’s success.
BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers and Contractors. Second Edition.
Eastman, Chuck; Teicholz, Paul; Sacks, Rafael; and Liston, Kathleen
(Wiley, Apr 2011)
Provides an in-depth understanding of BIM technologies, the business and organizational issues associated with its implementation, and the advantages that effective use of BIM can provide to all members of a project team. 648p
BIM Accelerates Design-Build Delivery: The French School Story.
(American Institute of Architects, Feb 25, 2011)
As Architects of Record for the design-build team, Hilliard Architects helped the client: Lycee Francais La Perouse (an independent French immersion K-12 school) transform an historic landmark building (44,000 sf, two-stories with basement and roof terrace, seismically unsafe concrete building) to a middle and high school for 250+ kids in under eight months, on a tight budget, with 120 children inside.
BIM and Sustainable Design: Understanding your Design Decisions. A Case Study of American Canyon High School.
(Quattrocchi Kwok Architects, Santa Rosa, CA , 2009)
Discusses how the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) helped the design firm achieve sustainable features such as placement and daylighting when creating this school. 5p.
Daylighting Analysis of A Classroom Space Using BIM Geometry And Next Generation Metrics.
Koti, Ramana; Munshi, Madhav
(American Solar Energy Society, Boulder, CO , 2009)
Documents and outlines a part of the process used in the daylighting performance analysis of a typical classroom design for a proposed K-12 school in Greensburg, KS. A computer simulation program was used for the optimization process because of its ability to compute climate based annual daylight availability and report the results in the form of dynamic daylight metrics such as Daylight Autonomy (DA%), Useful Daylight Illuminances (UDI) and Daylight Saturation Percentage (DSP%). Since there was no established process for utilizing building information modeling geometry with the program, some experimentation was involved. But the overall efficiency and accuracy of the modeling process was greatly improved, compared to recreating 3D geometry from scratch. The focus was on achieving a good glare-free daylighting design and also meeting the LEED rating system's EQ credit 8.1 for daylighting. 7p.
References to Journal Articles
BIM: A Better View of Maintenance
Maintenance Solutions; Feb 2012
Discusses the benefits of BIM to maintenance and engineering managers. BIM software includes architectural data, and it holds comprehensive information on a facility's HVAC components, plumbing fixtures, doors, and windows, including product manufacturers and model information.
BIM: Becoming the Norm in School Planning
School Construction News; Nov 16, 2011
BIM, a handy school-planning tool, is fast becoming the norm in many school construction projects. Describes an elementary school project in Connecticut where BIM helped during the planning and initial stages of the project all the way through the construction.
Constructing the Perfect Design
School Construction News; Nov 2011
Recommends incorporating FF&E (furniture, fixtures and equipment) responsibilities into the program management function, allowing school districts to pull multiple disciplines into one source, delivering synergy, and the best possible solutions. Project managers smooth out the FF&E process by serving as a liaison between school officials and all project teams, helping communicate each partner’s needs. In addition, as the functionality of Building Information Modeling advances, the FF&E process will enhance the ability to design in digital space before installing furniture and fixtures in real space. This will help detect unforeseen problems with infrastructure coordination.
A Better BIM for Higher Education.
POB; Oct 08, 2011
Describes the use of high definition laser scanning to help architects, engineers and contractors complete a new or renovated project at a college or university. It’s digital, accurate, measurable and fits perfectly in the emerging building information modeling environment.
BIM and Educational Projects.
Dunbar, Matthew; Kraling, Rebecca
Engineered Systems; Aug 2011
In this overview of building information modeling, the authors review how BIM helped in three different projects, often with particular usage- and efficiency-based HVAC demands. While BIM’s space management skills can reduce costly changeorders and building design “clashes” ahead of time, in at least one instance, using BIM actually influenced the HVAC strategy for the better, too. [Authors' abstract]
Beyond an Initial Campus Heritage Survey: Creating and Infrastructure for Renewal.
Planning for Higher Education; v39 n3 , p71-78 ; Apr 2011
Using the example of the University of Virginia, this article details the process and results of a 2003 campus survey. The eligibility of significant historical buildings for renovation is discussed, as is the use of building information modeling (BIM) in the documentation and management of the process.TO ORDER: http://www.scup.org/page/SCUP_PHE
BIM in the Facility Manager's Toolkit.
Facilities Manager; v26 n6 , p34-39 ; Nov-Dec 2010
Advocates the use of building information modeling (BIM) in school facilities maintenance as well as design and construction. The features and abilities of BIM software are described, and advice on conversion to BIM from other applications is offered. Potential interface possibilities with facilities management software is also addressed.
American School and University; v83 n3 , p208-210 ; Nov 2010
Promotes the use of building information modeling (BIM) in school design and maintenance. The way BIM functions is explained, followed by a discussion of the many benefits of computerized modeling of building systems in design, construction, renovation, and maintenance. Examples of how savings through BIM can and are being realized are also described.
Walter Cronkite School of Journalism.
Green Source; v5 n5 , p62-65 ; Sep-Oct 2010
Profiles this satellite building of Arizona State University, built on a tight and reclaimed brownfield site in downtown Phoenix. The use of BIM and other fast-paced construction techniques are emphasized. Plans, photographs, and project statistics accompany the text.
An Owner's Guide to BIM: Separating Fact from Fiction.
Cooper, Michael; Gatti, Brett; Rihacek, Shaun; Corsiglia, James; Pesta, Kirk; Reamer, Timothy
Laboratory Design; v15 n5 , p8,9 ; Jun 2010
Discusses the benefits of Building Information Modeling (BIM) for the owner and how to maximize those benefits. Advice on evaluating a design firm's BIM capabilities is included.
Using BIM in HVAC Design.
Knight, Dennis; Roth, Stephen; Rosen, Steven
ASHRAE Journal; v52 n6 , p24,26,28,30,32 ; Jun 2010
Demonstrates that BIM (building information modeling) software is a very effective tool when used at the beginning of the design process. When changes are made to the design, the software automatically updates HVAC requirements. Special ventilation needs, such as science labs, are taken into consideration.
The Secret of BIM.
Learning By Design; n19 , p18-20 ; Spring 2010
Discuses Building Information Management (BIM) and how its three-dimensional design renderings are advancing school design. Examples of how BIM was used to model existing educational facilities are described.
A Bright Spot on a Lackluster Year: Green Trends Point to Rosier Outlook for Educational Facilities in 2010.
School Planning and Management; v49 n4 , p38,40,42 ; Apr 2010
Describes trends in "green" school construction, including display of energy consumption in the school, energy labeling, Building Information Modeling (BIM), campus-style schools uniting services and supplies, water conservation, carbon calculation, net-zero buildings, and sustainable building education.
BIM in the Field.
James, Darren L.
School Construction News; Mar 23, 2010
Explains the benefits of BIM for building owners, contractors and designers, including clash detection, material quantity takeoffs and visualization. BIM can also dramatically reduce construction cost overruns.
National Standard Brings Efficiency to Facility Planning.
Butler, R. Mark
American School and Hospital Facility; v33 n2 , p14-16 ; Mar-Apr 2010
Advocates the use of the National CAD Standard (NCS) in facility planning and management, as well as being a first step toward the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM).
Building Information Modeling and the Door and Hardware Industry.
Bevill, Doug; Arsenault, Peter
Doors and Hardware; v74 n2 , p18-20,22,23 ; Feb 2010
Discusses the connection of building information modeling (BIM) with door and hardware specification, which is in its infancy, since most manufacturers BIM content is currently not interoperable with the designer's. Advice on what to look for when selecting BIM products is included.
BIM and Life-Cycle Analysis Help Determine Value of Green Strategies.
R&D Magazine; v15 n2 , p1-4 ; Feb 2010
Reviews six strategies used to assess the value of energy-saving features in a laboratory model. The return on investment, annual cost savings, and cost per LEED credit is described for heat recovery, a ground source heat pump, glazing, wind turbines, a high efficiencies boiler, photovoltaics, chilled beam cooling, and a green roof.
'Smart' Spaces Aren't Just for Classrooms Anymore.
James, Darren L.; Infanzon, Nestor
Educational Facility Planner; v44 n4 , p19-21 ; 2010
Describes the revolution in total school design promulgated in Building Information Modeling (BIM). The article discusses the learning that occurs in every school space, not just the classrooms, and suggests how to plan hallways and even exterior spaces to promote dialogue and other interactions among students and teachers.
Get The Picture.
School Construction News; Nov 10, 2009
Using a student housing project at the University of Dallas as an example, this explains how BIM modeling enables facility owners to evaluate costs alongside the construction team of architects and contractors, from the beginning of the project.
Green at the Forefront.
American School and University; v82 n3 , p232-234 ; Nov 2009
Advises on coordinating the entire school design and construction team for sustainability at the outset of the project, in order to achieve maximum results. The use of current sustainability rating systems and building information modeling (BIM) is also discussed.
Electronic Information in Formation: Submittals, Sharing, and Storage in a Digital World.
The Construction Specifier; v62 n9 , p54-56,58-63 ; Sep 2009
Details building information modeling (BIM), protocols governing document transmission, the legal status of electronic document transfers, file transfer protocol (FTP) sites, and portable document format (PDF) issues, all within the context of the rapidly evolving environment of electronically managed construction documents.
Using BIM to Optimize the Building Envelope.
School Planning and Management; v48 n8 , p25-27 ; Aug 2009
Describes the design benefits of building information modeling (BIM) software, noting how the programs can import and export data to compare various design options and also to help determine sustainability.
BIM School, Green School.
Building Design and Construction; v50 n6 , p40-44,46,48,50,51 ; Jun 2009
Profiles the design and construction of California's American Canyon High School. The 260,000 square foot campus houses four smaller learning communities of 500-550 students, is CHPS verified, and includes sophisticated photovoltaic and geothermal systems. Building information modeling (BIM) impacted the design in a variety of ways, especially in enabling near 100% daylighting of classrooms.
BIM (Building Information Modeling) and TCO (Total Cost of Ownership)
Facilities Manager; v25 n3 , p26-31 ; May 2009
Advises on combining building information modeling (BIM), which gathers data at the beginning of a building project, with total cost of ownership (TCO), which gathers information over the life of the building.
Building Information Modeling A Natural Progression of Technology.
Design Cost Data; v53 n3 , p6,8,10 ; May 2009
Describes how one design firm migrated to building information modeling (BIM), using their approach to designing a high school as an example.
Getting Started and Working with Building Information Modeling.
Facilities Manager; v25 n3 , p20-24 ; May 2009
Advises on achieving thorough communication from planner to designer to contractor and then to facility operator through building information modeling (BIM). Tools for getting started are recommended and the particular advantages to large portfolio operators, such as school systems and universities are addressed.
BIM: How it Has Changed FM.
Valentine, Ellen; Zyskowski, Pete
Facilities Management Journal; v19 n3 , p28,30-32 ; May 2009
Advises facility managers on how to obtain and then use building information modeling (BIM) in their work.
BIM for Educational Facilities: Change is on the Horizon.
Facilities Manager; v25 n3 , p62,63 ; May 2009
Describes the advantages of building information modeling (BIM) to facility management, including minimizing the effort and cost of collecting data, convenience and accessibility of documentation, efficiencies with projecting moving of people and equipment, accurate analysis and minimizing of energy use, enhanced information for first responders, and improved space and asset management.
The USC School of Cinematic Arts: The Arrival of Spring in the Facilities Industry.
Journal of Building Information Modeling; , p16,17 ; Spring 2009
Profiles this new academic building that used building information modeling (BIM). BIM was requested by the main donor because they had realized significant savings on a previous project through BIM.
What's in Your Back Pack? Three Essential Items for Survival in the Tough and Changing World of Campus Construction.
del Monte, Rick
Educational Facility Planner; v43 n4 , p25-27 ; 2009
Stresses the importance of building information modeling (BIM), sustainable design, and integration of planning and design participants to educational building. Examples of BIM advantageously applied to specific school buildings are cited, as are the benefits and requirements of LEED certification.